Michelson-Morley experiment reviewed with Universal Vortical Singularity
In the epistemic theories of truth for the theory of justification, there are two major problems with the Michelson-Morley experiment. The first major problem is the scientific consensus on luminiferous aether does not exist is based on a null hypothesis with the null result obtained by the Michelson-Morley experiment, and its extrapolation that free cosmic space is vacuum. The second major problem is with the assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium.
"Many astronomers believe the Milky Way is moving at approximately 600 km/s relative to the observed locations of other nearby galaxies. Another reference frame is provided by the Cosmic microwave background. This frame of reference indicates that The Milky Way is moving at around 552 km/s." - Excerpt from Wikipedia on motion (physics).
Watch a video clip on simulating Michelson-Morley experiment in aether wind, and also see an animated simulation of Michelson-Morley experiment that its aether wind speed can be varied.
“Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.” - Carl Sagan
The scientific consensus on luminiferous aether does not exist, was based on a null hypothesis with the null result obtained by the Michelson-Morley experiment. Unsustainably, this conclusion is logically fallacious. It had only concluded that the quantitatively predicted aether wind was not found with the postulation that luminiferous aether is a static medium. Neither Albert Michelson nor Edward Morley had ever considered that their experiment had disproved the aether hypothesis; it merely had proven that the postulated static aether does not exist.
Critically, a null hypothesis cannot assert positively with its hypothetical a priori posit, and therefore does not prove at all. The scientific consensus with the null hypothesis, thus is simply a formal fallacy of affirmative conclusion from a negative premise in a hasty generalization with its argument from ignorance.
As an analogy for the null hypothesis with null result, it would be similar to setting up an experiment to measure electrical power with the assumption that the electrical energy of a running system is operated by direct current. And after the direct current meter measured nothing, with the null result it concludes that there is no electrical current in the running system. This logical fallacy can also be rhetorically addressed as its evidence of absence, was concluded with its red herring fallacy in its ignoratio elenchi.
Any scientific fact must leave no room for any rational doubt.
In records it was others such as Oliver Heaviside (modified Maxwell's equations), Henri Poincaré (modified Lorentz transformation), Robert S. Shankland (reversed Dayton Miller's claim on existence of aether), Hermann Minkowski and partly David Hilbert (they instrumented the modification for the definition for spacetime of Einstein's theory of relativity) had concluded aether does not exist with moot reasoning (such as aether is not required in their models) in hatch jobs of unassailable mathematical constructs that do away the existence of aether in abstract mathematical realms.
All the conclusions for aether does not exist in the abstract mathematical constructs based on the absurd assumptions of transformable space or reified time, were deduced with self-fulfilling prophecies by self-reference; such artificial cognitive paradox fallacies were rendered by their philosophies of science that do not require aether to exist in their mathematical constructs. It is merely the dogma in the belief system of mathematical physics that asserts aether does not exist with its argument from authority.
the mathematicians have invaded the theory of relativity,
The existence of aether can rationally explain the action at a distance is communicated through exchange of angular momentum in the atheric medium, and rationally this is inexplicable with conventional wisdom.
See the UVS topics on "Qualitative evaluation on time dilation", and "UVS reviews the GR concepts of gravity" for the implications with the existence of aether would have on the fundamentals of modern physics.
“There is no space empty of field.” - Albert Einstein
These suggest Einstein's spacetime is the aether Einstein had propositioned, and it exists in a three spatial dimensions of space and a temporal dimension of time that are invariants. The refractive index of spacetime as quantitatively measured with high accuracy in proven experiments (the location of stars near the Sun had apparently warped during solar eclipses), is therefore the immutable proof for the existence of aether in Euclidean space; this is contrary to the abstract view of mathematical relativism that does not properly verify its assumptions with the belief of transformable space or reified time.
“Time and space are modes in which we think and not conditions in which we live.” - Albert Einstein
In 1920, despite Einstein had officially asserted that aether physically exist in an open lecture, his peers had dismissed his claim that was against their belief in the mathematical relativism that posit variant space.
See in an external link for an address delivered on May 5th, 1920, in the University of Leyden by Albert Einstein on "Ether and the Theory of Relativity".
“... space without ether is unthinkable;” - Albert Einstein, on May 5th, 1920.
It was claimed that Dayton Miller through his interferometer experiment with positive results had asserted that aether exists and he had held this proposition throughout his life, but this is contrary to what was disseminated and printed in all the books of physics. In the claim it was alleged that it was Robert S. Shankland (the successor of Miller) who had claimed otherwise with Miller's experiment results after Miller was no longer around, hatched on the results selectively for it to portray that aether does not exist.
See a link on "The Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments" for the details of the claim.
Vacuum energy was scientifically proven to exist in space even when devoid of matter; this asserts the existence of aether.
See the UVS subtopics on "The UVS perspective on dark matter and dark energy", "Scientific evidence and proofs for aether does physically exist" that elaborates on aether does exist, "Heliosphere", and "Four-dimensional spacetime continuum in a hypothetical construct for sound wave in a vector space void of medium" that illustrates a hatch job that could do away with the existence of air for sound wave to propagate in a hypothetical realm.
The experimental conclusion for the a priori proposition that postulates a static medium of luminiferous aether is proven to be inexistent, is not the proof for the a priori posit that luminiferous aether is a static medium.
The postulation that luminiferous aether is a static medium was merely an assumption.
With the assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium, one could regressively maintain a fallacious self-referential cognitive paradox with strawman argument to assert that aether was scientifically proven to be nonexistence with its bigotry argument from authority. This is merely a formal fallacy of affirming the consequent in the subjective reality of its hypothetical construct.
See the UVS topics on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that illustrates on how aether vortical motion forms nested toroidal structure and begets everything through its wake, and "Types of perpetual motion machine" for the illustrations of perpetual motion manifested in nature.
In the pushed-in manner of luminiferous aether as a viscous medium acting on a celestial spheroid, there should be an aether-drift, this aether-drift that vortically encapsulates the celestial spheroid should be relatively subtle near the surface; it would vortically drift at a much lower angular velocity than the expected aether wind speeds that were established for the postulated static medium of luminiferous aether. With imbalanced vortical aether motion in the bipolar pair of aether polar vortices acting on Earth with an axial tilt and an inclined orbit around the Sun in its precession effect, the vortical aether-drift should be subjective to a subtle dipole characteristic such that the drift should have different velocities that are altitude and latitude dependent in a three-dimensional geometric framework (i.e. azimuth dependent) of the celestial spheroid; the vortical aether-drift on a celestial spheroid should be more significant on higher altitude and higher latitude.
If the Earth drags in a medium of static aether, there would be problems with resistance that this would drag the movement of Earth in the aetheric medium, but if aether is vortically encapsulated on Earth in an spheroidal pushed-in manner, then the problem of its resistance to movement of celestial objects is resolved.
See the UVS topic on "Jet streams" that elaborates on the momentum culmination of vortical forces.
“In order to make progress, one must leave the door to the unknown ajar.” - Richard Fenyman
To detect the vortical aether-drift with the assumption that luminiferous aether is vortically entrained to a celestial spheroid in the pushed-in manner, it requires a more sensitive interferometer that is designed and set up for such detections. The Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments, although was officially reported as also had obtained negative (null) results with the assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium, on the other hand, it was otherwise claimed that it had in fact obtained consistence positive results of an aether-drift with the proposition that luminiferous aether is entrained to the rotation of Earth. The concept for this aether-drift in an analogy is liked a moving train would cause air around it to be drifted with its movement. Nonetheless, as mentioned above, there is an irresolvable anomaly with this aether-drift proposition that it would drag the motion of any celestial object.
From the UVS perspective, light could not escape the gravity of a black hole, infers the carriers of light wave have the property of mass, and thus they could be interacted. Although light wave propagating in the aether corpuscles of light (the quantas of luminiferous aether) is weightless like sound wave, these aether corpuscles of light are being vortically displaced in the black hole, light thus could not escape or illuminate in a black hole. The empirically observed temperature of a black hole is almost absolute zero, also asserts an all-pervasive aether exists.
A further reason why Newton rejected light as waves in a medium was because such a medium would have to extend everywhere in space, and would thereby "disturb and retard the Motions of those great Bodies" (the planets and comets) and thus "as it [light's medium] is of no use, and hinders the Operation of Nature, and makes her languish, so there is no evidence for its Existence, and therefore it ought to be rejected." - Excerpt from wikipedia on "Luminiferous aether".
UVS postulates that luminiferous aether vortically drifts in entrainment on every celestial object in the observable universe with vortical motion in a shperoidal pushed-in manner. The concept for this proposition can be thought of as the spheroidally confined aetheric medium is in vortical motion, and it pushes a drifting celestial object within it by driving and entraining it with the momentum in vortical motion flow of aether; this could rationally explain the aether drag anomaly.
See the UVS topic on "The vortically manifested planetary orbitals" that elaborates on how all the Solar System objects are revolving around the Sun in vortical motion.
Do a thought experiment to visualize a bead suspended in water is being pushed in a vortical flow with perpetual motion and in a steady state it spins around its axis and in the medium it is pushed in the flow to revolve vortically around a barycenter; it would not loose its energy as long as the external driving force is persistent. This thought experiment could illustrate the causality for the motion of a planet or star and how it is actually moving in space; it is being pushed in vortical motion to revolve around its barycenter in helical path through space but in a cognitive paradox from its frame of reference it would appear to be orbiting. Be awakened on this and one would be able to intuitively visualize the rest on how all celestial objects move through space in the macrocosms as well as how this works for all virtual particles and subatomic particles in the microcosms.
It is an immutable fact that all Solar System objects including the Sun are moving in helical paths through space while revolving around the Milky Way galaxy, and this could be visualized from an external reference frame in their transcendental perspectives. For the resolution of this, one have to let go the Copernican heliocentrism and its improved mathematical constructs for the model of satellite orbital motions, which was disseminated and printed on all the school books for astronomy; this is merely a localized perception with incomplete view. And in its negation, it would not reflect the actual celestial mechanics of planetary motion.
See a link on "The Universal Helicola" that presents an impeccable illustration for spiral motion of Earth's path in space on page 269 in figure 13.1, it was elaborated qualitatively, analytically and quantitatively. See also video clips on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" that illustrates with an external perception for the helical motion of Earth in a moving Sun and "The solar system's motion thru space". Note: These illustrations would be qualitatively more accurate if they show the barycenter motion of a moving Sun that propagates in a composite helical path around the Galactic Center.
By confining within the Kepler's laws of planetary motio on argumentative ground that it was based on scientifically proven fact, and in its mathematical construct these laws have had achieved scientific consensus with further support from Newton's laws, taking it as it was propositioned, and therefore would not seek further inquiry for its transcendental perspective in its reference frame. In its artificial cognitive paradox, one could maintain its mathematically deduced conclusions are empirically valid; this is a negated perception of the natural phenomenon with its putative laws of physics that was perceived in the subjective reality of its model with a static Sun.
See the UVS topic on "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Copernican heliocentrism" for more insights.
This is how the putative laws of physics could lie with the deductive inference in the mathematical construct for its empirical observation when it gets to reality; in its concept from its localized perception it negates the reality. And in its delusion, it results in its illusion of knowledge with its a posteriori deductive proof.
See the UVS topic on "The paradoxical effect of nature" that elaborates on the causality of delusive circumstances in nature and its resolving power for the cognitive paradoxes of enigmatic natural phenomena.
first principle is that you must not fool yourself -
“Any fundamental laws of Nature are merely phenomenological generalizations.” - Nancy Cartwright's distinction
“By denying scientific principles, one may maintain any paradox.” - Galileo Galilei
“A man should look for what is, and not for what he thinks should be.” - Albert Einstein
questions of science, the authority of a thousand
is far better to grasp the Universe as it really is
~ With special thanks to Graham Burnett for his posting on the depicted image of heliosphere and a NASA news report on: "Voyager Squashes View of Solar System", this is a scientific evidence that Solar System is encapsulated in a nested plasmatic bubble filled with plasma.
~ With special thanks to Dr. James DeMeo, Ph.D. for his invaluable inputs and his website on "The Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments".
Note: The vortical paths in helical spiral motion of planets were independently visualized with the UVS model without any priori reference, other similar concepts were later found through the Internet on further inquiry, such as "Spiral Forms in Space" as illustrated by Dr. Wilhelm Reich (MD) in the web site of Dr. James DeMeo, Ph.D., "Universal Helicola" as illustrated by Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg and "The solar system's motion thru space"as illustrated by Nassim Haramein. Nonetheless, among these similar illustrations, UVS uniquely illustrated with scientific evidence for how the Sun and its planets were vortically formed, why they propagate in spiral motions through space and how they were vortically impelled to move in spiral motion.
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