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Universal Vortical Singularity enlightenments on the coma, gas and dust tails of comet

Based on the UVS model, the empirically observed nested atmosphere of a comet, is encapsulated in a nested spheroidal unisonal vortex that has become very active vortically, which is the basic underlying mechanism for all its cometary activities.
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It is the theory that decides what can be observed. - Albert Einstein



Comet 17P/Holmes


Comet Hale-Bopp

Comet McNaught

Comet 73P

Comet 3D/Biela

Comet 1P/Halley

Comet Wild 2

The cognitive paradox that renders cometary anomalies and mysteries, could thus be meticulously resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism illustrated.

The grounds for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of a comet as illustrated by its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render its misconceptions, mysteries, and anomalies. Thus, its cognitive paradoxes could be meticulously resolved, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analyzed in the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating on their empirical evidence to establish their qualitative predictions with abductive reasoning.

See UVS topics on "The UVS' philosophy of science" and "Overviews of UVS" that elaborate on the methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

In astronomy, the phenomena of comet are considered as the most spectacular and the least well understood empirical observations of the Solar System; many mysteries and anomalies of cometary phenomena have hitherto been inexplicable with the conventional wisdom of astrophysics.

According to the quantitative predictions by Newton's law of universal gravitation, given the very small mass for a typical comet, it is impossible for the comet to retain its huge nested atmosphere at all, this is even more so under the circumstances of it is persistently experiencing the relentless onslaught of solar wind.

Moreover, it is a fact that comet can enigmatically develop gas coma even under super freezing circumstances in the outer Solar System; the gas coma formed under such circumstances were not caused by the sublimation of ice with the Sun's heat.

If the equation for a universal law of physics cannot explain a reality
with its mathematical construct, it is not the reality was incorrect.
- UVS inspired -

 

The nested atmosphere of comet

In the UVS worldview, the coma of the comet is undulated by a nested spheroidal unisonal vortex that has had resonated in the repulsion electrostatic force of the heliosphere, which is also undulated by its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex of the Solar System.

The mechanism of nested spheroidal unisonal vortex, apparently are undulating the empirically observed phenomena for Van-Allen radiation belt, nova, supernova, galaxy, local galaxy group, galaxy cluster, supervoid, and all the way to the CMBR dipole for macrocosms in the observable universe, as well as the resonated manifestations of atomic and sub-atomic particles in the microcosms.

Noteworthily, the optically invisible heliosphere was recently discovered at the dawn of the space age in the late 1950's; this empirically observed spheroidal structure that encapsulates the Solar System was not previously known to have existed.

From the UVS perspective, it suggests the gaseous materials of the comet that have had formed its gas coma as a thin, fuzzy and temporary atmosphere, are electrostatically consolidated to harmonically form as the comet's nested atmosphere by vortically resonating in the heliosphere of the Solar System.

This infers the huge nested atmosphere is vortically held by its undulating spheroidal unisonal vortex with repulsion force; the nested atmosphere is electrostatically withheld by its undulating spheroidal unisonal vortex with the effect of its natural inertial electrostatic confinement. The particles resonated and charged in the coma by the spheroidal unisonal vortex will repel each other, and thus got lifted from the nucleus of the comet. And the electrostatic repulsion force from the nested shell of the spheroidal unisonal vortex, repels to withheld the levitated charge particles, and keeps them encapsulated in the coma with their density following the principle of inverse-square law approximately.

From the UVS perspective, The underlying structure and mechanism of a nested spheroidal unisonal vortex manifested on a comet, renders its phenomenon of coma.

See copyrighted images for some empirically observed inner coma structures of several comets that demonstrate vortical spoke lines and torus-shaped vortical structures of their comae during their outburst events.

UVS predicates that the comet's huge nested atmosphere is vortically held by its undulating spheroidal unisonal vortex.

The nested hydrogen shell detected in ultraviolet light as illustrated with the image on right for Comet Hale-Bopp, is an empirical evidence that the coma of its comet as observed by the SOHO spacecraft, is encapsulated in a much larger nested atmosphere.

See externally linked topics on "The Comet Coma", and "Cometary hydrogen cloud" that elaborate on observed nested atmospheres of comets.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the huge coma of a wobbling comet when approaching perihelion, would be very intensely impelled by the cyclonic gravity field effect of the rotating Sun. In the nested coma, this would generate an asymmetrical pair of nested forced vortices on its spinning axis along a direction that aligns with the magnetic center of the Solar System.

The comet revolving around the Sun would then render the secondary axis centrifugal action to impel the main axis generated nested forced vortex pair. And when the conditions for forming free vortex with torque-free precession are met, it would develop the force vortex pair as a nested unisonal polar vortex pair in the nested coma of the comet; a nested dipole spheroidal vortex with toroidal structure.

When the nested polar vortex of the comet at the near side of the Sun is subjected to intensive radiation pressure emanated from the center of the Solar System, it could flip back its inner nested polar vortex to transform the inner nested polar vortex pair to become a nested bipolar spheroidal vortex.


A spheroid with
two rotational axes.

An animated bipolar
spheroidal vortex


The nested atmosphere of Comet Hale-Bopp observed by the SOHO.

"The hydrogen cloud surrounding comet Hale Bopp in 1997 far exceeds the comet’s visible tail (inset). Although not visible from the Earth, the hydrogen envelope is enormous, completely dwarfing the Sun which is shown as the yellow dot in the lower left corner." - An excerpt from "COSMOS - The SAO Encyclopedia of Astronomy".

Note: Comet Beila as observed in 1846, had demonstrated a peculiar polarized vortical structure with dipole moment in its coma at the near side of the Sun.

See an externally linked topic on "Comet" that illustrates the two gas tails of Comet Hale-Bopp. A water ion tail, and a split away sodium ion tail, were empirically observed to have sprouted from this comet.

From the UVS perspective, the observed sodium tail of Comet Hale-Bopp that was split away from its water ion tail, is an empirical evidence for the inference that the comet has a nested structure of plasmasphere in the coma of the comet.

Based on the UVS model, the causality for the sodium tail phenomenon of Comet Hale-Bopp, as well as its ontology within the comet, can be coherently explained.

From the UVS perspective, the lighter water ions that are held inside an outermost nested layer of the coma, glows in its ionization to render the water ion tail in the center column of the nested vortex, while the heavier sodium atoms levitates on an inner atmosphere becomes ionized to glow at the trailing side of the inner nested vortex column, renders the phenomenon of the split away sodium ion tail that appeared in between the water ion tail and the dust tail. And these two vortical columns in the nested coma culminate vortical momentum to impel the dust tail vortrex.


Nested boundaries
of a toroidal structure

These empirical observations, are assertive for the proposition on the nested atmosphere of the comet is electrostatically withheld by the undulating spheroidal unisonal vortex of the comet with its repulsion force.

Watch a video clip on "Comet Lovejoy" from 0:43 onward that shows in the LASCO C2 camera for the apparently plucked off tail of Comet Lovejoy deflecting away and eventually absorbed by the Sun in a bizarre manner. Evidently, this empirical observation supports the proposition of UVS that suggests the gas and dust particles in the comet tail were vortically withheld by the gas tail vortex formed in the repulsive coma of the comet. And peculiarly, while the comet swing around the Sun, its gas tail dynamically deflect to point to a particular location in the Solar System at around the 7 O'clock position near the Sun, and even after the gas tail reformed in its outbound flight, it continues to dynamically point to that particular location; this is a feat that defies conventional wisdom for cometary science.

 

Cometary outburst

A known contribution to the increased luminosity of coma during its cometary outburst event, is the scattering of sunlight on gas particles and fine dust particles that are levitated in the flared up coma, and the gases glowing from ionization; this renders the phenomenon of cometary outburst.

Nonetheless, the causality for cometary outbursts in the outer Solar System has hitherto been a mystery, and this is inexplicable with conventional wisdom at all; comet should remain frozen and inactive in the outer Solar System. However, the gas coma of Comet 29P was empirically observed to contain gaseous carbon dioxide, which is inexplicable for this comet that roams in the super freezing environment of outer Solar System at temperature below -150 °C. Also, for empirically observed cometary outbursts at more than 5 AU away from the Sun, it is inexplicable with solar ultra-violet radiation can cause the particles in the coma to glow by ionization.

From the UVS perspective, the coma of a comet could flare up when it passes near a vortically resonated two-axis spinor field manifested in a composite precession effect, which is the field effect of an aetheric harmonic rendered by a significant barycenter effect or its Lagrangian point of rotating celestial objects. The barycenters or Lagrangian points manifested in the Solar System, could be significantly rendered by its four gas giants, or from a nearby group of stars.

See a UVS subtopic on "The magnetic reversal of the Sun" that elaborates on how Sun becomes excited on its encounter of a barycenter of the Solar System.

Paradoxically negated out of plain sights, these aetheric harmonics generate optically invisible active regions of spinor field, which their enigmatic existences are vortically manifested from the n-body systems of interacting celestial objects, and with the motion of those involved celestial objects, they stealthily roam in the Solar System as well as other parts of the universe.

Comet 29P/Schwassmann–Wachmann 1 is an outer Solar System comet, it had been empirically observed with brightness that vary from 19th magnitude to 9th magnitude, which is a ten thousand-fold different in its brightness from its dimmest inactive moments to its brightest outburst ever observed. Reportedly, Comet 29P had a frequency of 7.3 outbursts per year, and these outbursts were observed to usually fade away within a week or two. In its non outburst mode, the apparent magnitude of Comet 29P with scattered sunlight, coupled with the effect of its conjunction and opposition positions with Earth, was normally observed to be around +16 at the perihelion, and around +19 at the aphelion.

With empirical observations, the case study on a series of Comet 29P outbursts in twelve events, is a strong evidence for the coma outbursts of Comet 29P were mostly triggered by significant barycenter effects of the four gas giants that manifest in the Solar System; cometary outburst is correlated with barycenter effects.


Spitzer infrared image of
Comet 29P in false colours.

Technically, the empirically observed ionization glow in the nested coma of comet that is supposedly resonated in its vortical motion, could be energetically rendered by the stress tensor of the impelling nested heliosphere with electric tension; this process can vortically discharge electric current culminated through the nested coma that acts like an electrical load. Rationally, such ionization glow in the nested coma could be caused by a resonated effect in the near and far field manifested from the barycenter of the Solar System, or other significant barycenters.

UVS predicates that the comet outburst events in the outer Solar System are triggered by significant barycenter effects of celestial objects.

Experimentally, the vortically resonated spinor field can be simulated with a monopole antenna that generates a torus-shaped energy field around it when activated, and the gas coma of a comet can be simulated with an unplugged plasma lamp.

When the not wire connected plasma lamp is held at close proximity to the activated monopole antenna, it can be observed to suddenly flare up with its plasma glow at its threshold distance when achieved its striking voltage. And when the plasma lamp is flared up, it could maintain its glow when held further away from the threshold distance, becomes brighter when it is held nearer to the antenna, fades away when it is held further away, and eventually and abruptly extinguishes when it is gradually held much further away.

Image on right shows the demonstrated effects of electric field induced electric glow discharge for two lamps remotely powered by a monopole wire antenna of ~20 watts output, which was supposedly emanating a torus-shaped energy field to render a high tension voltage of the electric field. With the monopole antenna powered up and without connecting the lamps to any electrical point as shown, in the near field diffraction at close proximity to the antenna, the argon gas in the long light tube, and the mercury vapor in the compact fluorescent bulb were glowing by the ionization of their resonated atomic particles. The tri-field meter measured 20 kV/m of electric field at the proximity of the glowing compact fluorescent bulb, and much in excess of 1 mW/cm² (off the meter scale) of received RF power that causes its ionization effect. And by using an antenna with higher power output and optimized resonant frequency for maximizing its power absorption of the inert gas, the electric glow discharge in the plasma lamp can occur at proportionally farther distance.


Electric glow discharge demonstration

See UVS topics on "Other vortical phenomena of star" and "Polar aurora" that illustrate electric glow discharge of some other celestial objects.

Note: Those with the required expertise and equipments (such as with EEE & telecommunicating engineering background, equipped with function generator, RF equipments, oscilloscope, SWR meter, and trifield meter) who are interested to replicate the above radio shack experiment, can request via email for its setup details. And anyone who is simply interested to personally observe the electric glow discharge that is powered by a small RF monopole antenna, with proper care and precaution, can safety, easily and inexpensively do so with a plasma globe and a remotely held PLC bulb as shown in this image. Caution: PLC bulb contains elemental mercury vapor, which is a toxic that might cause mercury poisoning if excessively exposed to it.

Heuristically, the gases glowing from ionization in the outburst of coma, is primarily a manifested electric glow discharge phenomenon that occurs naturally, albeit the monopole antenna generates a positively charged field, but a naturally manifested spinor field supposedly generates a negatively charged field. In comparative analysis. A vortically resonated spinor field of a barycenter effect harmonically manifests focused points of polarized charge field that acts like an energized cathode, the coma of comet acts as an anode for its electric glow discharge when resonated and energized in the near field diffraction of a charge field, and a vortex manifested in the coma acts like an anode focuser and accelerator that culminates to render the gas tail phenomenon of the comet.

See externally linked topics on "The Physics of Resonance - How Antennas Work" that elaborates on electric field emitted from a monopole antenna, and "How Television Works" that elucidates on cathode, anode and anode focuser of the cathode ray tube.

In the UVS worldview, Lagrangian points in the macrocosms are harmonics of vortically manifested accreting spinor field rendered by interacting celestial objects that spiral to revolve each other in vortical motion. And evidently, as empirically observed in the case studies for cometary outbursts, the 5 Lagrangian points could be significantly manifested from a barycenter of the gas giants.

See externally linked topics on "Lagrangian", "Lagrangian points" that elaborates on the gravitational effect on a small object in five positions of a two-body system, and "THE CHARGE FIELD causes LAGRANGE POINTS" that elaborates on the causality of the Lagrangian points.

UVS predicates that Lagrangian points in the macrocosms are harmonics of vortically manifested accreting spinor fields rendered by vortical motion of interacting celestial objects.

From the UVS perspective, the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) dynamo effect of a spinning vortex from a resonated spinor field that undulates the coma intensively, would generate huge electric current with electromagnetic storm that vortically impels the rarefied atomic particles in the coma to become ionized, and glow in their plasma state by releasing photons of visible light in the electromagnetic spectrum; the effects of electric glow discharge. And this mechanism could also charge and render the glow of ionized particles in the gas tail by an intensified vortical motion of the comet with a manifested vortex in the coma.

UVS predicates that the cometary electric glow discharge of gas coma in the outer Solar System is rendered by the manifested charge field of significant barycenter effects.

Technically, a highly energetic spinor field that undulates and resonates with the coma of a comet, could intensively impel the electrostatically encapsulated ionized atoms to oscillate in a higher frequency bandwidth to exchange electrons with ions in the solar wind, and thus emits x-rays.

See externally linked topics on "First X-Rays from a Comet Discovered" that elaborates on the observation of x-ray emitted from Comet Hyakutake, "Mystery of Cometary X-Rays Solved", and "Pulsar" that elaborates on the empirical observations for emission of electromagnetic radiation in radio wavelengths and x-ray by highly magnetized and rotating neutron stars.

UVS predicates that cometary x-ray is caused by a highly energetic spinor field that undulates and resonates with the coma intensively to vortically impel its electrostatically encapsulated ions.

Mechanically, at a significant barycenter, a comet would also be subjected to the maximum resonated torsion force from the composite tidal effect of the celestial objects that render the barycenter effect. The intensified reactive centrifugal force manifested from the tidal effect, could also impel the electrostatically encapsulated particles in the coma to become negatively charged by gaining electrons for non-metal elements such as oxygen atoms, and lose electrons for metal elements such as sodium atoms to become positively charged; these effects would thus contribute to build the charge potential for cometary outburst. And if an energetic comet is aligned with significant and nearby celestial objects or barycenters, it would be subjected to the summation of torsion force for their intensified tidal effects. The cyclonic gravity field effect of a significant celestial object would render the torsion force in the coma by manifesting torque-free precession on the comet, which could rupture an encapsulating layer in the inner nested spheroidal vortex that withheld charged particles on the comet's nuclues. This process would release repelling charge particles and vortically push them out from the comet's nuclues at high speed with the built up electrical potential, and thus levitate the charged particles higher up from the nucleus in the encapsulation of a larger outer shell of the coma, which encapsulates the charge particles with electric repulsion force pushing in from the spheroidal unisonal vortex of the comet; this is a pausible underlying mechanism that renders the effect of cometary outburst.

The video clip on right was an empirical observation that shows the torsion force from the composite tidal effect of Saturn's moons Prometheus and Pandora interacting on the F ring of Saturn, and the barycenter of the two moons was stroking this planetary ring right on at the moment of this event.

And apparently, the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of the barycenter that was supposedly formed harmonically with the inner moon Prometheus, were manifesting their prominent effects on the planetary ring as well; this suggests Lagrangian points can be manifested from the spinor field of a barycenter as well.

From the UVS perspective, Lagrangian points are nodes of harmonically resonated spheroidal unisonal vortex fractals that are rendered by the vortical interactions of two spinor fields.

See a UVS topic on "The UVS atomic model with a nested dual-core electron shell" that illustrates on how the L3, L4, and L5 Lagrangian points and the secondary Lagrangian points of L3 could be naturally manifested in the Solar System with a precession effect,"The causality of tidal force" that elucidates on the barycenter effect of celestial objects, "Solar System alignment effect" that illustrates the vortical motion rendered with the alignment of spinning celestial bodies, "Cyclonic Gravity Field effect on splitting comet" that elaborates on the torsion force of celestial tidal effect, and "Spheroidal pushed-in gravity" that elaborates on the causality for the mass effect of matter.


Composite tidal effect from two moons acting on the F ring of Saturn.
 

Evidently, some comets that were observed when their comae suddenly flared up, they were in close proximity to the barycenters and Langrangian points rendered by the gas giants. And some of these cometary outbursts occurred despite the comets were very far away from their perihelions, and were not near to the Sun at all.

UVS predicates that Lagrangian points can be manifested from the spinor field of a planetary barycenter that interacts with another Solar System objects.

Note: The barycenters rendered by the gas giants in the Solar System, can be approximately located with the aids of an interactive 3D Solar System model, which is the JPL Small-Body Database Browser, and these barycenter coordinates and their Lagrangian points, can be calculated to locate them in their respective 3D frameworks. The distance r1 from the center of the primary celestial object to the barycenter in a simple two-body case, is given by the equation r1 = a /(1 + m1/m2), where a is the distance between the centers of the two bodies, m1 and m2 are the masses of the two bodies. The L4 and L5 points lie at the third corners of the two equilateral triangles in the plane of orbit whose common base is the line between the centers of the two masses.

Note: For using the Java script driven applet of JPL Small-Body Database Browser, needs to use their recommended browser, such as the 64 bits Internet Explorer, and has to set it as the default browser for the Java installation. And after installing Java for the browser, has to add the URL of the applet to the "Java Exception Site list" by following the instructions in "Java Exception List Workaround".

Below is a list of previous comet outburst events that were apparently near to the barycenter coordinates and their Lagrangian points of the gas giants (E&O), and in many of these events as shown in the orbit diagrams, these manually indicated nodes in the Solar System diagrams have also had made T-junction crossed alignments with the comets:

- Comet 17P/Holmes on 6th November 1892 had an outburst and was brightened up by at least 100 folds to an approximate magnitude of 4 or 5 from 9 or 10, it was reaching the invariable plane, very near to a secondary L5 Lagrangian point of Jupiter, and was also quite aligned with Sun and the barycenter coordinate of Saturn and Neptune.

- Minor planet 2060 Chiron on 13th February 1988 showed cometary behavior and almost instantly brightened by 75 percent, it was quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

- Main-belt comet 176P/LINEAR (or asteroid 118401) on 26th November 2005 orbits almost on the
invariable plane was quite near to the barycenter coordinate of Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune when its coma was discovered, it was also quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of the barycenter rendered by the four gas giants, and this comet was passing between these two nodes. - Zoomed in orbit diagram Comet 176P on 26th November 2005.

- Main-belt comet 238P/Read (or asteroid P/2005 U1) on 24th October 2005 orbits almost on the invariable plane was right on the barycenter coordinate of Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune when its coma was discovered. Note: And it is interesting to note that the main-belt comets 176P/LINEAR and 238P/Read could be triggered by the same barycenter for their outbursts around one month apart, and thus if these two comets come by in future and have close encounter with the barycenter of these three gas giants, we can expect their recurring cometary outbursts. Around February 2042, Comet 176P/LINEAR seemingly will again be quite near to the barycenter of Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

- Comet 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann on around 12th January 2008 had its brightest outburst with an apparent magnitude of about +9.3, which is a ten thousand-fold different in its brightness as compared with its dimmest observation at the apparent magnitude of about +19, and this is despite of it was positioned at near its aphelion at then. Comet 29P near the opposition of Earth was quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of Jupiter, it was also quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Jupiter and Neptune, and the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Jupiter, Neptune, and Uranus. And it was quite aligned with Saturn and the two L3 Lagrangian points of the two barycenters. Apparently, this was a catalyst that has had a very intensified compounded effect for rendering this very bright outburst.

See a case study on a series of Comet 29P outbursts in twelve events that were empirically observed from January 2008 to April 2010.

- Comet 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann on 8th October 2008 had an ongoing outburst with an observed peak magnitude of +10.5, it was increased by 3.3 folds in brightness as compared to its brightness of +11.8 magnitude with its previous outburst event as observed on 7th September 2008. It was very near the L3 Lagrangian point of the barycenter rendered by Jupiter and Uranus, and it was quite aligned with this L3 Lagrangian point and the barycenter coordinate of Saturn and Uranus. In the ongoing outburst events, Comet 29P and this L3 Lagrangian point perhaps had switched their alignment with Saturn to align with the nearer barycenter coordinate of Saturn and Uranus.

- Comet 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann on 20th January 2011 became brightened by 100 folds since it was last observed 4 days ago, it was much nearer to the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Jupiter and Neptune, and also quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Jupiter and Uranus, and was aligned and approaching them.

- Comet 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann on 10th March 2014 had an outburst with an observed magnitude of +12.2 and was then eventually dimmed down by 4.36 times for its brightness in about eleven weeks. Despite it was quite below the invariable plane, it was very near to the barycenter coordinates of Saturn and Uranus. And after its cometary outbursts was periodically switched off and on again over a period of a few months when it was near to this node, it then has had dimmed down after it had moved away from this barycenter coordinate.

Note: Comet 29P was reported to have a possible 60-day rotation period of ±5 days; the rotation of Comet 29P can cogently explain its peculiar behavior as well as the observed oscillation of its periodical outbursts in the few month period, which had occurred while it was approaching the barycenter of Saturn and Uranus from below the ecliptic plane at there and then.

Note: The observed cometary outbursts of comet 29P that was periodically switched off and on again over a period of a few months, could be caused by the libration of this rotating comet with the precession of its North pole. It was suspected that the rotating comet with a period of ~60 days could have caused its pole to intensely interact with the spinor field of the barycenter, was causing its periodical outbursts at a certain angular phase during this period when it was approaching the barycenter. And thus despite its observations in the months ahead would be obscured by the Sun, its recurring outbursts is expected to become brighter and brighter as this comet is getting nearer and nearer to that barycenter.

See a UVS subtopic on "The Great White Spot on Saturn" that elaborates on how the axial tilt of Saturn had periodically caused the outbursts of its Great White Spot.

- Comet C/2012 X1/LINEAR on 21st October 2013 was quite near to the barycenter coordinate of Jupiter and Saturn when it suddenly brightened up about 100 folds, it was also quite aligned with Sun and this barycenter, and as well as was nearer to the L2 Lagrangian point of this barycenter. - Comet.2012 X1 outburst image captured on 21st October 2013.

- Comet C/2012 S1/ISON on 14th November 2013 was approaching the barycenter coordinate of Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune when it suddenly brightened up about 6 folds, at then it had crossed the ecliptic plane, was almost on the invariable plane and aligned with Sun and this barycenter. Note: When Comet ISON was approaching the barycenter of the 4 gas giants in September 2013, it started to brighten up rapidly. Before the 14th November 2013 outburst, we did anticipated a strong outburst, but we were clueless on the exact moment it would flare up and to what magnitude it would be brightened up. - Zoomed in orbit diagram for Comet ISON on 14th November 2013.

Comet 17P was reaching the invariable plane, very near to a secondary L5 Lagrangian point of Jupiter, and was also quite aligned with Sun and the barycenter coordinate of Saturn and Neptune.

Minor planet 2060 Chiron was quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

Comet 176P orbits near the invariable plane was quite near to the barycenter coordinate of Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, it was also quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of the barycenter rendered by the four gas giants, and this comet was passing between these two nodes.    - Zoomed. 

Comet 238 Read orbiting near the invariable plane was right on the barycenter coordinate of Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

Comet 29P was quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of Jupiter, also quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Jupiter and Neptune, and the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Jupiter, Neptune, and Uranus. And it was quite aligned with Saturn and the two L3 Lagrangian points of the two barycenters. See the magnitude chart for this outburst event.

Comet 29P was very near and approaching the L3 Lagrangian point of the barycenter rendered by Jupiter and Uranus, and it was quite aligned with this L3 Lagrangian point and the barycenter coordinate of Saturn and Uranus.


Comet 29P was much nearer to the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Jupiter and Neptune, and also quite near to the L3 Lagrangian point of a barycenter rendered by Jupiter and Uranus, and was approaching them.

Comet 29P despite was quite below the invariable plane, it was very near to the barycenter coordinates of Saturn and Uranus. And its cometary outbursts was periodically switched off and on again over a period of a few months when it was near to this node.

Comet C/2012 X1 was quite near to the barycenter coordinate of Jupiter and Saturn, was also quite aligned with Sun and this barycenter, and as well as was nearer to the L2 Lagrangian point of this barycenter.

Comet C/2012 S1 was approaching the barycenter coordinate of Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, at then it had crossed the ecliptic plane, was almost on the invariable plane and aligned with Sun and this barycenter. - Zoomed in orbit diagram.


Suggestive predictions for the coma outburst of Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS
(made on the 21st of July, 2014):


Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS at a near approach to the barycenter of three gas giants.

Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS at a near approach to the barycenter of the four gas giants.


Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS
on 27th July 2014 would be reaching the
invariable plane, makes its nearest approach to the barycenter coordinate of Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune, and also be positioned nearer to and quite aligned with the L1 Lagrangian point of this barycenter formed with the Sun. And when this retrograde comet gets near the barycenter and its alignment with the Sun, thus with the resonated undulating spinor field, composite tidal effect and all other required conditions met for the inert gas in the nested layers of coma to achieve its striking voltage, there is a good possibility for this long period comet to significantly flare up its coma shortly before the nearest approach to this barycenter.

Then on around 31st July 2014, when this comet is about to hit the invariable plane, gets near to the barycenter of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, and also positioned nearer to and quite aligned with the L1 Lagrangian point of this barycenter formed with the Sun, an intensified outburst for this comet can be expected. Indicatively, this L1 Lagrangian point is positioned from this barycenter at ~11% of the distance between this barycenter and the Sun ( r = R * cube-root[M2/3M1] ), where R is the distance between the two centers of mass, M1 and M2 are the masses of the Sun and the barycenter respectively.

At then, this comet at around its conjunction would be quite behind the Sun from the Earth's perspective, and thus land-based observation would be mostly obscured.

Nonetheless, the anticipated outburst of C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS around 31st July 2014 would be best observed at very near from the STEREO-A spacecraft if its camera tracks it, and thereafter it will be in the field of view of the SOHO's C3 coronagraph as this comet passes behind the Sun from August 2 until August 16. And if the outburst for this comet does occur and managed to maintain its glow after mid August, it might offer a spectacular view from Earth in the eastern sky just before sunrise.


Approximate positions for the STEREO spacecrafts in early July 2014.

Postdiction on 18 Aug 2014: By mid August, it had just crossed the invariable plane on 11th Aug 2014, almost hit the L3 Lagrangian point on the Earth, and becomes more aligned between Jupiter and the Sun, it thus could increase its brightness further, and it is expected to become brighter as it is approaching its next perihelion on 27th Aug 2014 while it very slowly moves nearer to Earth in its trajectory.

The latest details for Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS can be checked with "The Sky Live", and its updated location can be viewed with an interactive 3D Solar System model.

Note: Much of the chemical properties for the various molecules encapsulated in the nested coma of the comet, as well as the characteristics for the manifested charge field of the pinpointed and hiddened barycenters were not known, therefore, for cometary outburst huntings, we can only make our best educated guess for these upcoming coma outburst events with sketchy calculations for the barycenter coordinates and their Lagrangian points; there are no certainties for the suggestive predictions on these cometary outbursts.

Follow this section for the latest update on Comet C.2012 K1 PANSTARR as it passes near the barycenters of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

- 28th July 2014: Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS had passed its nearest approach to the barycenter coordinates of Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune, but no cometary eruption for it was reported as yet .
- 1st August 2014: Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS was quite obscured behind the Sun, and no updated observations were found for it so far. Computed magnitude by The Live Sky was ~9.15 magnitude.

The moment of truth!

On 15th August 2014 @ 23:06, Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS was empirically observed on the SOHO's C3 coronagraph as it was coming out from behind the Sun and away of its glare, and it was reported with its caption in a SOHO's image to have had significantly increased in brightness in the last 3 to 4 hours with an estimated apparent brightness of ~7.2 magnitude. This is about 4.28 times unexpectedly brighter than its projected brightness of 8.78 magnitude at around that time. It was also reported from this source that this comet was observed to have a brightness of ~8 magnitude on 12th August 2014, and ~9 magnitude on 2nd August 2014.

- 17th August 2014: Just received another unofficial confirmation on Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS appeared in SOHO' C3 coronagraph to be brightening throughout 12th to 17th August 2014.

- 17th August 2014: Observation details for Comet C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS updated by comet expert Seiichi Yoshida was stating that on 16th August 2014, its brightness was 7.3 magnitude.

Postdiction on 18 Aug 2014: The comet had just crossed the invariable plane and ecliptic plane on 11th Aug 2014, almost hit the L3 Lagrangian point of the Earth, and its coma had became more aligned between Jupiter and the Sun on 15th Aug 2014, it thus could increase its brightness further. And it is expected to become brighter as it is approaching its next perihelion on 27th Aug 2014 while it very slowly moves nearer to Earth in its trajectory.

Debrief: Analyzing at after event of the observations, it was suspected that the gas and dust particles on C/2012 K1 PANSTARRS were electrically charged up more intensively when its coma was near to the barycenters, and they then got tossed up by the torsion force of tidal effects when the coma of the comet became more aligned between Jupiter and the Sun.


Well done, Vincent.
- Dr. Richard Miles, Ph.D in Phys. Chem. (Bristol); British Astronomical Association. 18th August 2014.

In the UVS worldview, the case studies herein for the investigated events of cometary outburst, had shown that for an outburst supposedly caused by the four gas giants to occur, several conditions are required:

- The comet itself must have the outburst potential with the right atomic elements.
- It has to be quite near to a significant barycenter or a significant gas giant for its gas and dust particles to be electrically charged up.
- It has to be quite aligned at proximity with any combination of significant gas giants and the nodes of barycenter effects that are rendered by these gas giants.

And its ourburst can also be affected by the axial tilt of the rotating comet for its periodical interaction with a nearyby significant gas giant.

 

The gas tail of comet

Based on the UVS model, an active comet is encapsulated in its vortically intensified spheroidal unisonal vortex, and a vortex manifested in it can render the phenomenon of the glowing gas tail of comet.

As a matter of fact, the coma is a spheroidal volume of ionized gas that isotropically encapsulates the nucleus of a comet, and was observed to be as large as around 160 million kilometer in diameter for a comet with the size of around 10km to 50km in diameter.

In the UVS worldview, when a comet approaches the Sun at high speed, and thus is strongly subjected to the Sun's cyclonic gravity field effect, this would intensely cause a nested bipolar unisonal vortex to form in the nested coma of the comet. The dragged away vortex column with vortically cumulated molecules on its vortex wall at the side that is approximately facing away from the Sun, intensely reflects scattered sunlight in all directions, and also becomes ionized for it to glow, renders the phenomenon of the glowing gas tail of comet.


Comet Hale-Bopp

UVS predicates that the gas tail of comet is a glowing section of unisonal vortex manifested in the coma.

From the UVS perspective, the ionized gas did not jet out as a gas tail of the comet that ejects away from the Sun as apparently observed; this is a paradoxical effect caused illusion that has displayed as a wonder in a misleading manner. While there are downward and upward strokes involved for the vortical force dynamics of a unisonal vortex for the gas tail in the nested coma of the comet, the fundamental cause for the vortex column is vortical downward strokes pushing atmospheric layers toward the core to form the unisonal vortex in the nested coma. In essence, the gas tail phenomenon is merely a glowing section on the warped vortex column, caused by reactive centrifugal force acting on those glowing ions, which are being pushed away from the vortex column while circulating in vortical motion within the vortically encapsulated nested atmosphere.

It has been empirically observed that the gas tail structure of a comet is encapsulated in its coma and it moves in tandem with the comet.

See UVS topics on "Polar aurora" that illustrates how aurorae work with similar vortical principles for ionization glow, and "Cosmic evolution of stars and galaxies" that elaborates on the vortical ontology of the Solar System.

See externally linked topics on "Youngest Planet Ever Discovered Offers Unique View Of Planet Formation", "Magnetotail", "Induced magnetosphere of Venus", "IBEX spacecraft images the heliotail", "Interstellar Wind Changes Reveal Glimpse of Milky Way's Complexity", and "Comet Galaxy" that illustrated or reported on discovered comet-like tails in various celestial objects.

Watch a video clip on "Comet NEAT" that was captured with the SOHO spacecraft showing the gas tail of Comet NEAT pointing not directly away from the Sun. Comet NEAT as observed by the SOHO spacecraft, was subjected to two corona mass ejections at its near passage of the Sun, and in between the solar wind had fluctuated from a hourly average low speed of 354 km/s to a hourly average high speed of 916 km/s as recorded by the SOHO's CELIAS/MTOF Proton Monitor, yet the comet gas tail deflection was observed to be not affected by the solar wind fluctuation at all; this is an empirical evidence that the gas tail of comet is not blown away by solar wind to point directly away from the Sun.

Watch video clips on "Comet Machholz Returns! (April 6, 2007)", and "Comet 96P/Machholz in SOHO field 2012" that show Comet 96P/Machholz on two occasions has had its gas tail almost aligned to the Sun, and watch another video clip on "Comet 96P/Machholz (2002)" that shows this comet has had its deflecting gas tail pivoted to a very far point from the Sun, this event was during the Sun's magnetic pole was normal. Comet 96P/Machholz is a short period comet that was observed for four times by the SOHO spacecraft to revolve the Sun and passed perihelion at similar maximum velocity and similar closest approach to the Sun, but demonstrated an anomaly for its gas tail deflection in its 2002 visit, which was inexplicable with conventional wisdom. As observed by the SOHO spacecraft, these are the immutable observational proofs for comet gas tail are not blown away by solar wind to align with the Sun; this anomaly during the perihelion visits for this short-period comet is inexplicable with conventional wisdom of cometary science.

 

The dust tail of comet

Based on the UVS model, the dust tail of a comet is formed in the vortrex of the gas tail vortex spawned in the coma of the comet.

From the UVS perspective, the phenomenon of dust tail is a vortical event of vortrex that levitates dust similar to dust devil. The viscous matters that spiral down the nested vortex column to render the vortical structure of the glowing gas tail, are bounced up vortically to form a nested vortrex, and this vortical interaction electrically charges the dust particles in its magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) dynamo effect, and with reactive centrifugal force, levitates the repulsive charged dust particles encapsulated in its vortrex wall.

As a result of the trajectory of the comet in its revolving path at its near approach to the Sun, the vortically discharging dust tail levitated with electrically charged dust particles are collected on the lagging side of the vortically warped surface in the upward spiraling jet of gas stream, and thus this vortically exhaling dust tail with oozing out dust particles lags behind the vortically inhaling gas tail in the motion of the revolving comet.

Note: The size of the Sun in the above images, are denoted by the small white circle at the center in the SOHO LASCO C3 camera images.

Click on any of the three images illustrated above to see a video clip of time-lapsed pictures for Comet 96P/Machholz captured by the SOHO spacecraft in January 2002, and watch how did the trailing dust tail dynamically behaved in bending with its deflecting vortrex when the comet near its perihelion was making its turnaround revolving the Sun.

Apparently, the third image shows the twisted dust tails was formed by trails of dust particles oozed out from an upper section of the turned around vortrex of the gas tail vortex. The video shows this comet at post perihelion displayed a cone-shaped gaseous structure that sputters striations of dust particles like a moving fountain.

See an externally linked topic on "Comet McNaught as presented by S. Deiries (ESO) and M. Fulle (INAF)" that illustrates the dust trails of this comet was ejected from a funnel-shaped gas tail. Note: This image could not be reproduced here as a result of its copyright restriction.

These empirical observations support the UVS qualitative prediction that proposed the dust tail of comet is vortically formed with charged dust particles levitated in the vortrex of its gas tail vortex.

From the UVS perspective, charged dust particles are collected and levitated on the warped surface of vortrex at the far side against the comet's trajectory, and with scattered light reflected from the Sun, it renders the phenomenon of the dust tail of comet.

UVS predicates that the dust tail of the comet is formed by the vortrex of its gas tail vortex.


Comet McNaught over the Pacific Ocean

 

The vacuum in the gas tail of comet

Based on the UVS model, the gas tail of comet is undulated by its vortex manifested in the coma; the empirically observed vacuum in the gas tail of comet is a vortical void manifested in its coma. And evidently, the phenomenon of vacuum in the gas tail of comet, is rendered by a vortex column manifested in its nested coma.

From the UVS perspective, the gas tail of comet is formed around the vortical vacuum structure in the coma of the comet.

As was observed on Comet Biela, when the coma of the comet is subjected to stronger solar radiation in its revolving path when it spirals to revolve nearer the Sun, the polarized vortex in the coma of the comet facing the Sun is compressed inward to the comet, and therefore was subdued to form a structure with spiral arms by its undulating spheroidal unisonal vortex. The other asymmetrical unisonal vortex facing away from the center of the Solar System, is vortically stretched away to become an extended spinning tail of glowing ionised gas.

The empirical observation of vortex structure formed in the coma of the comet, infers the vacuum in the gas tail of comet is a vortical substructure of its manifested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

UVS predicates that the vacuum in the gas tail of comet is the void in the vortex column of its coma.


Comet Biela with spiral arm structures observed in 1846.

All celestial objects rotate and revolve in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.- UVS inspired -

See a UVS topic on "The orbit of natural satellite" that elaborates on how a satellite spiral to revolve around its mass center.

Watch a video clip on "NASA | IBEX Provides First View of the Solar System's Tail" that reportedly, by looking straight down the heliotail, its structure formed with fast and slow winds that shaped like a four-leaf clover, was rotated slightly and not centered to the Sun.

 

The cometary craters and the creation of chemical elements in the comet

"On March 13, 1986, Giotto approached Comet Halley for a targeted 500 km flyby. The spacecraft crossed the bow shock of the solar wind, and into the comet's coma. At this point the camera was switched to tracking mode to follow the brightest object (the comet nucleus) in its field of view and was returning images back to Earth. The images revealed the comet nucleus to be a dark peanut-shaped body with two bright jets spewing material out." - An excerpt from http://www.wolaver.org/space/cometHalley.htm

The image on near right is an empirical evidence for a distinct dual-core unisonal vortex that had manifested in the coma of Comet Halley.

From the UVS perspective, the craters on a comet, as can be observed on Comet Wild 2, can be drilled and carved by the vortical culmination of the unisonal vortex in the coma with the vortically pushed-in momentum of gas through its vortex column.

This process could cause the surface materials of a high speed comet to disintegrate into charged dust particles, and subsequently levitate on the vortrex with the upward stroke of the vortical motion caused by the vortically push-out momentum of released gas and the repulsion of charge particles; these potholes of the comets that discharge gas and dust particles are not active gas vents.


Image of Comet Halley with bright jets

Image of Comet Wild 2

UVS predicates that the craters on a comet can be drilled and carved by the vortical culmination of manifested unisonal vortices in the coma.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the vortical culmination at the bottom of the vortex column with the highest angular velocity and smallest radius is naturally discharged on the nucleus of the comet at its peak power to vortically drill it. In a nutshell, the centripetal force (mass times velocity square over radius; mv²/r) of the vortical culmination of gas would be at its strongest to dig into the comet nucleus, the conserved angular momentum would also be at its peak with the highest angular velocity in its smallest radius to carve into the surface of the comet's nucleus, and the reactive centrifugal force would correspondingly be at its maximum to vortically push out the drilled dust particles with the releasing of the vortically culminated gas; these vortical culmination processes render the phenomenon of cometary crater. The charged dust particles naturally repel each other with their electric force, are then vortically pushed up to levitate on the vortically manifested vortrex wall of the unisonal vortex.

These vortical culmination processes can also coherently explain how the sodium atoms from the solid sodium compounds that are embedded in the nucleus of Comet Hale-Bopp, could be ejected by sputtering and then sublimed into the nested coma.

From the UVS perspective, when a high speed comet is in its close approach to the Sun, with the charged particles of proton in the solar wind collide with the ionizing nucleus of the comet, the free electrons liberated from the photoionization process, or the photoelectric effect, could synthesize with the collided protons to form hydrogen atoms by vortical spin fusion of the collision.

The hydrogen atoms would then chemically fuse with the oxygen atoms, which were supposedly liberated from the comet's nucleus by the vortical culmination processes of its atmospheric vortex, and thus form as water molecules (H2O) with the covalent bond of the two types of atom, which is undulated by the vortical spin fusion in the bipolar unisonal vortex of the coma.

All celestial objects are formed with coalesced matters that are fused by all sorts of atoms, and all atoms can be ionized, thus with resonated reactive centrifugal force, atoms can erupt from their celestial objects when the required conditions are met.

See UVS subtopics on "Nucleosynthesis in the universe" that elaborates on the vortical spin fusion of chemical compounds, and "The phenomenon of solar wind" that elaborates on how matters are sprung out from the Sun with reactive centrifugal force. See also an externally linked topic on "Scientists create never-before-seen form of matter" that elaborates on how photons can manifest matters.

The empirically observed cometary outbursts of some main-belt asteroids, such as P/2005 U1/READ and 118401 LINEAR, now also known as main-belt comets, supports the cometary hypothesis of UVS for the creation of chemical elements in the comet.



A
2D electric charge diagram
of the UVS atomic model for a water molecule.

Moreover, it is inexplicable with conventional wisdom for the detected gas coma of Comet 29P, which was formed by its cometary outbursts in the outer Solar System under extremely cold environment.

Evidently, the sungrazing Comet Lovejoy with a nucleus believed to be only a few hundred meter large dirty snowball, incredibly managed to emerged from its perihelion at very near approach after it had passed approximately 140,000 kilometers above the Sun's surface through the solar corona at a speed of ~536 km/s. And after it had exposed to extreme scorching for a relatively long period of time at deep inside the solar corona with millions of degree Celsius heat, it was apparently observed to have had lost its tails when it was emerging from the corona mask, and then had the tails reformed later. From the UVS perspective, the peculiarly reformed sputtering dust particles ejected at supersonic speed (reached a height of greater than ~4.5 million km on the comet in less than ~19 hours; ~ 65.8 km/s average speed), were mechanically held cupped inside the rapidly reforming vortrex with the inertial coupled in the outbound flight of the comet.

See externally linked topic on "Comet Lovejoy Cruises around the Sun" for downloading some high resolution videos of Comet Lovejoy.

These empirical observations suggest that this comet was not merely a dirty snowball; the claim for comet is primarily a dirty snowball in mainstream cometary science is untenable.

These are the recent findings after the contemplation on "The cometary craters and the creation of chemical elements in the comet":

See externally linked reports on "A cometary graveyard" that reported how 12 dead rocks in the main asteroid belt were later discovered to be active main-belt comets, "Comet found hiding in plain sight" that reported cometary activity discovered for asteroid Don Quixote, "Phaethon Asteroid Confirmed as Rock Comet by NASA's STEREO Vision", and "Freak space rock spins dusty trail" that reported cometary event was observed for asteroid P/2013 P5 (PANSTARRS).

With credits to anonymous, 2013.

All matters in the universe are impelled by aether vortical motion
to maintain integrity for their resonated structural forms, and they are
coalesced by the vortical spin fusion of aether with repulsion effect.
- UVS inspired -

 

The dual-core magnetic Ring Center of the Solar System

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the gas tail vortex in the coma of the comet points to the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS) at the vortical inflow side, which is supposedly a vortically spinning dual-core magnetic Ring Center of the Solar System revolving around the Sun in its reference frame; the magnetic Ring Center of the Solar System have significant effects for its perturbation on the gas tail of comet.

In the UVS worldview, the magnetic Ring Center is perceived as a vortical gravitational singularity of the Solar System that vortically displaces aether corpuscles around it as a low pressure system of aether, which obeys the principle of inverse-square law approximately; the magnetic Ring Center is a Solar System manifested precursor type of a smaller scale dual-core black hole.

Note: It is known that the gas tail of a comet follows magnetic field lines, while its dust tail follows its orbital trajectory.


SCUBA image of
dust around a star.

Note: It was labeled as a magnetic Ring Center because this entity was postulated to significantly perturb the magnetic field of the Sun, and even causes the periodical magnetic reversal of the Sun. In Newtonian physics, the Sun has 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System with the posit for its space in the Solar System is a vacuum, but in reality, the volume of the charged particles filled heliosphere is approximately 18.15 trillion times larger than the Sun; this significant mass factor of charged particles has been overlooked for the Solar System barycenter calculation.

See UVS topics on "Dust disk of star" that elaborates on the Ring Center of a star, "A star is vortically formed within a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy" that illustrates the gas tail of a protoplanet was apparently tracking a vortical center of its star, see an externally linked series of video on "Primer fields" that presents an intriguing solution with a plasma experiment to explain numerous phenomena of nature from the macrocosms to the microcosms, see also externally linked topics on the dual-core dust disks of the Vega and Fomalhaut stars, and "Fomalhaut debris ring" that illustrates the empirically observed debris ring of a planetary system with its star off-centered by a billion miles.

See UVS subtopic on "Operation: ISON Barycentrism" that hypothetically illustrates how the gas tail of a comet could be tracking the spokes of the dual-core magnetic Ring Center.


Spoke lines of star

During a solar maximum, when the magnetic Ring Center of the Solar System was supposedly inside the Sun, characterized by the flipped magnetic field of the Sun, the gas tail of many comets as apparently observed have had their ion gas tail aligned to the Sun, and this is regardless to the position of the observer from Earth in its orbit, or the trajectory of these comets. This phenomenon can be seen with a SOHO's video that shows a sundiving comet recorded in year 2011, as well as many other comets that were observed during different solar maximum periods when the magnetic field of the Sun was reversed.

UVS predicates that the gas tail of the comet points directly to the dual-core barycenter of the solar system. Empirical observation of Comet ISON had shown otherwise. *falsified

There are circumstantial evidence with 20 years of data that apparently showed with more than 10 comet gas tails of sungazing comets at post-perihelion, could be pointing to the vortical dual-core magnetic Ring Center.

From the UVS perspective, this suggests the gas tail of comet is always aligned with the vortical spoke lines of the Solar System while it moves around the Sun by revolving around the BOTSS. Heuristically, the gas tail of a comet aligned with the vortical spoke lines of the BOTSS, points at the vortical inflow side at one magnetic core of the dual-core magnetic center for its inbound flight, and then gradually points to the other magnetic core for its outbound flight.

UVS predicates that the gas tail of the comet is always aligned with vortically counteracted magnetic spoke lines of the Solar System while it moves around the Sun. Revamped.

Comet 96P/Machholz is a short period comet that was observed for four times by the SOHO spacecraft to revolve the Sun and passed perihelion at similar maximum velocity and similar closest approach to the Sun, but demonstrated an anomaly for its gas tail deflection in its 2002 visit, which was inexplicable with conventional wisdom.

Watch video clips on "Comet Machholz Returns! (April 6, 2007)", and "Comet 96P/Machholz in SOHO field 2012" that show Comet 96P/Machholz on two occasions has had its gas tail almost aligned to the Sun, these events were during the Sun's magnetic pole was reserved, where the magnetic Ring Center of the Solar System was supposedly very near or inside the Sun, with Saturn, Sun and Jupiter arranged in their near superior conjunction. Watch another video clip on "Comet 96P/Machholz (2002)" that shows this comet has had its deflecting gas tail pivoted to a very far point from the Sun, this event was during the Sun's magnetic pole was normal, where the magnetic Ring Center of the Solar System was supposedly outside the Sun, with Saturn, Sun and Jupiter arranged in their near inferior conjunction. As observed by the SOHO spacecraft, these are the immutable observational proofs for comet gas tail does not align with the Sun; this anomaly during the perihelion visits for this short-period comet is inexplicable with the conventional wisdom of cometary science.

The blasts of corona mass ejections apparently did not deflect the gas tail of Comet ISON. This anomaly was also empirically observed by the SOHO spacecraft for several other comets, such as the Comet NEAT event, and this can be further confirmed by checking the solar wind speed data recorded by the SOHO spacecraft.

These empirical observations showed that the conventiona wisdom on solar wind causes the gas tail of comet to always point directly away from the Sun, is a myth.

See a UVS subtopic on "The magnetic reversal of the Sun" that elucidates on the magnetic Ring Center of the Solar System.

 

The optical illusion of meteor shower

Levitated clusters of dust particles that are pushed and projected up through the vortrex to form the dust tail, will vortically trail behind the orbit of its comet.

This periodical celestial event where a group of meteors could be observed to radiate from one small region in the high sky, is a scientifically known optical effect as viewed from Earth with its depth of view negated; a cognitive paradox as a result of a perspective optical illusion.

When these dust particles of a comet enter Earth's atmosphere at extremely high speed from one small region in the high sky, and becomes flared up with friction in the atmosphere approaching from afar and then swiftly get closer toward the Earth at high speed, for the observers on Earth, the flared up particles would render the phenomenon of meteor shower by apparently appearing to be radiating in all directions from about one point of the sky.

See externally linked topics on "Meteor shower" and "Leonids" that illustrate and elaborate on the apparent radiant of meteor shower.


 

In questions of science, the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual.- Galileo Galilei

 

 

~ With many thanks to anonymous for his private message with links to "IBEX spacecraft images the heliotail" and "Interstellar Wind Changes Reveal Glimpse of Milky Way's Complexity" that report on comet-liked tails of various celestial objects, and his contributions to the case studies on the comet outburst events.

~ With special thanks to Josep M. Trigo-Rodríguez and his group for publicly sharing their work on "Outburst activity in comets – II. A multiband photometric monitoring of comet 29P/Schwassmann–Wachmann 1".

~ With special thanks to Seiichi Yoshida for publicly sharing his work on "29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1 (2004)".

~ With special thanks to CometBase/CometVision from the Astronomical Observatory of Pestrozavodsk State University for publicly sharing their work on "Observation catalog of comet 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann".

~ With special thanks to Dr. Richard Miles for his email that adviced on a possible 60-day rotation period of ±5 days for Comet 29P, which was also confimed by the Spitzer Observations.

 

 

Dec 2007

References and links:
Comet - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar System - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Astrophysics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Newton's law of universal gravitation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar wind - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Outer Solar System - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sublimation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heliosphere - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Comet Hale-Bopp - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Inertial electrostatic confinement - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Inverse-square law - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
SOHO spacecraft - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Comet Coma - University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
Cometary hydrogen cloud - COSMOS - The SAO Encyclopedia of Astronomy › C
Perihelion - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Ionization - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Gas coma of Comet 29P was empirically observed to contain gaseous carbon dioxide - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Comet 29P have had frequent periodical outbursts of its coma - Seiichi Yoshida
Outburst activity in comets – II. A multiband photometric monitoring of comet 29P/Schwassmann–Wachmann 1 -
Josep M. Trigo-Rodríguez, D. A. García-Hernández, Albert Sánchez, Juan Lacruz, Björn J.R. Davidsson, Diego Rodríguez, Sensi Pastor, and José A. de los Reyes.
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Near and far field - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
SOHO's C3 coronagraph - NASA
Comet - plasma universe.com
Magnetohydrodynamics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dynamo effect - Excerpt from the Encyclopedia Britannica
Electromagnetic spectrum - Excerpt from the Encyclopedia Britannica
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Mystery of Cometary X-Rays Solved - CHANDA X-RAY OBSERVATORY
Pulsar - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Comet 17P/Holmes - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gas giants - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barycenter coordinates - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reactive centrifugal force - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Monopole antenna - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Electric field - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plasma globe - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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How Television Works - howstuffwork.com

Lagrangian - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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THE CHARGE FIELD causes LAGRANGE POINTS - by Miles Mathis

Observation catalog of comet 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann - COMETBASE
Dual-core dust disks of the Vega and Fomalhaut stars - Joint Astronomy Centre
Fomalhaut debris ring - ScienceDaily
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Perihelion - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Comet Wild 2 - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Centripetal force - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Comet nucleus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Angular momentum - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Electric force - HyperPhysics
Sputtering - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Photoionization - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Photoelectric effect - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hydrogen - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Oxygen - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Scientists create never-before-seen form of matter - ScienceDaily
Properties of the Nucleus, Dust Coma, and Gas Coma of Comet 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1 As Observed By WISE/NEOWISE - NASA
P/2005 U1/READ - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
118401 LINEAR - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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M-type asteroid
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Image of Comet 17P.Holmes - Gil-Estel
Image of Comet McNaught over the Pacific Ocean - Image credit: S. Deiries/ESO
Image of Comet 29P (Spitzwer infrared image in false colors) - NASA
Image of Comet Hale-Bopp - E. Kolmhofer, H. Raab; Johannes-Kepler-Observatory, Linz, Austria
Image of Comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann - NASA, HST
Image of cometary hydrogen shells - SOHO/SWAN (ESA & NASA) & J.T.T. Mdkinen et al.
Graphic showing the approximate positions for the STEREO spacecrafts for July 2014 - Image Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, with C/2012 K1 inserted by Vincent Wee-Foo
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Image of dust devil - www.flatrock.org.nz
Image of Comet Halley with two bright jets - Taken by ESA's Giotto probe
Image of Comet Wild 2 - NASA
2D electric charge diagram of the UVS atomic model for a water molecule - Vincent Wee-Foo
SCUBA image of dust around Fomalhaut - By Joint Astronomy Centre with James Clerk Maxwell Telescope
Image of Leonids meteor shower - HubPages by M.Beck
Image of Comet McNaught in Queensland, Australia - Terry Cuttle
Video clip for the composite tidal effect from two moons acting on the F ring of Saturn
- NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
Video clip on "NASA | IBEX Provides First View of the Solar System's Tail" - NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Video clip on "Comet Hyakutake" - Video image credit by ESA/NASA, SOHO spacecraft
Video clip on "Comet NEAT" - Video image credit by ESA/NASA, SOHO spacecraft
Video clip on "Comet Machholz Returns! (April 6, 2007)" - Video image credit by ESA/NASA, SOHO spacecraft
Video clip on "Comet 96P/Machholz in SOHO field 2012" - Video image credit by ESA/NASA, SOHO spacecraft
Video clip on "Comet 96P/Machholz (2002)"
- Video image credit by ESA/NASA, SOHO spacecraft
Comet 96P/Machholz
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Video on Primer fields - By David LaPoint
Video clip on "SOHO Coronagraph, Sungrazer, March 1st - 13th 2010" - Video image credit by ESA/NASA, SOHO spacecraft
Video clip on Comet Lovejoy - Video image credit by ESA/NASA, SOHO spacecraft
A video clip of SOHO for Comet McNaught - Video image credit by ESA/NASA, SOHO spacecraft

Animated artist impression of a spheroidal quantum vortex - Courtesy of Thomas Seifert by email

 

 

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Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses based on the unheard-of UVS model, are bounded to have shortcomings, loose ends, and errors. Many details and assumptions of its propositions established in the conceptual frameworks of UVS, have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or proven. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the topics presented in the UVS worldview, and any term or statement if offensive in any manner or whatsoever is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Inevitably for whatsoever reasons, some viewing devices at times could experience data corruption for text, disorganized content layouts, missing images, failed animations, and some external links might have had ceased to exist. The presentations of the web pages are not friendly to small mobile devices, it is therefore recommended to accessed and view the UVS contents with a system device that has a larger screen, such as personal computer, android tablet, or iPad. For the best experience to explore UVS, it is better to use a MS Windows based PC or device using Internet Explorer or Firefox installed with Java that works for its interactive applets. (Such as Java Applet of Moiré pattern, JPL Small-Body Database Browser, and Planet Finder.)

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