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Universal Vortical Singularity enlightenment on the structure of atom

Based on the UVS model, an atom is a cluster of vortically consolidated nested spheroidal unisonal vortices impelled by the vortical motion of the universe. It is coalesced by the vortical spin fusion of aether vortical motion in a vortical universe to spawn as a nested toroidal atomic vortex.

I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics. - Richard Feynman

The atomic models for the structure of atom, such as the Bohr model or the Rutherford model, were all mathematically perceived in subjective reality by the inferences with their measurements. This had been the situation because there was no way to pry open or dissect any atomic particle; the structure of an atom was not perceivable in its physical form.

From the UVS perspective, in its paradigm shift, by understanding what is the causality for the mass effect of matter in macrocosm, the understanding for the structure of atom begets.

See UVS topics on "Spheroidal pushed-in gravity" that elaborates on the causality for the mass effect of matter, "A perpetual motion experiment" that demonstrates vortical pushed-in gravitational force.


The Bohr model
of a sodium atom

The cognitive paradox that renders the obscured observation for the structure of atom, could thus be meticulously resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism illustrated.

See externally linked topics on "Mechanical explanations of gravitation" that explains the mechanism of gravity based on the concept of Aether with pressure forces caused by pushes, "Kelvin's vortex theory of the atom" that pruports an atom was a vortex in the ether, and "The first Image Ever of a Hydrogen Atom's Orbital Structure".

Gravity is a vortical repulsion effect. - UVS inspired -

The grounds for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of an atom as illustrated by its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render its misconceptions, mysteries, and anomalies. Thus, its cognitive paradox was simply dispersed, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analyzed in the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating on their empirical evidence to establish their qualitative predictions with abductive reasoning.

See UVS topics on "The UVS' philosophy of science" and "Overviews of UVS" that elaborate on the methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

Note: The structure of atom with intricate details elaborated herein, presented in orderly manners as much as possible for its explications, was unfolded in unorderly manners based on the UVS model with back and forth comparative analyses in its macrocosm and microcosm explorations.


Local physical laws are determined by the large-scale structure of the universe. - Mach's principle

All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particle of an atom
to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together.
- Max Planck

In the UVS worldview, all celestial bodies are vortical in nature, and they are vortically impelled by the open system of a self-perpetuating vortical universe that is filled with an all-pervasive inviscid medium. All closed system celestial bodies in macrocosms and closed system matters in microcosms have their own resonance frequencies of unisonal vortical motions, and these motions are vortically transferred from the self-perpetuating vortical universe in its closed system.

See UVS topics on "CMBR dipole" that illustrates the two-axis spin of the observable universe, "The structure of the observable universe", "The cosmic evolution of stars and galaxies" that elaborates on the vortical mechanism that impels all celestial objects to rotate and revolve in vortical motion.


Self-perpetuating
unisonal vortex

Aether vortical motion is the omnipotent physical law of the observable universe.” - UVS inspired -

From the UVS perspective, the motion of all subatomic particles are propagating on the electromagnetic spheroidal unisonal vortices of their atoms, which are impelled unisonally by the perpetual vortical motion of the vortical universe with a torque-free precession manifested in its closed system.

Based on the vortical universe model of UVS, all matters in the universe are impelled by aether vortical motion to maintain integrity for their resonated structural forms, and they are coalesced by the vortical spin fusion of aether with repulsion effect.


Rutherford model

of a carbon atom

UVS predicates that an atom is a cluster of vortically consolidated electromagnetic spheroidal unisonal vortices impelled by the vortical motion of the universe.

All celestial objects rotate and revolve in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.- UVS inspired -

See UVS topics on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" for an illustration on how the structures of atom could be formed, "Types of perpetual motion machine" for the illustrations of perpetual motion manifested in nature, and "Quantum vortices of Bose-Einstein condensate" that elaborate on an inviscid medium that demonstrates perpetual vortical motion.

See externally linked topics on "Bose-Einstein condensate" that elaborate on quantum vortex, and "Vortex precession in Bose-Einstein condensates", as well as "'Tornadoes' Are Transferred From Light To Sodium Atoms" that demonstrates in an experiment on light (Electromagnetic radiation) interacting with matter, it elaborates on a new quantum physics technique and this can be used to manipulate Bose-Einstein condensates by transferred orbital angular momentum, and this is essentially the same motion as air molecules in a tornado or a planet revolving around a star--from laser light to sodium atoms.

 

The UVS atomic model with a nested dual-core electron shell

From the UVS perspective, the nested electron shell as illustrated in the diagram of the UVS atomic model with an interwoven topology of nested ring torus and spindle torus, is fundamentally a vortical cyclonic nested dual-core hypersphere of 3-sphere.

Animation on right illustrates how a torus could be transformed, it shows as the distance to the axis of revolution decreases, the ring torus becomes a horn torus, then a spindle torus, and when the distance approaches zero, the torus will resemble a sphere.

The postulated nested dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere for electron shell with its nested integral cycle as illustrated below, can be perceived in its frame of reference to be extrinsically spinning in counterclockwise direction for the nested 1st cyclonic sphere. And intrinsically, the nested 2nd sphere is spinning in counterclockwise direction around its cyclonic core, and the nested 3rd sphere is differentially spinning in clockwise direction around its anti-cyclonic core.

The UVS atomic model with a nested dual-core electron shell.


A diagram showing the five Lagrangian points.

Shell

Maximum electrons
Subshell
Maximum
electrons
K
2
1s
2
L
8
2s
2
2p
6
M
18
3s
2
3p
6
3d
10
N
32
4s
2
4p
6
4d
10
4f
14
Table of information for electron shells and subshells

See UVS subtopics on "Modeling of unisonal evolution mechanism" that illustrates on how two radiating fields can interact to generate a nested torus-shaped spheroidal structure, "The UVS atomic nucleus model" that elaborates on the how a 3-sphere hypersphere structure could be vortically formed in macrocosms and microcosm, "UVS periodic table model of a Klein bottle topology" and "UVS periodic table model of a manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology" that illustrate two intrinsic topologies of a nested dual-core torus-shaped structure that are correlated with element creation.

I have often made the hypothesis that ultimately physics will not require a mathematical statement,
that in the end the machinery will be revealed and the laws will turn out to be simple.
- Richard Fenyman

Note: The hypothetical 3D UVS atomic model with apparently nested orbitals that shows as a torus-shaped nested electron shell, is not drawn to scale and it is without exact details such as the van der Waals radius. It merely labeled the Lagrangian points in the electron groups of the K shell and the L shell in simple details, partially labeled the M shell, and the Lagrangian points on the subshells of the N shell are simply indicated with the labels indicating their subshells with a running number. Nonetheless, these should suffice to illustrate the electron positions in the hypothesized UVS atomic structure of a nested 3-sphere electron shell, are fundamentally correlated to the interacting Lagrangian points and their harmonics.

Based on the UVS atomic model, the inner s-subshells are formed with circular ring torus orbitals of a nested dual-core hypersphere that is cyclonically spinning around the common barycenter of the atomic nucleus.

The ring torus orbitals of s-subshells, can be perceived as a nested spheroidal-shaped orbital. And all other outer subshells are harmonically formed with the manifold of nested lobe-shaped spindle torus orbitals formed at different angular phases.


Ring torus

Circular orbit & orbital

Spindle torus

Spindle torus orbital

Based on the UVS model, a nested torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex cyclonically spinning in one axis, when subjected to another cyclonic motion spinning it in a tilted axis at almost perpendicular to its main axis, it will transform it to become a nested differential dual-core hypersphere; this resonated dual-axis effect of vortical spin renders the differential dual-core atomic orbital of an electron pair.

From the UVS perspective, electrons in a nested electron shell, are the culminated field effects of manifested accreting spinor fields, which are vortically spawned at the Lagrangian points of two-body systems in the hypersphere of a nested spheroidal unisonal vortex that undulates its atom.

Lagrangian points in the microcosms can be perceived as harmonics of vortically manifested accreting spinor fields rendered by interacting subatomic particles. They are nodes of harmonically resonated spheroidal unisonal vortex fractals that are rendered by the vortical interactions of two distinct spinor fields in differential rotation, which are manifested from a precessing dual-core hypersphere of a nested 3-sphere system.

UVS predicates that Lagrangian points in the microcosms are harmonics of vortically manifested accreting spinor field rendered by vortical motion of interacting subatomic particles.

A simplified polar view of the 3 dual-core orbitals of a p-subshell.
A simplified polar view illustration for the L shell with its 8 electrons.

The circularly spinning torus-shaped nested s-subshells, are intrinsically differential dual-core orbitals that render the differential spins of their electron pairs.

The differential dual-core orbital of an electron subshell as illustrated, be it an inner or outer subshell, is intrinsically a fractal of a manifold dual-core orbital of 3-sphere hypersphere.

And all other outer subshells with spindle torus orbitals, are intrinsically undulated by the vortically manifested fractals of the manifold differential dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere orbital resonated at different angular phases.

A side view illustration of a differential dual-core orbital.
A manifold dual-core orbital of 3-sphere hypersphere.

See externally linked topics on "Lagrangian", "Lagrangian points" that elaborates on the gravitational effect on a small object in five positions of a two-body system, and "THE CHARGE FIELD causes LAGRANGE POINTS" that elaborates on the causality of the Lagrangian points.

See a UVS subtopic on "Cometary outburst" for some illustrations of empirically observed Lagrangian points that were manifested in the Solar System, and the case studies of "A series of empirically observed Comet 29P outbursts from January 2008 to April 2010" in twelve cometary outburst events that illustrate Lagrangian points in a groundbreaking discovery, which has had thus contributed to its revolutionary discoveries in the microcosms of subatomic and elementary structures with its comparative analysis.

In the UVS worldview, an electron is manifested by the vortical singularity of the vortically resonated and quantized spinor field spawned at a Lagrangian point. And electron has mass, it therefore can interact to manifest its secondary Lagrangian points.

From the UVS perspective, electrons can be perceived as negative charge fields that are vortically manifested by the nested dual-core spheroidal unisonal vortex, which encapsulates its atomic nucleus in an atom. And the nested dual-core spheroidal unisonal vortex, undulates the nested dual-core electron shell; electrons are vortically resonated nodes of accreting spinor field manifested with differential intrinsic spin on the nested differential dual-core subshells in the torus-shaped nested electron shell of an atom.

An illustration for a ring torus structure.
An illustration for torus-shaped
nested electron shells and subshells.

UVS predicates that electrons are vortically resonated and quantized accreting spinor fields spawned at the Lagrangian points in the dual-core nested electron shells of an atom.
 

The UVS atomic model shows that the subshells of 2s, 3s, 4s, and so forth, perceivably are the inner walls of the torus-shaped nested electron shells, and thus they are nearer to the nucleus than the 1s subshell, with the 4s subshell being the nearest to the nucleus among these subshells; the nested s-subshells are vortically formed in the vortex column around its atomic nucleus. Perceivably, in the torus-shape nested electron shell, the K shell is encapsulated inside the L shell, which is encapsulated inside the M shell, and these formations of the nested shell go on so and so forth. The s-subshells in the nested encapsulation, has a maximum of two electrons in each s-subshell with one ring-torus atomic orbital.


Inner subshells

Note: The postulated arrangement of the s-subshells based on the UVS atomic model with its hypothetical nested torus-shaped structure, paradoxically differs with the standard atomic model. And the apparently aligned electrons as shown for the s subshells based on the UVS atomic model, is merely an apparent perception in a two-dimensional perspective from the polar view.

UVS predicates that the subshells of 2s, 3s, 4s, and so forth, are the inner walls of the torus-shaped nested electron shells, and thus they are inversely nearer to the nucleus than the 1s subshell.

From the UVS perspective, the electron pairs of the s-subshells, are the cyclonic bipolar polar vortex pairs of accreting spinor fields manifested on the hypersphere of a nested electron shell. The outer s-subshell of an atom, is always an exposed subshell, and it thus is always a valence shell.

The first nested cyclonic spheroidal unisonal vortex (1st sphere as illustrated above in the image of the UVS atomic model) is centered from the nucleus, the second nested cyclonic spheroidal unisonal vortex (2nd sphere) is centered from the L1 Lagrangian point, and the third nested anti-cyclonic spheroidal unisonal vortex (3rd sphere) is centered from the L2 Lagrangian point; this is the postulated structure of the nested 3-sphere hypersphere electron shell.

Perceivably, the L1 Lagrangian point manifests an accreting spinor field in cyclonic motion, and the L2 Lagrangian point manifests an accreting spinor field in anti-cyclonic motion.

Heuristically, the second spheroidal unisonal vortex and the third spheroidal unisonal vortex are vortically merged externally to form as an oval-shaped vortical structure within the first spheroidal unisonal vortex, and this 3-sphere in the overall vortical interactions is thus transformed as a nested dual-core spheroidal unisonal vortex that undulates the nested electron shell.

In the extrapolation with the concept of Lagrangian points in the microcosms to perceive the atomic structure for the nested dual-core electron shell as illustrated with the hypothesized UVS atomic model, it demonstrates that the primary vortical harmonics formed as L1 and L2 Lagrangian points on the 1s subshell are a chirality pair, and they strongly and vortically interact with the nucleus, and these nodes with differential intrinsic spin are the manifestations of vortically consolidated accreting spinor fields in the 1s subshell.


A spheroidal
unisonal vortex


Polar view of a
vortical fractal of
unisonal vortex

Based on the UVS model, all naturally manifested chirality pair structures formed in Möbius strip topology, which renders their asymmetric left and right hand pairs, are undulated by the vortical motion of their nested dual-core 3-sphere hyperspheres.

UVS predicates that all naturally manifested chirality pair structures formed in Möbius strip topology are undulated by the vortical motion of their nested dual-core 3-sphere hyperspheres.

The primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points from the 1s subshell, are also harmonically manifested on the 2s subshell, which are labeled as L1-2s and L2-2s in the illustrated UVS atomic model on right. The harmonics of the primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points manifested on the 2p subshell, are labeled as L1-2p and L2-2p, and the two sets of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested on the 2p subshell from these harmonics, are labeled as L4-L1-2p, L5-L1-2p, L4-L2-2p and L5-L2-2p; these render the maximum of eight electrons for the L shell that encapsulates the 2s and 2p subshells.

The two harmonically manifested L1 and L2 Lagrangian points in the 3s subshell, are labeled as L1-3s and L2-3s. The harmonics of the primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points manifested on the 3p subshell, are labeled as L1-3p and L2-3p, and the two sets of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested on the 3p subshell from these harmonics, are labeled as L4-L1-3p, L5-L1-3p, L4-L2-3p and L5-L2-3p; these forms the 6 Lagrangian points in the 3p subshell. The 10 Lagrangian points on the 3p subshell, are formed with six harmonically manifested Lagrangian points from the 3p subshell, which are labeled as 3d-8 (L1), 3d-3 (L2), 3d-6 (L4), 3d-10 (L5), 3d-1 (L4), 3d-5 (L5), and two pairs of two L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of 3d-8-L1 and 3d3-L2 manifested on the 3d subshell, which are labeled as 3d-7 (L4), 3d-9 (L5), 3d-2 (L4), and 3d-4 (L5). All these harmonics render the maximum of eighteen electrons for the M shell that encapsulates the 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells.



The UVS atomic model

In a similar recursive manner, the 32 Lagrangian points in the N shell are harmonically manifested on the 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f subshells.

See a table of information for the Lagrangian points of the UVS atomic model that tabulates the spawned Lagrangian points in the structure of a nested electron shell.

As illustrated in the diagram of the the UVS atomic model, it is perceivable that the 2 primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points spawned in the 1s subshell, are resonated as harmonics at the L1 and L2 angular phases in all the outer subshells. And they are also resonated as their L1 Lagrangian points in all other inner s-subshells. And all the 6 Lagrangian points spawned in the 2p subshell, are fully resonated in the 3p and 4p subshells, also all the 10 Lagrangian points spawned in the 3d subshell, are fully resonated in the 4d subshell. Also, the 6 Lagrangian points spawned in the 2p subshell, are resonated to harmonically form 6 of the 10 electrons in the 3d, 4d, and 4f subshells.

It can be perceived with this UVS atomic model that those features and characteristics of local symmetry formed in an atom, had occurred as a result of the manifold manifestation of Lagrangian points with its chirality pairs, and are resonated to form within each of the three spheroidal structures with intrinsic angular momentum. The features and characteristics of the global symmetry for the 2nd sphere and the 3rd sphere in differential motion, are conserved by the cyclonic motion of the 1st sphere.

This charge field model of atom with electrons are electrically attracted to the nucleus, not only has illustrated with an electron shell structure that demonstrates how the nth shell in its geometric principle can hold up to 2n² electrons, it also simply perceivable for how the µth subshell can hold up to 4µ + 2 electrons (where µ is a sequential number assigned to the subshell starting from zero, i.e. µ of 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f is 0, 1, 2, and 3).

It is apparent with the UVS atomic model that as a result of the 2nd sphere and the 3rd sphere are rendering four additional Lagrangian points outwardly to the next outermost subshell of an electron shell, which are rendered by the two pairs of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested with the two primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points, or with its harmonics resonated in the outer electron shells.

The nested dual-core electron shell can be perceived as the manifested hypersphere of a 3-sphere structure, which is formed with a nested torus-shaped spheroidal structure manifested from the atomic nucleus, and it integrates with two nested torus-shaped spheroidal structures manifested from the L1 and L2 Lagrangian point of the atomic nucleus. These three nested torus-shaped spheroidal structures interact in superposition, and they are thus transformed as a dual-core electron shell of the atom.

UVS predicates that the nested dual-core electron shell of an atom is formed with the nested hypersphere of a 3-sphere structure.

All the empirical observations and revolutionary discoveries illustrated herein, converged as strong evidence for electron shell of an atom is formed with the nested hypersphere of a 3-sphere structure.

As a comparative analysis of ground state and excited states of an atom with its electrons in a lower subshell are energetically promoted to a higher subshell, the process is similar to the phenomenon of cometary outburst with its charged particles energetically pushed up to a higher nested layer in the coma of the comet.

 

A comparative analysis of the Solar System with the UVS atomic model

In the UVS worldview, the entire Solar System in its nested encapsulation, can be coherently perceived as a macroscopic scale electron of its galactic scale atom. And it can also be perceived as a macroscopic scale atom of its galactic scale molecule.

As a comparative analysis of the Solar System by analyzing with the UVS atomic model, the cyclonically rotating Sun can be perceived as a dual-core proton in the nucleus of the Solar System atom, the cyclonic dual-core barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS) can be perceived as the dual-core center of its Solar System neutron, and its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex, can be perceived as the torus-shaped nested electron shell of the Solar System atom.

The harmonically resonated L1 and L2 Lagrangian points of the BOTSS, are the nested differential dual-core accreting spinor fields of the Solar System that have spawned in the nested Solar System electron shell.

A diagram showing the five Lagrangian points.
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The empirically observed HL Tau, demonstrates it is formed in a vortically coalesced nucleus of its apparently torus-shaped planetary system atom.

In the comparative analysis , Jupiter can be perceived as a nested positron coalesced spheroidal body of stellar materials formed in the K shell, which is vortically impelled by the cyclonic spinor field generated at the harmonically resonated L1 Lagrangian point of the BOTSS.

From the UVS perspective, Jupiter and all other major planets are undulated by the nested dual-core orbitals of the nested Solar System electron shell in its nested L1 and L2 Lagrangian points, which spin around the BOTSS to render the effect of elliptic orbits in two-axis spin with their apsidal precessions to apparently rotate and revolve around the Sun.

The outer major planets Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, can be perceived as the nested positrons coalesced spheroidal bodies of stellar materials formed with the cyclonic spinor field of the L1 Lagrangian points within the outer shell walls of the L, M, and N shells respectively.

The inner major planets Mars, Earth, Venus, and Mercury, can thus be perceived as the nested positrons coalesced spheroidal bodies of stellar materials formed with the cyclonically rotating spinor fields of the L1 Lagrangian points on the 1s, 2s, 3s, and 4s subshells in the inner shell walls of their K, L, M,and N shells respectively.

The Trojan asteroids of Jupiter, as can be empirically observed, can be perceived to be withheld in the torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex of the K shell by the nested spinor fields and the harmonics manifested from the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of Jupiter. The Hildian asteroids in their revolving motions with apsidal precession as empirically observed, perceivably are collectively impelled by the L3, L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of Jupiter.

UVS predicates the Trojan asteroids are encapsulated in the torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex of of Jupiter at its L4 and L5 Lagrangian points with electrostatic repulsion force.

See externally linked topics on "A list of objects at Lagrangian points" for more illustrations, and "Flux tube and plasma torus" that reports on charged particles spewed from Jupiter Moon Io had formed a gigantic Io Plasma Torus collection of particles, which orbit in the orbital of Jupiter.


UVS atomic model



The Solar System



Nested electron shell



Inner subshells


Star HL Tau


Jupiter's polar view


Trojans and Hildas


153 Hilda (green),
with Jupiter (red)



Io plasma torus

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From the perspective of the UVS atomic model, the heliosphere can be perceived as one of the outer Solar System electron shells that encapsulates the Solar System atom.

Analytically, many moons of the planets, can be perceived as the positrons of the Solar System atom that are encapsulated in the heliosphere. And they are coalesced spheroidal bodies of stellar materials formed or captured in the accreting spinor fields of the secondary nested L1, L2, L4 and L5 Lagrangian points, which are manifested from the harmonic L1 Lagrangian points that have had coalesced the major planets. For examples, the Moon is impelled to revolve around the Earth by a harmonically resonated L1 Lagrangian point in the torus-shaped subshell, which is manifested from the barycenter of Earth and Moon, and the Saturn's moons Telesto and Calypso are positioned at the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of the Saturn-Tethys two-body system.

The scattered transneptunian object and small Solar System body in the Kuiper belt, as well as the predominantly icy planetesimals in the Oort cloud, perceivably are withheld on the subshells by the nested spinor fields that are spawned in the nested planetary ring system of the O shell and beyond.

And in the frame of reference with the two-axis spiral motion of the nested heliosphere that vortically impels the Solar System objects, which they can be perceived to be spiraling around the cyclonic Galactic Center at the anti-cyclonic L2 Lagrangian point in the Milky Way galaxy, all these Solar System objects developed their own orbital elements with the spiral motion in their dual-core orbitals of nested torus-shaped structure.

The Solar System is a macroscopic scale atom of its galactic scale molecule. - UVS inspired

Note: In the reference frame with Milky Way galaxy spinning clockwise in cyclonic motion, it is a fact that the Sun is revolving and rotating around the Galactic Center in anti-cyclonic cycles.



Heliosphere


The Kuiper belt
& the Oort cloud

A diagram of the Milky Way  

Heuristically, the UVS model has unified the Lagrangian points of the macrocosms and the microcosms; the five Lagrangian points are vortically manifested accreting spinor field that have had resonated in a nested spheroidal unisonal vortex, which are undulated and resonated in the vortical universe with its aether vortical motion.

Paradoxically, the local physical laws that govern the microcosms, are determined by the macrocosms of the universe.

See UVS subtopics on "The orbit of natural satellite" for further elaboration of the vortical motion of all Solar System objects, and "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Kepler's laws of planetary motion" that elucidates on the Solar System is a vortical system.


It is the theory that decides what can be observed. - Albert Einstein

 

Electron's vortical motion

From the UVS perspective, the electron's motion image demonstrates that electron has the characteristics of a unisonal vortex.

It demonstrated there are nested sub-orbitals for the empirical observed electron, and each dot is supposedly a harmonic vortex of the electron.

UVS qualitatively predicts that electron has a vortex form with sub-orbitals in a subatomic particle scenario. By Allen Barrow with UVS model.

See an externally linked report on "An electron rides on a light wave after just having been pulled away from an atom".

In this image and in the video of electron's motion, other than it has shown the nested vortex rings and their satellite unisonal vortices, it has also distinctly shown vortical spokes that appear like tornadoes pointing toward the core on its accretion disc from around the nested ring.


Image of electron's motion

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the electron's motion distinctly shows the standing wave structure of matter at subatomic level that has a vortically coalesced physical form; an electron is a nested subatomic unisonal vortex. This infers that electron is not the most elementary particle, and it is vortically impelled by its atomic vortex. And its demonstrated vortical stuctures, are comparable with the UVS atomic model.

UVS predicates that electron is a nested subatomic vortex impelled by its atomic vortex.

For its comparative analysis in the macrocosms, the image of electron's motion displayed vortical features similar to some celestial objects.

In the UVS worldview, the vortex rings of the gas giants, are the sub-structures of a nested polar vortex manifested as cloud bands and planetary rings. The vortex rings themselves are vortical jet streams manifested on various atmospheric layers, and each jet stream could impel a chain of satellite vortices around its vortex ring. Evidently, nested vortex rings with vortical spoke lines have also had manifested in protoplanetary disks, dust disk of stars, and planetary nebulae. And the vortical structures for all these celestial objects, are also comparable with the UVS atomic model.


Polar view of Jupiter


Polar vortex of Saturn

HL Tau - T Tauri star

HD 107146
- Star

The UVS atomic model

The polar view of Jupiter demonstrates its nested polar vortex rings that have formed as cloud bands on its nested atmospheric layers. The thermal image for polar vortex of Saturn demonstrates it has hundreds of satellite vortices (black dots) arranged in a vortical manner with concentric vortex rings that are dilated from the core. The newly born T Tauri star HL Tau, the star HD 107146, and a red giant star that formed the Cat's Eye Nebula, distinctly demonstrated vortex dynamics and structures of nested vortex rings and vortical spoke lines.

 

Torque-induced precession on an atom vortically impels its electrons to intrinsically spin

Based on the UVS model, an atom is undulated by its atomic vortex that vortically impels its electrons.

From the UVS perspective, the torque-induced precession effect of atomic vortex manifested on the electron shells of an atom, vortically impels electrons in their atomic orbitals to intrinsically spin in apsidal precession around its precessing nucleus at millions of cycle per second, which causes atomic vibrations.

UVS predicates that electron is vortically impelled on accretion disk by its atomic vortex to intrinsically spin with apsidal precession around its precessing nucleus in its atomic orbital.

"In atomic physics, the electron magnetic dipole moment is the magnetic moment of an electron caused by its intrinsic property of spin." - Excerpt from Wikipedia on "Electron magnetic dipole moment".

When a vortex is spawned in a viscous medium, it is the matters of the viscous medium that are whirling around the manifested vortical structure. A vortically formed structure by definition is not a physical object, so such intrinsic spin of viscous medium in a vortically manifested structure, as with a whirlpool, is not comparable to the conventional spin of a rigid physical object, such as a spinning gyroscope.


Whirlpool


Gyroscope

Based on the UVS model, electrons are vortically impelled by its consolidated accreting fields as quantized satellite vortices, which have had vortically spawned on the surface of electron shells with chirality characteristics. And with its vortically intensified reactive torque-free precession, the accreting spinor field of an electron can thus culminate angular momentum accordingly to emanate EM radiation in all direction at the speed of light with the resonant frequency of its oscillation; photon.

UVS predicates that a photon is vortically emitted from an electron with its reactive torque-free precession.

Conceptual image of a photon carrier
Rutherford model of a carbon atom

See a UVS sub section on "The phenomenon of solar wind" that elaborates on how solar wind is vortically emanated with its reactive precession effect.

From the UVS perspective, electron shells are pause layers with equipotential surfaces of an electrostatic nested spheroidal unisonal vortex with different electrical energy levels. Charged subatomic particles resonated to spawn on the electrostatic surfaces are manifested and held by their undulating atomic vortex, and intrinsically spin around its nucleus in its atomic orbitals on accretion disk with its resonated vortical motion.

As a comparative analysis in the UVS worldview, the structure of an atomic orbital in an electron shell, is similar to a polar jet stream with a meandering ring torus structure that encircles the Earth on a torus-shaped atmospheric layer, these torus-shaped structures are standing waves formed in closed streamlines of longitudinal waves.


Polar jet streams

UVS predicates that electron shells are pause layers of equipotential surfaces of a nest electrostatic spheroid with different electrical energy levels.

Based on the UVS model, the nested atmosphere of a celestial object, is a nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

From the UVS perspective, as a comparative analysis with the structure of an atom, the nested atmospheric layers are electrostatics shells with equipotential surface. And atmospheric pauses, are the repulsive barriers of viscous matter that have formed between adjoining atmospheric layers. Thus, clouds on different cloud levels are vortically levitated on the electrostatically charged surface of a nested atmospheric spheroidal unisonal vortex with electrostatic repulsion. The magnetosphere has strong electrical repulsion force, which are supposedly manifested by resonated vortical motions with its torque-free precession, it therefore can repel the oncoming solar wind of charged particles and thus forms the astrophysical bow shock.



Atmospheric layers



Solar wind interacting on Earth's magnetosphere

UVS predicates that clouds are vortically levitated on electrostatically charged surface of a nested atmospheric spheroidal unisonal vortex with electrostatic repulsion.

See UVS topics on "Vortical evolution of elementary, subatomic and atomic particles." that elaborates on how the microcosms are manifested in the macrocosms, "Differential rotation" that elaborate on exchange of angular momentum, "Do an interactive experiment to understand the effects of torque-free precession", "Time dilation in general relativity" that resolves a critical cognitive paradox in the general perception of the caesium-133 atom, "The geometric structure of magnetosphere" for more illustrations, and "Unisonal evolution mechanism" for an illustration on how the structure of atom could be formed.

 

Electron vortex

Based on the UVS model, a vortically coalesced atomic nucleus is precessing on its two-axis spin in a quantized state of coalesced aether corpuscles with manifested electromagnetic field, and this has an integral spin rendered by vortical spin fusion.

As a metaphor, the electron cloud can be perceived as an atmospheric cyclone, or a supercell, which is manifested and made visible by its undulating atmosphere in vortical motion.

From the UVS perspective, an electron in an atom can be perceived to be a wave function of a small cloud vortically spinning around the atomic nucleus in its orbital.

Electron cloud described by Richard Feynman to visualize electron, is perceived to have wave function as a small cloud moving around the molecular nucleus, yet compact enough to be considered a particle on certain length-scales.

"The electron cloud model can only be described by quantum mechanics, in which the electrons are most accurately described as standing waves surrounding the nucleus." - Excerpt from Wikipedia on a topic on "Atomic orbital".

From the UVS perspective, an electron has a vortical form with the cyclonic culmination of accreting spinor field manifested in an electron shell.

In a quantized state of atomic vortex that is precessing with its two-axis spin, it can render a viscous medium to become inviscid at a resonant frequency. Some examples for quantized state of atoms that demonstrate inviscid characteristic, are superfluids, and Bose-Einstein Condensates.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the composition of an electron is neither particles nor waves, it is a vortical motion of a quantized viscous medium caused by EMF interactions with transferred angular momentum in the inviscid medium at subatomic scale. The inferred electron forms in its electron vortex impelled by its atomic vortex is a vortical moment, which its perpetual vortical motion is mathematically formalized as charge.

In the UVS worldview, it is perceivable electrons manifested in the atomic shell of an atom, are differentially spawned outside the cyclonic nucleus of positively charged protons, and they resonate to spawn as the accreting spinor fields by exchanging angular momentum with their protons. And thus, for neutral atoms, in the electrostatic confinement of the electron shell, with differential exchange of angular momentum with protons in the electron shell, the resonated accreting spinor field of each electron is anode-like with an elementary charge of -1 e, which the differential vortical motion of its accreting spinor field, is conserved from the cathode-like proton that has a elementary charge of +1 e.

UVS predicates that the elementary negative charge of an electron in an atom is rendered by its differential rotation to counter charge its proton with the cyclonic motion of its neutron.

As a matter of fact, electron is empirically observed to have a negatively charged electric of -1 e surrounding it, and an electron moving relative to an observer would generate a magnetic field.

Note: The empirically observed negative charge of an electron, has hitherto been unable to be explained with the standard atomic model.

See a UVS subtopic on "Vortical elementary and subatomic particles" that elaborates on the causality for the elementary charge of subatomic particles.

In the UVS worldview, the vortical force dynamics of subatomic particles, in its vortical generalization, is similar to the mechanical vortical force dynamics of the dust devil.

In their comparative analysis, the dynamic of an electron is similar to the vortex with a void that is formed by the vortical culminated momentum of a nested clear air vortex, which vortically push air downward through it vortex column in a consolidating manner.

From the UVS perspective, the dynamics of a positron is similar to the upward folded back vortical dust column of the dust devil that has vortical repulsion effects to push up the vortically encapsulated dust particles, and it conserves the angular momentum of its vortex.

Based on the UVS model, as a comparative analysis, a nested atmospheric structure and dynamic of vortex is parallel to the nested structure and dynamic of an antimatter vortex, and its nested structure and dynamic of vortrex is parallel to the nested structure and dynamic of matter. Positron could thus be inferred as the vortrex of its electron vortex, which counteracts vortically to conserve the angular momentum of its impelling vortex.

Note: Positron is considered as the antiparticle of the electron, it has an electric charge of +1, a half-integral spin, and has the same mass as an electron.

UVS predicates that positron is a subatomic vortrex that vortically folds back on its electron vortex.

In the UVS worldview, the enigma of electrons at opposite ends of their nucleus can interact almost instantaneously with each other in simultaneous transition beyond speed of light, can be rationally explained with the interconnectedness of their undulating atomic vortex.

Based on the UVS atomic model, an electron group with chirality pair arrangements manifested at Lagrangian points in their subshell, are directly interconnected with their undulating atomic vortex for their differential dual-core atomic orbital of electron pairs in the group. This can account for the measured correlation of a positron if it is found to have clockwise spin on a certain axis, then the spin of the other positron in their quantum entanglement, measured on the same axis, will be found to be counterclockwise.

UVS predicates that electrons at opposite ends of their nucleus can interact instantaneously is caused by the interconnectedness of their undulating atomic vortex. Inspired in a discussion with Dr. Brian Beh (Ph.D)

See a UVS subtopic on "Faster than light speed in transferring of motion through vortical interconnectedness" that illustrates some empirical observations of faster than light speed travel in macrocosms.

See an externally linked topic on "Quantum entanglement" that elaborates on the interconnectedness of particles with anti-correlated spin, "EPR paradox" where it mentioned Einstein never accepted quantum mechanics as a "real" and complete theory for its "spooky action at a distance", struggling to the end of his life for an interpretation that could comply with relativity without complying with the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.


All naturally manifested chirality pair structures formed in Möbius strip topology,
which renders their asymmetric left and right hand pairs,
are undulated by
the vortical motion of their nested dual-core 3-sphere hyperspheres.
- UVS inspired -

 

The metaphors for half-integral spin

In the UVS worldview, in its vortical generalization, the integral cycles of vortical motion in the macrocosms and the microcosms, are fundamentally similar in principle.

From the UVS perspective, the abstract concept for half-integral spin in quantum mechanic, could be comprehensively and intuitively understood by the metaphors for the integral spinning motion of a Möbius strip in a spheroidal unisonal vortex, or a tesseract to simulate an entangled cluster of spheroidal unisonal vortices.

This vortical mechanism of spin with its negations, can enigmatically render all sorts of cognitive paradox in vortical structures to counterintuitively cause delusory perceptions for their apparent observations.

For a Möbius strip structure, if an ant were to crawl along the length of, after walking two rounds it would return to its starting point, and it would have traversed every part of the strip without ever crossing an edge; two rounds make it complete as one integral round.

Perceivably, a spheroidal unisonal vortex demonstrates it has the integral spinning motion of a Möbius strip.

See a "video clip on Möbius strip" that illustrates one full integral circle in two half-integral circles with a ball rotating and revolving to move on a Möbius strip.


Möbius strip
.

The animated tesseract as illustrated, can be used for perceiving the half-integral spin of a soap bubble cluster with a total of seven bubbles; it has to flip twice to go back to its original position.

Do a thought experiment to visualize this bubble cluster is orbiting around an external center at high speed, and therefore with the persistent angular momentum it would cause the motion of the inner cube-liked bubble to move out of the center and backward by reactive motion against the direction of the motion. And a bubble at the center has to make two half-integral cycle of a 360 degree abstract spin in order to complete as one intrinsic integral cycle of 720 degree abstract spin for it to return to its original position in the bubble cluster.


Tesseract

From the UVS perspective, a spinning cluster of spheroidal unisonal vortices that encase their nucleus in an overall encapsulation, has a structure that is similar to a cluster of soap bubbles as illustrated, and the interconnected bubble cluster is encapsulated in the atmosphere for it to form.

Heuristically, this cluster of soap bubble with a total of seven bubbles, can also be used to perceived the L1 and L2 Lagrangian points of the nucleus, as well as the two symmetric pairs of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of the L1 and L2 Lagrangian points. The six bubbles can be perceived to be encapsulating the center bubble as their nucleus, and the six Lagrangian points are their six connection points of the least resistance for their bubble cluster structure.


A bubble cluster
for illustration

These metaphors could comprehensively and intuitively show the Möbius strip integral spinning motion of a spheroidal unisonal vortex, as well as a cluster of spheroidal unisonal vortices that are entangled in a vortical motion. And the integral spinning motion of a spheroidal unisonal vortex, is relevant for microcosms as well as macrocosms.

 

The empirically observed integral cycles of Solar System objects

From the UVS perspective, all celestial objects are propagating in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.

All celestial objects rotate and revolve in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.- UVS inspired -


Reference frame of this animation is fixed on the barycenter (+) of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn.
This animation illustrates an integral cycle.


The orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn takes ~59.3 years to complete one full precession cycle with 3 integral cycles.

As illustrated (not to scale) with the simplified animation on top left in the reference frame of a fixed hypothetical barycenter (+), the inferior conjunction for Sun, Jupiter and Saturn are aligned in the order of Sun-Jupiter-Saturn in every 20-year approximately. In the process, the Sun would make one integral revolution moving around this barycenter in ~20 years, and it moves in and out of the barycenter while revolving it. And in between, it then takes ~10 years for making a half-integral cycle with the alignment of Jupiter-Sun-Saturn in its superior conjunction.

Another significant longer period integral cycle of the Solar System objects, as illustrated with the animation on top right, is the near ratio orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn. In the orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn with a 5:2 near ratio as illustrated with the animation on far right, for every five revolving cycle of Jupiter having completed around the Sun in a period of approximately 59.3 years (11.86 yr x5), Saturn would have just completed a little bit more than two revolving cycle around the Sun with a slight angular phase shift.

Note: These illustrations with Solar System objects, are not to scale on size and distance.

See a UVS topic on "Sunspot" that elaborates on these two types of full integral revolution of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn.

 

Vortical elementary and subatomic particles - The UVS atomic nucleus model

Based on the UVS model, elementary particles are spawned into existence by vortical spin fusion of aether corpuscles in two-axis spin with the aether vortical motion that undulates all matters.

Hypothetically, an external nested dual-core spheroidal unisonal vortex that vortically encapsulates and impels an internal nested spheroidal unisonal vortex on an axis perpendicular to its main axis, could vortically transform it as a nested hypersphere of a 3-sphere system with a vortical structure of Möbius strip topology. The vortical column of the external spheroidal vortex in this frame of reference, is thus the bipolar center of the 1st sphere of the transformed 3-sphere structure, and the cross section of the internal nested torus-shaped structure with intrinsic differential rotation, would form as the differential 2nd and 3rd sphere of the transformed 3-sphere structure.

The vortical transformation can be intuitively visualized with a thought experiment to perceive the electromagnetic field of a nested ring torus structure, which when subjected to an external vortical motion that manifests as a secondary axis acting at almost perpendicular to the main axis of the dipole ring torus structure, it could exert a cyclonic torsion force to twist the nested ring torus structure to transform it with magnetic reconnections to form the vortical structure of Möbius strip topology; the transformed 2nd sphere and the 3rd sphere has a common Möbius strip structure.

As a comparative analysis of this peculiar type of 3-sphere system in the macrocosm, as it apparently has shown up in the image on the dust disk of the Vega star, which demonstrates the manifestation for such a vortically transformed 3-sphere system. And as could also be perceived by its hypothetical thought experiment for the comparative analysis with the UVS atomic model, the 2nd sphere (planetary proton) and the 3rd sphere (planetary neutron) in their differential rotation, are encapsulated and consolidated by the cyclonic 1st sphere (planetary nucleus shell) with its resonated vortical spin fusion to form as a meandering circular-shaped nested vortical structure.

Perceivably, the 1st sphere in an externally transformed Möbius strip topology, could impel a satellite vortex (planetary electron) to spin in differential rotation (at the one o'clock position). Intrinsically, vortically impelled by the 1st sphere, the internal 2nd sphere and 3rd sphere, are also seamlessly connected in their internal vortical Möbius strip topology.

A nested torus-shape structure subjected an external vortical spin on an axis perpendicular to its dipole axis.


The dust disk of the Vega star.

See UVS topics on "The dust disk of a star" that illustrates in the macrocosms on how the nucleus of a planetary system could be vortically formed within its nested heliosphere, "CMBR dipole" that illustrates the two-axis spin of the observable universe, "Dust devil" that elaborates on the vortrex mechanism of a unisonal vortex, and "The structure of the observable universe" that explicates on a vortical paradigm in the macrocosms and the microcosms.

Watch a video clip on "Vortex Physics - The Superfluid Universe" that elaborates on how a spheroidal pressure system of an electromagnetic torus structure with the energy over its volume, could be derived as e=mc² from an acoustic wave equation.

From the UVS perspective, the 3-sphere structure is vortically and strongly fused internally with its vortical tubular structure of void, and has formed like an inflated Möbius strip with cyclonic and anti-cyclonic topology.

The 3-sphere structure is vortically coalesced by the repulsion force of its vortically manifested outer nested spheroidal shell, which repels in vortical motion to encapsulate the two differential spheroidal structures; the 3-sphere structure is formed by spheroidal vortices that are vortically fused intrinsically in a tubular Möbius strip topology.


Möbius strip

Tubular structure

[The torus has a generalization to higher dimensions, the n-dimensional torus, often called the n-torus or hypertorus[5] for short. (This is one of two different meanings of the term "n-torus".) Recalling that the torus is the product space of two circles, the n-dimensional torus is the product of n circles. The 1-torus is just the circle: T¹ = S¹. The torus discussed above is the 2-torus, T².

As the n-torus is the n-fold product of the circle, the n-torus is the configuration space of n ordered, not necessarily distinct points on the circle. Symbolically, Tⁿ = (S¹)ⁿ. The configuration space of unordered, not necessarily distinct points is accordingly the orbifold Tⁿ/Sn, which is the quotient of the torus by the symmetric group on n letters (by permuting the coordinates).

For n = 2, the quotient is the Möbius strip, the edge corresponding to the orbifold points where the two coordinates coincide. For n = 3 this quotient may be described as a solid torus with cross-section an equilateral triangle, with a twist; equivalently, as a triangular prism whose top and bottom faces are connected with a 1/3 twist (120°).] - The excerpts from n-dimensional torus.


An orbifold quotient of the 2-torus,
T
²/S2, which is the Möbius strip.

Evidently, such peculiar vortical structures of a 3-sphere system with Möbius strip topology, can be empirically observed in the macrocosms and the microcosms. Macrocosm examples are in the vortical structures of the CMBR dipole, the galactic structure of the whirlpool galaxy with its satellite galaxy, the Cartwheel galaxy with its quasar, the planetary structure of the star HL Tau, the cyclonic polar vortex of Jupiter and its anti-cyclonic Great Red Spot. Microcosms examples are in the molecular structures such as a H2O water molecule and et al, atomic structures of a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, and et al.

A dual-core unisonal vortex with its satellite unisonal vortex

Another view of Möbius strip.


Vortical structures
on CMBR dipole


Nucleus & electron
of hydrogen atom

The structure of the observable universe is a nested spheroidal vortical formation
in a paradigm of torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortices
- UVS inspired -

In the UVS worldview, this infers that the undulating aether vortical motion also fundamentally has a similar vortical tubular Möbius strip structure of the peculiar three-sphere systems. Thus, for an aether corpuscle with this type of 3-sphere system (similar to the dust disk of the Vega star as illustrated above), it can be postulated that it has an elementary charge of +1/3 e with strong repulsion force from its cyclonic field of aetheric jet stream for each of its two energetic cyclonic spheroids, and has an elementary charge of -1/3 e with strong repulsion force from its anti-cyclonic field of aetheric jet stream for its anti-cyclonic energetic spheroid. And thus, its coalesced spheroidal vortrex with cyclonic aetheric jet stream impelled by two cyclonic spheroids merged by strong vortical interaction would have a sum of +2/3 e electric charge, this is the up quark. And a coalesced vortrex with anti-cyclonic aetheric jet impelled by an independent anti-cyclonic spheroid would thus have a -1/3 e electric charge, this is the down quark.

Perceivably, the vortical push momentum of aetheric jet steams generated from the elementary particles with similar electric charge are spinning in opposite direction to each other, and thus would naturally repel with each other; this opposing spinor field interaction causes the two particles to repel each other with counteracted push momentum of their aetheric jet streams. And the vortical push momentum of aetheric jets generated from the elementary particles with different electric charge are spinning in the same direction for each other, and thus would naturally reconnect with each other; this synchronizing spinor field interaction causes the two particles to appear like they are attracted to each other with harmonized push momentum of their aetheric jet streams.

From the UVS perspective, quarks in an atomic nucleus are manifested by the vortical interactions of EM subatomic unisonal vortices, and they would resonate at different angular phases in a vortically formed two-body system, which are two energetic spheroidal structures with differential rotation that spin in opposite direction.

A manifested spinor field generates a positive elementary charge with its cyclonic motion, and generates a negative elementary charge with its anti-cyclonic motion.


The atomic nucleus model of the UVS atomic model
A diagram of the five Lagrangian points

UVS predicates that a quark is a subatomic electromagnetic vortex of nested vortex. By Allen Barrow with UVS model.

In a differential dual-core configuration as illustrated with the above UVS atomic nucleus model, the vortical interaction of a two-body system with their barycenter effect would manifests six significant Lagrangian points at different angular phases, which three Lagrangian points at its +L3, +L4, and +L5 positions are cyclonically spawned from the cyclonically rotating main body, and in their opposite angular phases, another three Lagrangian points at its -L3, -L4, and -L5 position are spawned from the other anti-cyclonic rotating body with differential motion.

UVS predicates that quarks in an atomic nucleus are EM subatomic spheroidal vortices spawned at Lagrangian points in different angular phases.

The two Lagrangian points +L1 and -L1 manifest the strong interaction in vortical motion on a larger scale (about 1 to 3 femtometers (fm)), it is the force that binds protons and neutrons (nucleons) together to form the nuclei of atoms. Being resonated to manifested in the aether vortical motion from the torus-shaped cosmic hypersphere of 137-sphere, it is therefore 137 times stronger than electromagnetism. On the smaller scale (less than about 0.8 fm, the radius of a nucleon) of its harmonics, it is the force (carried by gluons) that holds quarks together to form protons, neutrons, and other hadron particles.

From the UVS perspective, the two pairs of Lagrangian points, shown as the +L1 and -L1 pair, and the +L2 and -L2 pair, are vortically coalesced structure of a nested spindle torus. And the four L4 and L5 Lagrangian points illustrated with oval-shaped spinor field encapsulations, are showing these Lagrangian points are vortical structures spinning at tilted axes of the atomic nucleus on two differential spinning spheroidal vortices.

See a UVS topic on "The vortical universe model of UVS" that elaborates on a torus-shaped hypersphere of 137-sphere formed in the macrocosm, is resonated in the microcosms.

It is a fact that the strong nuclear force inside atomic nucleus, is ~137 times stronger than the electromagnetic force, and it is a trillion times stronger than the weak nuclear force. And the electromagnetic force is stronger than gravity by about 36 orders of magnitude; a staggering factor of 10 followed by thirty-six zeroes.

In the UVS worldview, the strong nuclear force is rendered by the vortically exerted repulsion force from the spheroidal unisonal vortex of hadron that binds quarks as protons and neutrons in an atomic nucleus encapsulation. And this vortical repulsion force is vortically culminated from the accumulated electromagnetic pushed-in effect of a 137-sphere vortical universe. The perceived strong nuclear force, is the electrostatic repulsion force manifested in the spheroidally transformed vortical column of its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex, which is a resonance of the torus-shaped nested cosmic hypersphere of 137-sphere.

UVS predicates that strong nuclear force is rendered by the vortical repulsion force vortically exerted by the spheroidal unisonal vortex of hadron.

From the UVS perspective, the accreting spinor field formed at the -L2 Lagrangian point, can be perceived as the antiquark of the up quark manifested at the +L2 Lagrangian point. The two Lagrangian points +L2 and -L2 which are vortically coalesced by the strong nuclear force, in the vortical interactions each quark can manifest a hadronic subatomic particle composed of one quark and one antiquark, which are bonded together by the strong interaction of the atomic nucleus; this is a meson.

UVS predicates that meson is a hadronic subatomic particles formed by one quark and one antiquark vortically coalesced at their Lagrangian points with the strong nuclear force.

The proton in the nucleus can be perceived to have formed by a vortical tubular Möbius strip structure in a hypersphere of by two cyclonic +L3 and +L4 Lagrangian points with +2/3 e electric charge each as its two top quarks, and one anti-cyclonic -L5 Lagrangian point with -1/3 e electric charge; these render the vortically encapsulated proton its +1 e electric charge.

UVS predicates that proton is a vortical substructure of an inner hypersphere that encapsulates two merged cyclonic spheroids and an anti-cyclonic spheroid.

The neutron in the nucleus can be perceived to have formed by a vortical tubular Möbius strip structure in a hypersphere with two anti-cyclonic -L3 and -L4 Lagrangian points with -1/3 e electric charge each as its two down quark, and one cyclonic +L5 Lagrangian point with +2/3 e electric charge; these render the vortically encapsulated neutron its neutralized electric charge.

UVS predicates that neutron is a vortical substructure of an outer hypersphere that encapsulates two merged anti-cyclonic sphere and a cyclonic sphere.

The weak nuclear force that manifests the effect of quantum gravity in the microcosms that does not produce bound states, is rendered by the distribution of vortical repulsion force of spheroidal atomic unisonal vortex, which manifests as a pushed-in effect with repulsion force to impel repelling subatomic particles to vortically coalesce. A subatomic particle in its vortical encapsulation manifest its weak nuclear force with its vortically displaced volume of aether corpuscles, so they thus can weakly interact with each other in their manifested density gradients of the aetheric medium pushing in around them, which is what gravity with pushed-in effect does on an astronomical scale. The perceived weak nuclear force, is the electrostatic repulsion force manifested in the torus-shaped nested electron shell of its outer nested spheroidal unisonal vortex, which is also a resonance of the torus-shaped nested cosmic hypersphere of 137-sphere.

See a UVS topic on "Spheroidal pushed-in gravity" that elaborates on the mechanism that manifests gravity.

UVS predicates that weak nuclear force is rendered by the distribution of vortical repulsion force of spheroidal atomic unisonal vortex to accrete subatomic particles.

Abstractly, the hypersphere of the atomic nucleus with its two-body system in differential rotation that are vortically and strongly fused internally with its vortical tubular structure of void, which has formed like an inflated tubular Möbius strip for the two-body system, can be represented with the topology of a Klein bottle.

UVS predicates that atomic nucleus is a hypersphere of a 3-sphere system with a Möbius strip topology for its nested vortical structure.

It can be perceived with a thought experiment from an external reference frame to visualize that the vortically integrated body of the first sphere and second sphere that encapsulates the proton, is cyclonically revolving around a mass center and thus exchanges angular momentum with its anti-cyclonic third sphere to spin in differential rotation of their cyclonic two-body system.

Heuristically, the six quarks particles that forms the deuteron of a deuterium with one proton and one neutron, can be similarly perceived to be vortically consolidated by the spheroidal unisonal vortex that encapsulates the atomic nuclei of its atomic vortices, which are vortically coalesced to merge by the strong interaction of vortical spin fusion through gauge boson.


A 3D Klein bottle

Perceivably, the motion of a two-body system with three vortical spheroids, forms chirality structures of vortically coalesced aether corpuscles with vortical tubular Möbius strip structures (VTMSS) to manifest matters. At elementary particle level the VTMSS renders the vortical structures of an up quark with an elementary charge of +2/3 e, and a down quark with an elementary charge of -1/3 e. At subatomic level it renders the vortical structures of a proton with +1 e electric charge, and a neutron that is electrically neutralized. And at atomic level it renders the vortical structures of atomic nuclei and electrons for all configurations of atom. At molecular level it renders the vortical structures of molecules for all possible compositions of covalently bonded atoms.

From the UVS perspective, the elementary particle with a vortical tubular Möbius strip structure, is the gluon that carries the nuclear strong force to interact between quarks.

UVS predicates that gluon has a vortical tubular Möbius strip structure that carries nuclear strong force to interact between quarks.

In macrocosms, the VTMSS renders the undulating vortical nucleus structure to undulate a planetary system with its barycenter of the heliosphere, a stellar system with its black hole of the star cluster, a galactic system with its supermassive black hole of the galaxy, a galaxy supercluster and all the way to the CMBR dipole with their vortical gravitational singularities manifested in the vortical universe.

The vortical universe is all in one, and one in all.” - UVS inspired -

A unisonal vortex of aether corpuscles has two stroke of vortical spin to complete as one integral spin, its inhaling and vortically culminative vortex makes one half-integral spin in the non-material phase of void, its exhaling and vortically distributive vortrex makes the other half-integral spin in the material phase of condensed vortical fields of an all-pervasive aether, which renders quarks the properties of half-integral spin and its invariant mass with the aether vortical motion of the universe.

UVS predicates that invariant mass of matters is transferred from the half-integral spin of aether corpuscle in the material phase with condensed vortical fields of an all-pervasive aether.

From the UVS perspective, elementary fermions and composite femions, are the matters manifested with the half-integral spins of their subatomic unisonal vortices, which are the material phase of their four-dimensional vortical substructures perceived in the three-dimensional objective reality. And leptons are vortically coalesced from antiquarks in their two-body systems with their manifested Lagrangian points in its hypersphere.

UVS predicates that fermions are vortically formed with the half-integral spins of their subatomic vortices in the material phase with condensed vortical fields of an all-pervasive aether.

UVS predicates that leptons are vortically coalesced with their manifested Lagrangian points of antiquarks in their hyperspheres of two-body system.

And bosons with full integral spins are vortically coalesced hypersphere structures of aether corpuscles that are resonated with their encapsulating spheroidal unisonal vortices.

UVS predicates that bosons are vortically coalesced structures of hypersphere that are resonated with the full integral spins of condensed aether corpuscles.

In the UVS worldview, aether vortical motion of the universe with a torus-shaped nested 137-sphere manifests aether as inviscid aether corpuscles, are all pervasive in three spatial space, and vortical spin fusion coalesces resonated aether corpuscles as quarks and antiquarks, which vortically form as hardons and leptons. Hardons are forms as mesons and baryons, which baryons in vortical spin fusion with leptons vortically coalesce as atoms with manifested atomic nuclei and electrons. Atoms resonated in aether vortical motion further form as molecules, which are then coalesced by covalent bond to form all sorts of chemical compound. Aether vortical motion in an all-pervasive inviscid aetheric medium renders the strong nuclear force, weak nuclear force, electromagnetic force, and gravitational force in nature with its vortical spin fusion of aether corpuscles.

From the UVS perspective, vortically formed aether corpuscles in resonance of aether vortical motion in the vortical universe, vortically manifest subatomic particles, which vortically coalesce as hydrogen atoms, which then vortically consolidate as all types of heavier atom, and thus vortically bond as all sorts of chemical compound.

The hypersphere of a 3-sphere system that is manifested with a unisonal vortex in three-spatial space, is a higher dimensional 4D spheroidal structure that immerses in a three-dimensional world. Any motion induced in a resonated and quantized medium encapsulated in such field effect of 4D spheroids with integral-spin, can thus have the characteristics of inviscid viscosity, infinite vorticity, and zero resistivity in the 3D reality.

See externally linked topic on "Physicists have figured out how to create matter and antimatter using light", "Superfluid", "Bose-Einstein condensate", and "Superconductor", these are matters that have the physical properties of inviscid, infinite vorticity, and zero resistance. Watch a video clip on "Alfred Leitner - Liquid Helium II the Superfluid" that demonstrates natural perpetual motion of liquid helium II as a superfluid with zero viscosity.

See UVS topics on "Vortical structure of tri-bipolar monopole systems" that illustrates how natural effects can render all sorts of geometric structure for vortically coalesced matters, "Unisonal evolution mechanism" for an illustration on how the structures of atom could be formed, and "Cosmic evolution of stars and galaxies" that illustrates the vortical formation of physical structures.

See externally linked topic on "Kelvin's vortex theory of the atom" that depicts an atom as a trefoil knot in the microcosm, “Charvatova Cycle” that illustrates the trefoil paths for the barycenter of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn in the macrocosm, "Torus" that illustrates with an animation for the structural transformations of a torus-shaped structure, and "NASA Announces Results of Epic Space-Time Experiment" that reports on NASA had confirmed that fundamentally there is a spacetime vortex around the Earth.

Watch a video clip on "EPIC: Einstein's 4-D Time Theory Confirmed by NASA" that elaborates on 4D spacetime vortex, and "Waves in a Large Free Sphere of Water" that shows interesting resonance experiments done in space.

Note: Despite standard terminologies were used herein for subatomic particles defined with the standard model, UVS posits space and time are invariants, and an all-pervasive inviscid medium of aether corpuscles in vortical motion exists in the universe; this is a fundamental level paradigm shift from the modern physics that posits space and time are variants with a void empty space.

 

The Zome illustrations on the geometry of atomic nucleus

See Unclear2Nuclear that demonstrated the many mystifying paradoxical aspects of the nucleus are answered via self-generating facets of the geometric model presented by Jerry Montgomery (Ph.D) and Rondo Jeffery (Ph.D).

“Jerry and Rondo are trained physicists that have taught, worked with and used the concepts of physics for 40+ years each, and both had studied the nucleus off and on for most of those 40 years.”, "During one of our discussions WE HAD AN AWAKENING. And in a moment everything we had been taught and believed about the nucleus changed and changed substantially." - Excerpts from OCKHAM of Unclear2Nuclear.

Ultimately Stable Nuclear Structure is Primarily about Balance.- Jerry Montgomery and Rondo Jeffery

See an externally linked topic on "Nuclear Anomalies" that elaborates and addresses more than twenty anomalies of nuclear structure.

The black nodes represent “UP” quarks, with a +2/3 charge.

The white nodes represent “DOWN” quarks, with a -1/3 charge.
The proton is represented by two “UP” quarks, (black nodes, charge +4/3) connected to one “DOWN” quark, (white node, charge -1/3) by blue struts, that has an over all charge of the proton is positive one.
The neutron is represented by two “DOWN” quark, (white nodes, charge -2/3) connected to an “UP” quark, (black node, charge +2/3) by white struts, over all charge of the neutron is zero.

A proton and neutron can form a deuteron by stacking their three quark structures one on top of the other as shown. A proton with two up quarks positioned so their magnetic dipoles are opposite each other. The neutron is over lain with its two down quarks positioned so the magnetic dipoles are coupled with the magnetic fields from the protons up quarks. That leaves the down quark in the proton aligned with the up quark in the neutron. All the electric and magnetic dipole fields are now configured for maximum coupling but for the deuteron the spin is not balanced. There are two nucleons and six quarks, three up and three down. In this configuration the spins and magnetic dipoles are not totally offset.

Helium4 or the alpha particle is a very balanced particle, with all the magnetic fields aligned and electric charges in an optimal position with respect to each other. The triangular configuration of three quarks in the protons and neutrons creates an alpha particle that is a flattened six sided structure elongated along one axis. This ZOME model illustrates the six sided structure of the alpha particle. This six sided form is the dominant shape that controls the basic structure of the nuclear lattice. The black nodes represent up quarks and the white nodes represent down quarks. The nodes connected with blue struts represent two protons, and the nodes connected with white struts represent two neutrons. The yellow and red struts used here represent the electrical and other cross connections between the quarks contained in the protons and neutrons.

Deuteron

Alpha particle

See an externally linked Unclear2Nuclear topic on "Neutron-Neutron, Proton-Proton, verses Proton-Neutron (Deuteron) Enigma Explained" for further elaboration.

"The first significant nuclear components are the protons and neutrons. The second essential nuclear component is the alpha particle, and the third nuclear component is the carbon12 ring. These are all nuclear lattice structures that are built around the interactions of electromagnetic fields associated with the up and down quarks. All nuclear structures revolve around protons and neutrons but are ultimately built around electromagnetic interaction of the foundation particles, quarks, and their location in the protons and neutrons.

This is the carbon ring or carbon12 and the structure of this 12-nucleon ring becomes the second perceptual structure in the nucleus right behind the alpha particle. Generally a neutron is added before a proton because of the over all positive charge on the nucleus. To this point the nucleus grows one neutron followed by one proton at a time. This continues for two more nuclei while the second carbon ring gets started." - Excerpts from Unclear2Nuclear.

From the UVS perspective, the above zome illustrations for the subatomic structures of proton, neutron, deuteron, alpha particle, and carbon 12, are coherent with the UVS atomic nucleus model.

If you can't explain it to a six year old, you don't really understand it. - Richard Feynman

Zome is used in over 6,000 schools and institutions across the US. It is used in grades 1 through the university level to help teach algebra, scale, number sense, symmetry, proportion, geometry, DNA structure, trigonometry, and more. Zome is based on a version of the 61-zone structural system which includes purely mathematical models from tilings to hyperspace projections, as well as molecular models of quasicrystals and fullerenes, and architectural space frame structures. Zome's balls (nodes) and struts let you build models within the 61-zone system which lifts the study of these objects off the flat page and literally puts it into the hands of students.

~ With special thanks to Dean Ward (aka junglelord of Thunderbolts Forum) for his posts on Unclear2Nuclear in Thunderbolts Forum for a thread on "Geometry of the Nucleus".

 

Nucleosynthesis in the universe - vortical spin fusion

In the UVS worldview, elementary particles are vortically coalesced and evolved in the resonated aether vortical motion of the universe, and then vortically consolidate as subatomic particles in the all-pervasive field by the vortical gravitational singularities of planetary system, star system, galaxy, galaxy cluster, supercluster, and so forth within their largest nested vortical spheroidal structures in a closed system.

See UVS topics on"Vortical evolution of elementary, subatomic and atomic particles" for further elaboration on vortical nucleosynthesis in the universe, "Vortical elementary and subatomic particles" that elaborates on the emergence of subatomic particles, "Other vortical phenomena of the Sun" that elaborates on emission of elementary particles from the Sun, "The vortical motion of Sun" that illustrates a causality for the assembly of chemical elements by vortical spin fusion in the cores of stars, "The cometary craters and the creation of chemical elements in the comet" that elaborate on disintegrations and integrations of chemical elements within the planetary system, and "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on vortical motion in the microcosms.

All matters in the universe are impelled by aether vortical motion
to maintain integrity for their resonated structural forms, and they are
coalesced by the vortical spin fusion of aether with repulsion effect.
- UVS inspired -

From the UVS perspective, light could not escape the gravitational force of a black hole, infers the carriers of light wave have the property of mass, and they could be interacted. Although light wave propagating in the corpuscles of light (the quantas of luminiferous aether) is weightless like sound wave, these aether corpuscles of light after having entered the event horizon, are pushed-in toward the black hole faster than light wave could propagate out, hence light could not escape the black hole.

Based on the UVS model, with aether vortical motion manifested in a vortical universe that is filled with an all-pervasive medium of aether corpuscles, clusters of minute vortical gravitational singularities in the medium could spawn, and could therefore form quarks and then coalesce them as protons. The manifested protons gyrate around their supermassive black holes, and thus could vortically spawn electrons at the L2 Lagrangian points of the protons with differential spin, and the hydrogen atoms could thus be created; hydrogen atoms could be formed by their supermassive black holes with such a vortical spin fusion process.


Hydrogen atom

In reactive centrifugal force of the vortical gravitational singularities with repulsion force, the hydrogen atoms that have overcome their escape velocities, are thus spun out at high speed and scattered into their interstellar space.


The five Lagrangian points illustration

UVS predicates that hydrogen atoms in the universe are formed in manifested vortical gravitational singularities by coalescing protons as atomic nuclei with their spawned electrons.

See a UVS section on "The phenomenon of solar wind" that elaborates on how solar winds are radiated from the Sun with the reactive centrifugal forces emanated from the vortical motion of photosphere.

See externally linked reports on "Supermassive black holes emit incredible amounts of hydrogen gas at astounding rates" that elaborates on supermassive black holes were observed to be emitting cold gases into the interstellar space of their galaxies, "The First Image Ever of a Hydrogen Atom's Orbital Structure", and "Scientists discover how to turn light into matter after 80-year quest".

The empirically observed emission of hydrogen atoms from supermassive black holes, is a strong evidence for hydrogen atoms are coalesced by the vortical spin fusion of the supermassive black holes. And heuristically, these cold hydrogen atoms are vortically radiated from the supermassive black hole as galactic winds.

From the UVS perspective, the vortical spin fusion of hydrogen atoms could render nucleosynthesis in the vortical universe to form all types of heavier chemical element as they possibly could with resonated aether vortical motion. And it can also impel the atomic creation process of stellar nucleosynthesis and supernova nucleosynthesis to harmonically create chemical elements of various periodic cycles and element groups with resonated spiral motions in a nested spiral structure.

UVS predicates that nucleosynthesis in the universe is caused by vortical spin fusion of atoms in manifested vortical gravitational singularities with resonated aether vortical motion.

 

The UVS periodic table model of a Klein bottle topology, is a modeling of elements that comprehensively and coherently shows with intricate details on the spiral groupings of 120 chemical elements at 18 angular phases in 8 integral periodic cycles. In essence, this topology outlined a nested dual-core torus-shaped structure. The insertion on top left illustrates how the nested spiral topological path, is intrinsically connected in its differential dual-core configuration for the 6th and 7th periodical cycles.

Most essentially, it elucidates the foundation for the structure of the standard periodic table; this is how elements with the same type of valence electron configuration are systematically configured in a nested toroidal structure. It comprehensively and coherently shows the spiral formation for the periodic blocks of elements, as in the periodic structures and topologies for s-block, d-block, and p-block in the cyclonic cycle, and f-block in the anti-cyclonic cycle. The illustrated 18 angular phases are corresponded to the 18 groups of elements in the standard periodic table, and the periodic cycles are corresponded to the periods.

See a UVS topic on "Supervoid" that elaborates on the empirically observed cosmic hyperspheres where superclusters are systematically organized.

See also an externally linked topic on "Newly Identified Galactic Supercluster Clarifies the Boundaries of Our Galactic Neighborhood" that reports on Milky Way is part of a newly identified galactic supercluster, and a video clip on "Laniakea:Our home supercluster".

From the UVS perspective, the empirically observed filamentary structures of superclusters, are formed and organized with vortical pinches and spiral Möbius strip topological twists of nested cosmic dual-core hyperspheres.



Filaments of a supercluster

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the vortical spin fusion of elements that manifests in a nested vortical arrangement, is with the heavier elements vortically impelled by the stronger culmination of angular momentum transferred from deeper inside the nested spheroidal unisonal vortex core of a cosmic vortical system. Hypothetically, the vortically resonated and coalesced elements, are then vortically consolidated by its vortrex in a nested folded back manner, and thus are characterized in their respective periodical cycles in the almost flattened nested accretion disk of its cosmic vortical system, or its intergalactic vortical system. The vortically manifested heavier elements are therefore arranged in the outer periodical cycles of the nested accretion disk in a folded back manner, and the lighter elements are arranged in the inner periodical cycles.

Despite everything is in the universe, the universe is in everything. - UVS inspired -

 

This UVS periodic table model of a dual-core Möbius strip topology, with an angular tweak on the anti-cyclonic cycle for separating the f-block cycles for its analysis, is a pried opened Klein bottle topology.

It explicitly illustrates how the 2 angular phases of the inversely formed s-block (1st, 2nd spiral groups) cycles, and the adjoining 6 angular phases of the p-block (13th to 18th spiral groups) cycles, are spirally organised in one nested half-integral cycle of the cyclonic core, and the 10 angular phases of the d-block (3rd to 12th spiral groups) cycles, are spirally organised in the other nested cyclonic half-integral cycle. And it also shows how the 14 f-block elements in the 6th and 7th periodical cycles are spirally organised in the anti-cyclonic cycles of the dual-core Möbius strip topology.

From the UVS perspective, the perceived periodic blocks in the periodic table model, are structurally correlated to the atomic structures of electron shells and subshells. And it is a fact that the periodicity of elements, categorized by their periodic blocks, are intrinsically correlated with the atomic subshells.

One distinct feature of this periodic table model, is on the cyclonic path that begins from the core of the cyclonic cycle, is started at a point of vortical singularity at the zero periodical cycle, made a 360° spiral turn and then reach the elemental position of hydrogen at the 1st periodical cycle in the 1st angular phase. The arbitrarily illustrated periodic separator, is where the periodicity of periodic cycles complete their 360° spiral turn in the cyclonic cycle, and then begin their next higher periodic cycles.

And this coherently illustrates how hydrogen is in the 1st angular phase, and despite helium has no electron in the p-subshell, as a noble gas with closed electron shell, it is categorically an 18th period element. In the spiral topology, with reference to the standard periodic table, it coherently illustrates there are no elemental positions at the 2nd to 17th angular phases in the 1st periodical cycle, and there are also no elemental positions in the full d-block cycle at the 3rd to 12th angular phases in the 2nd and 3rd periodical cycles.

In the Klein bottle topology as illustrated with its 8th periodical cycle, it is coherent to suggest that after the s-block cycle with 2 elements formed in the 8th periodical cycle, the topological path continues to spiral around the outer anti-cyclonic f-block cycle that could harmonically form 14 elements.

And then subjected to the spiral Möbius strip topological twist in its path, it could resonate to form 4 elements at the 17th, 18th, 1st, and 2nd angular phases of the anti-cyclonic core; this would render the 18 elements for the hypothetical g-block cycle in the entire half-integral anti-cyclonic cycle of the Klein bottle topology. Hypothetically, the topological path has then transited into the cyclonic cycle, and then harmonically forms its d-block and p-block cycles with 16 elements to complete the 8th periodical cycle with a total of 36 elements.


See externally linked topic on "Extended periodic table" that theorizes about elements beyond element 118.

The topology of this UVS periodic table model also illustrates how the s-subshells of atoms are arranged in an inverse manner that correlates with the arrangement of s-subshells, which is coherent with the UVS atomic model, and shows the higher periodic cycles s-block elements are nearer to the core in the cyclonic cycle than lower periodic cycles s-block elements; the s-block cycle of the 1st periodical cycle is the outermost nested s-block cycle from the point of the cyclonic vortical singularity among all other s-block cycles of higher periodic cycles.

Between the 2nd and 3rd angular phases, and 18th and 1st angular phases, apparently there are two vortical pinch effects as a result of the spiral twists of the s-block cycles, which are correlated to the manifested vortical column structure in the inner nested torus-shaped electron shell.

In the UVS worldview, this UVS periodic table model intuitively shows that an underlying universal vortical mechanism in the macrocosm, which is the aether vortical motion of the universe that undulates and governs the characteristics and properties of chemical elements for all its vortically formed nested microcosms. The vortical pinches of spiral paths are apparently the resonated effects of nested vortical column rendered by the aether vortical motion of the universe.

Inversely arranged
inner subshells

An illustration for nested electron shells

UVS predicates that the structures for the subshells and electron shells of an atom in microcosms are impelled and undulated by the aether vortical motion of the universe.

See a UVS topic on "The vortical universe model of UVS" that elaborates on a torus-shaped hypersphere of 137-sphere formed in the macrocosm, is resonated in the microcosms.

From the UVS perspective, all types of atom are resonated to coalesce at various periodic cycles and angular phases by vortical motion in a universal spiral topology.

UVS predicates that all types of atom are resonated to coalesce at various periodic cycles and angular phases by vortical motion in a universal spiral topology.

All types of atom are resonated to coalesce at various periodical cycles and
angular phases by vortical motion in a universal spiral topology.
- UVS inspired

Heuristically, the intrinsic vortical pinch effect between the 2nd and 3rd angular phases for heavier elements in the higher 6th and 7th periodical cycles, as perceived with this UVS periodic table model, have overcome the angular momentum of the cyclonic cycle for its forth going topological paths. And these topological paths thus spirally form the nested f-block cycle in the anti-cyclonic cycles from a harmonically manifested differential core, and then the topological paths in the anti-cyclonic cycles are reconnected to the cyclonic cycles after the Möbius strip topological twist; these differential spiral paths render the dual-core Möbius strip topology.

As illustrated, the Möbius strip topological twist occurs between the differential dual-core cycles, is formed with the 6th periodic cycle between the positions of element 70 and 71, and the 7th periodic cycle between the positions of element 102 and 103.

Critically, the UVS periodic table model indubitably illustrates how the 30 lanthanides and the actinides have stemmed out with the vortical pinch from the cyclonic cycles at the 2nd angular phase, then form 28 elements in 2 anti-cyclonic f-block cycles that asymmetrically correspond with the angular phases of the cyclonic core. And with the intrinsic Möbius strip topological twist, and the manifestation of the remaining 2 elements of the 30 lanthanides and actinides, the two spiral paths are seamlessly reconnected to the cyclonic core.

A critical deviation in the UVS periodic table model as compared with the standard periodic table, is the transiting elemental position of element 71, as illustrated with the dual-core Möbius strip topology, and with one valence electron in the 5d subshell, lutetium is topologically and categorically a group 3 element instead of a group 17 element as stated in the standard periodic table of IUPAC. And lawrencium with one valence electron in the 7p subshell, could topologically and categorically (by electronic configuration) be a group 17 element, as well as it is a group 3 element as stated in the modern IUPAC periodic table.

Noteworthily, this periodic table model comprehensively shows two distinct segments of chemical element in the d-block and f-block that violate the Madelung's rule, as in the actual electronic configurations of atoms, and the order of filling electrons in atomic orbitals. And evidently, for the elements of the d-block cycles with electron configuration anomalies, they are preferentially filling electrons in their d-block orbitals by not filling electrons in their supposedly lower energy level s-block orbitals. For the segment of f-block cycle that mirrors the d-block cycle, all those f-block elements with electron configuration anomalies, are preferentially and partially filling electrons in their d-block orbitals.

And for 8 elements in the segment of anti-cyclonic f-block cycles that mirrors the cyclonic p-block cycles, with fully filled 5f orbitals, like the p-block elements, they have no anomalies for their electronic configuration or the order of filling electrons in atomic orbitals.

The numbers of element segregated in the nested s-block (2), p-block (6), d-block (10), and f-block (14) cycles of the UVS periodic table model, correspond to the numbers of electron segregated in the nested s (2), p (6), d (10), and f (14) subshells of the UVS atomic model, suggests element creations are linked to a nested dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere structure with vortical manifestations of Lagrangian points.

All theoretical chemistry is really physics; and all theoretical chemists know it. - Galileo Galilei

See externally linked topics on "Walter Russell's Periodic Chart of The Elements 1", "Walter Russell's Periodic Chart of The Elements 2", "Scholten period table in spiral format", "Nodder's Periodic Table", "Periodic Table formulations" for more illustrations of spiral periodic table presented from 1900 -1949, and an interactive dynamic periodic table that illustrates the atomic orbitals of elements.

 

The spiral order for filling of electrons in atomic orbitals

According to the standard periodic table, for the first 20 chemical elements in the first three periods, 24 chemical elements in the 4th to 6th periods of 1st, 2nd, 13th to 18th groups, and 8 chemical elements in the 6th to 7th periods of 13th to 18th groups, these 52 elements follow the order of filling electrons in atomic orbitals as described with the aufbau principle and Madelung rule. Whereas for 52 chemical elements in the 4th to 7th period of the 3rd to 12th groups in the d-block and the f-block, with their known experimental configurations and orders for filling of electron orbitals, they are known to be following the order approximately with anomalies, which have peculiarities that are more or less subjected to the groups they are in.

As can be perceived with the UVS periodic table model of a dual-core Möbius strip topology, it is discernable that the known anomalies for the 52 elements, are collectively located in the two half-integral cycle d-blocks in the cyclonic core and the anti-cyclonic core. This infers the electronic configurations, and the order of filling electrons in atomic orbitals, are intrinsically subjected to the underlying structure and mechanism of the differential dual-core spiral topology.

See externally linked topic on "Other exceptions to Madelung's rule" that highlighted the chemical elements with electron shells filled in violation of Madelung's rule, "Dysprosium electron configuration" that elaborates on its anomaly for orbital filling sequence, "Gallium Quick Reference" that illustrates on its anomaly for orbital filling sequence, and "The trouble with the aufbau principle" that elaborates on the anomalies of the order for filling electron orbitals.

The approximate order of filling electrons in the atomic orbitals, as described with the aufbau principle and Madelung rule, is in the order of:

1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p, 5s, 4d, 5p, 6s, 4f, 5d, 6p, 7s, 5f, 6d, 7p, and 8s.

For example, according to the Madelung rule, the 4s orbital (n + l = 4 + 0 = 4) is occupied before the 3d orbital (n + l = 3 + 2 = 5), it then predicts the configuration of 29Cu to be [Ar18]4s23d9, but the experimental electronic configuration of the copper atom is [Ar18]4s13d10.

The filling of atomic orbitals
according to the Madelung rule.

And the configuration of 24Cr is predicted to be [Ar18]4s23d4, but chromium takes the electronic configuration of [Ar18]4s13d5. Also, according to the orbital energy sequence of conventional wisdom, it states that the final electron to enter the atom of scandium is a 3d electron, which apparently has the correctly predicted electronic configuration of [Ar18]4s23d1 for 21Sc, but experiments indicate that the 3d orbital is filled before the 4s orbital.

 

s
p
d
f
g
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
5
7
4
6
8
10
13
5
9
11
14
17
21
6
12
15
18
7
16
19
8
20
Orbital energy sequence
with the Madelung rule

The chemical elements in the 11th spiral group of various periodic cycles, demonstrate that the nested electron shell in this particular phase, has higher-energy orbitals at the p-subshells than the s-subshells of their higher valence shells. For example, for the atom of gold, its experimental electronic configuration of [Xe54]4f145d106s1, demonstrated higher orbital energy at the 6s subshell of the 6th shell, as compared to the 4f subshell of the 4th shell, and the 5d subshell of the 5th shell, which violates the Madelung rule; the final electron had entered the atom of gold in its 6s subshell after its 4f and 5d subshells are filled.

The Janet's shell-filling diagram presented in November 1930, was published six years before the inception of the Madelung rule. Janet uses Bohr's radial quantum number, k, which is l+1, and in the text he formulates the n+k-1 rule. This comprehensive order of filling electrons in the atomic orbitals, is apparently based on a simple spiral motion as its fundamental principle.

In the UVS worldview, these asymmetry electron configurations of different periods in their groups, are apparently the manifestations of spiral harmonics by aether vortical motion in these atoms for their resonated nested 3-sphere electron shells. And for those atoms with electronic configuration anomalies, they are apparently caused by the twists of Möbius strip topology in their integral cycles, which thus have manifested the anomalies on their electron shells with disrupted orbital energy in their angular phases.

From the UVS perspective, the structures for the inversely arranged subshells, and nested torus-shaped electron shells of an atom, are intrinsically correlated with the periodic blocks of elemental creation. Thus, the anomalies on how some subshells are preferentially filled and ionised, as well as the other peculiar anomalies, could be resolved with the underlying vortical mechanism better understood.

Heuristically, the nested 3-sphere electron shell of all atoms is intrinsically and dynamically governs by its underlying vortical mechanism, which coalesces all sorts of chemical elements at different angular phases in a manifold differential dual-core spiral spin with an internal cyclonic topology, and an external anti-cyclonic topology.



Janet's shell-filling diagram published in 1930

From the UVS perspective, the transition metals harmonically formed with a peculiar spiral twist of the dual-core Möbius strip topology in the 11th spiral group of various periodic cycles, which are copper (29Cu: [Ar18]3d104s1), silver (47Ag: [Kr36]4d105s1), and gold (79Au: [Xe54]4f145d106s1), they each have an electron hole just next to their atomic nuclei by having only one electron occupying the valence s-subshell, and all their outer d-subshells are fully filled to the maximum capacity with 10 electrons each.

Apparently, the atoms with such electron configuration of valence shell in the group 11 element at around room temperature, are having a most electrically balanced circumstance for transferring electric charge with this peculiar electron hole arrangement; such a peculiar electron hole in the subshell is apparently the primary factor that renders these metals as better electrical conductors.

The water molecule is totally lacked of electron hole, and it is known that water by itself it is not a good electrical conductor, this is despite water sometimes can conduct electricity with dissolved minerals.

With generalization for the order of filling electrons in the atomic orbitals for copper, silver and gold of the 11th spiral group, apparently these elements are following a peculiar order of spiral topology. And as a rule of thumb for the spiral filling sequence of the 11th spiral group, it can be consistently described with the putative order of increasing n x 3 + k. Where n is the periodic cycle, and k is the arbitrary of -2, -1, 0.5, 1.5, and 4.5 for s, p, d, f and g subshell respectively; the orbitals are filled in the order of increasing n x 3 + k.

As illustrated with the order of filling of electron orbitals for the 11th spiral group elements with a peculiar spiral topology, or the table for the orbital energy sequence tabulated with the spiral thumb rule, they both give the following order for filling the orbitals:

1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 3d, 4s, 4p, 4d, 5s, 4f, 5p, 5d, 6s, 5f, 6p, 6d, 7s, and 5g.

Filling sequence according to the rule for spiral Möbius strip topology.
s
p
d
f
g
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
5
6
4
7
8
9
11
5
10
12
13
15
19
6
14
16
17
7
18
Orbital energy sequence tabulated with the rule for the 11th spiral group.

Note: The 5g subshell of atomic element, hitherto has never been empirically observed. And the UVS periodic table model, is referenced to the standard periodic table for its established terminologies.

The order for filling of electron orbitals for the Madelung rule and the spiral thumb rule, is similar for the first 18 elements until the electron configuration of argon, and from thereon it starts to deviate. Thus, for the chemical element Roentgenium (111Rg), instead of the [Rn86]5f14 6d9 7s2 electronic configuration as predicted by the Madelung rule, according to the spiral thumb rule that fits the known electronic configuration for the elements of the 11th spiral group, it is thus deliberated as [Ar18]3d104s24p64d105s24f145p65d106s25f146p66d107s1.

The Bohr model for the copper atom as illustrated, postulates that its 4s subshell with one electron in the 4th electron shell, is farthermost from its atomic nucleus.

The UVS atomic model inversely contrasts with the Bohr model for its postulated atomic structure of electron shell, particularly, the arrangement of the s-subshells.


Bohr model
of copper: 29Cu


Inner subshells of UVS atomic model

Based on the UVS atomic model, the s-subshells of 1s, 2s, 3s, 4s, and so forth, are the inner walls of the torus-shaped nested electron shells.

They are arranged in an inverse manner with the 1s subshell formed furthermost away from the atomic nucleus, and the 4s subshell is being the nearest to the atomic nucleus among these illustrated subshells.


Torus-shaped
nested electron shells

According to the spiral thumb rule for the orbital energy sequence of the 11th spiral group, the copper atom with the shell configuration of K2L8M18N1, fills the last electron in the 4s subshell on the inner wall of the N electron shell, which is manifested nearest to its atomic nucleus among all the other subshells in its nested electron shell. And the electronic configuration of 29Cu predicted as [Ar18]3d104s1 with the spiral topology, matches its experimental electronic configuration.


Electronic configuration of
29Cu: 1s22s22p63s23p63d104s1.

Note: the UVS atomic model is not drawn to scale with the exact structural details.

See a table of information for the Lagrangian points of the UVS atomic model that tabulates the spawned Lagrangian points in the structure of a nested electron shell.

The order of filling of electron orbitals for the 11th spiral group elements with the suggested spiral thumb rule, is also valid for the first three elements of the 12th spiral group in the same p-block integral cycle, which their experimental electronic configurations are known.

From the UVS perspective, the other spiral groups in the p-block cyclonic and anti-cyclonic integral cycles, the electronic configurations and orders of filling of electron orbitals with how some s-subshells are not preferentially or partially filled, they obviously are following other deviated sets of rules in the manifold dual-core system, which are subjected to their angular phases in the integral cycles in composite resonance frequencies of their undulating nested torus-shaped structures.

Heuristically, the not preferentially or partially filling of the valence s-subshell for some elements, could be systematically and rationally explained with harmonically diffused spiral sub-orbitals of their atomic orbitals, and it is a fact that electron has its own sub-orbitals. Using the UVS periodic table model of a manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology as a reference for the nested spiral fractals of atomic sub-orbitals, it is plausible that for those d-block elements formed around the 2nd cyclonic core with partially filled valence s-subshells, such as niobium and nickel, their diffused spiral sub-orbitals could spirally detour at midways to fill electrons in the s-subshells, and then spirally enroute back to fill electrons in their valence d-subshells.

Also, according to the UVS atomic model, the anti-cyclonic L2 Lagrangian point conserves its angular momentum from the cyclonic nucleus, has lower energy level than the cyclonic L1 Lagrangian point in the same subshell. The two pairs L4 and L5 Lagrangian points, their energy level are higher than the L1 and L2 Lagrangian points in the same subshell. And the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested from the harmonic cores at the primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points instead of from the nucleus, such as the 3d-7 and 3d-9 Lagrangian points in the 3d subshell, their energy level is higher than those L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested from the nucleus, such as the 3d-6 and 3d-10 Lagrangian points.

Based on the UVS atomic model, the L2 Lagrangian point L2-4s manifested on the 4s subshell, is also the L3 Lagrangian point of 3d-3 and L2 Lagrangian points, and for some elements at some angular phases, it demonstrates lower energy level than the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of the 3d-3 and L2 Lagrangian points, which are labeled as 3d-2 and 3d-4 respectively.

And for some elements formed at some angular phases in the 4th to 6th periodical cycles, such as the nickel and platinum atoms, their anti-cyclonic L2 Lagrangian points in the s-subshells, evidently are demonstrating lower energy level than the cyclonic L4 and L5 Lagrangian points that are manifested from the nuclei. And in some cases, such as the scandium and yttrium atoms, evidently, their anti-cyclonic L4 Lagrangian points in the valence d-subshells that are manifested from the nuclei, have lower energy level than the cyclonic L1 Lagrangian points in the valence s-subshells; the single electrons in the valence d-subshells are not the last filled electrons. These subtle deviations of energy levels for some elements at some angular phases, would have caused the subshells of these atoms to be partially filled in different spiral topological orders for filling their electron orbitals with sub-orbitals.

From the UVS perspective, the order of filling of electron orbitals for iron after its argon configuration, in the spirally twisted d-block cycle of the dual-core spindle torus spiral topology, hypothetically could be spirally filling the six valence electrons in the order of 3d-3, 3d-8, 3d-1, 3d-6, 3d-5, and 3d-10 Lagrangian points first in the 3d subshell, which are the six harmonics of the six Lagrangian points in the 3p subshell, then goes on to preferentially fill the electron pair in the 4s subshell.

This spiral order for filling the electron orbitals of element 26Fe, coherently renders its electronic configuration of [Ar18]3d64s2, which is its experimental electronic configuration.

However, the actual order of filling of electron orbitals in the 3p and 4s subshells of element 26Fe, as demonstrated with other d-block elements in their half-integral cyclonic cycle, could be intrinsically spiraling in other sub-orbital orders filling electrons in between the 3p and 4s subshells.

Nonetheless, the UVS atomic model intuitively shows how the iron atom has 8 reactive valence electrons, with 3 pairs of 6 electrons exposed and scattered on the outer 3d subshell by the side of the torus-shaped electron shell, and 2 electrons from 4s subshell exposed diagonally at the top and the bottom on the inner N shell wall; the 3d and 4s subshells of iron atom are exposed subshells.


Electronic configuration of
26Fe: 1s22s22p63s23p63d64s2.

Watch a video clip on "Elemental Iron Energy" that demonstrates with experiments for how a configuration of electric magnetic generator with copper coil coiling around an iron shaft core, would significantly increase its magnetic field, and energy throughput could be significantly increased by harnessing magnetic repulsion and shear forces.

See external linked topics on "New process that harnesses heat energy could double efficiency of solar cells" that reports on how a PETE device made with cesium-coated gallium nitride could increase the energy conversion efficiency for solar cell to 55%, and "Iron-based superconductors" that elaborates on iron-containing compounds with superconducting properties.

In the UVS worldview, the asymmetric hypersphere of a nested 3-sphere electron shell with intrinsic cyclonic and anti-cyclonic spiral motions that undulates its nested subshells, and its peculiar arrangement of its s-subshells in the vortical column of torus-shaped nested electron shell, are apparently governing the order for how electrons with balanced arrangements, are filling the atomic orbitals by vortical spin fusion with the resonated two-axis aether vortical motion of the universe.

From the UVS perspective, the vortical spin fusion of chemical elements in the natural process of nucleosynthesis, are originated from the zero points of dual-core vortical singularity with extrinsic resonation of aether vortical motion in its manifold two-axis integral spin.

An illustration for
nested electron shells

A spheroid with
two rotational axes

No physical structure is not vortical in nature. - UVS inspired -

Ultimately, stable atomic structures are primarily about balancing with their vortical motion.

 

The causality of covalent bond and cohesive force

Based on the UVS model, molecules formed with all sorts of chemical elements, are vortical structures manifested with vortically coalesced atomic vortex clusters.

From the UVS perspective, the covalent bond of chemical elements is caused by the vortical merging of their valence shells with vortical spin fusion to form a manifold of external vortical structures in Möbius strip topology, which vortically coalesces the hypersphere electron shells of the covalently bonded atoms.


A Möbius strip illustration

UVS predicates that covalent bond of chemical elements is caused by the vortical spin fusion of their electron shells.

And as specified with the octet rule, a water molecule cannot effectively make covalent bond with four hydrogen atoms, is because its valence L shell with its 2s and 2p subshells, have had reached the maximum limit of eight electrons after it had already made covalent bond with two hydrogen atoms for sharing two electrons with the Möbius twists to fill its 2p subshell to its maximum capacity.

The relatively strong Coulomb force between molecules that renders each water molecule with the property of cohesion, which may make four hydrogen bonds to other water molecules in a tetrahedral configuration, is an effect of the charge polarization of the molecule caused by the arrangement of vortically merged electron shells of its covalently bonded oxygen atom with its two hydrogen atoms.

From the UVS perspective, this is the vortical mechanism that renders the cohesive force of the water molecules.


A tetrahedral
structure
of five H2O molecules.

Based on the UVS atomic model, it heuristically shows how a water molecule as illustrated, can be bonded by cohesive force to four other water molecules with its two positively exposed hydrogen shells, and its two nodes of accreting spinor fields perceived as two negatively charged electrons exposed on the oxygen shell. And with its overall balanced electron separation angles and hydrogen bonding angle of 109°28'16.39" (The tetrahedral angle is arccos{-1/3}), it thus forms the tetrahedral configuration for its molecular structure.

Perceivably, this shows how water molecules could actually form its geometrical tetrahedral structures with the balanced distribution of electrons on the valence shell of their oxygen atoms. And it also showed how the positioning of oscillating electrons are electrically balanced on all electron shells and subshells with their motions of intrinsic spin.



A 2D electric charge diagram of the UVS atomic model for a water molecule.

Note: This perception for the vortical structure of the water molecule based on the UVS atomic model, does not entail the exact details such as the van der Waals radius, or the covalent radius for its atomic and molecular geometry.

UVS predicates that the cohesion force of a molecule is a polarization charge effect caused by the arrangement of its chemical elements with vortically merged electron shells.

Ultimately, stable molecular structures are primarily about vortical balancing of charge.

See externally linked topics on "Molecular geometry" that elaborates on the three-dimensional arrangement of the atoms that constitute a molecule, "Molecular vibration" that elaborates on the typical frequencies of molecular vibrations, and "Water Decomposition by AC Electrolysis" that illustrates the bonding angle of the two hydrogen atoms with the oxygen atom in a water molecule was increased from 104° to 109°28' in a before and after treatment test.

See UVS subtopics on "Vortical elementary and subatomic particles" that elaborates on an underlying mechanism for rendering vortical push momentum with aetheric jets to cause similar electric charge substances to repel and different electric charge substances to coalesce, "Aetheric jet stream" that forms as magnetic field lines, and "Complex vortical structures" that illustrates the mechanism on how nature can form spheroidal and tetrahedral structures in the microcosms and macrocosms with the spinor fields of aether vortical motion.

 

- Enlarged image.

This UVS periodic table model of a manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, pried opened with an angular tweak on the anti-cyclonic cycle, it intricately illustrates the manifold dual-core features of its cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, and its anti-cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology.

It shows how these two differential paths in integral-cycles and half-integral cycles, are seamlessly connected in a manifold of nested dual-core topology with the vortical Möbius strip topological twist manifested in the nested torus-shaped hypersphere.

Most essentially, it intuitively resolves the integral cycle of the dual-core hypersphere topology.

Image at bottom right illustrates a closely bonded topological configuration with a reverted angular tweak on its anti-cyclonic hypersphere for closing back its anti-cyclonic cycles, and it shows how the manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology in the 6th and 7th periodical cycles, are intrinsically interwoven in a nested torus-shaped structure (side view).

In the UVS worldview, the topological cyclonic hypersphere and the anti-cyclonic hypersphere, are impelled and manifested by the vortical spin fusion of aether vortical motion, and they are encapsulated in a manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere system of the universe.

A nested torus-shape structure

Intrinsically interwoven topology

The vortical universe is all in one, and one in all.” - UVS inspired -

The manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, illustrates how the cyclonic path for element creation begins from the center of the 1st cyclonic core, is started at a point of vortical singularity at zero periodic cycle, made a 360° spiral turn of a half-integral cycle, and then reach the elemental position of hydrogen at the 1st periodical cycle in the 1st angular phase.

It then continues with another half-integral cycles in the cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, starting from the 1st angular phase, the cyclonic path makes another 360° round turn after passing the elemental position of helium at the 18th angular phase. In the two half-integral cycles of 360° round turn in 2nd and 3rd periodical cycles, it makes the s-block cycles from the 1st to 2nd angular phase, and the p-block cycles from the 13th to 18th angular phase.

Topologically, the vortical pinch effect in the s-cycles in the lower 2nd and 3th periodical cycles, apparently their spiral motion paths have overcome the angular momentum of the 1st cyclonic core after the 2nd angular phase, and thus are spiraling for 180° cycles around the 2nd cyclonic core for 3 angular phases (13th to 15th). And after the 15th angular phase, their spiral paths are then recaptured by the 1st cyclonic core for another 3 angular phases (16th to 18th).

Then in the continuous half-integral cycle of 360° round turn in the 4th periodical cycle that starts from the 3rd angular phase and ends at passing the 12th angular phase as illustrated, it makes the d-block cycles. Topologically, the vortical pinch effect in the s-cycles in the middle 4th and 5th periodical cycles, apparently their spiral motion paths have overcome the angular momentum of the 1st cyclonic core at a wider angle after the 2nd angular phase, and thus are spiraling for 360° cycles around the 2nd cyclonic core in the d-block cycles that form elements at its 10 angular phases in the 4th and 5th periodical cycles.

The illustrative diagram for the periodic blocks of the manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, is perceived in a reference frame that its cyclonic cycle is illustrated in clockwise direction. Nonetheless, cyclonic cycle is clockwise in one perspective, and anti-clockwise in the perspective of its opposite angular phase.

Critically, it shows the full integral cycle of the cyclonic d-block cycles in its half-integral cycle, and how this is mirrored in the anti-cyclonic f-block cycles.

It is perceivable that the 16th to 18th angular phases in the cyclonic dual-core hypersphere, are corresponded to the 6th to 8th angular phases of the 1st cyclonic core. And the 11th to 15th angular phases in the cyclonic dual-core hypersphere, are corresponded to the 1st to 5th angular phases of the 2nd cyclonic core.

Seemingly, the 11th angular phase in the cyclonic dual-core cycle, is the 1st angular phase of the 2nd cyclonic core.

And thus correspondingly, like the metals of group 11 element, all the elements in the 1st angular phase of the first cyclonic core also have such a peculiar electron hole in their s-subshells; such a peculiar electron hole in the s-subshell is apparently the primary factor that also renders these these group 1 elements as good electrical conductors. But unlike the group 11 elements with closed d-subshells, the alkali metals of group 1 elements with closed p-block valence subshells, have highly reactive homologous behavior.

See an externally linked topic on "Metallic hydrogen", and a video clip on "The Periodic Table" that elaborates and illustrates on the highly reactive group 1 element.

Categorically, in the cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere, the unknown state of matter for element 109, 110, and 111 in the 7 periodical cycle, are the half-integral cycle d-block transition metals formed around the 2nd cyclonic core.

All the chemical elements in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd periodical cycles, have no issues for their electronic configurations and orders of filling of orbitals.

All elements of transition metal in the 4th to 7th periodical cycles of the d-block cycles with known experimental electronic configurations, are known to have anomalies in either their electronic configurations, or their orders of filling of orbitals. And this includes 2 sets of 10 chemical elements in the 6th and 7th periodical cycles of the anti-cyclonic 3-sphere hypersphere topology for a segment of f-block cycle that mirrors the d-block cycle; the electronic configurations and orders of filling of orbitals for elements from these d-blocks should be following different sets of atomic orbital rules.

It is perceivable that the entire f-block elements formed in the 6th and 7th periodical cycles of the anti-cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, is partially formed in the integral cycle around its two anti-cyclonic cores. The topological path in the 6th periodical cycles routes back to the cyclonic path to form its d-block and p-block elements in the cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, and the topological path in the 7th periodical cycles routes back with a Möbius strip topological twist to the outer cyclonic path to form its d-block and p-block elements.

And for the 2 sets of 4 chemical elements in the f-block cycles that partially mirrors the p-block cycles at 13th to 16th angular phases, they have no known issues with their electronic configurations and orders of filling of orbitals. These p-block elements from the cyclonic hypersphere, and the anti-cyclonic hypersphere cycles, are apparently following the same set of atomic orbital rules for their electronic configurations and orders of filling of orbitals.

In a summary, the two UVS periodic table models are both significant in their own ways for what they are elucidating.

1. The UVS periodic table model of a Klein bottle topology elucidates on:

  • The foundation of the standard periodic table, which is how elements with the same type of valence electron configuration are arranged in a nested structure.
  • The origin of the 18 groups and 8 periods, as illustrated with the 18 angular phases and 8 periodic cycles.
  • The s-cycles of various periodic cycles are formed in an inverse nested manner with the 1st periodical cycle formed at the furthermost nested layer from the vortical singularity.
  • The 2 angular phases of the inversely formed s-block (1st, 2nd spiral groups), the 6 angular phases of p-block (13th to 18th spiral groups), and the 10 angular phases of the d-block (3rd to 12th spiral groups), are manifested in the cyclonic half-integral cycle, and the 14 angular phases of the f-block are manifested in the anti-cyclonic half-integral cycle of the dual-core Möbius strip topology.
  • Helium with closed electron shell, is categorically an 18th period element.
  • Lutetium (71Lu) with one valence electron in the 5d subshell, is topologically and categorically the element of group 3 instead of group 17.
  • Lawrencium (103Lr) with one valence electron in the 7p subshell, could topologically and categorically (by electronic configuration) be a group 17 element, as well as it can be categorized as a group 3 element.
  • Two distinct segments of chemical elements in the d-block and f-block cycles violate the Madelung's rule. Evidently, for the elements of the d-block cycles with electron configuration anomalies, they are preferentially filling electrons in their d-block orbitals by not filling electrons in their supposedly lower energy level s-block orbitals. For the segment of f-block cycle that mirrors the d-block cycle, all those f-block elements with electron configuration anomalies, are preferentially and partially filling electrons in their d-block orbitals.
  • The elements that do not have issues with their electronic configurations and order of filling of orbitals, are the s-block and p-block elements from the cyclonic cycles, the 8 elements from the anti-cyclonic f-block cycles mirrors the cyclonic p-block cycle
  • The empirically observed filaments of superclusters in the macrocosms, are correlated with the Klein bottle topology of a dual-core hypersphere for element creations in the microcosms.

2. The UVS periodic table model of a manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology elucidates on:

  • The 8 angular phases in the 1st cyclonic core, and the 10 angular phases in the 2nd -cyclonic core cycle, which make up the 18 angular phases in the cyclonic dual-core cycle where chemical elements are manifested in various periodic cycles.
  • The resolution for the integral cycle of the dual-core Möbius strip topology, which is intrinsically rendered by a nested dual-core cycle.
  • The p-block cycles where all the elements of transitional metal are in, is in the transitional half-integral cycles of the cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, which starts from the 3rd angular phase of the 1st cyclonic core, and ends at before 13th angular phase of the 2nd cyclonic core.
  • The elements that are known to have issues with their electronic configurations and orders of filling of orbitals, are in the two d-blocks of the dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, which are symmetrically formed in the cyclonic hypersphere and the anti-cyclonic hypersphere.
  • The element 109, 110, and 111, are categorically the half-integral cycle d-block elements of transition metal in the 7th periodical cycle of the cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere.
  • The f-block cycle is in the integral cycle of the anti-cyclonic dual-core hypersphere cycle, starts from the 3rd to the 5th angular phase of the 1st anti-cyclonic core, swings around the 6th to 15th angular phases in a half-integral cycle around the 2nd anti-cyclonic core, and ends at the 16th angular phase of the 1st anti-cyclonic core.
  • The f-block cycles fully mirrors the full half-integral cycle the cyclonic dual-core cycle of its d-block cycles in the 6th and 7th periodical cycles, and partially mirrors the p-block cycle in the 2nd cyclonic core.
  • Chemical elements are intrinsically and extrinsically correlated to the manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, which has integral cycles of various periodic cycles and angular phases in a nested differential dual-core topology with cyclonic and anti-cyclonic spiral cycles.

Note: These UVS periodic table models are not drawn with the exact details for the positions of the individual cores, and the positions of elements to their associated cores. These topological diagrams can be rescaled proportionally and fine tuned to more smoothly illustrate the nested paths of the dual-core hyperspheres.

From the UVS perspective, the topology of cyclonic 3-sphere hypersphere, is correlated to the vortical mechanism that undulates an atomic nucleus, and the topology of anti-cyclonic 3-sphere hypersphere, is correlated to the vortical mechanism that undulates its electron. And this differential dual-core hypersphere topology, is also correlated to the elementary particles in the microcosms, as well as the solar system, galactic system, and the ever larger observable celestial systems all the way up to the CMBR dipole for the macrocosms.

Despite everything is in the universe, the universe is in everything.

In the UVS worldview, the ruling principle of element creation, is the two-axis vortical spin fusion of aether corpuscles that are resonated and manifested by aether vortical motion in a closed system of the universe.

See a UVS topic on "The vortical universe model of UVS" that elaborates on how the vortical motion of a torus-shaped 137-sphere in the macrocosm is resonated in the microcosms.


All physical existences are weaved in vortical motion;
nothing physical in nature is not vortical.
- UVS inspired -

 

 

~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow for his inspiring exchanges in the vortex world of atomic and subatomic particles. "If you walk into any of the many vortices that we see everyday and scoop into the effect with a test tube, you will not find any something that can be seen or studied that could be called a vortex particle. Yet we can see with our own eyes, the effect the vortex has on the material, that becomes involved as both the cause and effect, of this something that (apparently) is a nothing (Paradoxical Vortex)."

~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow for posting the link on "An electron rides on a light wave after just having been pulled away from an atom", his post on his qualitative predication based on the UVS model that electron has a vortex form with sub-orbitals as a subatomic particle, and another post on his qualitative predication based on the UVS model that a quark is vortexes of vortices.

 

Inception of this UVS worldview of microcosms was in March 2008 with ongoing development.

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Image of a differential dual-core orbital
- Vincent Wee-Foo
Image of inner subshells - Vincent Wee-Foo
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Image of electron's motion - Credit: Image courtesy of Johan Mauritsson, Lund University

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- Credits: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute/University of Arizona.
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Image of HD 107146 - From ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)
Image of atmospheric layers - Eastern Illinois University
Image of jet stream - NASA
Image of supercell in Singapore - Vincent Wee-Foo
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Image of Russell periodic chart of the elements - Walter Russell
The UVS periodic table of a dual-core Möbius strip topology - By Vincent Wee-Foo
The UVS periodic table model of a Klein bottle topology -
By Vincent Wee-Foo
A nested differential dual-core topological path illustration -
By Vincent Wee-Foo
Image for filamentary structures of superclusters - Credit: SDvision interactive visualization software by DP at CEA/Saclay, France.
Image of the UVS atomic model of copper -
By Vincent Wee-Foo
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Image of hydrogen atom and deuteron atom - Introduksjon til kjemisk prosessindustri
Diagram for filling of atomic orbitals according to the Madelung rule - By Sharayanan; CC
Janet's shell-filling diagram - By Janet
The UVS periodic table of a manifold dual-core 3-shpere hypersphere topology -
By Vincent Wee-Foo
Intrinsically interwoven manifold dual-core topology - By Vincent Wee-Foo
Table of filling sequence according to the rule for composite Möbius strip topology -
By Vincent Wee-Foo
2D electric charge diagram of the UVS atomic model for a water molecule - By Vincent Wee-Foo

 

 

 

The geometry of unisonal vortex - In the n-dimensional perception

The brighter galactic center of Bode's galaxy when view through small binoculars would appear as a dot, this is apparently a zero dimension object from this perception. This spiral galaxy also known as M81, is located near to the constellation of Alpha Ursae Majoris. Get a powerful telescope and zero into it, in mono vision this galaxy apparently is two-dimensional without the depth information in the magnified view.

A vortex manifested in the form of a whirlpool is apparently a three dimensional asymmetrical cone-shaped structure in the 3D space. Put a mirror next to a basic cone-shaped structure it would be rendered as a 4D image with the reflected image of the cone in its opposite phase.

From the UVS perspective, nature can manifest this 4D feat by creating a balanced dual-core vortex in a high speed spin, thus the vortical cone-shaped structure of the vortex in the viscous medium, is differentiated in a high speed oscillation and stabilizes as an asymmetrical pattern of two adjoining 3D cone-shaped structures.

Imagine you are being carried on a higher dimension vortex to observed the 3D vortex with 3 more degrees of freedom, you get to observe a 9D visual of this 3D vortex.


Bode's galaxy

Oceanic whirlpool

A still image projected on a TV screen is factually the composite images of a zero dimension dot scanning at high speed oscillations that have formed as a virtual image in a two-dimensional illusion. In hologram projection of a real-time virtual image that is perceived to be moving, it is an illusion rendered in with the effects of three-dimensional space and one-dimensional time.

Inductive description of dimension: consider a discrete set of points (such as a finite collection of points) to be 0-dimensional. By dragging a 0-dimensional object in some direction, one obtains a 1-dimensional object. By dragging a 1-dimensional object in a new direction, one obtains a 2-dimensional object. In general one obtains an n+1-dimensional object by dragging an n dimensional object in a new direction. - Excerpt from Wikipedia on "Dimension".

A nested torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex could be mathematically described as a hypersphere with 3-sphere in 3-manifold that could be perceived in stereographic projection on a two-dimensional plane. In the 3D spatial vector model of aether vortical motion that vortically forms a hypersphere structure, it could be perceived as a merged 2-sphere, and forms as a nested 3-sphere structure as an equatorial sphere with two merged vortical spheroidal structures; a nested torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex.

Note: A 0-sphere is a pair of points that are the ends of a line segment, a 1-sphere is a circle in the plane, and a 2-sphere is an ordinary sphere in three-dimensional space. Spheres of dimension n > 2 are sometimes called hyperspheres, with 3-spheres sometimes known as glomes. - Excerpt from Wikipedia on "n-sphere".

A nested torus-shaped
spheroidal unisonal vortex
 

In the observable universe, the geometric form of an elliptical galaxy is fundamentally a hypersphere structure of 3-sphere, and the fundamental form of an optically visible dual-core galaxy such as Milky Way, is a vortically flattened dual-core hypersphere substructure of its 3-sphere.

In the UVS worldview, the manifested vortical universe, can be abstractly perceived as the function of a dimensionless quantity of vector fields in a timeless realm that manifests all subatomic particles in the cause and effect world of the objective reality. It can also be perceived as the functions of two opposing vector fields that forms a two-dimensional holographic universe in holographic principle, which undulates the three dimensional world of the objective reality with a three spatial dimension of invariant space, and a temporal dimension of invariant time.

This can further be abstractly perceived as an entity with eleven dimensions of a three dimensional 3-sphere system within a hypersphere, which renders the 3-sphere system another three dimensions of freedom with its counter balancing symmetrical anti-hypersphere of another dimension, and a temporal dimension of invariant time; 3 x 3 dimensions plus 1 symmetrical dimension and 1 temporal time dimension. This structure can also be perceived in the three spatial space as a double hypersphere of 3-sphere systems.

Therefore how many quantifiable mathematical dimensions does a dynamical unisonal vortex has, is subjective to how it is being perceived. Nevertheless, in the physical three spatial space, the geometry of a unisonal vortex is fundamentally a vortical form that has three spatial dimensions and a temporal dimension of invariant time. And this is regardless of perceiving it as its simple static form on one reference frame, or its complex dynamic form viewed from another reference frame.

In the macrocosms and microcosms of the universe, a manifested torus structure of electromagnetic field, can be transformed into numerous toridal forms.

Animation on right illustrates how a torus could be transformed, it shows as the distance to the axis of revolution decreases, the ring torus becomes a horn torus, then a spindle torus, and when the distance approaches zero, the torus will resemble a sphere.

A 3-sphere can be constructed topologically by "gluing" together the boundaries of a pair of 3-balls. The boundary of a 3-ball is a 2-sphere, and these two 2-spheres are to be identified. That is, imagine a pair of 3-balls of the same size, then superpose them so that their 2-spherical boundaries match, and let matching pairs of points on the pair of 2-spheres be identically equivalent to each other. In analogy with the case of the 2-sphere the gluing surface is called an equatorial sphere. - Excerpt from Wikipedia on "Gluing" for 3-spheres.

Hypothetically, a four-dimensional space of 3-sphere hypersphere, could render the perception of an infinite three spatial space in the objective reality of the observable universe.

See UVS topics on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on a torus-shaped hypersphere of 137-sphere formed in the macrocosm are resonated in the microcosms, "The vortical universe model of UVS" that elaborates on a hypersphere of 137-sphere formed in the macrocosm are resonated in the microcosms, "Conceptualized structure of nature" for a metaphysical view on how a closed system could be rendered in an infinite universe, "The genesis", "Unisonal vortex characteristics", "UVS model" for more insights.


If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration. - Nikola. Tesla

 

 

Some resonated remarks received that are relevant to Universal Vortical Singularity (aka UVS) for this topic:

“We took the imaginary point singularity and made a dot.
. We took the dot and made a line.
. We took the line and made an angle.
. We took the angle and made a ramp.
. We took the ramp and made a screw.
. We took the screw and made a vortex.
. We took the vortex and made a torus.
. We took the torus and made a dot.
. We took the dot and indeed we see imagination rise its head.
- Graham Burnett (aka G_burnett of TOEQuest Forum), 10th August 2009

 

 

~ With thanks to Dipayan Kar (aka dipayankar of TOEQuest Forum) for his penetrating question on how many dimensions does a unisonal vortex have.

 

 

April 2008

References and links:
Degrees of freedom - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dimension (geometry) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Torus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
3-spheres
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
3-manifold - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stereographic projection - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plane - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elliptical galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Milky Way - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dimensionless quantity - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vector fields - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reality - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Holographic principle - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
n-sphere - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Torus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of Bode's galaxy M81- NASA
Image of oceanic whirlpool - Walkersville Middle School Frederick County, Maryland
Image of nested boundaries - hyper-sphere.net

 

 

 

 

Quantum vortices of Bose-Einstein condensate

See externally linked topics on "Quantum vortex", "Bose-Einstein condensate" on vortices, "Vortex precession in Bose-Einstein condensates", "'Tornadoes' Are Transferred From Light To Sodium Atoms", "Stop light experiment", a scientific paper on "BEC and Feshbach resonance" by MIT Lithium Lab, and "Quantum electrodynamics".

The above pictures show vortex lattices on the BEC-side of the Feshbach resonance (left), in the unitary regime on resonance (middle) and on the BCS-side of the resonance (right).


Schematics of vortex creation for
Bose-Einstein condensate.

Image illustrated on right is condensate of Fermion pairs (red) is trapped in the waist of a focused Laser beam (pink). Two additional Laser beams (green) rotate around the edges to stir the condensate. Current-carrying coils (blue) generate the magnetic field used for axial confinement and to tune the interaction strength by means of a Feshbach resonance. After releasing the atomic cloud from the electromagnetic trap, the cloud expands ballistically and inverts its aspect ratio. Resonant absorption imaging yields a density profile of the atomic cloud containing vortices. Excerpts from BEC I by
MIT Lithium Lab

Bose-Einstein condensate is an accomplished scientific research in quantum physics on a novelty state of matter with electromagnetically induced vortices that are quantized and known to be in precession as a result of their interactions with photons in an enclosure. A quantum vortex started in such frictionless medium with zero viscosity would spin in perpetual motion, and would not stop by itself in its encapsulated closed system static quantum universe.

This contemporary physics theory was recently proved in experiments after seventy years later with the first gaseous condensate produced, and the physicists involved won the Nobel Prize in Physics 2001.

"Initially, physics journals have had refused to publish Bose's paper, it was their contention that he had presented to them a simple mistake, and Bose's findings were ignored. Discouraged, Satyendra Nath Bose therefore wrote to Albert Einstein, who immediately agreed with him. Bose's "error" is now called Bose-Einstein statistics that has clarified the behavior of photons (the particles of light in an enclosure)." - Excerpt from Wikipedia.

An illustration for Bose-Einstein condensates - By Center for Quantum-Atom Optics 

From the UVS perspective, when certain atoms are cooled to a specific temperature, they could be vortically resonated with an all-pervasive aetheric wave for manifesting their inviscid characteristic. In a quantized state of atomic vortexes that are precessing in resonance with their two-axis spin, it could interact to render a viscous medium of atoms to become inviscid.

See an externally linked report on "Efficient nano motor cleverly harnesses light" that elaborates on a new nanoscale motor that can drive a disc 4000 times bigger than itself.


Quantum mechanics is an incomplete theory.- Einstein's proposition

 

~ With special thanks to Professor Patrick Wirtz (aka ProfPat of TOEQuest Forum) for a post in the TOEQuest forum on these images for quantum vortex of Bose-Einstein Condensates.

 

Nov 2008

References and links:
Quantum vortex - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bose-Einstein condensate - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vortex precession in Bose-Einstein condensates - Citebase
Stop light experiment - From Harvard University Gazette

'Tornadoes' Are Transferred From Light To Sodium Atoms - ScienceDaily
BEC and Feshbach resonance - MIT Lithium Lab
Quantum electrodynamics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Physics journals - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Satyendra Nath Bose - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bose-Einstein statistics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Efficient nano motor cleverly harnesses light - physicsworld.com
Image of Bose-Einstein Condensates and Atom Lasers - Center for Quantum-Atom Optics

 

 

 

Glossary:
actuality
-
The quality or state of being actual or real.
cognitive paradox
-
A category of paradox with illusions that are pertaining to perception or awareness, such as with relative motion illusion, optical illusion, tactile illusion and the likes.
delusion
-
A false belief or opinion: delusions of grandeur.
enigma 
-
Something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained.  
enlightenment
-
Full comprehension of a situation with clarity of perception.
holistic
-
Concerned with wholes rather than analysis or separation into parts.
hypothesis 
-
A proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigation (working hypothesis) or accepted as highly probable in the light of established facts. 
inductive analysis
-
A form of analysis based on inductive reasoning; a researcher using inductive analysis starts with answers, but forms questions throughout the research process.
inversed illusion
-
A peculiar type of illusion that paradoxically appears in an inverse manner.
macrocosm
-
The great world or universe; the universe considered as a whole (opposed to microcosm ). A representation of a smaller unit or entity by a larger one, presumably of a similar structure.
microcosm
-
A little world; a world in miniature (opposed to macrocosm ).
nothingness
-
A state of existence beyond perceivable bandwidth therefore renders as nothing in the perceived state; the state of being nothing.
observable universe
-
The observable segment of the universe.
paradigm
-
A set of forms all of which contain a particular element, esp. the set of all inflected forms based on a single stem or theme.
paradox
-
Any thing, or situation exhibiting an apparently contradictory nature with false proposition.
scientific theory
-
A theory that has achieved scientific consensus that its accepted explanation through a scientific model is based on observation, experimentation, and reasoning.
spheroid 
-
A geometrical figure similar in shape to a sphere, such as an ellipsoid.
theory 
-
A coherent group of general propositions used as principles of explanation for a class of phenomena. 
universe
-
The totality of known or supposed objects and phenomena throughout space; the cosmos; macrocosm. It is beyond the defined observable universe.
validity 
-
The state or quality of being valid.  
viscous
-
Having the property of viscosity.
vortical singularity
-
A vortical culmination of aether in vortical motion that unisonally spawns its resonated and nested satellite vortical fractals in its vortical paradigm. 

 

 

Some resonated remarks received that are relevant to Universal Vortical Singularity (aka UVS) for this topic:

“Well done, Vincent.”
- Dr. Richard Miles, Ph.D in Phys. Chem. (Bristol); British Astronomical Association. This was a comment on a quantitative prediction of UVS for a cometary outburst event, 18th August 2014.

I like the new charge modeling for both celestial lagrangian point and atomic model., Being an exit scientist and now am industrial physicist, I admire your insight and works highly.
- Dr. Winston Cheng Wen-Hao, Ph.D. in particle beam physics and accelerator theory, Post Doc: high energy particle collider design in Lawrence Berkeley Lab, 12th August 2014.

“With great admiration.
- Dr. Vuthipong Priebjrivat, B.S. in civil engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, M.S. in environmental engineering from Stanford University, Ph.D. in economics and public management from the University of Chicago, metaphysicist, corporate leader, law maker, and author of several books such as "DRAW YOUR THOUGHTS" that elaborates on an intuitive-inductive approach for explicating some typical types of social behaviour, "DHARMODYNAMICS", "NEODHARMA", "DHARMOSCIENCE", "SANKHARA" that coherently elaborate with "draw your thoughts" on some intrinsic structures for nature of reality in its transcendental perspectivalism, 3rd June 2014.

'... a brilliant treatise that credibly extends modern human scientific knowledge and awareness of "How The Universe And Everything In It Truly Works".'
- Dr. Wayne Nowland,
physicist, researcher, philosopher and author, planned and launched Australia's first AUSSAT communications satellite system, Feb 2014.

Also loved reading your research again. It does make me rethink and in some cases, relearn my understanding of the cosmos.
- Professor Christopher W. Hodshire from Western Michigan University, 28th Aug 2012.

UVS is a paradox that will bring another paradigm shift...A giant step toward TOE.
- James A. Graber (aka Jag of TOEQuest Forum) with twenty-eight years into vortex research, 8th Aug 2012.

“I fully subscribe to the vortex theory---it makes mechanical sense more than mathematical sense. It doesn't make any difference if you think the world is infinite---the vortex theory will work on its own merits.
- Gerald (aka spacedout of TOEQuest Forum), 4th Jul 2011.

“The UNIVERSAL VORTICAL SINGULARITY is the best cosmological model available today to explain the Universe.”
- Pat Nolan, blog writer of “Holographic Superfluid Universe”, 23th March 2011.

An intriguing website full of enlightening concepts and analyses!, We consider your site and your new theory to be original and exciting..... We love your site!
- Dr. Wayne Nowland, physicist, researcher, philosopher, and author, planned and launched Australia's first AUSSAT communications satellite system,
Dec 2009.

Objectively speaking, even in its present mostly qualitative form, UVS makes a significant contribution to the discovery of spiral nature of the universe. No person holds a complete truth about the nature of the universe, and UVS brings attention of scientists to an interesting path of solving this very challenging problem., With great respect, Vladimir.
- Dr. Vladimir B. Ginzburg, mathematician, accomplished scientist, author of "Prime Elements of Ordinary Matter, Dark Matter & Dark Energy", "Spiral Grain of the Universe" and several other renowned books such as "Metallurgical Design of Flat Rolled Steels" for applied science, and holds over fifty U.S. and foreign patents, 28th Jun 2009.

You provided one of the most comprehensive presentations of the spiral nature of the universe.
- Dr. Vladimir B. Ginzburg, who had done in-depth research in numerous theories on the spiral nature of the universe, covering from ancient Greek era through modern science era, 4th July 2009.

UVS is the future of science.
- Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum), 12th Dec 2008.

Vincent’s model is valid for all atomic particles as long as one realizes they must be viewed as three dimensional vortices; that’s how they interact with the spatial Aether, but that’s another story.
- David Levi Wing (aka dleviwing, moderator of TOEQuest forum; author of "TORONICS"- Interpretations of Physics, The Mystery of Mass, Wave Characteristics, The Standard Model), 30th Dec 2008.

It is funny how I did not see it before, the out right dominance of the Vortex phenomena. All the endless studying I have done on so many subjects to do with science, and the best I could see was, spin. Now I see vortices in every thing I see. Its amazing how one can miss something so important. It is great to once again see the workings of the Universe with new eyes.
- Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum), 10th Apr 2008
.

I totally agree with the science you present.
- Dean Ward, a very knowledgeable researcher with in-depth knowledge in Tensegrity, Electric Universe and Aether Physics Model,18th Sep 2008.

This (UVS) is coming in a big way.
-
Au Mun Chew, astronomer, architect, retired lecturer of National University of Singapore, Oct 2007.

 

 

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Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses based on the unheard-of UVS model, are bounded to have shortcomings, loose ends, and errors. Many details and assumptions of its propositions established in the conceptual frameworks of UVS, have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or proven. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the topics presented in the UVS worldview, and any term or statement if offensive in any manner or whatsoever is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Inevitably for whatsoever reasons, some viewing devices at times could experience data corruption for text, disorganized content layouts, missing images, failed animations, and some external links might have had ceased to exist. The presentations of the web pages are not friendly to small mobile devices, it is therefore recommended to accessed and view the UVS contents with a system device that has a larger screen, such as personal computer, android tablet, or iPad. For the best experience to explore UVS, it is better to use a MS Windows based PC or device using Internet Explorer or Firefox installed with Java that works for its interactive applets. (Such as Java Applet of Moiré pattern, JPL Small-Body Database Browser, and Planet Finder.)

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