“I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics.” - Richard Feynman
See externally linked topics on "Mechanical explanations of gravitation" that explains the mechanism of gravity based on the concept of Aether with pressure forces caused by pushes, "Kelvin's vortex theory of the atom" that purports an atom was a vortex in the ether, "The first Image Ever of a Hydrogen Atom's Orbital Structure", and "Atomic orbital".
The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying vortical structure and mechanism of an atom as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render its misconceptions, mysteries, and anomalies. Thus, its cognitive paradox was simply dispersed, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analyzed in the conceptual framework of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to predicate by abductive reasoning.
See the UVS topic on "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborates on its visual grounded theory for the evaluations of natural phenomena.
Note: The intrinsic structure of atom with intricate details elaborated herein, presented in orderly manners as much as possible for its explications, was unfolded in unorderly manners based on the UVS model with back and forth comparative analyses in its macrocosm and microcosm explorations.
See the UVS subtopic on "The epistemic process and methodology of the UVS research" that elaborates the methodology on how the UVS hypotheses could be augmented in its positive feedback loop.
All celestial bodies in the macrocosms and matters in the microcosms have specific resonance frequencies of unisonal vortical motions. And the induced motions of their open systems are vortically transferred from the nested vortical hypersphere of the cosmos that have had resonated in their closed systems.
See the UVS topics on "The CMB dipole" that illustrates the two-axis spin of the observable universe, "The structure of the observable universe", "The formation of stars and galaxies" that elaborates on the vortical mechanism that impels all celestial objects to rotate and revolve in vortical motion.
The UVS research predicates an atom is a cluster of vortically consolidated electromagnetic toroidal vortices impelled by the vortical motion of the universe.
“By visualizing the underlying vortical structures and mechanisms, it intuitively
reveals the actualities of the mysteriously rendered natural phenomena.” - UVS inspired -
See the UVS topics on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" for an illustration on how the structures of atom could be formed, "Types of perpetual motion machines" for the illustrations of perpetual motion manifested in nature, and "Quantum vortices of Bose-Einstein condensate" that elaborates on an inviscid medium that demonstrates perpetual vortical motion.
See externally linked topics on "Bose-Einstein condensate" that elaborate on quantum vortex, "Vortex precession in Bose-Einstein condensates", and "'Tornadoes' Are Transferred From Light To Sodium Atoms" that demonstrates in an experiment on light (Electromagnetic radiation) interacting with matter, which elaborates on a new quantum physics technique that can be used to manipulate Bose-Einstein condensates by transferred orbital angular momentum, suggesting this is essentially the same motion as air molecules in a tornado or a planet revolving around a star--from laser light to sodium atoms.
The postulated nested dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere for the idealised nested electron shell as illustrated below in 2D, could be perceived in its frame of reference to be intrinsically spinning in counterclockwise direction for the nested 1st cyclonic sphere. Also intrinsically, the nested 2nd sphere is spinning in counterclockwise direction around its cyclonic core, and the nested 3rd sphere is differentially spinning in clockwise direction around its anti-cyclonic core.
See the UVS subtopics on "Modeling the unisonal evolution mechanism" that illustrates on how two radiating fields can interact to generate a nested toroidal structure, "The UVS atomic nucleus model" that elaborates on the how a 3-sphere hypersphere structure could be vortically formed in macrocosms and microcosm, "UVS periodic table model of a Klein bottle topology" and "UVS periodic table model of a manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology" that illustrate two intrinsic topologies of a nested dual-core torus structure that are correlated with element creation.
Note: The hypothetical 3D UVS atomic model with apparently nested orbitals that shows as a torus paradigm of nested electron shell and subshell, is not drawn to scale and it is without exact details such as the van der Waals radius. It merely labeled the Lagrangian points in the electron groups of the K shell and the L shell in simple details, partially labeled the M shell, and the Lagrangian points on the subshells of the N shell are simply indicated with the labels indicating their subshells with a running number. Nonetheless, these should suffice to illustrate the electron positions in the hypothesized UVS atomic structure of a nested 3-sphere electron shell, are fundamentally correlated to the interacting Lagrangian points and their harmonics.
The UVS research predicates the Lagrangian points in the microcosms are harmonics of vortically manifested accreting spinor field rendered by vortical motion of interacting subatomic particles.
Based on the UVS model, the propositional electrons of a Bohr's atom, are the quantized wave energy packets of the revolving torus orbital force fields, which also entail the toroidal force fields spawned at their vertices with the two-axis spin of their differential torus orbitals.
See externally linked topics on "Lagrangian", "Lagrangian points" that elaborates on the gravitational effect on a small object in five positions of a two-body system, and "THE CHARGE FIELD causes LAGRANGE POINTS" that elaborates on the causality of the Lagrangian points.
See the UVS subtopic on "Cometary outburst" for some illustrations of empirically observed Lagrangian points that were manifested in the Solar System, and the case studies of "A series of empirically observed Comet 29P outbursts from January 2008 to April 2010" in twelve cometary outburst events that illustrate Lagrangian points in a groundbreaking discovery, which has had thus contributed to its revolutionary discoveries in the microcosms of subatomic and elementary structures with its comparative analysis.
In the UVS worldview, an electron is manifested by the vortical singularity of the vortically resonated and quantized spinor field spawned at a Lagrangian point. And electron has mass, it therefore can interact to manifest its secondary Lagrangian points.
The UVS research predicates an electron is vortically resonated and the quantized accreting spinor field spawned at the Lagrangian points in the dual-core nested electron shells of an atom.
Note: The postulated arrangement of the s-subshells based on the UVS atomic model with its hypothetical nested torus structure, paradoxically differs with the standard atomic model. And the apparently aligned electrons as shown for the s subshells based on the UVS atomic model, is merely an apparent perception in a two-dimensional perspective from the polar view.
The UVS research predicates the subshells of 2s, 3s, 4s, and so forth, are the inner walls of the torus transformed nested electron shells, and thus they are inversely nearer to the nucleus than the 1s subshell.
From the UVS perspective, the electron pairs of the s-subshells, are the cyclonic bipolar polar vortex pairs of accreting spinor fields manifested on the hypersphere of a nested electron shell. The outer s-subshell of an atom, is always an exposed subshell, and it thus is always a valence shell.
Based on the UVS model, all naturally manifested chirality pair structures formed in Möbius strip topology, which renders their asymmetric left and right-hand pairs, are formed by the vortical motion of their nested dual-core 3-sphere hyperspheres.
The UVS research predicates all naturally manifested chirality pair structures formed in Möbius strip topology are formed by the vortical motion of their nested dual-core 3-sphere hyperspheres.
In a similar recursive manner, the 32 Lagrangian points in the N shell are harmonically manifested on the 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f subshells.
See a table of information for the Lagrangian points of the UVS atomic model that tabulates the spawned Lagrangian points in the structure of a nested electron shell.
As illustrated in the diagram of the UVS atomic model, it is perceivable that the two primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points spawned in the 1s subshell, are resonated as harmonics at the L1 and L2 angular phases in all the outer subshells. And they are also resonated as their L1 Lagrangian points in all other inner s-subshells. And all the 6 Lagrangian points spawned in the 2p subshell, are fully resonated in the 3p and 4p subshells, also all the 10 Lagrangian points spawned in the 3d subshell, are fully resonated in the 4d subshell. Also, the 6 Lagrangian points spawned in the 2p subshell, are resonated to harmonically form 6 of the 10 electrons in the 3d, 4d, and 4f subshells.
It could be perceived with this UVS atomic model that those features and characteristics of local symmetry formed in an atom, had occurred as a result of the manifold manifestation of Lagrangian points with its chirality pairs, and are resonated to form within each of the three toroidal structures with intrinsic angular momentum. The features and characteristics of the global symmetry for the 2nd sphere and the 3rd sphere in differential motion, are conserved by the cyclonic motion of the 1st sphere.
This charge field model of atom with electrons are electrically attracted to the nucleus, not only has illustrated with an electron shell structure that demonstrates how the nth shell in its geometric principle can hold up to 2n² electrons, it also simply perceivable for how the µth subshell can hold up to 4µ + 2 electrons (where µ is a sequential number assigned to the subshell starting from zero, i.e. µ of 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f is 0, 1, 2, and 3).
It is apparent with the UVS atomic model that as a result of the 2nd sphere and the 3rd sphere are rendering four additional Lagrangian points outwardly to the next outermost subshell of an electron shell, which are rendered by the two pairs of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested with the two primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points, or with its harmonics resonated in the outer electron shells. Electrons could not form at the twelve O'clock and the six O'clock positions of the electron shell, are as a result of their vortical motions are being mutually cancelled out. To simply illustrate this, the L4 Lagrangian point of the cyclonic 4f-1 and L4-L2-2p Lagrangian points that could possibly form on the 4d subshell of the N shell at the twelve O'clock position, is cancelled out by the L5 Lagrangian point of the anti-cyclonic 4f-14 and L5-L1-2p Lagrangian points that also forms on the 4d subshell of the N shell at the twelve O'clock position.
The nested dual-core electron shell could be perceived as the manifested hypersphere of a 3-sphere structure, which is formed in a torus paradigm with a nested toroidal structure manifested from the atomic nucleus, and it integrates with two nested torus transformed toroidal structures manifested from the L1 and L2 Lagrangian point of the atomic nucleus. These three nested torus transformed toroidal structures interact in superposition, and they are thus transformed as a dual-core electron shell of the atom.
All the empirical observations and revolutionary discoveries illustrated herein, converged as strong evidence for electron shell of an atom is formed with the nested hypersphere of a 3-sphere structure.
The UVS research predicates the nested dual-core electron shell of an atom is formed with the nested hypersphere of a 3-sphere structure.
As a comparative analysis of ground state and excited states of an atom with its electrons in a lower subshell are energetically promoted to a higher subshell, the process is similar to the phenomenon of cometary outburst with its charged particles energetically pushed up to a higher nested layer in the coma of the comet.
matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the
particle of an atom
See externally linked topics on "Nebular hypothesis" that hypothesizes on the formation of the Solar System, "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe" that reports on the empirical observation of stars were observed to be systematically spawned in a galaxy cluster, "Astronomers Observe the Rotating Accretion Disk Around the Supermassive Black Holes in M77" that illustrates a massive rotating torus structure of dust and gas, and "A Star with Spiral Arms" that elaborates on an observed star that has spiral arms.
Heuristically, the UVS model qualitatively unifies the Lagrangian points of the macrocosms and the microcosms; the five Lagrangian points are vortically manifested accreting spinor field that have had resonated in a nested toroidal vortex, are governed and resonated in the nested vortical hypersphere of the cosmos with its aether vortical motion.
See the UVS subtopics on "The vortically manifested planetary orbitals" for further elaboration of the vortical motion of all Solar System objects, "The axial precession of the Earth" that elaborates on an orbital forcing of the Earth, and "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Copernican heliocentrism" that elucidates on the Solar System is a vortical system. See also an externally linked topic "SPIRASOLARIS" that describes an alternative approach to the structure of the Solar System that employs logarithmic data, orbital velocity, synodic motion, and mean planetary periods.
Note: From the UVS perspective, electrons could be perceived as ring torus or spheroidal torus structures shaped by their intrinsic vortical spins, and their empirically observed bulges were resonated to form at Largargian points, which could vortically resonate to manifest positrons; planets in this comparative analysis are not perceived as the Solar System electrons of the postulated Solar System atom.
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the electron's motion distinctly shows the standing wave structure of matter at subatomic level that has a vortically coalesced physical form; an electron is a nested subatomic unisonal vortex. This infers that electron is not the most elementary particle, and it is vortically impelled by its atomic vortex. And its demonstrated vortical structures, are comparable with the UVS atomic model.
The UVS research predicates an electron is a nested subatomic vortex impelled by its atomic vortex.
For its comparative analysis in the macrocosms, the image of electron's motion displayed vortical features similar to some celestial objects.
In the UVS worldview, the vortex rings of the gas giants, are the sub-structures of a nested polar vortex manifested as cloud bands and planetary rings. The vortex rings themselves are vortical jet streams manifested on various atmospheric layers, and each jet stream could impel a chain of satellite vortices around its vortex ring. Evidently, nested vortex rings with vortical spoke lines have also had manifested in protoplanetary disks, debris disk of stars, and planetary nebulae. And the vortical structures for all these celestial objects, are also comparable with the UVS atomic model.
The polar view of Jupiter demonstrates its nested polar vortex rings that have formed as cloud bands on its nested atmospheric layers. The thermal image for polar vortex of Saturn demonstrates it has hundreds of satellite vortices (black dots) arranged in a vortical manner with concentric vortex rings that are dilated from the core. The newly born T Tauri star HL Tau, the star HD 107146, and a red giant star that formed the Cat's Eye Nebula, distinctly demonstrated vortex dynamics and structures of nested vortex rings and vortical spoke lines.
Based on the UVS model, an atom is intrinsically formed by its atomic vortex that vortically impels its electrons.
From the UVS perspective, the torque-induced precession effect of atomic vortex manifested on the electron shells of an atom, vortically impels the atomic orbitals of electrons to intrinsically spin at millions of cycle per second, which causes atomic vibrations.
The UVS research predicates an electron is vortically impelled on accretion disk by its atomic vortex to intrinsically spin with apsidal precession around its precessing nucleus in its atomic orbital.
See a UVS sub section on "The phenomenon of solar wind" that elaborates on how solar wind is vortically emanated with its reactive precession effect.
See the UVS topics on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" for an illustration on how the structure of atom could be formed, and "Do an interactive experiment to experience gyroscopic precession" that elaborates on how to experience the effects of precession.
Electron cloud described by Richard Feynman to visualize electron, is perceived to have wave function as a small cloud moving around the molecular nucleus, yet compact enough to be considered a particle on certain length-scales.
"The electron cloud model can only be described by quantum mechanics, in which the electrons are most accurately described as standing waves surrounding the nucleus." - Excerpt from Wikipedia on a topic on "Atomic orbital".
From the UVS perspective, an electron in an atom could be perceived to be a wave function of aether in the form of a swirling cloud, which is vortically spinning around the atomic nucleus in its ring torus orbital.
An electron could be perceived to have a vortical form with the cyclonic culmination of an accreting spinor force field, which manifests the electron shell.
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the composition of an electron is a vortical motion of a quantized viscous medium, caused by EMF interactions with transferred angular momentum in the inviscid medium that forms at subatomic scale. The inferred motion of an electron vortex impelled by its underlying atomic vortex, is a vortical moment, which its perpetual vortical motion, is mathematically formalized as charge.
In the UVS worldview, it is perceivable electrons manifested in the atomic shell of an atom, are differentially spawned outside the cyclonic nucleus of the positively charged protons, and they resonate to spawn as the accreting spinor fields by exchanging angular momentum with their protons. And thus, for neutral atoms, in the electrostatic confinement of the electron shell, with differential exchange of angular momentum with protons in the electron shell, the resonated accreting spinor field of each electron is anode-like with an elementary charge of -1 e, which the differential vortical motion of its accreting spinor field, is conserved from the cathode-like proton that has a elementary charge of +1 e.
The UVS research predicates the elementary negative charge of an electron in an atom is rendered by its differential rotation to counter charge its proton with the cyclonic motion of its neutron.
As a matter of fact, electron is empirically observed to have a negatively charged electric of -1 e surrounding it, and an electron moving relative to an observer would generate a magnetic field.
Note: The empirically observed negative charge of an electron, has hitherto been unable to be explained with the standard atomic model.
See the UVS subtopic on "Vortical elementary and subatomic particles" that elaborates on the causality for the elementary charge of subatomic particles.
From the UVS perspective, the dynamics of a positron is comparable to the upward folded back vortical dust column of a dust devil, which has vortical repulsion effects to push up the vortically encapsulated charged dust particles.
Based on the UVS model, positron could thus be inferred as a vortrex structure of its electron vortex, which counteracts vortically to conserve the angular momentum of its impelling vortex to coalesce in its hyperspherical vortex spin fusion.
The UVS research predicates a positron is a subatomic vortrex that vortically folds back to coalesce in the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of its electron vortex.
The UVS research predicates the electrons at opposite ends of their nucleus can interact instantaneously is caused by the interconnectedness of their underlying atomic vortex.
See the UVS subtopic on "Faster than light speed in transferring of motion through vortical interconnectedness" that illustrates some empirical observations of faster than light speed travel in macrocosms, and "Galaxy group" that illustrates the interconnectedness in a group of galaxies.
See an externally linked topic on "Quantum entanglement" that elaborates on the interconnectedness of particles with anti-correlated spin, "EPR paradox" where it mentioned Einstein never accepted quantum mechanics as a "real" and complete theory for its "spooky action at a distance", struggling to the end of his life for an interpretation that could comply with relativity without complying with the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.
From the UVS perspective, the abstract concept for the intrinsic half-integral spin in quantum mechanic, could be understood with emulated metaphors to show the intrinsicl motions of the integral orthogonal spin, as with the Möbius strip for emulating an intrinsic vortical motion that could have manifested in a hyperspherical vortex, or a tesseract to emualte the intrinsic integarl spin of a nested hyperspherical vortex.
This vortical mechanism of integral spin with its negations manifested with its intrinsic differential spins, could enigmatically render all sorts of cognitive paradoxes in its nested hyperspherical structures to counterintuitively cause delusory perceptions for their vortically negated observations.
Heuristically, this cluster of soap bubble with a total of seven bubbles, can emulate the L1 and L2 Lagrangian points of a hyperspherical nucleus, as well as the two symmetric pairs of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of the L1 and L2 Lagrangian points. The six bubbles could be perceived to be encapsulating the center bubble as their nucleus, and the six Lagrangian points are their six connection points of the least resistance for their bubble cluster structure.
These metaphors could comprehensively and intuitively show the Möbius strip integral spinning motion of a toroidal vortex, as well as a cluster of toroidal vortices that are entangled in an intrinsic two-axis vortical motion.
In the UVS worldview, the variants of such an integral two-axis spinning motion, occurs for the nested hyperspherical vortices in the microcosms as well as the macrocosms.
In the UVS worldview, elementary particles are spawned into existence by hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of aether corpuscles in two-axis spin with the aether vortical motion that underlies all matters.
See the UVS topics on "The vortically manifested planetary orbitals" that elaborates on how planets could be formed by their resonated hyperspherical vortex spin fusion, "The debris disk of a star" that illustrates in the macrocosms on how the nucleus of a planetary system could be vortically formed within its nested heliosphere, "The CMB dipole" that illustrates the two-axis spin of the observable universe, "Dust devil" that elaborates on the vortrex mechanism of a unisonal vortex, and "The structure of the observable universe" that explicates on a vortical paradigm in the macrocosm and microcosm.
Watch a video clip on "Vortex Physics - The Superfluid Universe" that elaborates on how a spheroidal pressure system of an electromagnetic torus structure with the energy over its volume, could be derived as e=mc² from an acoustic wave equation.
In the UVS worldview, this infers that the underlying aether vortical motion also fundamentally has a similar vortical tubular Möbius strip structure of the peculiar 3-sphere system. Thus, for an aether corpuscle with this type of 3-sphere system (similar to the dual-core debris disk of the Vega star as illustrated above), it could be postulated that it has an elementary charge of +1/3 e with strong repulsion force from its cyclonic field of aetheric jet stream for each of its two energetic cyclonic spheroids, and has an elementary charge of -1/3 e with strong repulsion force from its anti-cyclonic field of aetheric jet stream for its anti-cyclonic energetic spheroid. And thus, its coalesced toroidal votrex with cyclonic aetheric jet stream impelled by two cyclonic spheroids merged by strong vortical interaction would have a sum of +2/3 e electric charge, this is the up quark. And a coalesced vortrex with anti-cyclonic aetheric jet impelled by an independent anti-cyclonic spheroid would thus have a -1/3 e electric charge, this is the down quark.
Perceivably, the vortical push momentum of aetheric jet steams generated from the elementary particles with similar electric charge are spinning in opposite direction to each other, and thus would naturally repel with each other; this opposing spinor field interaction causes the two particles to repel each other with counteracted push momentum of their aetheric jet streams. And the vortical push momentum of aetheric jets generated from the elementary particles with different electric charge are spinning in the same direction for each other, and thus would naturally reconnect with each other; this synchronizing spinor field interaction causes the two particles to appear like they are attracted to each other with harmonized push momentum of their aetheric jet streams.
The two Lagrangian points +L1 and -L1, could manifest the strong interaction in vortical motion on a larger scale (about 1 to 3 femtometers (fm)), which supposedly is the force that binds protons and neutrons (nucleons) together to form the nuclei of atoms. Being resonated to manifested in the aether vortical motion from the torus transformed cosmic hypersphere system of 137 nested 3-spheres, it is therefore 137 times stronger than electromagnetism. On the smaller scale (less than about 0.8 fm, the radius of a nucleon) of its harmonics, it is the force (carried by gluons) that holds quarks together to form protons, neutrons, and other hadron particles.
From the UVS perspective, the two pairs of Lagrangian points, shown as the +L1 and -L1 pair, and the +L2 and -L2 pair, are vortically coalesced structure of a nested spindle torus. And the four L4 and L5 Lagrangian points illustrated with oval-shaped spinor field encapsulations, are showing these Lagrangian points are vortical structures spinning at tilted axes of the atomic nucleus on two differential spinning toroidal votices.
It is a fact that the strong nuclear force inside atomic nucleus, is ~137 times stronger than the electromagnetic force, and it is a trillion times stronger than the weak nuclear force. And the electromagnetic force is stronger than gravity by about 36 orders of magnitude; a staggering factor of 10 followed by thirty-six zeroes.
In the UVS worldview, the strong nuclear force could be rendered by the vortically exerted repulsion force from the toroidal vortex of hadron that binds quarks as protons and neutrons in an atomic nucleus encapsulation. And this vortical repulsion force is vortically culminated from the accumulated electromagnetic pushed-in effect of a 137 nested 3-spheres vortical hypersphere of the cosmos. The perceived strong nuclear force, is the electrostatic repulsion force manifested in the torus transformed vortical column of its nested hyperspherical vortex, which is a resonance of the torus transformed nested cosmic hypersphere system of 137 nested 3-spheres.
The UVS research predicates the strong nuclear force is rendered by the vortical repulsion force vortically exerted by the toroidal vortex of hadron.
From the UVS perspective, the accreting spinor field formed at the -L2 Lagrangian point, could be perceived as the antiquark of the up quark manifested at the +L2 Lagrangian point. The two Lagrangian points +L2 and -L2 are vortically coalesced by the strong nuclear force, and in the vortical interactions each quark could manifest a hadronic subatomic particle composed of one quark and one antiquark, which are bonded together by the strong interaction of the atomic nucleus to form a meson.
The UVS research predicates a meson is a hadronic subatomic particles formed by one quark and one antiquark that had vortically coalesced at their Lagrangian points with the strong nuclear force.
The proton in the nucleus could be perceived to have formed by a vortical tubular Möbius strip structure in a hypersphere by two cyclonic +L3 and +L4 Lagrangian points with +2/3 e electric charge each as its two top quarks, and one anti-cyclonic -L5 Lagrangian point with -1/3 e electric charge; these could render the vortically encapsulated proton its +1 e electric charge.
The UVS research predicates a proton is a vortical substructure of an inner hypersphere that encapsulates two merged cyclonic spheroids and an anti-cyclonic spheroid.
The neutron in the nucleus could be perceived to have formed by a vortical tubular Möbius strip structure in a hypersphere with two anti-cyclonic -L3 and -L4 Lagrangian points with -1/3 e electric charge each as its two down quark, and one cyclonic +L5 Lagrangian point with +2/3 e electric charge; these could render the vortically encapsulated neutron its neutralized electric charge.
The UVS research predicates a neutron is a vortical substructure of an outer hypersphere that encapsulates two merged anti-cyclonic spheroids and a cyclonic spheroid.
The weak nuclear force that manifests the effect of quantum gravity in the microcosms that does not produce bound states, is rendered by the distribution of vortical repulsion force of spheroidal atomic unisonal vortex, which manifests as a pushed-in effect with repulsion force to impel the repelling subatomic particles to coalesce vortically. A subatomic particle in its vortical encapsulation could manifest its weak nuclear force with its vortically displaced volume of aether corpuscles, so they thus can weakly interact with each other in their manifested density gradients of the aetheric medium pushing in around them, which is what gravity with pushed-in effect does on an astronomical scale. The perceived weak nuclear force, is supposedly the electrostatic repulsion force manifested in the spheroidal torus nested electron shell of its outer nested toroidal vortex, which is also a resonance of the nested cosmic hypersphere system of 137 nested 3-spheres.
See the UVS topic on "The hyperspherical pushed-in gravity" that elaborates on the mechanism that manifests gravity.
The UVS research predicates the weak nuclear force is rendered by the distribution of vortical repulsion force of spheroidal atomic unisonal vortex to accrete subatomic particles.
Heuristically, the six quarks particles that forms the deuteron of a deuterium with one proton and one neutron, could be similarly perceived to be vortically consolidated by the toroidal vortex that encapsulates the atomic nuclei of its atomic vortices, which could vortically coalesce to merge by the strong interaction of hyperspherical vortex spin fusion through gauge boson.
Perceivably, the motion of a two-body system with three vortical spheroids, forms chirality structures of vortically coalesced aether corpuscles with vortical tubular Möbius strip structures (VTMSS) to manifest matters. At elementary particle level the VTMSS renders the vortical structures of an up quark with an elementary charge of +2/3 e, and a down quark with an elementary charge of -1/3 e. At subatomic level it renders the vortical structures of a proton with +1 e electric charge, and a neutron that is electrically neutralized. And at atomic level it renders the vortical structures of atomic nuclei and electrons for all configurations of atom. At molecular level it renders the vortical structures of molecules for all possible compositions of atoms in their covalent bonds.
The UVS research predicates a gluon has a vortical tubular Möbius strip structure that carries nuclear strong force to interact between quarks.
In macrocosms, the VTMSS renders the underlying vortical nucleus structure to govern a planetary system with its barycenter of the heliosphere, a stellar system with its black hole of the star cluster, a galactic system with its supermassive black hole of the galaxy, a galaxy supercluster, and all the way to the CMB dipole with their vortical gravitational singularities manifested in the nested vortical hypersphere fo the cosmos.
A unisonal vortex of aether corpuscles has two stroke of vortical spin to complete as one integral spin, its inhaling and vortically culminative vortex makes one half-integral spin in the non-material phase of void, its exhaling and vortically distributive vortrex makes the other half-integral spin in the material phase of condensed vortical fields of an all-pervasive aether, which renders quarks the properties of half-integral spin and its invariant mass with the aether vortical motion of the cosmos.
The UVS research predicates the invariant mass of matters is transferred from the half-integral spin of aether corpuscle in the material phase with condensed vortical fields of an all-pervasive aether.
From the UVS perspective, elementary fermions and composite femions, are the matters manifested with the half-integral spins of their subatomic unisonal vortices, which are the material phase of their four-dimensional vortical substructures perceived in the three-dimensional objective reality. And leptons are vortically coalesced from antiquarks in their two-body systems with their manifested Lagrangian points in its hypersphere.
The UVS research predicates a fermion is vortically formed with the half-integral spins of its subatomic vortices in the material phase with the condensed vortical fields of an all-pervasive aether.
The UVS research predicates a lepton is vortically coalesced with the manifested Lagrangian points of the antiquarks in its hypersphere of two-body system.
In the UVS worldview, aether vortical motion of the cosmos with a spheroidal torus hypersphere system of 137 nested 3-spheres, manifests aether as inviscid aether corpuscles that have the ability to transmit light and the entire spectrum of electromagnetic waves, are all-pervasive in three spatial space. And its effect of hyperspherical vortex spin fusion coalesces resonated aether corpuscles as quarks and antiquarks, which thus vortically form as hardons and leptons. Hardons are forms as mesons and baryons, which baryons in hyperspherical vortex spin fusion with leptons vortically coalesce as atoms with manifested atomic nuclei and electrons. Atoms resonated in aether vortical motion further form as molecules, which are then coalesced by covalent bond to form all possible diversities of chemical compounds. Aether vortical motion in an all-pervasive inviscid aetheric medium renders the strong nuclear force, weak nuclear force, electromagnetic force, and gravitational force in nature with its hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of aether.
From the UVS perspective, vortically formed aether corpuscles in the resonance of aether vortical motion in the nested vortical hypersphere of the cosmos, vortically manifest the subatomic particles to vortically coalesced as hydrogen atoms, which are then vortically fused as all types of heavier atoms, and thus are vortically bonded as all possible diversities of chemical compounds.
The hypersphere of a 3-sphere system that is manifested with a unisonal vortex in three-spatial space, is a higher dimensional 4D spheroidal structure that immerses in a three-dimensional world. Any motion induced in a resonated and quantized medium encapsulated in such field effect of 4D spheroids with integral-spin, can thus have the characteristics of inviscid viscosity, infinite vorticity, and zero resistivity in the 3D reality.
See externally linked topic on "Physicists have figured out how to create matter and antimatter using light", "Superfluid", "Bose-Einstein condensate", and "Superconductor", these are matters that have the physical properties of inviscid, infinite vorticity, and zero resistance. Watch a video clip on "Alfred Leitner - Liquid Helium II the Superfluid" that demonstrates natural perpetual motion of liquid helium II as a superfluid with zero viscosity.
See the UVS topics on "Vortical hypersphere structure of tri-bipolar monopole systems" that illustrates how natural effects can render all possible diversities of geometric structures for vortically coalesced matters, "Unisonal evolution mechanism" for an illustration on how the structures of atom could be formed, and "The formation of stars and galaxies" that illustrates the vortical formation of physical structures in the macrocosms.
See externally linked topic on "Kelvin's vortex theory of the atom" that depicts an atom as a trefoil knot in the microcosm, “Charvatova Cycle” that illustrates the trefoil paths for the barycenter of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn in the macrocosm, "Torus" that illustrates with an animation for the structural transformations into the various forms of torus structure, and "NASA Announces Results of Epic Space-Time Experiment" that reports on NASA had confirmed that fundamentally there is a spacetime vortex around the Earth.
Watch a video clip on "EPIC: Einstein's 4-D Time Theory Confirmed by NASA" that elaborates on 4D spacetime vortex, and "Waves in a Large Free Sphere of Water" that shows interesting resonance experiments done in space.
Note: Despite standard terminologies were used herein for subatomic particles defined with the standard model, UVS posits space and time are invariants, and an all-pervasive inviscid medium of aether in vortical motion exists in the universe; this is a fundamental level paradigm shift from the modern physics that posits space and time are variants with a void empty space.
See Unclear2Nuclear that demonstrated the many mystifying paradoxical aspects of the nucleus are answered via self-generating facets of the geometric model presented by Jerry Montgomery (Ph.D) and Rondo Jeffery (Ph.D).
“Jerry and Rondo are trained physicists that have taught, worked with and used the concepts of physics for 40+ years each, and both had studied the nucleus off and on for most of those 40 years.”, "During one of our discussions WE HAD AN AWAKENING. And in a moment everything we had been taught and believed about the nucleus changed and changed substantially." - Excerpts from OCKHAM of Unclear2Nuclear.
“Ultimately Stable Nuclear Structure is Primarily about Balance.” - Jerry Montgomery and Rondo Jeffery
See an externally linked topic on "Nuclear Anomalies" that elaborates and addresses more than twenty anomalies of nuclear structure.
See an externally linked Unclear2Nuclear topic on "Neutron-Neutron, Proton-Proton, verses Proton-Neutron (Deuteron) Enigma Explained" for further elaboration.
From the UVS perspective, the above zome illustrations for the subatomic structures of proton, neutron, deuteron, alpha particle, and carbon 12, are coherent with the UVS atomic nucleus model.
“If you can't explain it to a six year old, you don't really understand it.” - Richard Feynman
Zome is used in over 6,000 schools and institutions across the US. It is used in grades 1 through the university level to help teach algebra, scale, number sense, symmetry, proportion, geometry, DNA structure, trigonometry, and more. Zome is based on a version of the 61-zone structural system which includes purely mathematical models from tilings to hyperspace projections, as well as molecular models of quasicrystals and fullerenes, and architectural space frame structures. Zome's balls (nodes) and struts let you build models within the 61-zone system which lifts the study of these objects off the flat page and literally puts it into the hands of students.
In the UVS worldview, elementary particles are vortically coalesced and evolved with resonated aether vortical motion of the cosmos, and then vortically consolidate as subatomic particles in the all-pervasive field by hyperspherical vortex spin fusion in the vortical gravitational singularities of planetary system, star system, galaxy, galaxy cluster, supercluster, and so forth within their largest nested vortical spheroidal structures in a closed system.
See the UVS topics on "Vortical elementary and subatomic particles" that elaborates on the emergence of subatomic particles, "Other vortical phenomena of the Sun" that elaborates on emission of elementary particles from the Sun, "The vortically manifested planetary orbitals" that illustrates on how planets accrete to form in their resonated hyperspherical vortex spin fusion, "The cometary craters and the creation of chemical elements in the comet" that elaborates on disintegrations and integrations of chemical elements within the planetary system, and "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on a vortical evolution mechanism of the cosmos.
matters in the universe are impelled by aether vortical motion
From the UVS perspective, light could not escape the gravity of a black hole, infers the carriers of light wave have the property of mass, and thus they could be interacted. Although light wave propagating in the aether corpuscles of light (the quantas of luminiferous aether) is weightless like sound wave, these aether corpuscles of light are being vortically displaced in the black hole, light thus could not escape or illuminate in a black hole. The empirically observed temperature of a rotating black hole is almost absolute zero, suggests a black hole is a vortical void of aether corpuscle.
The UVS research predicates the hydrogen atoms in the universe are formed in the manifested vortical gravitational singularities by coalescing protons as atomic nuclei with their spawned electrons.
See externally linked reports on "Supermassive black holes emit incredible amounts of hydrogen gas at astounding rates" that elaborates on supermassive black holes were observed to be emitting cold gases into the interstellar space of their galaxies, "The First Image Ever of a Hydrogen Atom's Orbital Structure", and "Scientists discover how to turn light into matter after 80-year quest".
From the UVS perspective, in the very intensified vortical column (aka supermassive black hole) with active galactic nucleus that is precessing in a resonated galactic vortex of aether, the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of hydrogen atoms could render nucleosynthesis in the nested vortical hypersphere of the cosmos with resonated aether vortical motion to form all types of heavier chemical elements as they possibly could. And it can also impel the atomic creation process of stellar nucleosynthesis and supernova nucleosynthesis to harmonically create chemical elements of various periodic cycles and element groups, which could be vortically formed with the resonated spiral motions in a hypersphere system of 137 nested 3-spheres.
The UVS research predicates the nucleosynthesis in the universe is caused by the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of atoms in the manifested vortical gravitational singularities with resonated aether vortical motion.
With reactive centrifugal force and extreme speed generated by the effect of vortical spin fission, chemical elements could be vortically ejected from the high density vortex column surface of the galactic vortex after overcoming its escape velocity, and then are vortically scattered out around the galactic plane as giant molecular clouds of interstellar materials.
These chemical elements while gradually consolidate and cool down in the galactic spiral arms, would then begin all kinds of chemical reactions with covalent bond to vortically fuse as all possible diversities of simple and complex chemical compounds. The molecules for each type of chemical compound that are clumped by cohesion, are being vortically and spheroidally consolidated with the centripetal acceleration of aether.
The UVS research predicates chemical elements are created by the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of aether vortical motion.
The empirically observed emissions of cold hydrogen atoms from supermassive black holes, are strong evidence for hydrogen atoms are coalesced by the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of an inviscid medium of aether on the surfaces of the supermassive black holes. And heuristically, these cold hydrogen atoms are vortically radiated from the supermassive black hole as galactic winds.
Based on the UVS model, the vortical gravitation singularity of its galaxy is impelled by its galactic toroidal vortex that precess in its two-axis spin. Its consolidating vortical motion on the vortical gravitation singularity of the galaxy, will almost isotropically radiate charged particles by reactive centrifugal force with its manifested vortrices.
And similar to the energetic Sun would radiate charged particles of proton and electron as solar wind, the energetic gravitational singularity of a galaxy could radiate vortically coalesced particles of quark, lepton, proton, electron, and hydrogen as galactic wind that intrinsically have superluminal motion. Like how the solar wind vortically fills up the heliosphere of the Sun, the galactic wind vortically fills up the galactic spheroid of its galaxy.
The UVS research predicates galactic winds with vortically coalesced particles are vortically spun out by the vortical gravitational singularity of its galaxy with reactive centrifugal force.
See a UVS section on "The phenomenon of solar wind" that elaborates on how solar winds are radiated from the Sun with the reactive centrifugal forces emanated from the vortical motion of photosphere.
This UVS periodic table model of a dual-core Möbius strip topology, with an angular tweak on the anti-cyclonic cycle for separating the f-block cycles for its analysis, is a pried opened Klein bottle topology.
It explicitly illustrates how the 2 angular phases of the inversely formed s-block (1st, 2nd spiral groups) cycles, and the adjoining 6 angular phases of the p-block (13th to 18th spiral groups) cycles, are spirally organised in one nested half-integral cycle of the cyclonic core, and the 10 angular phases of the d-block (3rd to 12th spiral groups) cycles, are spirally organised in the other nested cyclonic half-integral cycle. And it also shows how the 14 f-block elements in the 6th and 7th periodical cycles are spirally organised in the anti-cyclonic cycles of the dual-core Möbius strip topology.
From the UVS perspective, the perceived periodic blocks in the periodic table model, are structurally correlated to the atomic structures of electron shells and subshells. And it is a fact that the periodicity of elements, categorized by their periodic blocks, are intrinsically correlated with the atomic subshells.
One distinct feature of this periodic table model, is on the cyclonic path that begins from the core of the cyclonic cycle, is started at a point of vortical singularity at the zero periodical cycle, made a 360° spiral turn and then reach the elemental position of hydrogen at the 1st periodical cycle in the 1st angular phase. The arbitrarily illustrated periodic separator, is where the periodicity of periodic cycles complete their 360° spiral turn in the cyclonic cycle, and then begin their next higher periodic cycles.
And this coherently illustrates how hydrogen is in the 1st angular phase, and despite helium has no electron in the p-subshell, as a noble gas with closed electron shell, it is categorically an 18th period element. In the spiral topology, with reference to the standard periodic table, it coherently illustrates there are no elemental positions at the 2nd to 17th angular phases in the 1st periodical cycle, and there are also no elemental positions in the full d-block cycle at the 3rd to 12th angular phases in the 2nd and 3rd periodical cycles.
See externally linked topic on "Extended periodic table" that theorizes about elements beyond element 118.
From the UVS perspective, all types of atoms are resonated to coalesce at various periodic cycles and angular phases by vortical motion in a universal spiral topology.
The UVS research predicates the different types of atoms are resonated to coalesce at various periodic cycles and angular phases with the vortical motion manifested a universal spiral topology.
types of atoms are resonated to coalesce at various periodical cycles
Heuristically, the intrinsic vortical pinch effect between the 2nd and 3rd angular phases for heavier elements in the higher 6th and 7th periodical cycles, as perceived with this UVS periodic table model, have overcome the angular momentum of the cyclonic cycle for its forth going topological paths. And these topological paths thus spirally form the nested f-block cycle in the anti-cyclonic cycles from a harmonically manifested differential core, and then the topological paths in the anti-cyclonic cycles are reconnected to the cyclonic cycles after the Möbius strip topological twist; these differential spiral paths render the dual-core Möbius strip topology.
As illustrated, the Möbius strip topological twist occurs between the differential dual-core cycles, is formed with the 6th periodic cycle between the positions of element 70 and 71, and the 7th periodic cycle between the positions of element 102 and 103.
Critically, the UVS periodic table model indubitably illustrates how the 30 lanthanides and the actinides have stemmed out with the vortical pinch from the cyclonic cycles at the 2nd angular phase, then form 28 elements in 2 anti-cyclonic f-block cycles that asymmetrically correspond with the angular phases of the cyclonic core. And with the intrinsic Möbius strip topological twist, and the manifestation of the remaining 2 elements of the 30 lanthanides and actinides, the two spiral paths are seamlessly reconnected to the cyclonic core.
A critical deviation in the UVS periodic table model as compared with the standard periodic table, is the transiting elemental position of element 71, as illustrated with the dual-core Möbius strip topology, and with one valence electron in the 5d subshell, lutetium is topologically and categorically a group 3 element instead of a group 17 element as stated in the standard periodic table of IUPAC. And lawrencium with one valence electron in the 7p subshell, could topologically and categorically (by electronic configuration) be a group 17 element, as well as it is a group 3 element as stated in the modern IUPAC periodic table.
Noteworthily, this periodic table model comprehensively shows two distinct segments of chemical element in the d-block and f-block that violate the Madelung's rule, as in the actual electronic configurations of atoms, and the order of filling electrons in atomic orbitals. And evidently, for the elements of the d-block cycles with electron configuration anomalies, they are preferentially filling electrons in their d-block orbitals by not filling electrons in their supposedly lower energy level s-block orbitals. For the segment of f-block cycle that mirrors the d-block cycle, all those f-block elements with electron configuration anomalies, are preferentially and partially filling electrons in their d-block orbitals.
And for 8 elements in the segment of anti-cyclonic f-block cycles that mirrors the cyclonic p-block cycles, with fully filled 5f orbitals, like the p-block elements, they have no anomalies for their electronic configuration or the order of filling electrons in atomic orbitals.
The numbers of element segregated in the nested s-block (2), p-block (6), d-block (10), and f-block (14) cycles of the UVS periodic table model, correspond to the numbers of electron segregated in the nested s (2), p (6), d (10), and f (14) subshells of the UVS atomic model, suggests element creations are linked to a nested dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere structure with vortical manifestations of Lagrangian points.
“All theoretical chemistry is really physics; and all theoretical chemists know it.” - Galileo Galilei
See externally linked topics on "Walter Russell's Periodic Chart of The Elements 1", "Walter Russell's Periodic Chart of The Elements 2", "Scholten period table in spiral format", "Nodder's Periodic Table", "Periodic Table formulations" for more illustrations of spiral periodic table presented from 1900 -1949, and an interactive dynamic periodic table that illustrates the atomic orbitals of elements.
According to the standard periodic table, for the first 20 chemical elements in the first three periods, 24 chemical elements in the 4th to 6th periods of 1st, 2nd, 13th to 18th groups, and 8 chemical elements in the 6th to 7th periods of 13th to 18th groups, these 52 elements follow the order of filling electrons in atomic orbitals as described with the aufbau principle and Madelung rule. Whereas for 52 chemical elements in the 4th to 7th period of the 3rd to 12th groups in the d-block and the f-block, with their known experimental configurations and orders for filling of electron orbitals, they are known to be following the order approximately with anomalies, which have peculiarities that are more or less subjected to the groups they are in.
As could be perceived with the UVS periodic table model of a dual-core Möbius strip topology, it is discernable that the known anomalies for the 52 elements, are collectively located in the two half-integral cycle d-blocks in the cyclonic core and the anti-cyclonic core. This infers the electronic configurations, and the order of filling electrons in atomic orbitals, are intrinsically subjected to the underlying vortical structure and mechanism of the differential dual-core spiral topology.
See externally linked topic on "Other exceptions to Madelung's rule" that highlighted the chemical elements with electron shells filled in violation of Madelung's rule, "Dysprosium electron configuration" that elaborates on its anomaly for orbital filling sequence, "Gallium Quick Reference" that illustrates on its anomaly for orbital filling sequence, and "The trouble with the aufbau principle" that elaborates on the anomalies of the order for filling electron orbitals.
The chemical elements in the 11th spiral group of various periodic cycles, demonstrate that the nested electron shell in this particular phase, has higher-energy orbitals at the p-subshells than the s-subshells of their higher valence shells. For example, for the atom of gold, its experimental electronic configuration of [Xe54]4f145d106s1, demonstrated higher orbital energy at the 6s subshell of the 6th shell, as compared to the 4f subshell of the 4th shell, and the 5d subshell of the 5th shell, which violates the Madelung rule; the final electron had entered the atom of gold in its 6s subshell after its 4f and 5d subshells are filled.
From the UVS perspective, the transition metals harmonically formed with a peculiar spiral twist of the dual-core Möbius strip topology in the 11th spiral group of various periodic cycles, which are copper (29Cu: [Ar18]3d104s1), silver (47Ag: [Kr36]4d105s1), and gold (79Au: [Xe54]4f145d106s1), they each have an electron hole just next to their atomic nuclei by having only one electron occupying the valence s-subshell, and all their outer d-subshells are fully filled to the maximum capacity with 10 electrons each.
Apparently, the atoms with such electron configuration of valence shell in the group 11 element at around room temperature, are having a most electrically balanced circumstance for transferring electric charge with this peculiar electron hole arrangement; such a peculiar electron hole in the subshell is apparently the primary factor that renders these metals as better electrical conductors.
The water molecule is totally lacked of electron hole, and it is known that water by itself it is not a good electrical conductor, this is despite water sometimes can conduct electricity with dissolved minerals.
Note: The 5g subshell of atomic element, hitherto has never been empirically observed. And the UVS periodic table model, is referenced to the standard periodic table for its established terminologies.
The order for filling of electron orbitals for the Madelung rule and the spiral thumb rule, is similar for the first 18 elements until the electron configuration of argon, and from thereon it starts to deviate. Thus, for the chemical element Roentgenium (111Rg), instead of the [Rn86]5f14 6d9 7s2 electronic configuration as predicted by the Madelung rule, according to the spiral thumb rule that fits the known electronic configuration for the elements of the 11th spiral group, it is thus deliberated as [Ar18]3d104s24p64d105s24f145p65d106s25f146p66d107s1.
According to the spiral thumb rule for the orbital energy sequence of the 11th spiral group, the copper atom with the shell configuration of K2L8M18N1, fills the last electron in the 4s subshell on the inner wall of the N electron shell, which is manifested nearest to its atomic nucleus among all the other subshells in its nested electron shell. And the electronic configuration of 29Cu predicted as [Ar18]3d104s1 with the spiral topology, matches its experimental electronic configuration.
Note: the UVS atomic model is not drawn to scale with the exact structural details.
See a table of information for the Lagrangian points of the UVS atomic model that tabulates the spawned Lagrangian points in the structure of a nested electron shell.
The order of filling of electron orbitals for the 11th spiral group elements with the suggested spiral thumb rule, is also valid for the first three elements of the 12th spiral group in the same p-block integral cycle, which their experimental electronic configurations are known.
From the UVS perspective, the other spiral groups in the p-block cyclonic and anti-cyclonic integral cycles, the electronic configurations and orders of filling of electron orbitals with how some s-subshells are not preferentially or partially filled, they obviously are following other deviated sets of rules in the manifold dual-core system, which are subjected to their angular phases in the integral cycles in composite resonance frequencies of their underlying nested torus transformed structures.
Heuristically, the not preferentially or partially filling of the valence s-subshell for some elements, could be systematically and rationally explained with harmonically diffused spiral sub-orbitals of their atomic orbitals, and it is a fact that electron has its own sub-orbitals. Using the UVS periodic table model of a manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology as a reference for the nested spiral fractals of atomic sub-orbitals, it is plausible that for those d-block elements formed around the 2nd cyclonic core with partially filled valence s-subshells, such as niobium and nickel, their diffused spiral sub-orbitals could spirally detour at midways to fill electrons in the s-subshells, and then spirally enroute back to fill electrons in their valence d-subshells.
Also, according to the UVS atomic model, the anti-cyclonic L2 Lagrangian point conserves its angular momentum from the cyclonic nucleus, has lower energy level than the cyclonic L1 Lagrangian point in the same subshell. The two pairs L4 and L5 Lagrangian points, their energy level are higher than the L1 and L2 Lagrangian points in the same subshell. And the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested from the harmonic cores at the primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points instead of from the nucleus, such as the 3d-7 and 3d-9 Lagrangian points in the 3d subshell, their energy level is higher than those L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested from the nucleus, such as the 3d-6 and 3d-10 Lagrangian points.
Based on the UVS atomic model, the L2 Lagrangian point L2-4s manifested on the 4s subshell, is also the L3 Lagrangian point of 3d-3 and L2 Lagrangian points, and for some elements at some angular phases, it demonstrates lower energy level than the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of the 3d-3 and L2 Lagrangian points, which are labeled as 3d-2 and 3d-4 respectively.
And for some elements formed at some angular phases in the 4th to 6th periodical cycles, such as the nickel and platinum atoms, their anti-cyclonic L2 Lagrangian points in the s-subshells, evidently are demonstrating lower energy level than the cyclonic L4 and L5 Lagrangian points that are manifested from the nuclei. And in some cases, such as the scandium and yttrium atoms, evidently, their anti-cyclonic L4 Lagrangian points in the valence d-subshells that are manifested from the nuclei, have lower energy level than the cyclonic L1 Lagrangian points in the valence s-subshells; the single electrons in the valence d-subshells are not the last filled electrons. These subtle deviations of energy levels for some elements at some angular phases, would have caused the subshells of these atoms to be partially filled in different spiral topological orders for filling their electron orbitals with sub-orbitals.
Watch a video clip on "Elemental Iron Energy" that demonstrates with experiments for how a configuration of electric magnetic generator with copper coil coiling around an iron shaft core, would significantly increase its magnetic field, and energy throughput could be significantly increased by harnessing magnetic repulsion and shear forces.
See external linked topics on "New process that harnesses heat energy could double efficiency of solar cells" that reports on how a PETE device made with cesium-coated gallium nitride could increase the energy conversion efficiency for solar cell to 55%, and "Iron-based superconductors" that elaborates on iron-containing compounds with superconducting properties.
From the UVS perspective, the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of chemical elements in the natural process of nucleosynthesis, are originated from the zero points of dual-core vortical singularity with extrinsically resonated aether vortical motion in its manifold two-axis integral spin.
Ultimately, stable atomic structures are primarily about balancing with their vortical motion.
The UVS research predicates the covalent bond of chemical elements is caused by the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of their electron shells.
And as specified with the octet rule, a water molecule cannot effectively make covalent bond with four hydrogen atoms, is because its valence L shell with its 2s and 2p subshells, have had reached the maximum limit of eight electrons after it had already made covalent bond with two hydrogen atoms for sharing two electrons with the Möbius twists to fill its 2p subshell to its maximum capacity.
Heuristically, this illustrates how water molecules could form its geometrical tetrahedral structures with the balanced distribution of electrons on the valence shell of their oxygen atoms. And it also shows how the positioning of oscillating electrons, are electrically balanced on all electron shells and subshells with their motions of intrinsic spin.
Note: This perception for the vortical structure of the water molecule based on the UVS atomic model, does not entail the exact details such as the van der Waals radius, or the covalent radius for its atomic and molecular geometry.
The UVS research predicates the cohesion force of a molecule is a polarization charge effect caused by the arrangement of its chemical elements with vortically merged electron shells.
See externally linked topics on "Ortho and Para hydrogen" that illustrates on the spin isomers of hydrogen.
From the UVS perspective, the two hydrogen atoms of an orthohydrogen molecule in their covalent bond, could be orthogonally coalesced in a two axis cyclonic spin along the vortical column of an encapsulating torus transformed molecular hypersphere, which was formed with the merged K electron shells of the two hydrogen atoms. And the two hydrogen atoms of a parahydrogen molecule in their covalent bond, could be vortically coalesced on the two sides of the vortical column with the differential spin in the merged K electron shells of their encapsulating torus transformed molecular hypersphere. Heuristically, the two hydrogen atoms coalesced in such parahydrogen state in its vortical molecular structure, are much vortically well balanced in its Möbius strip topological spin, and thus form as a more stable hydrogen molecule as compared to the much vortically excited orthohydrogen molecule with its two cyclonically coalesced hydrogen atoms, which thus are not very vortically well balanced in their vortical molecular structure.
Note: Requires animations to visually illustrate the vortical spin isomers of hydrogen, in the meanwhile has to rely on visual thinkings for the intuitions.
Ultimately, stable molecular structures are primarily about vortical balancing of charge in their repulsive encapsulations.
See externally linked topics on "Molecular geometry" that elaborates on the three-dimensional arrangement of the atoms that constitute a molecule, "Molecular vibration" that elaborates on the typical frequencies of molecular vibrations, and "Water Decomposition by AC Electrolysis" that illustrates the bonding angle of the two hydrogen atoms with the oxygen atom in a water molecule was increased from 104° to 109°28' in a before and after treatment test.
See the UVS subtopics on "Vortical elementary and subatomic particles" that elaborates on an underlying mechanism for rendering vortical push momentum with aetheric jets to cause similar electric charge substances to repel and different electric charge substances to coalesce, "Aetheric jet stream" that forms as magnetic field lines, and "Complex vortical structures" that illustrates the mechanism on how nature can form spheroidal and tetrahedral structures in the microcosms and macrocosms with the spinor fields of aether vortical motion.
The manifold dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, illustrates how the cyclonic path for element creation begins from the center of the 1st cyclonic core, is started at a point of vortical singularity at zero periodic cycle, made a 360° spiral turn of a half-integral cycle, and then reach the elemental position of hydrogen at the 1st periodical cycle in the 1st angular phase.
It then continues with another half-integral cycles in the cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, starting from the 1st angular phase, the cyclonic path makes another 360° round turn after passing the elemental position of helium at the 18th angular phase. In the two half-integral cycles of 360° round turn in 2nd and 3rd periodical cycles, it makes the s-block cycles from the 1st to 2nd angular phase, and the p-block cycles from the 13th to 18th angular phase.
Topologically, the vortical pinch effect in the s-cycles in the lower 2nd and 3th periodical cycles, apparently their spiral motion paths have overcome the angular momentum of the 1st cyclonic core after the 2nd angular phase, and thus are spiraling for 180° cycles around the 2nd cyclonic core for 3 angular phases (13th to 15th). And after the 15th angular phase, their spiral paths are then recaptured by the 1st cyclonic core for another 3 angular phases (16th to 18th).
Then in the continuous half-integral cycle of 360° round turn in the 4th periodical cycle that starts from the 3rd angular phase and ends at passing the 12th angular phase as illustrated, it makes the d-block cycles. Topologically, the vortical pinch effect in the s-cycles in the middle 4th and 5th periodical cycles, apparently their spiral motion paths have overcome the angular momentum of the 1st cyclonic core at a wider angle after the 2nd angular phase, and thus are spiraling for 360° cycles around the 2nd cyclonic core in the d-block cycles that form elements at its 10 angular phases in the 4th and 5th periodical cycles.
And thus correspondingly, like the metals of group 11 element, all the elements in the 1st angular phase of the first cyclonic core also have such a peculiar electron hole in their s-subshells; such a peculiar electron hole in the s-subshell is apparently the primary factor that also renders these these group 1 elements as good electrical conductors. But unlike the group 11 elements with closed d-subshells, the alkali metals of group 1 elements with closed p-block valence subshells, have highly reactive homologous behavior.
Categorically, in the cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere, the unknown state of matter for element 109, 110, and 111 in the 7 periodical cycle, are the half-integral cycle d-block transition metals formed around the 2nd cyclonic core.
All the chemical elements in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd periodical cycles, have no issues for their electronic configurations and orders of filling of orbitals.
All elements of transition metal in the 4th to 7th periodical cycles of the d-block cycles with known experimental electronic configurations, are known to have anomalies in either their electronic configurations, or their orders of filling of orbitals. And this includes 2 sets of 10 chemical elements in the 6th and 7th periodical cycles of the anti-cyclonic 3-sphere hypersphere topology for a segment of f-block cycle that mirrors the d-block cycle; the electronic configurations and orders of filling of orbitals for elements from these d-blocks should be following different sets of atomic orbital rules.
It is perceivable that the entire f-block elements formed in the 6th and 7th periodical cycles of the anti-cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, is partially formed in the integral cycle around its two anti-cyclonic cores. The topological path in the 6th periodical cycles routes back to the cyclonic path to form its d-block and p-block elements in the cyclonic dual-core 3-sphere hypersphere topology, and the topological path in the 7th periodical cycles routes back with a Möbius strip topological twist to the outer cyclonic path to form its d-block and p-block elements.
And for the 2 sets of 4 chemical elements in the f-block cycles that partially mirrors the p-block cycles at 13th to 16th angular phases, they have no known issues with their electronic configurations and orders of filling of orbitals. These p-block elements from the cyclonic hypersphere, and the anti-cyclonic hypersphere cycles, are apparently following the same set of atomic orbital rules for their electronic configurations and orders of filling of orbitals.
In a summary, the two UVS periodic table models are both significant in their own ways for what they are elucidating.
Note: These UVS periodic table models are not drawn with the exact details for the positions of the individual cores, and the positions of elements to their associated cores. These topological diagrams could be rescaled proportionally and fine tuned to more smoothly illustrate the nested paths of the dual-core hyperspheres.
From the UVS perspective, the topology of cyclonic 3-sphere hypersphere, is correlated to the vortical mechanism that underlies an atomic nucleus, and the topology of anti-cyclonic 3-sphere hypersphere, is correlated to the vortical mechanism that underlies its electron. And this differential dual-core hypersphere topology, is also correlated to the elementary particles in the microcosms, as well as the solar system, galactic system, and the ever larger observable celestial systems all the way up to the CMB dipole for the macrocosms.
In the UVS worldview, the ruling principle of element creation, is the two-axis hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of aether corpuscles that are resonated and manifested by the aether vortical motion in a closed system of the cosmos.
See the UVS topic on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on how the motion of a nested vortical hypersphere of 137 nested-spheres in the macrocosm, is resonated in the microcosms.
See an externally linked topic on a "Periodic Table of Technology" created by the Beacon, it is an interactive guide that shows the everyday use of elements in technology, which the postulated periodical arrangement of the lanthanides are similar to the UVS models of periodic table.
~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow for his inspiring exchanges in the vortex world of atomic and subatomic particles. "If you walk into any of the many vortices that we see everyday and scoop into the effect with a test tube, you will not find any something that can be seen or studied that could be called a vortex particle. Yet we can see with our own eyes, the effect the vortex has on the material, that becomes involved as both the cause and effect, of this something that (apparently) is a nothing (Paradoxical Vortex)."
~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow for posting the link on "An electron rides on a light wave after just having been pulled away from an atom", his post on his qualitative predication based on the UVS model that electron has a vortex form with sub-orbitals as a subatomic particle, and another post on his qualitative predication based on the UVS model that a quark is a nested vortex of vortices.
~ With special thanks to Mohamed Ibrahim Elgafi for referencing the website of UVS in chapter 4 of his book on "Phosphoric Acid and Phosphate Fertilizers - Volume I". 24th Aug 2016.
Inception of this UVS worldview of microcosms was in March 2008 with ongoing development.
Some resonated remarks received that are relevant to Universal Vortical Singularity (aka UVS) for this topic:
“Vincent Wee developed an elegant periodic table presentation. Inspired by his
approach I am planning to utilize graph algorithms tools and recent advances
to attempt to expand the chemical science envelop.”
(18th August 2014)
an exit scientist and now am industrial physicist, I admire your insight
and works highly.”
like the new charge modeling for both celestial lagrangian point and atomic
a brilliant treatise that credibly extends modern human scientific knowledge
and awareness of "How The Universe And Everything In It Truly Works".'
loved reading your research again. It does make me rethink and in some
cases, relearn my understanding of the cosmos.”
(28th Aug 2012)
is a paradox that will bring another paradigm shift...A giant step toward
fully subscribe to the vortex theory---it makes mechanical sense more
than mathematical sense. It doesn't make any difference if you think the
world is infinite---the vortex theory will work on its own merits.”
(4th Jul 2011)
consider your site and your new theory to be original and exciting.....
We love your site!”
14th Dec 2009)
speaking, even in its present mostly qualitative form, UVS makes a significant
contribution to the discovery of spiral nature of the universe.”
provided one of the most comprehensive presentations of the spiral nature
of the universe.”
(4th July 2009)
is the future of science.”
model is valid for all atomic particles as long as one realizes they must
be viewed as three dimensional vortices; that’s how they interact
with the spatial Aether, but that’s another story.”
is funny how I did not see it before, the out right dominance of the Vortex
phenomena. All the endless studying I have done on so many subjects to
do with science, and the best I could see was, spin. Now I see vortices
in every thing I see. Its amazing how one can miss something so important.
It is great to once again see the workings of the Universe with new eyes.”
Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses grounded on a generally unheard-of UVS model, bound to have shortcomings, such as loose ends, errors, and omissions errors. Many details and assumptions in its propositions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or verified. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the UVS topics presented in the UVS worldview, so if any term or statement is offensive in any manner from whatsoever perspectives, is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Also, the content of the UVS topics, from time to time could be arbitrarily modified without any notice.
Viewing tips: Despite the presentations of the UVS web pages has went through much accommodation for their viewings on smart phones, they are still not entirely friendly to these mobile devices. For the best experiences, use a MS Windows based PC or computer system with Java enabled browser for running its interactive applets. (Such as Java Applet of Moiré pattern, JPL Small-Body Database Browser, and Planet Finder.)
Copyright information: This UVS web site is for non-profit purposes and not for commercial use. Wherever possible, direct credits to the origins of the works or images were provided, be it on fair dealings, with explicit permission from their owners, or the materials were believed to be from the public domain.