A logical basis in the belief system of its subjective reality, is not tantamount to an absolute basis for its claim of proof with its logically deduced proposition that predicates the actuality of an empirical observation.
"Logic is the science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference.", "Logic is a branch of philosophy.", "Logic concerns the structure of statements and arguments, in formal systems of inference and natural language. Topics include validity, fallacies and paradoxes, reasoning using probability and arguments involving causality. Logic is also commonly used today in argumentation theory.". Excerpts from from Wikipedia on "Logic".
Generally, science practices that engage analytical methods to investigate and evaluate empirically observed natural phenomena through deductive logic for establishing their a posteriori knowledge in subjective realities, are very much relied on a supra sense of belief with varying degree of uncertainties in the fundamentals of nature. And fundamentally, the first principles for the hypothetical constructs of most mainstream scientific theories developed in their conceptual frameworks of subjective reality with their postulations, are asserted with the tautologies of their a posteriori knowledge.
See the UVS subtopic on "Critiques of the scientific method" that elaborates on the follies of the fallaciously validated hallmark scientific theories.
If scientists in consensus agreed that a theory with its propositional knowledge was correct with its validated logical basis in its subjective reality that emulates the objective reality, it would mean they have believed the theory was correct. If they thought it was incorrect, it would mean they have believed it was incorrect.
What one has believed as an actuality is one thing, what is its actuality could be another thing.
“Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts.” - Richard Feynman
A proposition for the actuality of a natural phenomenon merely concluded with deductive logic of its hypothetical construct, does not make it true or not true; the proposition is merely valid or invalid for its logically deduced conclusion in its subjective reality.
Unsustainably, the logic and belief system of a validated theory, could be logically construed in a delusion of its cognitive paradox, caused by the paradoxical effect of nature that renders the delusion with a subliminal natural negation.
A tiny wrong assumption can lead to its huge misadventures.
See the UVS topic on "Allegory of a flat Earth event" that illustrates a mechanism of natural negation.
questions of science, the authority of a thousand
is relentless and unchangeable, and it is indifferent as to whether
In the worldview of the Copernican heliocentrism, the Kepler's laws of planetary motion can illustrate with mathematical logic that orbits are elliptical, and these laws have had thus invalidated the postulation of circular planetary orbits. Despite logical analysis with mathematical principle can invalidate or disprove with the know-what proposition of its validated a posteriori postulation, it cannot prove its posits for its claims of fact; it is a fact in modern astronomy that the Sun is not motionless nor is it anywhere near the center of the universe as was believed with the Copernican heliocentrism.
See the UVS subtopic on "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Copernican heliocentrism" that illustrates the spiral motion of the Solar System.
A self-reference analysis of its belief could be fundamentally asserted by its consilience, and thus can be jointly exhaustive in its manifold of deductive reasoning to validate everything it attempts to analyse. In its subliminal circular reasonings, it therefore could irrefutably validate everything in its premise, and infallibly conclude anything in its subjective reality with its tautology for asserting its belief system.
One can persistently fool himself in a delusion that can paradoxically but consistently asserts his fallacious belief, and therefore becomes biased for believing what is not true.
See in an external link for a topic on "Delusional People See the World Through Their Mind's Eye" for the findings of behavioral and neuroimaging experiments on healthy people who harbor delusions.
With the various postulations for a finite (closed) or an infinite (open) universe, the universe is or is not filled with an almost all-pervasive physical entity of aether corpuscles, integrated with various combinations of posit for variant or invariant dimensions of space, variant or invariant dimension of time, therefore in such deviations, there are sixteen possible paradigms for the nature of objective reality.
Each of these paradigms with its posits in its conceptual framework, can be the basis for its hypotheses of empirically observed natural phenomena. And at its best, it can logically, coherently, quantitatively, and consistently explicate its propositional knowledge of empirical observed natural phenomena in its worldview.
Any independently concluded a posteriori proposition for any of the above sixteen paradigms in its own worldview of the universe, at its best, it can be logically valid for the physical laws or axioms of its a priori proposition, which could be consistently proven in its worldview with systemic negation by self-referencing with all sorts of circular reasoning.
With logical tautology, anything can be deemed possible by its self fulfilling prophecy that asserts with its validated logical reasoning. It can never prove anything with the posits for its premise, which at the first place is a belief postulated for proving its predication with the logic construes in its premise.
Any theory extrapolated from a foundation that was based on an incorrect paradigm would be fallacious at its best, this is despite its valid conclusions deduced in its abstract can be analytically true, and can also pragmatically work.
realizing the cognitive paradoxes that negate to cause delusions in the
If obsessed with logically consistent and coherent a posteriori propositions for a deterministic theory, axiomatically established on any of the paradigms with the rigors for precise quantitative predictions, and ignores qualitative evaluation for the a priori propositions in its paradigm, thus, in the subjective reality of its scientific model with its validated quantitative analyses of the empirically observed natural phenomena in exact science, one could persistently fool himself in all sorts of delusion with all sorts of artificial cognitive paradox.
The artificial cognitive paradoxes of such deterministic theories, caused their physical paradoxes as a result of their fallaciously contrived posits that render all sorts of science delusion.
Such delusions in the worldviews of their scientific models, are stemmed from the cognitive paradox fallacies of their a priori proposition with all sorts of self-referencing in their fallacies of definition. These would render the illusions of knowledge in their pragmatic theories of truth with all sorts of circular reasonings, speciously validated by their self-fulfilling prophecies that assert their fallacious posits with the pragmatically workable quantitative predictions of their a posteriori knowledge.
The foundations for such spurious deterministic theories, established with all sorts of assumptions for their posits in their belief systems of the objective reality, are validated with their logical interpretations of empirical observed natural phenomena in their realms of subjective reality.
A mathematically proven deterministic theory that is analytically and logically deduced to be valid with its hard science in its subjective reality, although could be made unassailable by substantiating with deductive proof that has true value, its conclusion is merely analytically true for its a priori propositions in the premise of its posits.
A fallaciously validated a priori proposition, causes the artificial cognitive paradox of its empirical observed natural phenomenon.
A fallaciously endorsed posit of a scientific model, is the mother of all its science delusions.
The propositions of such interpretations in their fallacy of misplaced concreteness, can be logically established with philosophical rigors and precise quantitative predictions in all sorts of delusion, construed with all sorts of artificial cognitive paradox for the perceptions of natural wonders in the belief systems of their subjective realities.
“By denying scientific principles, one may maintain any paradox.” - Galileo Galilei
A fallacy of its metaphoric proposition derived in its indoctrinated belief system, which can render its illusion of knowing in its delusion, could be logically stemmed from the fallacious postulation of its conceptual metaphor.
A fallaciously endorsed conceptual metaphor of a metascience, is the mother of all its fallacies.
Delusion is the mother of all its illusions of knowledge.
“The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.” - Cited Stephen Hawking
See an externally linked topic on "Allegory of the Cave" that elaborates on obfuscated perceptions by perceiving reality with shadows in its subjective reality.
See the UVS subtopic on "The apparent retrograde motion of a planet" that illustrates a fallacious conceptual metaphor of geocentricism, which had incorrectly concluded the actuality of a typical type of apparent observations.
To relate with an example of systemic negation that is constructed by artificial synergetic for its logical basis, one can explore the synergetic functions of logic gates with Boolean logic in the field of digital electronics, which are involved with modern technologies in devising of electronic products through designing and making of digital circuits.
The propositional logic of a digital system, is absolutely subjected to the tautology of its logical construct that could incorporate all sorts of logical negation for the system to pragmatically work for serving its purpose, and thus its logic can only be valid within the worldview of its logical construct.
The truth tables (figure 1) listed below are the outcomes of its logical operators (Logic gates, figure 2) in the order of AND gate, OR gate, NOT x OR y gate and XOR gate, are some of the Boolean algebraic functions that can also be represented with other logic gate equivalents in other configurations (figure 3), or in Venn diagrams (figure 4).
In binary numbers, the function for AND and OR gate are quite easy to understand, and these are very similar to the manner it is used in common languages. However, for a complex logical operator such as the XOR logic gate, its logic function is apparently counterintuitive. In a straight forward logical sense when a set of sequential inputs is applied, it apparently has a counterintuitive set of logical outcomes through its function of logical negation, which is obtained with a logic gate configuration of universal gates arranged for its specific negated function.
This is a category of digital logic gates that implements exclusive disjunction for its logical outputs, and can be physically constructed in different configurations using only NAND or NOR gates. NAND and NOR gates are universal gates that can be used to derive 16 possible Boolean algebraic functions. NAND and NOR logic gates are the two pillars of logic in digital electronics, in that all other types of Boolean logic gates that each has a specific digital logic function (i.e., AND, OR, NOT, XOR, XNOR, etc), can be created from a suitable network of only NAND or NOR gates.
Take a scenario of one who does not understand the tautology of a logic gate configuration, or the negations used in the propositional logic with De Morgan's laws for a systematical model constructed in Boolean logic, which is derived with the truth tables for those logic gates. Be it ignorance, inability to understand it, or refused to blindly follow in a religious manner for the truth tables for the functions of the logic gates, therefore uses only limited types of logic gate that are comprehended, and omits those logic gates with complex logical negations that apparently have contradicting functions, or are counterintuitive and therefore are not correctly understood. In such manners the attempts for development of digital circuit to arrive to a solution for a digital logic application, is obviously a lame approach. The electronic system devised in such simplified manners, would have crippled functionalities, and its logical workability is bound to breakdown under certain logical operating circumstances.
“Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler.” - Albert Einstein
On another hand, without understanding the applied logical tautologies and negations in the digital system to troubleshoot a logic circuit of an electronic device, is also a lame approach. With moot reasoning this would cause misinterpretations for the functions of circuitry unwarily with partial understanding and limited knowledge of the logical operators, and therefore could only do guesswork in a trial and error process, and thus makes all sorts of fallacious deduction with a belief system of his own delusion.
“You can never solve a problem on the level on which it was created.” - Albert Einstein
In another scenario, one who can design an electronic logic circuit according to an application requirement, accomplished by using appropriate logic gates based on faith in the truth tables under their known limited circumstances. With this logic circuit development method, one can effectively apply an efficacious digital logic solution efficiently for its pragmatic application in digital electronics. One does not need to know the complex details for the logic gates used, as in whatever logic gate configuration that constructs the required logic gate circuit as an end product, nor the p-n junctions in the assembly of semiconductors as integrated circuit that forms the mechanism to trigger the logic gate function. This is an example of religiously incorporating a belief system in a process for its technical developments, which can efficiently derive effective and workable solutions for their digital logic applications, and it is simply based on the truth tables for pragmatic applications of the digital logic gates.
However, this approach is based on faith religiously in a belief system that within known parameters, one can productively conceive solutions for digital circuit designs regardless of its fundamental working principles on higher or lower level. On higher level the working principle is concerning the systematical model derived in Boolean algebra, and the details of its logic gate configuration. On lower level, it is concerning the physics of semiconductors. Anyone in this category although may know how to pragmatically develop any electronic logic circuit effectively and efficiently, but he can be blind to the fundamental working principles that are involved on higher and lower levels.
In digital logic applications by religiously based on the truth tables for the developments of digital electronic devices, the applications can be boundless within the limits of digital logic functions, which are designed within the properties of the semiconductor devices, available resources, and as much as one can ever imagine.
“Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere.” - Albert Einstein
However, if one is ignorance of the fundamental working principles that governs digital electronics, and therefore does not have the necessary knowledge that are required for research and development works to materialize a digital device for attaining some crucial logical functions in extreme circumstances, such as in sub-zero temperature environments, or extreme vibration situations, henceforth, any ingenious design or development of logic circuit device in an act of blind faith could be unrealistic and impractical. This would be so when the design is conceived beyond the known capabilities and properties of digital electronics that the required logical functions could not be pragmatically implemented.
In the digital logic sense, applying logic without religiously following an adopted logical function model based on faith is lame, and it is blind to follow the logical function model religiously without really knowing the underlying working principles, but has faith in it just because it usually works for serving its purpose.
“Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.” - Albert Einstein
See the UVS topics on "The unisonal vortical motion of the universe" that systematically hypothesizes on the ontology of the universe, "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborates on a ground breaking grounded theory methodology for the efficacious evaluations of natural phenomena.
In the UVS' philosophy of science, the entire structure of the observable universe is formed in a topsy-turvy vortical universe, it is thus intrinsically imbued with a paradoxical effect of nature. All its harmonically resonated manifestations of natural phenomena, are therefore inherited with its paradoxical characteristic that could manifest in topsy-turvy manners.
Evidently, the observable universe is overwhelmingly paradoxical.
Peculiarly, in a typical topsy-turvy manner, the paradoxical effect of nature delusively and subliminally manifest all sorts of natural cognitive paradox in the apparent observations of the paradoxically rendered natural phenomena.
In a paradoxically observed universe, to resolve the natural cognitive paradoxes of the apparent observations, it requires to invoke transcendental perceptions for perceiving the underlying structures and working mechanisms to evaluate the paradoxically rendered natural phenomena, so as to elucidate all sorts of delusion that are being rendered by the paradoxical effect of nature with its subliminal natural negations manifested in a typical topsy-turvy manner.
Heuristically, the UVS research methodology with the coherently grounded transcendental perspectivalism in the paradigm shift of the UVS model, could effectively resolve the naturally caused cognitive paradoxes of paradoxically rendered natural phenomena by elucidating their delusions with their inductive resolutions, and thus induces the resolutions that enlighten on the actualities of the apparently observed natural phenomena.
Science without enlightenment renders hypotheses for pragmatism with obfuscated perceptions of natural phenomena in their postulated subjective realities.
Science with enlightenment renders revelations for actualities with transcendental perceptions of natural phenomena in the realism of objective reality.
See the UVS subtopic on "The epistemic process and methodology of the UVS research" for further elaborations.
Note: The UVS research with its methodology and its philosophy of science, were independently conceived with no prior knowledge on the Age of Enlightenment. Despite some works of the UVS research closely resemble the works of the earlier philosophers who influenced the Enlightenment, such as those works of Descartes, Francis Bacon, Locke, and Spinoza, the research nevertheless has its uniqueness in its own ways. Nonetheless, the treatise of UVS as it is now presented, has had incorporated the notions and terminologies of epistemology, empiricism, and paradigm shift at a later stage for structuring its presentations. The UVS topics are also furnished to enrich with the later developments of the most influential publication of the Enlightenment: the Encyclopédie.
more you see, how strange nature behaves, the harder it is for us,
As a result of the paradoxical effect of nature that subliminally manifests in a topsy-turvy vortical universe, it could negate empirically observed natural phenomena to render their observational delusions with all sorts of cognitive paradox.
Therefore, to accurately establish the knowledge of any natural phenomenon for its actuality that refers to reality, it is necessary to cross-examine its propositional knowledge with a multidisciplinary approach, which involves and overlaps the trilogy of metaphysics, physical science, and theoretical physics for its criteria of truth.
As a qualitatively refined scientific method for checking the wholeness and integrity of any propositional knowledge on the predicated actuality of a natural phenomenon, in the paradigm shift of the UVS model, the trilogy can be applied to rigorously evaluate its predication with metaphysics for its ontological proposition, with physical science for its a priori proposition, and with theoretical physics for its a posteriori proposition.
See externally linked topics on "The Tripartite Theory of Knowledge" that elaborates on justified true belief, "Scientific realism" that elaborates on the view of the universe described by science is real regardless of how it may be interpreted, and "Baconian method" that elaborates on the inception of the scientific method of modern science.
Firstly, for its evaluation in metaphysics, it would require to invoke the hypothetical construct for illustrating the underlying structure and mechanism of the natural phenomenon that are coherently based on the UVS model. This process with its coherently established hypothesis and discernable circumstantial evidence, evaluates the ontological proposition of the natural phenomenon with metaphysical rigors for its belief in its theory of justification; this is the process for coherence theory of truth for its ontological actuality perceived in the nature of reality.
See the “Metaphysical inspirations of UVS" for some concepts of UVS that emphasized on the essential metaphysical aspects of UVS.
Secondly, for its evaluation in physical science, it would require to invoke the transcendental perspective for its apparent observation of the natural phenomenon in the conceptual frameworks of UVS with the epistemic process of the UVS research methodology. This process with its observational evidence and justified posits, evaluates the a priori proposition on the predicated actuality of the natural phenomenon with qualitative rigor for its immutable truth in its coherently grounded transcendental perspectivalism; this is the process for correspondence theory of truth for its qualitative actuality observed in the objective reality.
See the “Philosophical inspirations of UVS” for the excerpts of some all-encompassing sculptural ideas that were inspired in the conceptual frameworks of UVS.
And thirdly, for its evaluation in theoretical physics, it would require to invoke the scientific modelling of its hypothesis. This process with its empirical evidence and evidently verified or proven a priori proposition that is proposed with its justified posits, evaluates the a posteriori proposition on the predicated actuality of the natural phenomenon with quantitative rigors for its justification in its quantitative research; this is the process for pragmatic theory of truth for its quantitative actuality construed in its emulated reality.
In a nutshell, this is the theory of knowledge in the UVS research for cross-examining the propositions of knowledge with these criteria of truth in the multidisciplinary approach. And this is the basis for the epistemological paradigm shift of UVS as its scientific revolution for advancing our knowledge of natural phenomena and the universe.
Despite the inductive resolutions of natural phenomena in the UVS research are mostly in their qualitative forms, many of the evidently verified and proven a priori propositions with their elucidated delusions and resolved cognitive paradoxes, unequivocally are the well justified true beliefs that are free of paradoxically fallacious Gettier problems. And thus by themselves, the predications of these verified and proven a priori propositions, are already significant contributions as the a priori knowledge for the actualities of the qualitatively evaluated natural phenomena.
have often made the hypothesis that ultimately physics will not require
a mathematical statement,
Nonetheless, the followings examples are some significant revolutionary discoveries that have had applied the qualitatively refined scientific method of UVS that are completed with quantitative analyses for substantiating their a priori propositional knowledge, thus established their a posteriori propositional knowledge with their well justified true beliefs, and therefore extend the knowledge of the natural phenomena in their accurateness with quantitative precisions:
Some resonated remarks received that are relevant to this Universal Vortical Singularity (aka UVS) topic:
found your web page very interesting” (30th
“Your work is really amazing.” (18th
a brilliant treatise that credibly extends modern human scientific knowledge
and awareness of "How The Universe And Everything In It Truly Works".'
took the imaginary point singularity and made a dot.
speaking, even in its present mostly qualitative form, UVS makes a significant
contribution to the discovery of spiral nature of the universe. No person
holds a complete truth about the nature of the universe, and UVS brings
attention of scientists to an interesting path of solving this very challenging
great respect, Vladimir.”
is the future of science.”
~ This section on "The functions of logic gates with Boolean logic" in this web page, was written in appreciation to David Appleton for his very immersive lectures on semiconductor device, digital logic, and as my mentor.
~ With special thanks to Dean Ward (aka junglelord) for his support of UVS, his posts on Synergetics in Thunderbolts Forum for a thread on "Tensegrity Creates Matter!", and his assertion with "Structure and Function Cannot Be Seperated".
19th June 2007
Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses based on a generally unheard-of UVS model, bound to have shortcomings, such as loose ends, errors, and omissions errors. Many details and assumptions in its propositions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or verified. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the UVS topics presented in the UVS worldview, so if any term or statement is offensive in any manner or from whatsoever perspectives, is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Remarks: Despite the shortcomings, it was intended to offer readers the drift of the UVS research methodology for its insights, and thereby the experts in their relevant fields could refine or improve on the UVS topics.
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