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Michelson-Morley experiment reviewed with Universal Vortical Singularity

In the epistemic theories of truth for the theory of justification, there are two major problems with the Michelson-Morley experiment. The first major problem is the scientific consensus on luminiferous aether does not exist is based on a null hypothesis with the null result obtained by the Michelson-Morley experiment, and its extrapolation that free cosmic space is vacuum. The second major problem is with the assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium.


The first major problem:
The null hypothesis and its extrapolation that free cosmic space is vacuum.

"Many astronomers believe the Milky Way is moving at approximately 600 km/s relative to the observed locations of other nearby galaxies. Another reference frame is provided by the Cosmic microwave background. This frame of reference indicates that The Milky Way is moving at around 552 km/s." - Excerpt from Wikipedia on motion (physics).

With the assumption that a celestial object moving in a static medium of luminiferous aether would experience a drag, an aether wind should be detectable. In a simplified illustration, Earth revolves at approximately 30 km/s around Sun, the Sun revolves at approximately 232 km/s around the Galactic Center of Milky Way, therefore Earth moving in this static medium should show a significant aether wind, and more significantly if the movement of Milky Way in space relative to the rest frame of Cosmic microwave background at approximately 369 km/s is considered. If there is such an aether wind at all it should be easily detected with the interferometer. However, in all Michelson-Morley experiments, measurements of such expectations were not detected at all, it was thus concluded that the postulated static luminiferous aether does not exist at all; the postulated static luminiferous aether would have been detected by the Michelson-Morley experiments if it exists.

Watch a video clip on simulating Michelson-Morley experiment in aether wind, and also see an animated simulation of Michelson-Morley experiment that its aether wind speed can be varied.

Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. - Carl Sagan

The scientific consensus on luminiferous aether does not exist, was based on a null hypothesis with the null result obtained by the Michelson-Morley experiment. Notwithstandingly, this conclusion is logically fallacious. It had only concluded that the quantitatively predicted aether wind was not found with the a priori assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium. Neither Albert Michelson nor Edward Morley had ever considered that their experiment had disproved the aether hypothesis; it merely had proven that the postulated static aether does not exist.

Critically, a null hypothesis cannot assert positively with its hypothetical a priori posit, and therefore does not prove at all. The scientific consensus with the null hypothesis, thus is simply a formal fallacy of affirmative conclusion from a negative premise in a hasty generalization with its argument from ignorance.

As an analogy for the null hypothesis with null result, it would be similar to setting up an experiment to measure electrical power with the assumption that the electrical energy of a running system is operated with direct current. And after the direct current meter measured nothing, with the null result it concludes that there is no electrical current in the system that makes it work. This logical fallacy can also be rhetorically addressed as its evidence of absence, was concluded with its red herring fallacy in its ignoratio elenchi.

Any scientific fact must leave no room for any rational doubt.

In records it was others such as Oliver Heaviside (modified Maxwell's equations), Henri Poincaré (modified Lorentz transformation), Robert S. Shankland (reversed Dayton Miller's claim on existence of aether), Hermann Minkowski and partly David Hilbert (they instrumented the modification for the definition for spacetime of Einstein's theory of relativity) had concluded aether does not exist with moot reasoning (such as aether is not required in their models) in hatch jobs of unassailable mathematical constructs that do away the existence of aether in abstract mathematical realms.

All the conclusions for aether does not exist in the abstract mathematical constructs based on the absurd assumptions of transformable space or reified time, were deduced with self-fulfilling prophecies by self-reference; such artificial cognitive paradox fallacies were rendered by their philosophies of science that do not require aether to exist in their mathematical constructs. It is merely the dogma in the belief system of mathematical physics that asserts aether does not exist with argumentum ad populum.

Since the mathematicians have invaded the theory of relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore. - Albert Einstein

The existence of aether can rationally explain the action at a distance is communicated through exchange of angular momentum in the atheric medium, and rationally this is inexplicable with conventional wisdom.

See UVS topics on "Qualitative evaluation on time dilation", and "UVS reviews the GR concepts of gravity" for the implications with the existence of aether would have on the fundamentals of modern physics.

There is no space empty of field. - Albert Einstein

These suggest Einstein's spacetime is the aether Einstein had propositioned, and it exists in a three spatial dimensions of space and a temporal dimension of time that are invariants. The refractive index of spacetime as quantitatively measured with high accuracy in proven experiments (the location of stars near the Sun had apparently warped during solar eclipses), is therefore the immutable proof for the existence of aether in Euclidean space; this is contrary to the abstract view of mathematical relativism that does not question its assumptions with the belief of transformable space or reified time.

Time and space are modes in which we think and not conditions in which we live. - Albert Einstein

In 1920, although Einstein officially had asserted that aether exist in an open lecture, his peers had rhetorically refuted his rationalization and dismissed his claim that was against their belief in the mathematical relativism.

See in an external link for an address delivered on May 5th, 1920, in the University of Leyden by Albert Einstein on "Ether and the Theory of Relativity".

... space without ether is unthinkable; - Albert Einstein, on May 5th, 1920.

It was claimed that Dayton Miller through his interferometer experiment with positive results had asserted that aether exists and he had held this proposition throughout his life, but this is contrary to what was disseminated and printed in all the books of physics. In the claim it was alleged that it was Robert S. Shankland (the successor of Miller) who had claimed otherwise with Miller's experiment results after Miller was no longer around, hatched on the results selectively for it to portray that aether does not exist.

See a link on "The Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments" for the details of the claim.

"My opinion about Miller's experiments is the following. ... Should the positive result be confirmed, then the special theory of relativity and with it the general theory of relativity, in its current form, would be invalid. Experimentum summus judex. Only the equivalence of inertia and gravitation would remain, however, they would have to lead to a significantly different theory." - Albert Einstein, in a letter to Edwin E. Slosson, July 1925

Vacuum energy was scientifically proven to exist in space even when devoid of matter; this asserts the existence of aether.

The heliosphere is a scientific evidence that Solar System is encapsulated in a nested plasmatic bubble filled with plasma. In the UVS worldview, this suggests heliosphere is manifested by its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex, which is a resonated manifestation of aether vortical motion. And this is a fractal of a much larger nested spheroidal unisonal vortex, of which that renders the phenomenon of the dipole anisotropy pattern of CMBR.

The latest scientific evidence for free cosmic space is not void of matter is simply overwhelming.

See UVS subtopics on "An all-pervasive inviscid medium that pervades the observable universe: aether ", "An immutable qualitative proof that aether exist" that elaborates on aether does exist, "Heliosphere", and "Four-dimensional spacetime continuum in a hypothetical construct for sound wave in a vector space void of medium" that illustrates a hatch job that could do away with the existence of air for sound wave to propagate in a hypothetical realm.


This depicted heliosphere in essence is a nested plasmatic bubble encapsulating the Sun, is filled with plasma that is emanated from the Sun itself.

Looking back at the worst times, it always seems that they were times in which there were people who believed with absolute faith and absolute dogmatism in something. And they were so serious in this matter that they insisted that the rest of the world agree with them. And then they would do things that were directly inconsistent with their own beliefs in order to maintain that what they said was true. - Richard Feynman


Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts. - Richard Feynman

 

 

The second major problem: The assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium.

The experimental conclusion for the a priori proposition that postulates a static medium of luminiferous aether is proven to be inexistent, is not the proof for the a priori posit that luminiferous aether is a static medium.

The postulation that luminiferous aether is a static medium was merely an assumption.

With the assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium, one could regressively maintain a fallacious self-referential cognitive paradox with strawman argument to assert that aether was scientifically proven to be nonexistence with its bigotry argument from authority. This is merely a formal fallacy of affirming the consequent in the subjective reality of its hypothetical construct.

Based on the UVS model, it is propositioned that inviscid luminiferous aether in a nested spheroidal confinement had vortically formed all celestial spheroids in a vortical consolidation process; luminiferous aether is an inviscid universal medium that in vortical motion it coagulates matters and perpetually moves them vortically in its unisonal motion.

See UVS topics on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that illustrates on how aether vortical motion forms nested toroidal structure and begets everything through its wake, and "Types of perpetual motion machine" for the illustrations of perpetual motion manifested in nature.

The vortical motion of luminiferous aether would be similar to the scenario of HL Tau b (protoplanet) that is vortically culminated in a “womb of gas” and this gas vortically consolidates on its star in a grander scenario of unisonal motions.

Image on right is star HL Tau (in the center) vortically encapsulated in a "womb of gas" with its protoplanet HL Tau b at around two o'clock position of the star.

This is how luminiferous aether could vortically drift in entrainment on any celestial spheroid (Sun, planets and their moons) in a vortical pushed-in manner (A phenomenon that was thought to be impossible in conventional wisdom). In the pushed-in manner of luminiferous aether as a viscous medium acting on a celestial spheroid, there should be an aether-drift, this aether-drift that vortically encapsulates the celestial spheroid should be relatively subtle near the surface; it would vortically drift at a much lower angular velocity than the expected aether wind speeds that were established for the postulated static medium of luminiferous aether. With imbalanced vortical aether motion in the bipolar pair of aether polar vortices acting on Earth with an axial tilt and an inclined orbit around the Sun in its precession effect, the vortical aether-drift should be subjective to a subtle dipole characteristic such that the drift should have different velocities that are altitude and latitude dependent in a three-dimensional geometric framework (i.e. azimuth dependent) of the celestial spheroid; the vortical aether-drift on a celestial spheroid should be more significant on higher altitude and higher latitude.

The cyclonic motion of the polar vortex pair on Earth is an empirical evidence that the nested polar vortices are impelled by aether vortical motion.

If the Earth drags in a medium of static aether, there would be problems with resistance that this would drag the movement of Earth in the aetheric medium, but if aether is vortically encapsulated on Earth in an spheroidal pushed-in manner, then the problem of its resistance to movement of celestial objects is resolved.

See a UVS topic on "Jet streams" that elaborates on the momentum culmination of vortical forces.

In the UVS worldview, the dipole anisotropy pattern of cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) in false color temperature map as measured by the COBE mission, is a scientific evidence that the observable universe is an open system precessing in a perpetual vortical motion.

See UVS topics on "The dipole anisotropy pattern of CMBR", "The evolution of galaxies and stars", "An all-pervasive inviscid medium that pervades the observable universe", and "Scientific evidence and proofs for aether does physically exist" that elaborates on a nested spheroidal confinement of elastic medium that pervades the observable universe.

In order to make progress, one must leave the door to the unknown ajar. - Richard Fenyman

To detect the vortical aether-drift with the assumption that luminiferous aether is vortically entrained to a celestial spheroid in the pushed-in manner, it requires a more sensitive interferometer that is designed and set up for such detections. The Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments, although was officially reported as also had obtained negative (null) results with the assumption that luminiferous aether is a static medium, on the other hand, it was otherwise claimed that it had in fact obtained consistence positive results of an aether-drift with the proposition that luminiferous aether is entrained to the rotation of Earth. The concept for this aether-drift in an analogy is liked a moving train would cause air around it to be drifted with its movement. Nonetheless, as mentioned above, there is an irresolvable anomaly with this aether-drift proposition that it would drag the motion of any celestial object.

From the UVS perspective, light could not escape the gravitational force of a black hole infers the carriers of light wave are matters that have mass and they could be physically interacted. Although light wave propagating in the medium of lumineferous aether is weightless like sound waves, the carriers of light at the black hole are pushed-in toward the black hole faster than light wave could propagate away from the black hole; hence light could not escape. One can do a thought experiment to visualize air is being sucked into an air vent at supersonic speed for conceptual observation of any sound created inside the air vent to visualize that this sound wave would not be able to escape; in analogy this could rationally explains how light is trapped in a black hole that was inexplicable with conventional wisdom.

A further reason why Newton rejected light as waves in a medium was because such a medium would have to extend everywhere in space, and would thereby "disturb and retard the Motions of those great Bodies" (the planets and comets) and thus "as it [light's medium] is of no use, and hinders the Operation of Nature, and makes her languish, so there is no evidence for its Existence, and therefore it ought to be rejected." - Excerpt from wikipedia on "Luminiferous aether".

UVS postulates that luminiferous aether vortically drifts in entrainment on every celestial object in the observable universe with vortical motion in a shperoidal pushed-in manner. The concept for this proposition can be thought of as the spheroidally confined aetheric medium is in vortical motion, and it pushes a drifting celestial object within it by driving and entraining it with the momentum in vortical motion flow of aether; this could rationally explain the aether drag anomaly.

See a UVS topic on "The orbit of natural satellite" that elaborates on how all the Solar System objects are revolving around the Sun in vortical motion.

Do a thought experiment to visualize a bead suspended in water is being pushed in a vortical flow with perpetual motion and in a steady state it spins around its axis and in the medium it is pushed in the flow to revolve vortically around a barycenter; it would not loose its energy as long as the external driving force is persistent. This thought experiment could illustrate the causality for the motion of a planet or star and how it is actually moving in space; it is being pushed in vortical motion to revolve around its barycenter in helical path through space but in a cognitive paradox from its frame of reference it would appear to be orbiting. Be awakened on this and one would be able to intuitively visualize the rest on how all celestial objects move through space in the macrocosms as well as how this works for all virtual particles and subatomic particles in the microcosms.

See a UVS topics on "Spheroidal pushed-in gravity" that elaborates on pushed-in gravitational force, and "The structure of atom" for more illustrations.

It is an immutable fact that all Solar System objects including the Sun are moving in helical paths through space while revolving around the Milky Way galaxy, and this could be visualized from an external reference frame in their transcendental perspectives. For the resolution of this issue one have to let go the Copernican heliocentrism and its improved mathematical constructs for the model of satellite orbital motions, which was disseminated and printed on all the school books for astronomy; this is merely a localized perception with incomplete view. And in its negation, it would not reflect the actual celestial mechanics of planetary motion.

See a link on "The Universal Helicola" that presents an impeccable illustration for spiral motion of Earth's path in space on page 269 in figure 13.1, it was elaborated qualitatively, analytically and quantitatively. See also video clips on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" that illustrates with an external perception for the helical motion of Earth in a moving Sun and "The solar system's motion thru space". Note: These illustrations would be qualitatively more accurate if they show the barycenter motion of a moving Sun that propagates in a composite helical path around the Galactic Center.

By confining within the Kepler's laws of planetary motio on argumentative ground that it was based on scientifically proven fact, and in its mathematical construct these laws have had achieved scientific consensus with further support from Newton's laws, taking it as it was propositioned, and therefore would not seek further inquiry for its transcendental perspective in its reference frame. In its artificial cognitive paradox, one could maintain its mathematically deduced conclusions are empirically valid; this is a negated perception of the natural phenomenon with its putative laws of physics that was perceived in the subjective reality of its model with a static Sun.

See a UVS topic on "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Copernican heliocentrism" for more insights.

This is how the putative laws of physics could lie with the deductive inference in the mathematical construct for its empirical observation when it gets to reality; in its concept from its localized perception it negates the reality. And in its delusion, it results in its illusion of knowledge with its a posteriori deductive proof.

See a UVS topic on "The paradoxical effect of nature" that elaborates on the causality of delusive circumstances in nature and its resolving power for the cognitive paradoxes of enigmatic natural phenomena.

 

The first principle is that you must not fool yourself -- and you are the easiest person to fool. - Richard Feynman

Any fundamental laws of Nature are merely phenomenological generalizations. - Nancy Cartwright's distinction

The illusion of knowing in a delusion is apparently real in its cognitive paradox. - UVS inspired -

By denying scientific principles, one may maintain any paradox. - Galileo Galilei

A man should look for what is, and not for what he thinks should be. - Albert Einstein

In questions of science, the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual.- Galileo Galilei

It is far better to grasp the Universe as it really is than to persist in delusion, however satisfying and reassuring. - Carl Sagan

 

 

 

~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow for his posting on protoplanet HL Tau b, this is strong scientific evidence for evolution of stars and planets are through vortex dynamics.

~ With special thanks to Graham Burnett for his posting on the depicted image of heliosphere and a NASA news report on: "Voyager Squashes View of Solar System", this is a scientific evidence that Solar System is encapsulated in a nested plasmatic bubble filled with plasma.

~ With special thanks to Dr. James DeMeo, Ph.D. for his invaluable inputs and his website on "The Dayton Miller's ether-drift experiments".

 

Note: The vortical paths in helical spiral motion of planets were independently visualized with the UVS model without any priori reference, other similar concepts were later found through the Internet on further inquiry, such as "Spiral Forms in Space" as illustrated by Dr. Wilhelm Reich (MD) in the web site of Dr. James DeMeo, Ph.D., "Universal Helicola" as illustrated by Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg and "The solar system's motion thru space"as illustrated by Nassim Haramein. Nonetheless, among these similar illustrations, UVS uniquely illustrated with scientific evidence for how the Sun and its planets were vortically formed, why they propagate in spiral motions through space and how they were vortically impelled to move in spiral motion.

 

 

Higgs field - From the UVS perspective

The 4th July 2012 discovery of elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics, as observed at CERN with the Large Hadron Collider, contended as very likely to be the Higgs Boson, which is the smallest observable particle that was purported to render the mass effect of matter, hence all physical existences. This asserts the existence of an all-pervasive field, purported as Higgs field, permeates the universe; aether exists and this is now as good as official in the mainstream physics of Standard Model.

This essentially overturns the scientific consensus for the null result with the null hypothesis of Michelson-Morley experiment that concludes space is a void of nothing with its postulation of a static luminiferous aether. This also suggests the Newton’s laws of universal gravitation that postulates space is void and empty with spooky action at a distance that pulls, is falsified in the reality of the all-pervasive field does exist.

This scientific discovery supports the cosmological constant (aka dark energy) of Einstein's universe, and it is compatible with the special theory of relativity in mainstream modern physics that posits a 4-D space-time foundation, which is transformable and professed as rigorously proven in experiments. Nonetheless, modern physics that posits variant space and variant time is absurd, and these posits were asserted with circular reasoning in abstractions of mathematical model.

See a UVS topic on "Qualitative evaluation on time dilation" that elaborates on a crucial foundational crisis and its artificial cognitive paradoxes in the mathematical physics of modern science.

Although in classic physics, vacuum space is filled with field that has energy density was scientifically known many decades ago, the discovery of the elementary particle at CERN that was predicted with its mathematical model, theorized to render the existence of matters that coalesced from an apparent nothingness, is significant on the physical existence of an all-pervasive field that permeates the universe.

In the UVS worldview, in its paradigm shift, it can be perceived that the all-pervasive Higgs field, is an all-pervasive aetheric field. In its aether vortical motion, it renders the mass effect of matters, and in its vortical spin fusion, it coalesces the corpuscles of Higgs Boson.

See a UVS topic on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on vortical evolution for how it begets existences in the observed natural phenomena from the macrocosms to the microcosms.


Inserted on 17th of July, 2012
.

 

Scientific evidence and proofs for aether does physically exist:

 

See a UVS topic on "An all-pervasive inviscid medium that pervades the observable universe: aether" for some illustrations on the existence of aether.

 


There is no space empty of field.
- Albert Einstein, father of modern physics.

... space without ether is unthinkable;
- Albert Einstein,
on May 5th, 1920, after the world famous initial successful tests of general relativity.


Inserted on 21st of July, 2012.

 

 

 

Feb 2007

References and links:
Epistemic theories of truth - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Theory of justification
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Michelson-Morley experiment - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Luminiferous aether - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Null hypothesis - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Null result - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Motion (physics) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Formal fallacy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Affirmative conclusion from a negative premise
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hasty generalization - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Argument from ignorance - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Evidence of absence - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Red herring - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ignoratio elenchi - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mathematical physics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Argumentum ad populum - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vacuum energy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Universe - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Action at a distance - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ether and the Theory of Relativity - The Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH)

Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dayton Miller's Ether-Drift Experiments - Orgone Biophysical Research Lab
Conventional wisdom - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heliosphere - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar system - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reference frame - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Self-fulfilling prophecy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Self-reference
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mathematical physics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Axial tilt - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Inclined orbit
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Azimuth - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barycenter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Virtual particles - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Subatomic particles
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heliocentrism - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Celestial mechanics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Universal Helicola - By Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg
Scientific consensus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kepler's Laws and Newton's Laws - by Darby Dyar
Kepler's laws of planetary motion - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Strawman argument - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Affirming the consequent - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Higgs boson - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Einstein's universe - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Paradigm shift - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supermassive black holes emit incredible amounts of hydrogen gas at astounding rates - TECH TIMES
A video clip on simulating Michelson-Morley experiment in aether wind - You Tube; pepenjuto
An animated simulation of Michelson-Morley experiment - Physics Flashlets; Michael Fowler
Video clip on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" - By Kurdistan Planetarium
Video clip "The solar system's motion thru space" - By The Resonance Project / Nassim Haramein.avi
Image of star HL Tau - National Geographic News

 

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