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Universal Vortical Singularity enlightenment on the dipole anisotropy pattern of CMBR

Based on the UVS model, the dipole anisotropy pattern of cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) in false color temperature map as measured by the COBE mission, is an empirical evidence that the observable universe is precessing in vortical motion with its undulating spheroidal unisonal vortex.
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Despite the observed CMBR dipole pattern as illustrated with the Mollweide projection, is caused by the relative motion of the Earth, it indubitably reveals a vortical structure of cosmic scale that could harmonically cause the molecular dipole moment in the observable universe. And the CMBR dipole demonstrates the characteristics of a torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex.

"The dipole effect is the result of the movement of our earth, solar system, and galaxy through the universe; similar to the change in pitch of a sound as you ride by the source in a car or train. Specifically, the CMBR temperature is 6.706 mK brighter in one direction of the sky than it is in the opposite direction as shown in the false color temperature map below as measured by the COBE mission." - An excerpt from "WMAP Calibration".

UVS predicates that the observable universe is a steady-state torus-shaped bipolar vortical system and it is primarily precessing in its two-axis rotation.


COBE temperature map of the CMBR dipole.

The UVS model in its paradigm shift posits invariant time and invariant space, and the entire observable universe filled with an all-pervasive inviscid medium, is spinning in perpetual vortical motion. This paradigm shift with its postulations perceived in Euclidean space, has to be invoked for contemplating on the CMBR dipole phenomenon in the UVS worldview, so as to resolve its cognitive paradox that renders it as a mysterious phenomenon.

As a comparative analysis, the intrinsic motion of the CMBR dipole as illustrated in the diagram, mirrors the intrinsic vortical motion of the UVS atomic nucleus model; this infers that the entire observable universe is a structure of nested vortical fractals.

Diagram showing the intrinsic motion
of the UVS atomic nucleus model.

Diagram showing the intrinsic
motion of the CMBR dipole.

See UVS topics on "Structure of an atom" that elaborates on vortical phenomena in the microcosms for how they are vortically impelled by the macrocosms, and "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that illustrates in the UVS worldview on how nested torus-shaped structures are weaved and how the process in unison beget everything through their wakes.

The structure of the observable universe is a nested spheroidal vortical formation
in a paradigm of torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortices
- UVS inspired -

The grounds for the epistemic theory of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of the CMBR dipole phenomenon as illustrated by its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observation that has been rendering it as a mysterious phenomenon. Thus, its cognitive paradox could be meticulously resolved, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating on their empirical evidence to establish their qualitative predictions with abductive reasoning.

See UVS topics on "The UVS' philosophy of science" and "Overviews of UVS" that elaborate on the methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

"Our Earth is not at rest. The Earth moves around the Sun. The Sun orbits the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. The Milky Way Galaxy orbits in the Local Group of Galaxies. The Local Group falls toward the Virgo Cluster of Galaxies. But these speeds are less than the speed that all of these objects together move relative to the cosmic microwave background (CMBR). In the all-sky map on right, radiation in the Earth's direction of motion appears blueshifted and hence hotter, while radiation on the opposite side of the sky is redshifted and colder. The map indicates that the Local Group moves at about 600 kilometers per second relative to this primordial radiation. This high speed was initially unexpected and its magnitude is still unexplained. Why are we moving so fast? What is out there?" - Excerpt from Astronomy Picture of the Day on COBE temperature map of the CMBR dipole, NASA.

"In cosmology, cosmic microwave background (CMBR) radiation is a form of electromagnetic radiation filling the universe. With a traditional optical telescope, the space between stars and galaxies (the background) is pitch black. But with a radio telescope, there is a faint background glow, almost exactly the same in all directions, that is not associated with any star, galaxy, or other object." - Excerpt from Wikipedia on "CMBR".

"The universe appears to have a smooth space-time continuum consisting of three spatial dimensions and one temporal (time) dimension. On the average, space is observed to be very nearly flat (close to zero curvature), meaning that Euclidean geometry is experimentally true with high accuracy throughout most of the universe." - Excerpt from wikipedia in a section on "Universe".

Note: To be able to explore this mysterious phenomenon based on the UVS model, one have to completely let go the posit of 4D variant spacetime concept in modern physics with the postulation of curved space with reified time; these preconceived ideas have to be eradicated to eliminate the prejudice and cognitive dissonance against the accpetance of the UVS proposed paradigm shift.

See UVS topics on "Qualitative evaluation on time dilation" that resolves the cognitive paradoxes of variant 4D spacetime in modern physics, "Critiques of the scientific method - Addressing the cognitive paradox fallacies" that critical elucidated some very well established a priori posits in mainstream physics, and "Faster than light speed in transferring of motion through vortical interconnectedness" that illustrates some empirical observations of faster than light speed travel.

It is the theory that decides what can be observed. - Albert Einstein

Based on the UVS model, do a thought experiment to visualize the observable universe is encapsulated in a steady-state torus-shaped structure that has a radius of ~13.8 Gly as observed (the postulated ~13.8 Gly is not the actual size of its comoving distance), Earth vortically impelled by Sun, Milky Way Galaxy, the Virgo Cluster and so forth moves in this torus-shaped structure. And with time dilation effect in Euclidean space, it thus rendered the blueshifted pattern as observed in the direction of its motion, and redshifted pattern in the direction against its motion.

The COBE temperature map of the CMBR dipole is an empirical evidence that the observable universe has a toroidal structure spinning with vortical motion in a universal vortical system. The all-pervasive phenomenon of temperature in the observable universe, suggests that it is entirely filled with electromagnetic waves that interact with an all-pervasive medium.

The CMBR dipole as empirically observed to be not entirely redshifted, infers that the space of the observable universe is not undergoing expansion; this asserts Euclidean space.


An animated
spheroidal vortex

Paradoxically, the local physical laws that govern the microcosms,
are determined by the macrocosms of the universe.
- UVS inspired -

With vortical motion of an all pervasive aetheric medium encapsulated in a wobbling toroidal structure with spheroidal pushed-in force, in its torque-free precession effects with a perpetual vortical unisonal motion, it weaves unisonal vortices from this macrocosm towards the microcosms.

The process harmonically forms atomic and subatomic particles towards infinitesimalities, it then vortically coalesces these matters of various properties in its grand vortical motion to resonate as superclusters, galaxy clusters, galaxies, satellite galaxies, star systems, and planetary systems with their satellites in a topsy-turvy manner.

UVS predicates that the observable universe is in a perpetual vortical motion and was vortically emerged from the vortical motion of an all-pervasive inviscid medium.

All physical existences in the universe are weaved in vortical motion of an all pervasive inviscid aetheric medium.

I have often made the hypothesis that ultimately physics will not require a mathematical statement,
that in the end the machinery will be revealed and the laws will turn out to be simple.
- Richard Fenyman

In the UVS worldview, the vortical properties and characteristics from this precessing spheroidal unisonal vortex of the CMBR dipole, are amplified or truncated at all vortical levels in all physical manifestations, and its vortical harmonics are vortically transferred to all other harmonically resonated macrocosms and microcosms that manifested in the observable universe. This suggests that all celestial objects are externally impelled to rotate and revolve in vortical motion with precession effect.

UVS metaphysically predicates that all celestial objects are externally impelled to rotate and revolve in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.

See in an external link on "The Galactic Mosh Pit" that reported observations of Milky Way galaxy is wobbling and how this rotating galaxy was found to be moving perpendicular to the Galactic plane, which is a strong evidence for the UVS qualitative prediction that proposed a galaxy with levitated star systems and with their planetary systems is vortically consolidated and impelled by its galactic vortex. (Inserted in Nov 2013)

See an externally linked topic on "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe", this scientific observation is a strong evidence for the existence of a Cosmic Spheroid (spheroidal unisonal vortex) that vortically spawn stars and then coalesced them in a cluster of galaxies. It also demonstrates that information within a very huge vortical structure can be communicated at superluminal speed.

It is a fact that the Sun vortically revolves around the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), it is as result of the Sun is exchanging angular momentum primarily with the barycenter of Jupiter and all its moons, and subsequently with the barycenters of all other satellites, their sub-satellites, and all stuff in the heliosphere. And evidently, the Milky Way galaxy is undulated by its galactic vortex and all star systems with their planetary systems are vortically revolving around the Galactic Center. It was also empirically observed that the existence of a Cosmic Spheroid (spheroidal unisonal vortex) that vortically spawn stars and then coalesced them in a cluster of galaxies.

These are strong evidence for all celestial objects are propagating in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.

All celestial objects rotate and revolve in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.- UVS inspired -

The diagram on near right is a 3D illustration from an external perspective for the geometrical structure of the observable universe in a two-axis rotation for the CMBR dipole. It shows an accretion disc (red nested circles revolving on an axis) encapsulated within a hypothetical ellipsoid structure (cyan circle) that represents the boundary of the observable universe.

The nested blue circles is at the foreground and the nested orange circles is at the background outline a torus-shaped CMBR dipole structure that rotates on a primary axis (blue line). The accretion disc rotates and slightly cuts through the edges of the two nested circular structures asymmetrically on two opposite ends of the boundary of the observable universe.

In a vortical paradigm based on the UVS model, the Cartwheel galaxy group demonstrated that it has a similar torus-shaped intergalactic spheroid structure as shown with the optical image on lower right, its actual orientation can thus be confirmed and this resolves its cognitive paradox rendered by its observational delusion.

See a UVS topic on "Galaxy group" that illustrates an invisible intergalactic spheroid, and the method used to resolve its cognitive paradox for confirming the actual orientation of the intergalactic spheroid.

A 3D illustration for geometrical structure
of the observable universe in a two-axis
rotation for the observed CMBR dipole.

Projection image of
the CMBR Dipole
Intergalactic spheroid
of the Cartwheel
galaxy group.

 

The nested Ultra Cosmic Spheroid - A nested spheroidal unisonal vortex

Based on the UVS model, the observed CMBR dipole structure encapsulated in a nested Ultra Cosmic Spheroid (UCS), should be encapsulated within a much larger nested spheroidal unisonal vortex that is beyond the observable universe.

In the UVS worldview, the nested Ultra Cosmic Spheroid in the observable universe, is manifested by a nested hypersphere of an aetheric 3-sphere system with 137 primary harmonics of nested vortical spheroid.

From the UVS perspective, the CMBR dipole phenomenon as observed is impelled by its orthogonally wobbling nested Ultra Cosmic Spheroid with its precession effect. Despite this nested Ultra Cosmic Spheroid cannot be directly observed, an externally emanated dark flow was empirically observed, which suggests there could be a much larger unobservable structure that perturbs the observable universe.

See in an external link for a topic on "Unknown Structures Tugging at Universe" that elaborates on dark flow.

The image on right illustrates the two planes of an ellipsoid that is in a two-axis orthogonal rotation. When observing in an inertia reference frame that vortically moves in the accretion disc within the ellipsoid that is spinning in a two-axis orthogonal rotation, the rotating surface on another axis of the dual-axis ellipsoid that is tilted at an angle from the accretion disc, would render a Doppler effect view similar to the projected vortical CMBR dipole image as observed.

The CMBR dipole motion is the farthest and largest astronomical phenomenon that can be observed, its dipole has a rotating reference frame that is beyond all galaxy clusters in the observable universe. Through the precession effect of a dominant unisonal vortex, many generations of offspring unisonal vortices and interrelated unisonal vortices are thus formed to manifest physical structures in the universe in a vortical paradigm arrangement.

See a UVS topic on "The structure of the observable universe" that explicates on a vortical paradigm in the macrocosms and the microcosms, "Cosmic evolution of stars and galaxies" that illustrates on how all celestial objects are vortically coalesced in the macrocosms with the vortically manifested microcosms, "Supervoid" that elaborates on how stars in supercluster are vortically spawned, and "The vortices of Jupiter" that elaborates on a localized dominant unisonal nested vortex pair on a celestial spheroid in a vortical singularity paradigm at planetary level.


A nested torus-shaped
hypersphere structure


An ellipsoid with
two rotational axes

See also externally linked topics on "Was the universe born spinning?" that elaborates with empirical evidence on the universe was born spinning and continues to do so around a preferred axis, "Galaxy filament" that illustrates a flat universe with cosmological constant, "The Unobservable Universes", and "Existence of Higher dimensional space & Perception of time" for a concept of universe that is apparently infinite from a localized perception of reality, and a video clip for "Laniakea: Our home supercluster" that illustrates an empirically observed dipole moment of our supercluster, and at 3:06 minutes into the video, it demonstrates a bipolar spheroidal structure in the observable universe that has a perference frame.

"The observable universe is the space around us bounded by the event horizon - the distance to which light can have traveled since the universe originated. This space is huge but finite with a radius of 10^28 cm. There are definite total numbers of everything: about 10^11 galaxies, 10^21 stars, 10^78 atoms, 10^88 photons." - Excerpt from "The Observable Universe and Beyond".

From the UVS perspective in its vortical universe abstract, the entire observable universe encapsulated in a closed system, is vortically impelled by the open system of an extensive nested spheroidal unisonal vortex in self-perpetual motion.

All physical structures in the observable universe is formed in a paradigm of unisonal vortices in unison universally in a self-perpetuating vortical universe.

UVS predicates that the observable universe is formed in a paradigm of unisonal vortices in a self-perpetuating vortical universe.

 

 

 

Glossary:
absolute time
-
A concept of time that runs at the same rate for all the observers in the universe; time is invariant.
cognitive paradox
-
A category of paradox with illusions that are pertaining to perception or awareness, such as with relative motion illusion, optical illusion, tactile illusion and the likes.
cyclonic
-
Describing a direction of rotation that is counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere, clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
delusion
-
A false belief or opinion: delusions of grandeur.
dilate
-
To spread out; expand.
inversed illusion
-
A peculiar type of illusion that paradoxically appears in an inverse manner.
nothingness
-
A state of existence beyond perceivable bandwidth therefore renders as nothing in the perceived state; the state of being nothing.
observable universe
-
The observable segment of the universe.
paradigm
-
A set of forms all of which contain a particular element, esp. the set of all inflected forms based on a single stem or theme.
paradox
-
Any thing, or situation exhibiting an apparently contradictory nature with false proposition.
rotation axis
-
The axis a suspended spheroid rotates, is the main axis of unisonal vortex mechanism for polar vortex, and the secondary axis for lower latitude unisonal vortex.
spheroid 
-
A geometrical figure similar in shape to a sphere, such as an ellipsoid.
universe
-
The totality of known or supposed objects and phenomena throughout space; the cosmos; macrocosm. It is beyond the defined observable universe.
viscous
-
Having the property of viscosity.
vortical singularity
-
A vortical culmination of aether in vortical motion that unisonally spawns its resonated and nested satellite vortical fractals in its vortical paradigm. 


“I fully subscribe to the vortex theory---it makes mechanical sense more than mathematical sense. It doesn't make any difference if you think the world is infinite---the vortex theory will work on its own merits. - Gerald (aka spacedout of TOEQuest Forum), 4th Jul 2011.

“The UNIVERSAL VORTICAL SINGULARITY is the best cosmological model available today to explain the Universe.” - Pat Nolan, blog writer of “Holographic Superfluid Universe”, 23th March 2011.

 

~ With thanks to anonymous for his private message on 17th June 2013, which highlighted the empirical observation for a dipole moment in the observable universe at 14:20 minutes in the "3-D map of the known universe" video clip.

~ With special thanks to Professor Christopher W. Hodshire from Western Michigan University for his email on highlighting a link on "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe". In the UVS worldview, this is strong scientific evidence for the existence of a Cosmic Spheroid that vortically spawn stars, and then these stars vortically coalesced as a cluster of galaxies.

 

 

Mar 2009

References and links:
Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Observable universe - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
WMAP Calibration - By NASA
COBE temperature map of the CMBR dipole - Astronomy Picture of the Day, NASA
Paradigm shift - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Euclidean space - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supercluster - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Galaxy clusters - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Galaxies
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Satellite galaxies
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Star systems
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Planetary systems - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mollweide projection - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Molecular dipole moment - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Comoving distance - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orthogonality - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rotating reference frame - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Universe - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Doppler effect - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Galactic Mosh Pit - Leibniz-Institute of Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP)
Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe - TPM
Accretion disc - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Observable Universe and Beyond - universe-review.ca
Unknown Structures Tugging at Universe - National Geographic News
Was the universe born spinning?- physicsworld.com
Galaxy filament - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Existence of Higher dimensional space & Perception of time - blaze labs research
Image of Cartwheel galaxy - Anglo-Australian Observatory
Image of Uranus magnetic field - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Image of a two-axis rotating spheroid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of cloud band of Jupiter - NASA
Animated artist impression of a spheroidal quantum vortex - Courtesy of Thomas Seifert by email

 

 

 

 

 

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Universal Vortical Singularity enlightenment on galaxy cluster - Effects of a Cosmic Spheroid

Based on the UVS model, a galaxy cluster is manifested in its cosmic vortex and vortically impelled by its encapsulated Cosmic Spheroid.
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In the UVS worldview, the galactic spheroids with galaxies spawned by it, are consolidated in a vortical interaction to form as a galaxy cluster in a much larger nested spheroidal unisonal vortex (This nested spheroidal unisonal vortex is hereby refers as Cosmic Spheroid).

The cognitive paradox that renders a galaxy cluster as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus resolved by its underlying mechanism illustrated.


Optical image of galaxy cluster CL0024+17


Superimposed image of the galaxy cluster

The unusual galaxy cluster CL0024+17 as could be seen in the middle of the above right superimposed image, is surrounded by an enormous ring that spans about five million light-year.

From the UVS perspective, this huge galaxy cluster has shown characteristics that it is manifested on an enormous cosmic vortex.

The superimposed image with enormous rings and spokes outlined a much larger galactic vortex (hereby refers as cosmic vortex), infers a huge Cosmic Spheroid (beyond the image) that dwarfs a galactic spheroid in comparison, is impelling the galactic spheroid.

UVS predicates that a galaxy cluster is manifested in its cosmic vortex and vortically impelled by its encapsulated Cosmic Spheroid.

See UVS topics on "The structure of a galaxy", "Galaxy group", "Cosmic evolution of stars and galaxies", "The dipole anisotropy pattern of CMBR", "Supervoid", and "The vortical universe model of UVS" for further elaboration.

The grounds for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of a galaxy cluster as illustrated by its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observation that has been rendering it as a mysterious phenomenon. Thus, its cognitive paradox was simply dispersed, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating on their empirical evidence to establish their qualitative predictions with abductive reasoning.

See UVS topics on "The UVS' philosophy of science" and "Overviews of UVS" that elaborate on the methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

Excerpts from Wikipedia: "The diameter of the Virgo Supercluster is about 200 million light years; it contains about 100 galaxy groups and clusters and is dominated by the Virgo cluster with approximately 1300 member galaxies near its center. Our Local Group comprises over 30 galaxies (with its gravitational center located somewhere between the Milky Way and the Andromeda Galaxy) is located near the edge and is being drawn inward toward the Virgo cluster.", " The total number of superclusters in the universe is believed to be close to 10 million.".

In the UVS worldview, an Ultra Galaxy Cluster (hypothetical) with close to 10 million superclusters is vortically impelled by its nested Ultra Vortex (hypothetical) manifested in a nested Ultra Cosmic Spheroid (hypothetical).

A supercluster such as the Virgo Supercluster with 100 groups and clusters are impelled in the satellite vortex of the Ultra Vortex, a galaxy group such as the Local Group of more than 30 galaxies are impelled in the sub-satellite vortex of the Ultra Vortex, and a galaxy such as the Milky Way galaxy with around 150 globular clusters and dwarf galaxies are impelled in the even smaller sub-sub-satellite vortex of the Ultra Vortex.


A unisonal vortex with nested vortex formations in a vortical
paradigm with harmonic unisonal vortices that interact in unison.


Ultra Galaxy Cluster
- The effects of unisonal vortex cluster of an Ultra Vortex

In the UVS worldview, clusters of Cosmic Spheroid are harmonically resonated to form in the vortical motion of their nested Ultra Cosmic Spheroid.

From the UVS perspective, those close to 10 million supercluster of galaxies in the universe that forms as an Ultra Galaxy Cluster, are vortically manifested by an Ultra Vortex in the observable universe.

The dipole anisotropy pattern of CMBR is an empirical evidence that all superclusters are revolving around a common barycenter of the Ultra Galaxy Cluster on a nested Ultra Vortex, which is supposedly encapsulated in its nested Ultra Cosmic Spheroid. The typical speed of galaxies are about 1000 km/s as empirically observed, is also a characteristic of vortical motion of a vortical ring impelled in encapsulation by its larger galactic vortex of a galaxy cluster in the observable universe.

Based on the UVS model, it suggests in the aether vortical motion of a vortical universe with the unisonal vortex mechanism that weaves unisonal vortices in all vortical levels, it impels and has thus spawned harmonic vortices that dilated outwardly and nested inwardly in their progressive manners within a closed system in the observable universe.

The vortical gravitational singularity of a local galaxy group, which strongly interacts vortically with the vortically manifested vortical gravitational singularity of its galaxy cluster, and weakly interacts with the vortical gravitational singularities of all other local galaxy groups in the same galaxy cluster to collectively manifest the vortical gravitational singularity of their galaxy cluster. The vortical gravitational singularity of the galaxy cluster vortically transforms the aether density around it.

The vortical gravitational singularity of a galaxy cluster, which strongly interacts vortically with the vortically manifested vortical gravitational singularity of its supercluster, and weakly interacts with the vortical gravitational singularities of all other galaxy clusters in the same supercluster to collectively manifest the vortical gravitational singularity of their supercluster. The vortical gravitational singularity of the supercluster vortically transforms the aether density around it.


A conceptual model of nested vortical universe


The structure of the observable universe is a nested spheroidal vortical formation
in a paradigm of torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortices
- UVS inspired -

 

 

May 2007

References and links:
Observable universe - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Galaxy cluster CL0024+17 - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Virgo Supercluster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Local Group - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Virgo Cluster - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Milky Way - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of vortical universe fractal -
Vincent Wee-Foo
Images of galaxy cluster Cl0024+17 - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Superimposed image of galaxy cluster Cl9924 + 17 - NASA, ESA, M.J. Jee and H. Ford (JHU)

 

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Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses based on the unheard-of UVS model, are bounded to have shortcomings, loose ends, and errors. Many details and assumptions of its propositions established in the conceptual frameworks of UVS, have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or proven. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the topics presented in the UVS worldview, and any term or statement if offensive in any manner or whatsoever is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Inevitably for whatsoever reasons, some viewing devices at times could experience data corruption for text, disorganized content layouts, missing images, failed animations, and some external links might have had ceased to exist. The presentations of the web pages are not friendly to small mobile devices, it is therefore recommended to accessed and view the UVS contents with a system device that has a larger screen, such as personal computer, android tablet, or iPad. For the best experience to explore UVS, it is better to use a MS Windows based PC or device using Internet Explorer or Firefox installed with Java that works for its interactive applets. (Such as Java Applet of Moiré pattern, JPL Small-Body Database Browser, and Planet Finder.)

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