A logical basis in the belief system of its subjective reality, is not tantamount to an absolute basis for its claim of proof with its logically deduced proposition that predicates the actuality of an empirical observation.
"Logic is the science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference.", "Logic is a branch of philosophy.", "Logic concerns the structure of statements and arguments, in formal systems of inference and natural language. Topics include validity, fallacies and paradoxes, reasoning using probability and arguments involving causality. Logic is also commonly used today in argumentation theory.". Excerpts from from Wikipedia on "Logic".
If scientists in consensus agreed that a theory with its propositional knowledge was correct on its logical basis in its subjective reality that emulates the objective reality, it would mean they have believed the theory was correct. If they thought it was incorrect, it would mean they have believed it was incorrect.
Nonetheless, an argument from authority can be fallacious, and an argumentum ad populum is a fallacious argument. What one has believed as a truth that refers to reality is one thing, what is the truth could be another thing.
“A man should look for what is, and not for what he thinks should be.” - Albert Einstein
Generally, science practices that engage analytical methods to investigate and evaluate empirically observed natural phenomena through deductive logic for establishing their a posteriori knowledge in subjective realities, are very much relied on a supra sense of belief with varying degree of uncertainties in the fundamentals of nature. And fundamentally, the first principles for the hypothetical constructs of most mainstream scientific theories developed in their conceptual frameworks of subjective reality with their a priori assumptions, are asserted with the tautologies of their a posteriori knowledge.
A proposition for the actuality of a natural phenomenon merely concluded with deductive logic of its hypothetical construct, does not make it true or not true; the proposition is merely valid or invalid for its logically deduced conclusion.
Notwithstandingly, the logic and belief system of a validated theory, could be logically construed in a delusion of its cognitive paradox, caused by the paradoxical effect of nature that renders the delusion with a subliminal natural negation.
A wrong assumption leads to its misadventures.
See a UVS topic on "Allegory of a flat Earth event" that illustrates a mechanism of natural negation.
questions of science, the authority of a thousand
is relentless and unchangeable, and it is indifferent as to whether
In the worldview of the Copernican heliocentrism, the Kepler's laws of planetary motion can illustrate with mathematical logic that orbits are elliptical, and these laws have had thus invalidated the postulation of circular planetary orbits. Despite logical analysis with mathematical principle can invalidate or disprove with the know-what proposition of its validated a posteriori postulation, it cannot prove its a priori posits for its claims of fact; it is a fact in modern astronomy that the Sun is not the center of the universe as was believed with the Copernican heliocentrism.
“Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts.” - Richard Feynman
A self-reference analysis could fundamentally create a dichotomy in description logic that would be jointly exhaustive to infinitely regress in its manifold of deductive reasoning for everything it attempts to analyse. With ambiguities and circular reasonings, it therefore could irrefutably explain everything in its delusion, and infallibly conclude anything in its subjective reality with its tautology for asserting its belief system.
One can persistently fool himself in a delusion that can paradoxically but consistently asserts his fallacious belief, and therefore becomes biased for believing what is not true.
See in an external link for a topic on "Delusional People See the World Through Their Mind's Eye" for the findings of behavioral and neuroimaging experiments on healthy people who harbor delusions.
With the various postulations for a finite (closed) or an infinite (open) universe, the universe is or is not filled with an all-pervasive physical entity of aether corpuscles, integrated with various combinations of posit for variant or invariant dimensions of space, variant or invariant dimension of time, therefore in such deviations, there are sixteen possible paradigms for the nature of objective reality.
Each of these paradigms with its posits in its conceptual framework, can be the basis for its hypotheses of empirically observed natural phenomena. And at its best, it can logically, coherently, quantitatively, and consistently explicate its propositional knowledge of empirical observed natural phenomena in its worldview.
Any independently concluded a posteriori proposition for any of the above sixteen paradigms in its own worldview of the universe, at its best, it can be logically valid for the physical laws or axioms of its a priori proposition, which could be consistently proven in its worldview with systemic negation by self-referencing with all sorts of circular reasoning.
Any theory extrapolated from a foundation that was based on an incorrect paradigm would be fallacious at its best, this is despite its valid conclusions deduced in its abstract can be analytically true, and can also pragmatically work.
realizing the cognitive paradoxes that negate to cause delusions in the
If obsessed with logically consistent and coherent a posteriori propositions for a deterministic theory, axiomatically established on any of the paradigms with the rigors for precise quantitative predictions, and ignores qualitative evaluation for the a priori propositions in its paradigm, thus, in the subjective reality of its scientific model with its validated quantitative predictions of the empirically observed natural phenomena in exact science, one could persistently fool himself in all sorts of delusion with all sorts of artificial cognitive paradox.
Such delusions in the worldviews of their scientific models, are stemmed from the cognitive paradox fallacies of their a priori proposition with all sorts of self-referencing in their fallacies of definition. These would render the illusions of knowledge in their pragmatic theories of truth with all sorts of circular reasonings, speciously validated by their self-fulfilling prophecies that assert their fallacious a priori posits with the pragmatically workable quantitative predictions of their a posteriori knowledge.
The foundations for such spurious deterministic theories, established with all sorts of assumptions for their a priori posits in their belief systems of the objective reality, are validated with their logical interpretations of empirical observed natural phenomena in their realms of subjective reality.
A mathematically proven deterministic theory that is analytically and logically deduced to be valid with its hard science in its subjective reality, although could be made unassailable by substantiating with deductive proof that has true value, its conclusion is merely analytically true for its a priori propositions in the premise of its a priori posits.
A fallaciously validated a priori proposition, renders the artificial cognitive paradox of its empirical observed natural phenomenon.
A fallaciously endorsed posit of a scientific model, is the mother of all its science delusions.
See a UVS topic on "Critiques of the scientific method - Addressing the cognitive paradox fallacies" for further elaboration.
should adopt the qualitative studies of natural phenomena as the primary
The propositions of such interpretations in their fallacy of misplaced concreteness, can be logically established with philosophical rigors and precise quantitative predictions in all sorts of delusion, construed with all sorts of artificial cognitive paradox for the perceptions of natural wonders in the belief systems of their subjective realities.
“By denying scientific principles, one may maintain any paradox.” - Galileo Galilei
A fallacy of its metaphoric proposition derived in its indoctrinated belief system, which can render its illusion of knowing in its delusion, could be logically stemmed from the fallacious postulation of its conceptual metaphor.
A fallaciously endorsed conceptual metaphor of a metascience, is the mother of all its fallacies.
Delusion is the mother of all its illusions of knowledge.
“The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.” - Stephen Hawking
See an externally linked topic on "Allegory of the Cave" that elaborates on obscured perceptions by perceiving reality with shadows in its subjective reality.
See a UVS subtopic on "The apparent retrograde motion of a planet" that illustrates a fallacious conceptual metaphor of geocentricism that incorrectly concluded the actuality of a typical type of apparent observation.
In the philosophy of science of UVS, the entire structure of the observable universe is formed in a topsy-turvy vortical universe, it is thus intrinsically imbued with a paradoxical effect of nature. All its harmonically resonated manifestations of natural phenomena, are therefore inherited with its paradoxical characteristic that could manifest in topys-turvy manners.
Evidently, the observable universe is overwhelmingly paradoxical.
See UVS topics on "An apparently paradoxical universe" that illustrates some known paradoxical illusions in natural phenomena, and "Allegory of a flat Earth event" that illustrates a mechanism of natural negation that renders its cognitive paradox.
Peculiarly, in a typical topsy-turvy manner, the paradoxical effect of nature delusively renders all sorts of natural cognitive paradox in the apparent observations of the paradoxically rendered natural phenomena.
In a paradoxically observed universe, to resolve the natural cognitive paradoxes of the apparent observations, it requires to invoke transcendental perceptions for perceiving the underlying structures and working mechanisms to evaluate the paradoxically rendered natural phenomena, so as to elucidate all sorts of delusion that are being rendered by the paradoxical effect of nature with its subliminal natural negations manifested in a typical topsy-turvy manner.
By elucidating delusions, it induces enlightenments on the actualities.
Heuristically, the UVS methodology with the coherentism of its transcendental perspectivalism in its paradigm shift, could effectively resolve the naturally caused cognitive paradoxes of paradoxically rendered natural phenomena by elucidating their delusions, and thus induces the enlightenments on the actualities of the apparently observed natural phenomena.
Science without enlightenment renders hypotheses in despairs with obscured perceptions of natural phenomena in their postulated subjective realities for pragmatism.
Science with enlightenment renders truths in awes with transcendental perceptions of natural phenomena in the realism of objective reality for their actualities.
See a UVS subtopic on "The epistemic process and methodology of the UVS research" for further elaborations.
Note: The UVS research with its methodologies and its philosophy of science, were independently conceived without the prior knowledge of the Age of Enlightenment at all. Despite some works of the UVS closely resemble the works of the earlier philosophers who influenced the Enlightenment, such as those works of Descartes, Francis Bacon, Locke, and Spinoza, UVS distinctly and fundamentally has its uniqueness in its own ways. Nevertheless, the treatise of UVS as it is now presented, has had severally incorporated the notions and terminologies of epistemology, empiricism, and paradigm shift at a later stage for dressing up the presentations of UVS. The UVS topics are also furnished to enrich with the later developments of the most influential publication of the Enlightenment: the Encyclopédie.
As a result of the paradoxical effect of nature that subliminally manifests in a topsy-turvy vortical universe, many natural phenomena in the observable universe are being negated to render delusions with cognitive paradoxes for their observations.
Thus, to establish the knowledge of any natural phenomenon for its actuality in the objective reality, it is necessary to cross-examine its propositions of knowledge with a multidisciplinary approach, which involves and overlaps the trilogy of metaphysics, natural science, and theoretical physics.
In the paradigm shift of UVS, as a qualitatively refined scientific method for checking the wholeness and integrity of any propositional knowledge that predicates the actuality of a natural phenomenon, the trilogy rigorously evaluates the predications with metaphysics for its ontological proposition, with natural science for its a priori proposition, and with theoretical physics for its a posteriori proposition.
Firstly, for its evaluation in metaphysics, it would require to invoke the hypothetical construct for illustrating the underlying structure and mechanism of the natural phenomenon that are coherently based on the UVS model. This process with its coherently established hypothesis and discernable systemic evidence, evaluates the ontological proposition of the natural phenomenon with metaphysical rigors for its belief in its theory of justification; this is the process for coherence theory of truth for its ontological actuality in the nature of reality.
See the “Metaphysical inspirations of UVS" for some concepts of UVS that emphasized on the essential metaphysical aspects of UVS.
Secondly, for its evaluation in natural science, it would require to invoke the transcendental perspective for its apparent observation of the natural phenomenon with the epistemic process of the UVS methodology in its conceptual frameworks of UVS. This process with its observational evidence and justified a priori posits, evaluates the a priori proposition on the predicated actuality of the natural phenomenon with qualitative rigors for its immutable truth in the coherentism of its transcendental perspectivalism; this is the process for correspondence theory of truth for its qualitative actuality in the objective reality.
See the “Philosophical inspirations of UVS” for the excerpts of some all-encompassing sculptural ideas that were inspired in the conceptual frameworks of UVS.
And thirdly, for its evaluation in theoretical physics, it would require to invoke the scientific modelling of its hypothesis. This process with its empirical evidence and evidently verified or proven a priori proposition that is proposed with its justified a priori posits, evaluates the a posteriori proposition on the predicated actuality of the natural phenomenon with quantitative rigors for its justification in its quantitative research; this is the process for pragmatic theory of truth for its quantitative actuality in its emulated reality.
In a nutshell, this is the theory of knowledge in the UVS research for cross-examining the propositions of knowledge with these criteria of truth in the multidisciplinary approach. And this is the basis for the epistemological paradigm shift of UVS as a scientific revolution for advancing our knowledge of the universe.
Despite the case studies of natural phenomena in the UVS research are mostly in their qualitative forms, many of the evidently verified and proven a priori propositions with their elucidated delusions and resolved cognitive paradoxes, unequivocally are well justified true beliefs that are free of Gettier problems. And thus by themselves, the predications of these verified and proven a priori propositions, are already significant contributions to the knowledge for the actualities of the studied natural phenomena.
have often made the hypothesis that ultimately physics will not require
a mathematical statement,
Nonetheless, the followings examples are some significant case studies that have had applied the qualitatively refined scientific method of UVS that are completed with quantitative analyses for substantiating their a priori propositional knowledge, thus established their a posteriori propositional knowledge with their well justified true beliefs, and therefore extend the knowledge of the natural phenomena in their accurateness with quantitative precisions:
See UVS topics on "The structure of the observable universe", "UVS worldview", "The vortical universe model of UVS", "Significant revolutionary discoveries of UVS", "Delusively inversed illusions of nature", and "Critiques of the scientific method - Addressing the cognitive paradox fallacies" for more insights of the UVS research.
To relate with an example of systemic negation that is constructed by artificial synergetic for its logical basis, one can explore the synergetic functions of logic gates with Boolean logic in the field of digital electronics, which are involved with modern technologies in devising of electronic products through designing and making of digital circuits.
The propositional logic of a digital system, is absolutely subjected to the tautology of its logical construct that could incorporate all sorts of logical negation for the system to pragmatically work for serving its purpose, and thus its logic can only be valid within the worldview of its logical construct.
The truth tables (figure 1) listed below are the outcomes of its logical operators (Logic gates, figure 2) in the order of AND gate, OR gate, NOT x OR y gate and XOR gate, are some of the Boolean algebraic functions that can also be represented with other logic gate equivalents in other configurations (figure 3), or in Venn diagrams (figure 4).
In binary numbers the function for AND and OR gate are quite easy to understand, these are very similar to the manner it is used in common languages. However, for a complex logical operator such as the XOR logic gate, its logic function is apparently counterintuitive, in a straight forward logical sense when a set of sequential inputs is applied, it apparently has a counterintuitive set of logical outcomes through its function of logical negation, which is obtained with a logic gate configuration comprises of universal gates arranged for the specific negated function.
This is a category of digital logic gates that implements exclusive disjunction, and can be physically constructed in different configurations using only NAND or NOR gates. NAND and NOR gates are universal gates that can be used to derive 16 possible Boolean algebraic functions. NAND and NOR logic gates are the two pillars of logic in digital electronics, in that all other types of Boolean logic gates that each has a specific digital logic function (i.e., AND, OR, NOT, XOR, XNOR, etc), can be created from a suitable network of only NAND or NOR gates.
In a scenario of one who does not understand the tautology, or the negations used in the propositional logic with De Morgan's laws for a systematical model constructed in Boolean logic, which is derived with the truth tables for those logic gates. Be it ignorance, inability to understand it, or refused to blindly follow in a religious manner for the truth tables on logic gate functions, therefore uses only limited types of logic gate that are comprehended, and omits those logic gates with complex logical negations that apparently have contradicting functions, or are counterintuitive and therefore are not correctly understood. In such manners the attempts for development of digital circuit to arrive to a solution for a digital logic application, is obviously a lame approach. The electronic system devised in such simplified manners, would have crippled functionalities, and its logical workability is bound to breakdown under certain logical operating circumstances.
“Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler.” - Albert Einstein
On another hand, without understanding the applied logical tautologies and negations in the digital system to troubleshoot a logic circuit of an electronic device, is also a lame approach. With moot reasoning this would cause misinterpretations for the functions of circuitry unwarily with partial understanding and limited knowledge of logical operators, and therefore could only do guesswork in a trial and error process, and thus makes all sorts of fallacious deduction with a belief system of his own delusion.
“You can never solve a problem on the level on which it was created.” - Albert Einstein
In another scenario, one who can design an electronic logic circuit according to an application requirement, accomplished by using appropriate logic gates based on faith in the truth tables under their known limited circumstances. And through this logic circuit development method, one can effectively apply a logical solution efficiently for any application in digital electronics. One does not need to know the complex details for the logic gate used, as in whatever logic gate configuration that constructs the required logic gate as an end product, nor the p-n junctions in the assembly of semiconductors as integrated circuit that renders the mechanism to trigger the function of the logic gate. This is an example of religiously incorporating a belief system in a process for its technical development, and can efficiently arrive to an effective and workable solution for its system application based on a systematical model, which is merely based on the understood logical functions for the logic gates used.
However, this approach is based on faith religiously in a belief system that within known parameters, one can productively conceive solutions for digital circuit designs regardless of its fundamental working principles on higher or lower level. On higher level the working principle is concerning the systematical model derived in Boolean algebra and the details of its logic gate configuration, on lower level it is concerning the physics of semiconductors. Anyone in this category although may know how to pragmatically develop any electronic logic circuit effectively and efficiently, but he can be blind to the fundamental working principles that are involved on the higher and lower levels.
In digital logic applications by religiously based on the truth tables for the developments of digital electronic devices, the applications can be boundless within the limits of digital logic functions, which are within the capabilities of semiconductor devices, available resources, and as much as one can imagine.
“Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere.” - Albert Einstein
However, if one is ignorance of the fundamental working principles that governs digital electronics, and therefore does not have the necessary knowledge that are required for research and development works to materialize a digital device for attaining some crucial logical functions in extreme circumstances, such as in sub-zero temperature environments, or extreme vibration situations, henceforth, any ingenious design or development of logic circuit device in an act of blind faith could be unrealistic and impractical. This would be so when the design is conceived beyond the known capabilities and properties of digital electronics that the required logical functions could not be pragmatically implemented.
In the digital logic sense, applying logic without religiously following an adopted logical function model based on faith is lame, and it is blind to follow the logical function model religiously without really knowing the underlying working principles, but has faith in it just because it usually works for serving its purpose.
“Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.” - Albert Einstein
Some resonated remarks received that are relevant to this Universal Vortical Singularity (aka UVS) topic:
a brilliant treatise that credibly extends modern human scientific knowledge
and awareness of "How The Universe And Everything In It Truly Works".'
took the imaginary point singularity and made a dot.
speaking, even in its present mostly qualitative form, UVS makes a significant
contribution to the discovery of spiral nature of the universe. No person
holds a complete truth about the nature of the universe, and UVS brings
attention of scientists to an interesting path of solving this very challenging
great respect, Vladimir.”
is the future of science.”
“This aspect of our reality I feel very strongly about, how we can study and except something that is very distinct, as you show on your web page, and yet it only comes to light because it interacts with something that we can hold in a test tube. The "Vortex" is strictly a "mechanism" that is an "Ideal" in nature, and not a substance. The fact that something so dominate in our reality as the "Vortex", and yet so "Ideal" in nature, as to not be held in a test tube, shows that there is more than just a physical aspect to our Universe. The interaction of Mass and Speed equals Ideals.” - Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum), 1st Apr 2008.
~ This section on "The functions of logic gates with Boolean logic" in this web page, was written in appreciation to David Appleton for his very immersive lectures on semiconductor device, digital logic, and as my mentor.
~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow for sharing his insight on: The "Vortex" is strictly a "mechanism" that is an "Ideal" in nature, and not a substance.
~ With special thanks to Dean Ward (aka junglelord) for his support of UVS, his posts on Synergetics in Thunderbolts Forum for a thread on "Tensegrity Creates Matter!", and his assertion with "Structure and Function Cannot Be Seperated".
~ With credit to Allen Barrow for his insight that a form such as a vortex that human perceive it to be physically real, is merely an idea in nature, is formed by fictitious force interactions as a "something of nothing". Excerpt: "If you walk into any of the many vortices that we see everyday and scoop into the effect with a test tube, you will not find any something that can be seen or studied that could be called a vortex particle. Yet we can see with our own eyes, the effect the vortex has on the material, that becomes involved as both the cause and effect, of this something that (apparently) is a nothing (Paradoxical Vortex)."
19th June 2007
Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses based on the unheard-of UVS model, are bounded to have shortcomings, loose ends, and errors. Many details and assumptions of its propositions established in the conceptual frameworks of UVS, have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or proven. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the topics presented in the UVS worldview, and any term or statement if offensive in any manner or whatsoever is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Inevitably for whatsoever reasons, some viewing devices at times could experience data corruption for text, disorganized content layouts, missing images, failed animations, and some external links might have had ceased to exist. The presentations of the web pages are not friendly to small mobile devices, it is therefore recommended to accessed and view the UVS contents with a system device that has a larger screen, such as personal computer, android tablet, or iPad. For the best experience to explore UVS, it is better to use a MS Windows based PC or device using Internet Explorer or Firefox installed with Java that works for its interactive applets. (Such as Java Applet of Moiré pattern, JPL Small-Body Database Browser, and Planet Finder.)
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