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Michelson-Morley experiment reviewed with Universal Vortical Singularity

In the epistemic theories of truth[w] for the theory of justification[w], there are two major problems with the Michelson-Morley experiment[w]. The first major problem is the scientific consensus on luminiferous aether does not exist is based on a null hypothesis[w] with the null result[w] obtained by the Michelson-Morley experiment, and its extrapolation that free cosmic space is vacuum. The second major problem[uvs] is with the assumption that luminiferous aether[w] is a static medium.

The first major problem:
The null hypothesis and its extrapolation that free cosmic space is vacuum.

"Many astronomers believe the Milky Way is moving at approximately 600 km/s relative to the observed locations of other nearby galaxies. Another reference frame is provided by the Cosmic microwave background. This frame of reference indicates that The Milky Way is moving at around 552 km/s." - Excerpt from Wikipedia on motion (physics).

With the assumption that a celestial object moving in a static medium of luminiferous aether would experience a drag, an aether wind should be detectable. In a simplified illustration, Earth revolves at approximately 30 km/s around Sun, the Sun revolves at approximately 232 km/s around the Galactic Center of Milky Way, therefore Earth moving in this static medium should show a significant aether wind, and more significantly if the movement of Milky Way in space relative to the rest frame of Cosmic microwave background at approximately 369 km/s is considered.

If there is such an aether wind at all it should be easily detected with the interferometer.

However, in all Michelson-Morley experiments, measurements of such expectations were not detected at all, it was thus concluded that the postulated static luminiferous aether does not exist at all; the postulated static luminiferous aether would have been detected by the Michelson-Morley experiments if it exists.

Watch a video clip on simulating Michelson-Morley experiment in aether wind, and also see an animated simulation of Michelson-Morley experiment that its aether wind speed can be varied.

Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. - Carl Sagan

The scientific consensus on luminiferous aether does not exist, was based on a null hypothesis with the null result obtained by the Michelson-Morley experiment. Unsustainably, this conclusion is logically fallacious. It had only concluded that the quantitatively predicted aether wind was not found with the postulation that luminiferous aether is a static medium. Neither Albert Michelson nor Edward Morley had ever considered that their experiment had disproved the aether hypothesis; it merely had proven that the postulated static aether does not exist.

Critically, a null hypothesis cannot assert positively with its hypothetical posit[d], and therefore does not prove at all. The scientific consensus with the null hypothesis, thus is simply a formal fallacy[w] of affirmative conclusion from a negative premise[w] in a hasty generalization[w] with its argument from ignorance[w].

As an analogy for the null hypothesis with null result, it would be similar to setting up an experiment to measure electrical power with the assumption that the electrical energy of a running system is operated by direct current[w]. And after the direct current meter measured nothing, with the null result it concludes that there is no electrical current in the running system. This logical fallacy can also be rhetorically addressed as its evidence of absence[w], was concluded with its red herring[w] fallacy in its ignoratio elenchi[w].

Any scientific fact must leave no room for any rational doubt.

In records it was others such as Oliver Heaviside (modified Maxwell's equations), Henri Poincaré (instrumented the modification of Lorentz transformation as the FitzGerald–Lorentz transformation), Robert S. Shankland (reversed Dayton Miller's claim on existence of aether), Hermann Minkowski and partly David Hilbert (they instrumented the modification for the definition for spacetime of Einstein's theory of relativity) had concluded aether does not exist with moot reasoning (such as aether is not required in their models) in hatch jobs of unassailable mathematical constructs that do away the existence of aether in abstract mathematical realms.

All the conclusions for aether does not exist in the abstract mathematical constructs based on the absurd assumptions of transformable space or reified time, were deduced with self-fulfilling prophecies[w] by self-reference[w]; such artificial cognitive paradox fallacies were rendered by their philosophies of science that do not require aether to exist in their mathematical constructs. It is merely the dogma in the belief system of mathematical physics[w] that asserts aether does not exist with its argument from authority[w].

Since the mathematicians have invaded the theory of relativity,
I do not understand it myself anymore.
- Albert Einstein

The existence of aether can rationally explain the action at a distance[w] is communicated through exchange of angular momentum in the atheric medium, and rationally this is inexplicable with conventional wisdom[w].

See the UVS topics on "Qualitative evaluation on time dilation", and "The UVS reviews on the General Relativity concepts of gravity" for the implications with the existence of aether would have on the fundamentals of modern physics.

There is no space empty of field. - Albert Einstein

These suggest Einstein's spacetime is the aether Einstein had propositioned, and it exists in a three spatial dimensions of space and a temporal dimension of time that are invariants. The refractive index of spacetime as quantitatively measured with high accuracy in proven experiments (the location of stars near the Sun had apparently warped during solar eclipses), is therefore the immutable proof for the existence of aether in Euclidean space; this is contrary to the abstract view of mathematicians' relativism that does not properly verify its assumptions with the belief of transformable space or reified time.

Time and space are modes in which we think and not conditions in which we live. - Albert Einstein

In 1920, despite Einstein had officially asserted that aether physically exist in an open lecture, his peers had dismissed his claim that was against their belief in the mathematicians' relativism that posit variant space.

See in an external link for an address delivered on May 5th, 1920, in the University of Leyden by Albert Einstein on "Ether and the Theory of Relativity".

... space without ether is unthinkable; - Albert Einstein, on May 5th, 1920.

It was claimed that Dayton Miller through his interferometer experiment with positive results had asserted that aether exists and he had held this proposition throughout his life, but this is contrary to what was disseminated and printed in all the books of physics. In the claim it was alleged that it was Robert S. Shankland (the successor of Miller) who had claimed otherwise with Miller's experiment results after Miller was no longer around, hatched on the results selectively for it to portray that aether does not exist.

See a link on "The Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments" for the details of the claim.

"My opinion about Miller's experiments is the following. ... Should the positive result be confirmed, then the special theory of relativity and with it the general theory of relativity, in its current form, would be invalid. Experimentum summus judex. Only the equivalence of inertia and gravitation would remain, however, they would have to lead to a significantly different theory." - Albert Einstein, in a letter to Edwin E. Slosson, July 1925

Vacuum energy[w] was scientifically proven to exist in space even when devoid of matter; this asserts the existence of aether.

The heliosphere[uvs] is compelling evidence for the Solar System[w] is encapsulated in a nested plasmatic bubble filled with plasma.

In the UVS worldview, this suggests heliosphere is manifested by its nested toroidal vortex[uvs], which is a resonated manifestation of aether vortical motion[uvs]. And this is a fractal of a much larger nested toroidal vortex, which renders the phenomenon of the CMB dipole[uvs].

The latest scientific evidence[uvs] for free cosmic space is not void of matter is simply overwhelming.

See externally linked topics on “Quantum vortices of Bose-Einstein condensate”, and "'Tornadoes' Are Transferred From Light To Sodium Atoms" that demonstrates in an experiment on light (Electromagnetic radiation) interacting with matter, it elaborates on a new quantum physics technique and this can be used to manipulate Bose-Einstein condensates by transferred orbital angular momentum, which is essentially the same motion as air molecules in a tornado or a planet revolving around a star--from laser light to sodium atoms, and "Stop light experiment" that unequivocally proved light could be slowed or frozen at near absolute temperature.

See the UVS subtopics on "The UVS perspective on dark matter and dark energy", "Scientific evidence and proofs for aether does physically exist" that elaborates on aether does exist, "Heliosphere", and "Four-dimensional spacetime continuum in a hypothetical construct for sound wave in a vector space void of medium" that illustrates a hatch job that could do away with the existence of air for sound wave to propagate in a hypothetical realm.

Looking back at the worst times, it always seems that they were times in which there were people who believed with absolute faith and absolute dogmatism in something. And they were so serious in this matter that they insisted that the rest of the world agree with them. And then they would do things that were directly inconsistent with their own beliefs in order to maintain that what they said was true. - Richard Feynman

Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts. - Richard Feynman

The second major problem: The assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium.

The experimental conclusion for the a priori proposition that postulates a static medium of luminiferous aether is proven to be inexistent, is not the proof for the posit that luminiferous aether is a static medium.

The postulation that luminiferous aether is a static medium was merely an assumption.

With the assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium, one could regressively maintain a fallacious self-referential cognitive paradox with strawman argument[w] to assert that aether was scientifically proven to be nonexistence with its bigotry argument from authority[w]. This is merely a formal fallacy of affirming the consequent[w] in the subjective reality of its hypothetical construct.

Based on the UVS model, it is propositioned that the inviscid[w] luminiferous aether in a nested spheroidal confinement, had vortically formed all celestial spheroids in a vortical consolidation process; luminiferous aether is an inviscid universal medium that in vortical motion it coagulates matter and perpetually moves them vortically in its unisonal motion.

See the UVS topics on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that illustrates on how aether vortical motion forms nested toroidal structure and begets everything through its wake, and "Types of perpetual motion machines" for the illustrations of perpetual motion manifested in nature.

In the UVS worldview, the dipole anisotropy pattern of cosmic microwave background[w] (CMB) in false color temperature map as measured by the COBE[w] mission, and the demonstrated nested toroidal structure of the Cartwheel Galaxy Group, are compelling evidence for the cosmos is formed in an aetheric vortical hypersphere[uvs] structure.

See the UVS topics on "The CMB dipole", "The evolution of galaxies and stars", "The UVS perspective on dark matter and dark energy", and "Scientific evidence and proofs for aether does physically exist" that elaborates on a nested spheroidal confinement of elastic medium that pervades the observable universe.

In order to make progress, one must leave the door to the unknown ajar. - Richard Feynman

To detect the vortical aether-drift with the assumption that luminiferous aether is vortically entrained to a celestial spheroid in the pushed-in manner, it requires a more sensitive interferometer that is designed and set up for such detections. The Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments[w] although was officially reported as also had obtained negative (null) results with the assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium, it was otherwise claimed by Dayton that it had in fact obtained consistence positive results of an aether-drift with the proposition that luminiferous aether is entrained to the rotation of Earth. The concept for this aether-drift in an analogy is liked a moving train would cause air around it to be drifted with its movement.

From the UVS perspective, light could not escape the gravity of a black hole[uvs], infers the carriers of light wave have the property of mass, and thus they could be interacted. Although light wave propagating in the aether corpuscles of light (the quantas of luminiferous aether) is weightless like sound wave, these aether corpuscles of light are being vortically displaced in the black hole, light thus could not escape or illuminate in a black hole. The empirically observed temperature of a black hole is almost absolute zero, asserts an all-pervasive aether exists.

A further reason why Newton rejected light as waves in a medium was because such a medium would have to extend everywhere in space, and would thereby "disturb and retard the Motions of those great Bodies" (the planets and comets) and thus "as it [light's medium] is of no use, and hinders the Operation of Nature, and makes her languish, so there is no evidence for its Existence, and therefore it ought to be rejected." - Excerpt from wikipedia on "Luminiferous aether".

UVS postulates that luminiferous aether vortically drifts in entrainment on every celestial object in the observable universe with vortical motion in a shperoidal pushed-in manner[uvs]. The concept for this proposition can be thought of as the spheroidally confined aetheric medium is in vortical motion, and it pushes a drifting celestial object within it by driving and entraining it with the momentum in vortical motion flow of aether; this could rationally explain the aether drag anomaly.

See the UVS topic on "The vortically manifested planetary orbitals" that elaborates on how all the Solar System objects are revolving around the barycenter of the Solar System in their vortical motion.

Do a thought experiment to visualize a bead suspended in water is being pushed in a vortical flow with perpetual motion and in a steady state it spins around its axis and in the medium it is pushed in the flow to revolve vortically around a barycenter[w]. This thought experiment could illustrate the causality for the motion of a planet or star and how it is actually moving in space. The Solar System object is being pushed in vortical motion to revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System in helical path while moving through space, but in a cognitive paradox from its frame of reference it would appear to be orbiting. Be enlightened on this concept and then anyone would be able to intuitively visualize how all celestial objects actually move through space in the macrocosms as well as how this works for all subatomic particles[w] in the microcosms.

See a UVS topics on "The hyperspherical pushed-in gravity" that elaborates on pushed-in gravitational force, and "The structure of atom" for more illustrations.

It is an immutable fact that all Solar System[w] objects including the Sun are moving in helical paths through space while revolving around the Milky Way[w] galaxy, and this could be visualized from an external reference frame[w] in their transcendental perspectives.

For the resolution of this anomaly one have to let go the Copernican heliocentrism[w] and its improved mathematical constructs for the concept of orbital motions, which was disseminated and printed on all the school books for astronomy; this is merely a localized perception with incomplete view. And in its negation, it would not reflect the actual celestial mechanics[w] of an aetheric based planetary motion.

See a link on "The Universal Helicola" that presents an impeccable illustration for the helical motion of Earth's path in space on page 269 in figure 13.1, it was elaborated qualitatively, analytically and quantitatively. See also video clips on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" that illustrates with an external perception for the helical motion of Earth in a moving Sun and "The solar system's motion thru space". Note: These illustrations would be qualitatively more accurate if they show the barycenter motion of a moving Sun that propagates in a composite helical path around the Galactic Center.

By confining within the Kepler's laws of planetary motion[w] on its argumentative ground that it is a scientifically proven fact, and its laws have had achieved scientific consensus[w] with further support from Newton's laws[m], one could maintain its mathematically deduced conclusions are empirically valid. However, this is merely a negated perception of the natural phenomenon with its putative laws of physics that was perceived in the subjective reality of its model that posits a static Sun.

See the UVS topic on "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Copernican heliocentrism" for more insights.

This is how the putative laws of physics could lie with the deductive inference in the mathematical construct for its empirical observation when it gets to reality; in its concept from its localized perception it negates the reality[w]. And in its delusion, it results in its illusion of knowledge with its a posteriori[d] deductive proof construed in its physical paradox[w].

See the UVS topic on "The paradoxical effect of the cosmos" that elaborates on the causality of delusive circumstances in nature and its resolving power for the cognitive paradoxes of enigmatic natural phenomena.

See an externally linked paper on "The Planck aether model for a unified theory of elementary particles" that elaborates on a vortex field below the Planck scale having the form of a vortex lattice, which can propagate two types of waves, one having the property of Maxwell's electromagnetic and the other one the property of Einstein's gravitational waves.


The result of the hypothesis of a stationary ether is shown to be incorrect,
and the necessary conclusion follows that the hypothesis is erroneous.
- Lord Kelvin

The first principle is that you must not fool yourself -
- and you are the easiest person to fool.
- Richard Feynman

By denying scientific principles, one may maintain any paradox. - Galileo Galilei

In questions of science, the authority of a thousand
is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual.
- Galileo Galilei

A man should look for what is, and not for what he thinks should be. - Albert Einstein

It is far better to grasp the Universe as it really is
than to persist in delusion, however satisfying and reassuring.
- Carl Sagan

The illusion of knowing in a delusion, is apparently real in its cognitive paradox. - UVS inspired -




~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow for his posting on protoplanet HL Tau b, this is strong scientific evidence for evolution of stars and planets are through vortex dynamics.

~ With special thanks to Graham Burnett for his posting on the depicted image of heliosphere and a NASA news report on: "Voyager Squashes View of Solar System", this is a scientific evidence that Solar System is encapsulated in a nested plasmatic bubble filled with plasma.

~ With special thanks to Dr. James DeMeo, Ph.D. for his invaluable inputs and his website on "The Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments".


Note: The vortical paths in the spiraling helical motion of planets were independently visualized with the UVS model without any priori reference, other similar concepts were later found through the Internet on further inquiry, such as "Spiral Forms in Space" as illustrated by Dr. Wilhelm Reich (MD) in the web site of Dr. James DeMeo, Ph.D., "Universal Helicola" as illustrated by Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg and "The solar system's motion thru space"as illustrated by Nassim Haramein. Nonetheless, among these similar illustrations, UVS uniquely illustrated with scientific evidence for how the Sun and its planets were vortically formed, why they propagate in spiral motions through space and how they were vortically impelled to helically move.


Higgs field - From the UVS perspective

The 4th July 2012 discovery of elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics, as observed at CERN with the Large Hadron Collider, contended as very likely to be the Higgs Boson[w], which is the smallest observable particle that was purported to render the mass effect of matter, hence all physical existences. This asserts the existence of an all-pervasive field, purported as Higgs field, permeates the universe; aether exists and this is now as good as official in the mainstream physics of Standard Model.

This essentially overturns the scientific consensus for the Newton’s laws of universal gravitation that postulates space is void and empty with spooky action at a distance that pulls, is falsified in the reality of the all-pervasive field does exist.

This scientific discovery supports the cosmological constant (aka dark energy) of Einstein's universe[w], and it is compatible with the special theory of relativity in mainstream modern physics that posits a 4-D space-time foundation, which is transformable and professed as rigorously proven in experiments. Notwithdatndlingly, the posits in modern physics on variant space and variant time are fallacious, and these posits were asserted with circular reasoning in the abstractions of its mathematical model.

See the UVS topic on "Qualitative evaluation on time dilation" that elaborates on a crucial foundational crisis and its artificial cognitive paradoxes in the mathematical physics of modern science.

Although in classic physics, vacuum space is filled with field that has energy density was scientifically known many decades ago, the discovery of the elementary particle at CERN that was predicted with its mathematical model, theorized to render the existence of matters that coalesced from an apparent nothingness, is significant on the physical existence of an all-pervasive field that permeates the universe.

In the UVS worldview, in its paradigm shift[w], it can be perceived that the all-pervasive Higgs field[w], is an all-pervasive aetheric field.

See the UVS topic on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on vortical evolution for how it begets existences in the observed natural phenomena from the macrocosms to the microcosms.

Inserted on 17th of July, 2012


Scientific evidence and proofs for aether physically exists in Euclidean three dimensional space:

  • The scientifically proven existence of energy density in vacuum space[w], is an evidence in mainstream classical physics that aether exists.

  • The empirically observed temperature of a black hole[w] is almost absolute zero, and also light could not escape or transmit in it, are strong evidence for black hole is almost a vortical void of luminiferous aether; luminiferous aether exists and it almost pervades the entire observable universe.

  • The original Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments[m], according to the statement of Dayton Miller himself, it had rigorously proved that an all-pervasive aether that drifts does exist.

  • The Arthur Eddington’s project in 1919 on solar eclipse[w], in the classical physics framework that posits absolute space and time[w], is essentially a qualitative proof for transformation of aether that renders the refractive index; aether was proven to exist in the paradigm of Euclidean space.

  • The observed CMB dipole[uyvs] with background radiation that pervades the entire observable universe, is evidence for the existence of an all-pervasive aether.
  • The scientific proofs with the Bose-Einstein condensate[w] on light could interact with matter, proves the existence of luminiferous.
  • The scientific proofs with the Stop light experiment[m] that demonstrated light could be slowed or stopped at near absolute temperature, proved the existence for the carrier of light.

  • The latest discovery of Higgs field[w] in the Standard Model of particle physics, asserts the existence of an all-pervasive medium.


Ether is the only substance we are confident of in dynamics. One thing we are sure of
and that is the reality and substantiality of the luminferous ether.
- Lord Kelvin

There is no space empty of field.
- Albert Einstein, father of modern physics.

... space without ether is unthinkable;
- Albert Einstein,
on May 5th, 1920, after the world famous initial successful tests of general relativity.


Inserted on 21st of July, 2012.


I totally agreed with you. The Universe is a Vortex made of ether substance. (3rd September 2020)
- Michael Ngan, in his facebook page on "Our Vortical Universe".





Image and animation credits:
A video clip on simulating Michelson-Morley experiment in aether wind - You Tube; pepenjuto
An animated simulation of Michelson-Morley experiment - Physics Flashlets; Michael Fowler
Video clip on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" - By Kurdistan Planetarium
Video clip "The solar system's motion thru space" - By The Resonance Project / Nassim Haramein.avi
Image of star HL Tau - National Geographic News

The classified denotations with URL links for the individual words and specific phrases denoted in the UVS treatise:

A specific UVS topic or a source from the UVS treatise.
The definition for the word in the glossary list of the UVS treatise.
The general definitions for the word from an the Internet dictionary source.
A specific topic of the free encyclopedia by Wikipedia. 
A miscellaneous Internet source.

The Internet source for the inserted image or animation.

The inception of this UVS topic was in February 2007 with ongoing updates since.



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