Home
Preface
Overviews
Paradoxical effect
Revolutionary discoveries
UVS worldview
UVS model
UVS inspirations
Forum
Contact


The UVS inductive resolution on the formation of stars and galaxies

Based on the UVS model, all galaxies with their star systems and planetary systems, are coalesced by their spheroidal unisonal vortices that perpetually impel them in their closed systems.
.

With the visualizations on the underlying structures and mechanisms of natural phenomena,
these intuitively induce the resolutions for the revelations on their actualities.
- UVS inspired -

Note: The UVS worldview for the formation of stars and galaxies, is an alternative hypothesis that was inspired with the UVS model. With its explication for its aether-based concept in a vortical paradigm, in the discipline of epistemology with its empiricism, it elucidates on the actualities of the empirically observed natural phenomena with its perceived structure of the observable universe.

With the UVS grounded theory research method for physical science, it methodically and collectively explicates with loads of empirical evidence to cogently elaborate on how galaxies and their star systems with planetary systems were unisonally formed in a single system.

See the UVS topic on "The structure of galaxy" that elaborates on how the vortical motion of a galaxy is being transferred to its star systems and their planetary systems.


.

A star is vortically formed in a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy

Based on the UVS model, a star is vortically formed by the bipolar polar vortex pair manifested in its nested stellar spheroidal unisonal vortex, which is formed within a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy.

UVS predicates that a new star is evolved by vortically coalesced stellar clouds formed in a nested bipolar stellar vortex pair. With credits to Allen Barrow.

The newly formed star HL Tau within Milky Way as illustrated below, is still at infancy stage of its star birth with a vortically coalesced protoplanet HL Tau b (small circular bright image at slightly after one o'clock position), also is in the process of forming as a gaseous planet.

This image is based on data captured by radio telescopes, is a protoplanetary disk with a view from a polar region showing spiral arms of the evolving star HL Tau that appears to be driving a protoplanet HL Tau b to form in the accretion disk with a "womb of gas". Prior to this simulated image there were only artist’s impressions available for protoplanetary disc in showing the accretion disk with spiral arms.

The cognitive paradox that renders the star formation in its protoplanet as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus meticulously resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism explicated.

This simulated image based on empirical observation, is a qualitative proof that a star is formed by vortical consolidation of stellar materials in a vortical "womb of gas".

The protoplanet HL Tau b is also direct evident that revolving planets are vortically consolidated with nebulous materials collected in the proplanetary disk, formed by their satellite vortices that spiral around the star after clearing the neighborhood.

Note: The formation of planetesimals is the biggest unsolved problem in the nebular hypothesis.

Evidently, this image of the protoplanet HL Tau b shows the origin of vortical force dynamics that causes planets to revolve and rotate around its star.

From another observation for HL Tau as shown in the thumbnail image, it distinctly demonstrated vortex dynamics of nested vortex rings and vortical spoke lines.


The HL Tau

See the UVS topics on "Heliosphere" that illustrates on how nested vortex rings are formed around the Sun, and "Supervoids" that elaborates on how stars are systematically spawned in their superclusters.

From the UVS perspective, this is also an evidence for the revolving protoplanet rotating in a nested satellite vortex pair, is vortically formed in the plane of flattened nested stellar polar vortex pair of its parent star.

UVS predicates that protoplanet is formed in vortically scattered interstellar clouds in a nested satellite vortex pair on a plane of flattened nested stellar polar vortex pair of its parent star.

An embryonic planet takes shape around the star HL Tau in an image from a computer simulation. The newfound protoplanet HL Tau b, which was discovered inside a distant "womb of gas" using radio telescopes, is believed to be only a few hundred years old.

See externally linked reports on "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe" that reports on stars were observed to spawn in a cluster of galaxies of an intergalactic system, and "Never-Before-Seen Stage of Planet Birth Revealed" that reports a newborn star with detailed glimpse of planets forming around it.


Solar system formed from gigantic whirlpool within a universal fluid
- eddies in flow produced planets
- Rene Descartes (1644)

The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of a star as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render it as a mystery. Thus, its cognitive paradox was simply dispersed, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to establish their qualitative predictions with abductive reasoning.

See the UVS topic on "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborates on the grounded theory methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

Note: The concept for cosmic evolution with a vortical system in the UVS worldview, was developed without prior knowledge to Rene Descartes and his "Theory of Vortices". It was wonderful to know later that a similar vortical concept of Solar System evolution was studied in-depth in the past. The Cartesian cosmology based on a vortex model that has had been forsaken for more than two centuries, was once championed in France for nearly one hundred years in the later part of the seventeenth century.


.

The vortically spawned protostar

Based on the UVS model, the protoplanetary disk of its protostar is driven by its nested polar vortrex pair, and it is formed by its reversed pushing-out vortical motion. The pair of nested vortrexes are impelled by the nested pair of polar vortices, and the vortical momentum can levitate the swirling plasmatic interstellar materials in its pair of folded back nested vortrexes.

UVS predicates that protoplanetary disk is a vortrex with glowing plasma and it is impelled by the vortical column of its protostar.

From the UVS perspective, a protostar is vortically impelled by its stellar spheroidal unisonal vortex, which manifested a nested polar vortex pair within to consolidate stellar materials in its vortically rendered vortrex pair; a protostar is spawned with the vortical consolidation of stellar clouds in its stellar spheroidal vortex.

UVS predicates that protostar is vortically spawned with consolidated stellar clouds resonated in its spheroidal unisonal vortex.

From the UVS perspective, the stellar jets (image at far right in reddish glow) of the protoplanetary disk HH-30 are rendered by consolidate charged atomic particles in plasma state that have vortically collected around a thin vortex column of a nested polar vortex pair of the protostar, and is ionized electrically in the encapsulation to glow at a specific wavelength with its vortical motion.

The nested polar vortex pair was formed in the stellar spheroidal unisonal vortex, and it vortically drives a pushed-out and folded back vortrex pair that has formed in between the nested polar vortex pair. The charged particles were vortically pushed up in their nested vortrex pair to envelope the outer wall of the polar vortex columns, and thus glow as a pair of reddish jets with its resonance frequency.


Protoplanetary disk HH-30
in constellation of Taurus
with its stellar jets (red)

UVS predicates that stellar jet is vortically formed in a polar vortex column with an ionized jet of gas stream vortically culminated in its spheroidal unisonal vortex. With credit to Anna Lorrina Mitchell.

Note: Stellar jets, or accretion disk jets, is one of the unsolved problems in physics.

See the UVS topics on "Dust devil" and "Dust tail of comet" that illustrate vortical dynamics of atmospheric vortex that are similar to the protoplanetary disk.

See an externally linked topic on "Space tornado" that evidently illustrates the vortical dynamics of a stellar jet observed with NASA's Spitzer infrared telescope.


Aether vortical motion with the vitality of consolidating centripetal motion renders
the orders for any physical existence, and its manifested vortrex with conserved energy
in distributing centrifugal motion, renders the chaos for it to evolve.
- UVS inspired -


.
The vortical motion of Sun

Based on the UVS model, a star is impelled by its galactic vortex to vortically form with coalesced stellar materials in a nested bipolar stellar vortex pair manifested in its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

In the UVS worldview, as can be empirically observed, the Sun rotates in counter-clockwise direction (referencing to Earth's north pole as top in the view) was formed and impelled in the vortical furrow of a spiral stellar arm in a clockwise rotating Milky Way that it vortically revolves around; the motion of Sun in its galaxy is impelled by an anticyclone of the galactic vortex .

Note: The Orion Arm is a minor spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy, the Solar System and Earth are within the Orion Arm.

As a matter of fact, the Sun has been empirically observed to be spiraling around the Galactic Center of Milky Way in the inertial reference frame of Galactic Center, it is also a fact that the Sun in the invariable plane is also oscillating in a center of mass with precession cycles, which are caused by the exchanging of angular momentum with each and every of its satellites that vortically rotates and revolves around a moving Sun; Sun while revolving around the Galactic Center is propagating in a composite spiral path.

See the UVS subtopic on "The UVS atomic model with a nested dual-core electron shell" that elaborates on the underlying structure of the Solar System in a comparative analysis for more insights.


The position of Sun is indicated by the yellow dot in this illustration of the Milky Way galaxy.

The Solar System is a macroscopic scale atom of its galactic scale molecule. - UVS inspired -

The cognitive paradox that renders the misconception for the motion of the Sun, was thus meticulously resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism explicated.

UVS predicates that Sun is impelled by its galactic vortex to rotate and revolve around the Galactic Center in a perpetual vortical motion.

As a matter of fact, star was empirically observed to be vortically formed by coalescing stellar materials in its stellar vortex, also the Solar System has been empirically observed to be encapsulated by the heliosphere, and Sun is merely a typical star, which infers a typical star is also encapsulated by its heliosphere. It is also qualitatively proven in the UVS worldview that the Sun is being impelled by its galactic vortex to rotate and revolve around the Galactic Center, and indubitably the orbits of planets are vortical motions. These collaboratively are the qualitative proof for star is impelled by its galactic vortex to vortically form in its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

UVS qualitatively predicts that star is impelled by its galactic vortex to vortically form with coalesced stellar materials in a nested bipolar stellar vortex pair manifested in its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

See an externally linked topic on "The Universal Helicola" that presents an impeccable illustration for spiral motion of Earth's path in space on page 269 in figure 13.1, it was elaborated qualitatively, analytically and quantitatively.

From the UVS perspective, the tiny black circle in the center show with this image of the HL Tau planetary system, is the vortex eye of the HL Tau planetary system's stellar vortex.

See the UVS subtopic on "BOTSS" that elaborates on the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System.

The bigger red circle around the smaller black circle is where culmination of the vortical momentum had supposedly occurred on a lower altitude of the star with higher density viscous matter, rotating at highest velocity most vigorously in a smallest diameter in the densest section of the polar vortex column. The culmination process vortically generating extreme conditions of highest temperature, strongest magnetic field storm and most vigorous reaction of vortical spin fusion in the extremely consolidated nested plasmatic layers of viscous matter.

In the consolidation process, the vortex columns of the primordial Solar System nested vortex pair were developed as the polar caps on Sun. The primordial Solar System nested vortex pair of Sun was impelled by the galactic vortex of Milky Way in a spiral arm on the accretion disk.

A vortex eye on a surface of Sun is a depressed void area, whereby the usual atmospheric presence of plasmatic viscous matter required for thermal convection is not there, this would have caused the phenomenon of an inert dark center of a sunspot that the emptiness inhibits convection, and therefore is much cooler than the surrounding.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the main axis of the nested unisonal polar vortex pair of the Sun, is on the rotation axis of the Sun, and the secondary axis with driving force is the revolving axis of the Sun. This explains the phenomenon of polar caps as long-lived corona holes where coronal temperature and density suddenly dropped, are caused by the extremely large polar free vortex pair of the Sun. Photosphere is vortically dispersed at the poles, is as a result of the Sun's polar vortex; its reactive centrifugal force would cause the nested atmosphere to distribute toward the equator.


The vortex eye of the HL Tau's
vortical planetary system


The polar caps of the Sun

See the UVS topic on "Sunspot" that elucidates on more than twenty mysterious phenomena of the Sun.


.
A galaxy is vortically formed within a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy cluster

Based on the UVS model, a satellite galaxy is coalesced by its satellite galactic vortex to form its vortical collection of stars, and the satellite galactic vortex is impelled by its host galactic vortex that underlies the galaxy.

The Whirlpool galaxy (image on right) with spiral arms that is driving a distinct satellite galaxy has a similar nested structure. These is a direct evidence of a vortical universe with underlying fractals of unisonal vortices that vortically weave stellar and galactic structures with viscous matter medium in their vortical systems.

The cognitive paradox that renders satellite galaxy as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus resolved with its underlying mechanism illustrated. With the observation delusion elucidated and its cognitive paradox resolved, the fact that a satellite galaxy is associated with its host galaxy, is a strong evidence that a satellite galaxy is induced by the satellite galactic vortex of its host galactic vortex.


Whirlpool galaxy NGC 5194 with its smaller
companion, satellite galaxy NGC 5195.

UVS predicates that satellite galaxy is induced by satellite galactic vortex of a main galactic vortex.

Local physical laws are determined by the large-scale structure of the universe. - Mach's principle

In the UVS worldview, on higher vortical orders of its vortical paradigm at macro levels of a vortical universe, its universal vortical systems unisonally consolidate galaxy clusters, galaxy superclusters and the ever larger vortical structures beyond. On lower vortical orders at micro levels there are vortically weaved atoms, subatomic particles and the ever smaller vortical structures within. The UVS model can universally unite the mechanism of the largest structures with the mechanism of the smallest structures in the observable universe.

See an externally linked topic on "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe", this scientific observation is a strong evidence for the existence of an intergalactic spheroidal vortex system that spawns stars, and then systematically coalesced them in a cluster of galaxies.

From the UVS perspective, a nested intergalactic spheroidal vortex that encapsulates an energetic blob of gas, is an active plasmasphere that would vortically spawn stars in their galaxies within a galaxy cluster. The intergalactic spheroidal vortices with their galaxy clusters, are vortically coalesced as a supercluster of galaxy clusters, and this supercluster is held in between a cluster of supervoids, which vortically impels the supercluster to spawn stars and coalesce them in a grand vortical system.

See the UVS subtopics on "Nested spheroids of nature" that illustrates various types of nested spheroidal unisonal vortices, and "The structure of an elliptical galaxy" that illustrates a galactic spheroid unisonal vortex.


It is the theory that decides what can be observed.
- Albert Einstein


.
Other galactic vortical systems

Based on the UVS model, a satellite galaxy is induced and coalesced by its satellite galactic vortex.

In the UVS worldview, satellite galaxies such as the NGC 5195 (the companion of M51), the Large Magellanic Cloud, the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy, the Canis Major dwarf galaxy, and the Messier 80 globular cluster, are vortically formed by their satellite galactic vortices, which are impelled by their host galactic vortex.

See the UVS topic on "Globular cluster" that elaborates on how a globular cluster could be vortically transformed.

A satellite vortex is impelled by its galactic vortex
Large Magellanic Cloud is a satellite vortex of Milky Way
A globular cluster of Milky Way
Whirlpool galaxy with its smaller companion NGC 5195
Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is between 15,000 and 16,000 light years in diameter, and has about one-tenth as many stars as our Galaxy (i.e., about 10^10 stars).
The Messier 80 globular cluster
is among the 150 currently known globular clusters in the Milky Way.

From the UVS perspective, a satellite galaxy is being ripped with its stars being snatched by its host galaxy that has spread it out in a long stellar stream, is as a result of a dissipating satellite galactic vortex affected by cyclonic gravity field effect of the galactic spheroid that is driving the galactic vortex; the satellite galaxy would appeared to have been ripped. These phenomena can also be described as an effect of the dissipating satellite galactic vortex is in a process of merging into the main galactic vortex, or the vortical forces holding the stars is being overpowered by an external vortical force of another larger galaxy system on its near encounter.

UVS predicates that the ripping of a galaxy is caused by the cyclonic gravity field effect from another larger galaxy system on near encounter.

The effects of a satellite galactic vortex that could aggregate stars in a satellite galaxy, is rendered by the vortical spin fusion of its nested spheroidal vortex to push in on the repulsing surfaces of the nested plasmatic shell of adjacent stars, and this would cause their outer plasmatic shells to merge by the process of magnetic reconnection; in a manner this is similar to chemical covalent bond of a molecule.

If its host galaxy snatches these vortically consolidated stars that are closely packed, they would then revolve by spiraling around the host galaxy as a star cluster that spiral to revolve as a group of stars, or as a binary star system with two stars, and each group of these reconsolidated stars share a common plasmatic shell.

UVS predicates that binary stars are revolving around each other in a common plasmatic shell that was merged from the plasmatic shells of the two stars.

These reconsolidated stars are encapsulated in their common spheroidal unisonal vortex, and they vortically revolve around their barycenter of mass. These suggests that a star cluster is held together by strong interactions from electromagnetic vortices of stars in the weak vortical interactions of their common galactic vortex.

UVS predicates that star cluster is held together by strong interactions from electromagnetic vortices of stars in the weak vortical interactions of their common galactic vortex.


.

The vortical phenomena of the Cartwheel Galaxy group


Cartwheel Galaxy group

Cartwheel Galaxy ESO 350-40 in a larger view

Based on the UVS model, the irregular galaxy of the Cartwheel Galaxy group on the top right of the interacting galaxies is held on an invisible satellite vortex of a galactic polar vortex on its left, and this satellite galaxy is apparently driven in a differential rotation by the galactic polar vortex on a galactic spheroid.

The main spiral galaxy (ESO 350-40A) impelled by the galactic polar vortex is the opposite galactic polar vortex pair of the Cartwheel Galaxy (ESO 350-40) at the bottom in a bipolar system. In a torque-induced precession of its intensified galactic vortex, it would have caused the satellite galactic vortex to rotate in opposite direction in the differential manner as observed.

See the UVS topic on "Galaxy group" that illustrates the nested intergalactic spheroid of the Cartwheel galaxy group.


Interacting galaxies of the
Cartwheel Galaxy group

From the UVS perspective, these interacting galaxies apparently are separated in a dual-core galactic vortex; each of these galaxies was manifested in one of the cores of a dual-core galactic vortex.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the intensified galactic vortex interactions of an intergalactic spheroid would cause the phenomenon of interacting galaxies. An increase in intensity of the two intergalactic polar vortices within an intergalactic spheroid had somehow occurred in an intergalactic precession, and this could cyclically intensify the intergalactic polar vortices pair. At one end on the interacting galaxies side (ESO 350-40A), the intensified galactic polar vortex would intensify this satellite galactic vortex to impel its interacting companion galaxy to resonate on a tilted axis of their encapsulating intergalactic spheroid.

At the other polar end of the galactic spheroid, the intensified polar vortex caused an outer rim of stars to form and glow around the previously normal spiral Cartwheel Galaxy, this render its appearance of a cartwheel structure. There is a chain of cyclonic satellite vortices formed around the outer circular rim of the Cartwheel Galaxy and they vortically pointed toward the core, these are the spokes on its accretion disk and they are the squashed and compressed vortex columns of resonated cyclonic satellite vortices impelled by the Cartwheel Galaxy.

The outer circular rim of the Cartwheel Galaxy have a chain of mainly cyclonic satellite vortices resonated around it, and the star burst would evolve almost instantaneously by the dynamo effect of these faster spinning cyclonic satellite galactic vortices that would vortically form into satellite galaxies around the circular rim. This is also an empirical evidence that the evolution of a star is vortically impelled by its galaxy in vortical motion.


The Cartwheel Galaxy with its quasar

If this hypothesis of UVS for the almost instantaneous reactions on the vortical structure that held the Cartwheel Galaxy with a span of 150,000 light-years across is true, then the belief that nothing with mass can travel faster than the speed of light is a myth.

In the UVS worldview, the quasar of the Cartwheel Galaxy is a resonated satellite galaxy, and it is impelled by the encapsulating nested galactic spheroid of its galaxy, which consolidate to render its point-like structure. It therefore would have high speed rotation in its conservation of angular momentum with its relatively small radius. The high speed rotation of the quasar would have caused its high luminosity with energetically consolidated stellar materials that became extremely luminous.

A quasar can emit up to one thousand times the energy output and shines hundred of times brighter than the Milky Way galaxy, yet it occupies a spherical volume of space not much larger than the Solar System. Quasar with its jets at right angle to our view is perceived as an active galactic nucleus that was observed to devour up to 1000 solar masses of material every year, it is perceived as a radio galaxy when its jets are perpendicular to our view, and perceived as blazar when when its jet is pointed to Earth.


The quasar of the Cartwheel Galaxy

From the UVS perspective, with its very intensified vortical gravitational singularity that would have had formed its supermassive black hole, its circulating process can result in incessantness and nuclear transmutation to form all types of heavier chemical element as it possibly could, and then vortically scatter them around its galactic spheroid.

See an externally linked topic on "What Is A Quasar" that elucidates on quasar, radio galaxy, and lazar were perceived as different types of celestial object in the past, is as a result of the orientation of their polarized stellar jets.

UVS predicates that quasar is a resonated satellite galaxy impelled by a significant harmonic of its encapsulating nested galactic spheroid. Inspired in a forum discussion with Allen Barrow.


.
Other vortical phenomena of star

In the UVS world view, stars in a stellar arm driven towards the rim on a furrow as a result of centrifugal force, are caught to be embedded by its vortical interaction in its galactic system .

From the UVS perspective, when a star is dislodged from inside a galactic vortex ring that spins it cyclonically, and thus was moved to the outside of the galactic vortex ring, it would be subjected to an anti-cyclonic spin. The star in a spiral stellar arm could become dislodged from its embedment when the satellite galactic vortex impelling it is dissipating, or when its escape velocity is somehow overcome.

The dislodged star would therefore encounter a vortical driving force impelling it in an opposite direction of its intrinsic vortical spin, it thus undergoes the torque-induced precession in the vortical spiral arm to intrinsically spin it in opposite directions. This vortical interactions would cause the dislodged star to slow down gradually in rotating speed and then becomes cooler as a result of the dynamo effect is being gradually reduced.

Based on the UVS model, a star coalesced by its stellar vortex, is vortically impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex. Thus, a gradually slower rotating star loosing its vortical consolidating force, would experience a reduction in its vortical fusion forces, and therefore gradually expands as a red giant star in its gradual unwinding process.

This vortical mechanism can rationally explain the enormous potential energy released when a star cyclonically fused by vortical spin fusion, have collided with an underlying anti-cyclonic aetheric structure in its galactic system, thus renders the effects for its supernova. Hypothetically, a supernova could also be caused by the star has collided with an interstellar barycenter or a significant Lagragian point that intrinsically spins in the opposite direction.

UVS predicates that supernova is caused in an unwinding process with a harmonic aetheric vortex to impel the star to violently spin in opposed directions.

When a red giant star is violently diffused by a harmonic vortex in a strong vortical unwinding process, it becomes a diffused star with the vortical motion that subject the star to the vigorous intrinsic spin of the underlying vortex in its opposite spinning direction, and thus the red giant star releases its tremendous potential energy that has been conserved by its vortical spin fusion.

This process could therefore expelled much of the star stuff vortically with a runaway effect in the so called supernova event. Image on near right is a red giant star R Sculptoris that demonstrates vortical structure with its materials expelled to form around this dying star.


Star R Sculptoris

The Crab Nebula

UVS predicates that red giant star is vortically unwound to expand and expel its materials. With credit to anonymous from Singapore.

See the UVS subtopic on "A thought experiment to simulate spheroidal pushed-in gravity with a huge balloon held in deep ocean" that elaborates on a thought experiment to simulate how red giant and supernova could manifest.

See an external linked topic on "Flux tube and plasma torus" that reports on charged particles spewed from Jupiter Moon Io had formed a gigantic Io Plasma Torus collection of particles, which orbit in the orbital of Jupiter.

The scattered remnants of the diffused star that were vortically impelled in opposite direction by the spiral arm of the galaxy would then begin to consolidate with heavier elements of star stuff in its opposite spin. This vortical consolidating process in the opposite spin would gradually consolidate the expelled star stuff to consolidate again in its evolution process that could form another generation of enriched stars, planets and their satellites.

Based on UVS model, the phenomenon of a planetary nebula is rendered by a pair of nested polar vortices encapsulated by its spheroidal unisonal vortex, which is vortically consolidating its diffused star (commonly known as an exploded star in the remnant of supernova) with rapidly expelling materials that are vortically scattered on its pair of nested bowl-shaped polar vortrices; this is fundamentally the causality that manifests planetary nebulae with glowing ionized gas as can be empirically observed.

From the UVS perspective, a planetary nebula such as the Hourglass Nebula, is the remnant of its diffused star that has vortically unwound.

UVS predicates that planetary nebula is a consolidating diffused star wobbling in precession with nested and glowing plasma polar vortrex pairs.


From the UVS perspective, an anti-cyclonically coalesced star colliding with a cyclonically manifested black hole, will vortically unwind the star to become a red giant. The colliding star that thus unwinds can eventually end up in a nova or supernova in its disintegration when intensively interacted with the black hole.

A resonant of aether vortical motion that manifests a stellar black hole in stellar clouds, depending on its intensity, it can vortically coalesced stellar materials to form a young star with protoplanets in its protoplanetary disk, or devours the stellar materials and transforms them into the apparent nothingness of aether.

From the UVS perspective, a highly energetic spinor field that undulates a star in its nova outburst, could impel the electrostatically encapsulated ionized atoms to exchange electrons with galactic wind, and emits x-ray and gamma-ray from the energized star.

UVS predicates that a star nova outburst of x-ray and gamma ray is caused by a highly energetic spinor field that underlies the star.

See the UVS subtopics on "Cometary outburst" that elaborates on how the coma of a comet could release x-ray with its underlying spheroidal unisonal vortex, and "The structures of planetary nebulae" that illustrates all sorts of vortical pattern for nebulae.

See an externally linked topic on "Supermassive Black Hole Devouring a Star" that elaborates on an observed star shredded and unwound by its black hole would become a red giant, "Supermassive Black Hole’s Dizzying Spin Is Half The Speed Of Light", "How black holes both consume and eject material", "Star being shredded by a massive black hole", "ALMA reveals secrets of a dying star", "Hubble Telescope reveals true shape of Ring Nebula" that reveals an unprecedented view of the nebula's three-dimensional nested torus-shaped structure with spokes, "Hyper-velocity star" that evidently suggest a star achieving escape velocity and therefore dislodges from its main galaxy would end up in a supernova explosion, and the mainstream hypotheses for "Nebular hypothesis" and "Stellar evolution" .

Image on far right is the Chandra x-ray image of the Cartwheel galaxy group, the bright spots as shown up in the image are ultra and hyperluminous X-ray sources of young supernovas and supernova remnants of the younger stars in the galaxy group.

According to the nuclear fusion of a star, all the very large and extremely luminous stars in the quasars of the Chartwheel galaxy would have burnt out and undergone supernova explosion before any of those other younger stars in the galaxy should. Nonetheless, it was empirically observed that many smaller young stars around the larger ring of the Chartwheel galaxy had gone supernovae, while all the very large stars in the quasars have had remained as extremely luminous stars.


Optical image

X-ray image

Note: Supernova is one of the unsolved problems in physics, and White dwarfs are known to have a low rate of rotation before it undergoes a Type Ia supernova that explodes via the accretion mechanism to unbind the star in a supernova explosion.

See the UVS topics on "The apparently observed expanding universe", "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Big Bang model on expansion of space", and "The force interactions of bipolar nebula".

Note: The contemplation for supernova explosion was speculated based on unisonal vortex mechanism, and as yet there was no direct evidence found for changing spinning direction of any star that was involved with supernova; the conjectures were merely based on the UVS model with the observed evidence of hyper-velocity star would end up in supernova explosion, and a shredded star unwound by its black hole would become a red giant. UVS model propositioned that supernova is typically caused in an unwinding process by vortically impelling the star to violently spin in opposite direction. If a known star such as Betelgeuse with known details went supernova, and if its supposedly neutron star after the supernova is observed to be spinning at high speed in opposite direction, this would be the initial scientific proof for this claim of UVS on supernova.

We wish to find the truth, no matter where it lies. But to find the truth we need imagination and skepticism both. We will not be afraid to speculate, but we will be careful to distinguish speculation from fact. - Carl Sagan

Based on the UVS model, a star coalesced by its stellar vortex, is vortically impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex.

From the UVS perspective, the brightness of a star depends on electric current generated by the dynamo effect in magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) of its vortically culminated plasma that causes ionized matter to glow; electric glow discharge.

From the classical mechanics viewpoint, a particle with mass if impelled in vortical motion would produce kinetic energy that could be converted into electrical energy for the process of electric glow discharge.

Note: A MHD dynamo has three requirements - a conducting viscous matter, rotation, and convection.

In the UVS worldview, a galactic vortex can spawn its satellite vortex with higher spinning speed in their differential rotations, and its dynamo effect of intensified aether vortical motion in a vortical gravitational singularity, can cause protoplanetary disks to evolve by the vortical consolidation of interstellar clouds with their precession effects of two-axis spin, and then they are ignited to glow as stars by their resonated dynamo effects.

UVS predicates that star is vortically ignited to glow by the dynamo effect of magnetohydrodynamics in a resonated harmonic of vortical gravitational singularity.

In a freely suspended state, the resonated interstellar materials are vortically consolidated as spinning mass of glowing plasma within a nested spheroidal unisonal vortex; a newly spawned planetary system is vortically fused by vortical motion acting on spheroidally resonated interstellar clouds that spiral in the galactic vortex. Impelled by swirling motion of the galactic vortex, the vortically evolved star and planetary systems coalesced with interstellar materials, are vortically consolidated as a glowing galaxy with satellite galaxies.

All sources of radiation for galaxy clusters, galaxies, stars, novae, supernovae, planetary nebulae and satellites are manifested from vortical motion of aether in nested spheroidal encapsulations.

The causality for convection in nature is vortical motion in nested layers of viscous matter medium. - UVS inspired -

The noble gas enclosed in an electrically powered plasma lamp is not burnt as fuel for the plasma to glow, hydrogen would glow as long as it is ionized electrically in encapsulation; ionized gases are not burnt as fuel when they glow to radiate electromagnetic waves and produce heat upon interaction with matter.

Some empirical observations for electric glow discharge in natural phenomena are the polar aurorae of Jupiter and Saturn that glow with their ionized hydrogen excited in vortical motion of its polar vortex.


Plasma lamp


Hydrogen glow

A polar aurora on Jupiter

See a UVS subtopics on "Comet outburst event" that elaborates on the natural electric glow discharge of comets.

From the UVS perspective, polar aurorae of a gas giant is caused by the vortical motion of its polar vortices; kinetic energy is converted to thermal energy in the vortical process for its plasma glow. If the vortical motion of a precessing gas giant is intensified sufficiently by extremely high speed rotation, it would glow like a star; the effects of thermodynamics is caused by vortical motion of the celestial object.

From the gravitational collapse perspective that explains star evolution based on mass, the gas giant turned star could be mistakenly classified as a white dwarf according to it volume with the assumption for its mass. And apparently, the density for the matters of a neutron star was concluded in the realm of its mathematical model with the assumption that it has to have a certain mass.


Aurorae of Saturn

From the UVS perspective, in the vortical spin fusion neclosnythesis process of a star, the nucleons in the hydrogen atoms could fuse to create heavier elements, and also the brightness of a star that is vortically impelled and does not depend on the amount of nuclear fuel available for the star to burn. It primarily depends on its precession effects from its two-axis rotation that causes torque-free precession for vortical motion of its viscous matter to heat up and light up the star.

UVS predicates that the brightness of star depends on electric current generated by dynamo effect in magnetohydrodynamics of vortically consolidated plasma.

The high speed spin of plasma jet streams in vortical motion within the corona, could qualitatively explain why the corona is much hotter than the surface of the Sun with tightly packed photosphere that has much limited degree of freedom for motion; kinetic energy of plasma jet streams with vortical motion in high speed spin within the corona are converted to excessive heat.

UVS predicates that the immense heat in corona of the Sun is produced by vortical motion of plasma jet streams with high speed spin by converting kinetic energy into heat.


.
Vortical systems within a vortical planetary system

Evidently, the vortical system of interstellar cloud in a vortical oneness has consolidated further to manifest unisonal vortices in unison within the star, its planets and their moons, in forms such as sunspot clusters on photosphere of the Sun, planetary cloud bands and planetary storms on nested atmosphere of gaseous planet.

From the UVS perspective, volcanic activities on satellites (planets and moons are satellites) with stratified surfaces, are caused by vortex of molten matter. The various types of unisonal vortices are spawned as a result of torque-free precession manifested in different nested layers of viscous matter, are caused by torque-induced precession in the vortical system.


From the UVS perspective, without sufficient mass effect and vortical motion in transferring of angular momentum to impel a gas giant it therefore could not glow brilliantly; a brown dwarf is a failed star that has not acquired enough vortical momentum to excite its hydrogen atoms to glow like a typical star.

UVS predicates that a brown dwarf is a failed star that has not acquired enough vortical momentum to excite its hydrogen atoms to glow like a typical star.

This also comprehensively explains how a wobbling planet with molten core of viscous matter in vortical motion could perpetually produce internal heat.


An artist concept for the Brown dwarf OTS 44  

Thermal radiation from the interior of a planet and its satellites is generated by vortical motion in nested layers of viscous matter with precession effect.

UVS predicates that thermal radiation from the interior of a planet and its satellites is generated by vortical motion in nested layers of viscous matter with precession effect.

Saturn's moon Enceladus, was discovered to have liquid water under its icy surface after observing geyser-like jets of icy particles rising from the moon's south polar region, but this is impossible as predicted with the Newton's law of universal gravitation because of its small mass and its far distant from the Sun; all the underground water should have been frozen up.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the jets on Enceladus are formed by reactive centrifugal force with resonated precession effects on liquid water. The spin-orbit libration that oscillates the moon subjected to stronger precession effects at nearer proximity, can explain why it might be able to generate enough heat internally to liquefied the water underneath the icy surface; kinetic energy of motion within the wobbling moon was converted to heat with precession effects.

It is also inexplicable with Newton's law of universal gravitation that the Jupiter's moon Io has an ocean of molten matter underneath its icy crust.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the effects of precession can qualitatively explain how vortical motion can manifest vortices of molten matter, which would generate its internal heat from underneath the icy crust.


Jets on Enceladus


Jupiter's moon Io

Vortical motion of aether is the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe. - UVS inspired -


.
The orbits of natural satellites - Vortical revolving and rotating motion of celestial object

Based on the UVS model, a planetary system is vortically coalesced by its stellar spheroidal unisonal vortex, and this is impelled by its galactic spheroidal unisonal vortex.

From the initial frame of reference with a fixed barycenter of the Solar System, a planetary orbit develops from one of these vortex rings. A vortex ring is a standing wave formed by a dilated harmonic vortex that has extended from the vortically manifested vortex core.

The satellites of a planetary system are still vortically propagating in the orbitals of longitudinal waves in their revolving paths with conserved angular momentum. The angular momentum was transferred from the vortical dynamics of a rotating satellite vortex that spirals to revolve around its main vortex.

The image to the right at the center is a newly formed star HL Tau with its protoplanet that was coalescing in a womb of gas. In the UVS worldview, the star HL Tau is still at infancy stage of a star birth with a vortically coalesced protoplanet HL Tau b (small circular bright image at slightly after one o'clock position), also is in the process of forming as a gaseous planet.


Star HL Tau and its
protoplanet HL Tau b.

From the UVS perspective, a consolidated planet after "clearing the neighborhood", is still vortically propagating around a transformed vortex ring with the transferred angular momentum from the motion of the nebulous materials that were vortically coalesced.

From the galactic reference frame, it can be visualized that the motion of the Earth is a transferred vortical motion from the motion of its galaxy; the Earth is impelled to vortically revolve around the Sun that is also vortically impelled to revolve around the Galactic Center.

All orbits are manifested with the vortical motion resonants of their nested spheroidal unisonal vortices.

UVS predicates that the orbits of natural satellites are developed with the conserved angular momentum transferred from a nested bipolar vortex pair.

See the UVS topics on See a UVS topics on "Heliosphere" that illustrates on how are planetary orbits formed, "A perpetual motion experiment" that qualitatively proves the motion of Earth is being externally impelled with a vortical push-in force, and "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Copernican heliocentrism" that reviews the conventional widsom of planetary orbit.

All Solar System objects vortically revolve around the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System.- UVS inspired -

It is a scientific fact that the Sun spirals to revolve around the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System. This is as a result of the Sun is exchanging angular momentum primarily with Jupiter, and also with all other Sun's satellites while the Sun moves.

It is believed that the Sun revolves by spiraling around the Galactic Center of the Milky Way galaxy at the velocity of approximately 232 km/s and it takes around 230 million years to make one revolving cycle. In the external reference frame of the Milky Way galaxy, the Sun as a matter of fact is moving in a composite helical path around the Galactic Center; this infers the motion of the Sun is primarily impelled by the vortical motion of its galaxy.

The motion of the Solar System is a vortical motion transferred from the vortical motion of the Milky Way galaxy, and the Solar System is being coalesced in a resonated vortical motion with stellar materials. This elucidates that the helical motions of Solar System objects are manifested by the vortical motion of the Solar System. Any two celestial objects revolving around each other with their barycenter vortically moving through space, will spiral in helical motions with precession effects.

With this transcendental visualization, one can comprehensively understand that all the orbits of natural satellites, are developed as a result of conserved angular momentum transferred from vortical dynamics of a primordial nested spheroidal vortex that exchanges angular momentum in a unisonal manner. 

In its epistemic process that is substantiated with empirical observations, UVS postulates that the Solar System was manifested by the vortical spin fusion of interstellar clouds in the resonant frequencies of standing waves, and they are vortically propagating in longitudinal waves. The superpositioning of two significant centrifugal forces of the dual-core planetary system in precession, renders the elliptical and apsidal motions of planets with two focal points in the manifested accretion disk.

From the UVS perspective, the Sun and its planets are perpetually spiraling toward the center of the Solar System that is also perpetually moving away with vortical motion in its helical path in the galactic reference frame; this renders the phenomenon of planetary orbits with apsidal and elliptical motions that are precessing in the localized reference frame of a static Sun.

With this cognitive paradox meticulously resolved in its transcendental perspective, it construes as a qualitative proof that the orbits of natural satellites were developed as a result of conserved angular momentum transferred from the vortical dynamics of their underlying nested spheroidal vortices.

UVS predicates that the Solar System objects were manifested by vortical spin fusion of interstellar clouds in resonant frequencies of standing wave and they are vortically propagating in longitudinal waves.

All celestial objects rotate and revolve in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.- UVS inspired -

See externally linked topics on "The Universal Helicola" and "Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe" for some proposed mathematical models on revolving celestial objects.

Evidently, the orbits of planets and their satellites are as a result of transferred angular momentum conserved from a vortical origin in the Solar System.

All Solar System objects revolve in vortical motion around the Sun, the Sun vortically revolves around the Galactic Center of Milky Way, and Milky Way with everything it vortically carries is vortically revolving around the Local Group.

These nested vortical motion in celestial scale of ever larger vortical systems is observable all the way to the largest observable structure of CMBR dipole in the observable universe, in micro scale of ever smaller vortical systems it is observable all the way to the smallest observable structure of electron's motion in subatomic particles.

See the UVS topics on "The structure of magnetosphere" and "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that demonstrate this vortical dynamics with "Dipole moment in mechanical illustration", "Aetheric jet stream" that elaborates on the particle paths of Earth's magnetic field lines. See an externally linked topic on "The Universal Helicola" that presents an impeccable illustration for spiral motion of Earth's path in space on page 269 in figure 13.1, it was comprehensively elaborated qualitatively, analytically and quantitatively.

See also video clips on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" that illustrates with an external perception for the helical motion of Earth in a moving Sun, and "The solar system's motion thru space". Note: These illustrations would be qualitatively more accurate if they show the barycenter motion of a moving Sun that propagates in a composite helical path around the Galactic Center.

The orbital resonance of planets and satellites in Solar System with orbiting bodies that exert gravitational influence on each other has mutual precession effects acting on each other in a cyclical manner.

From the UVS perspective, the apsidal precession of planets is an empirical evidence for the spiral motion of a moving Sun in its revolving path around the Galactic Center. In its vortical fractal level shifted down by one level, Jupiter can be perceived to be vortically spiraling around the Sun and it is wobbling around a composite center of mass as a result of its moons.

See the UVS topics on "The dust disk of star" and "The mysterious planetary rings" that illustrate vortically formed nested disks and ring systems of celestial objects, and a UVS subtopic on "Vortical motion of planetary moon" that elaborate on the implications with vortical motion of Solar Systems objects.

Note: The vortical paths in helical spiral motion of planets were independently visualized with the UVS model without any priori reference, other similar concepts were later found through the Internet on further inquiry, such as "Spiral Forms in Space" as illustrated by Dr. Wilhelm Reich (MD) in the web site of Dr. James DeMeo, Ph.D., "Universal Helicola" as illustrated by Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg and "The solar system's motion thru space"as illustrated by Nassim Haramein. Nonetheless, among these similar illustrations, UVS uniquely illustrated with scientific evidence for how the Sun and its planets were vortically formed, why they propagate in spiral motions through space and how they were vortically impelled to move in spiral motion.


.
The apparent retrograde rotation of Venus

Venus is an odd planet that apparently rotates about its axis in retrograde motion for rendering the effect of a West rising Sun, and according to the International Astronomical Union (IAU), it is thus considered to be rotating in opposite direction in the Solar System.

However, the planetary rotation direction in Solar System according to the IAU, is perceived in a frame of reference with respect to the Sun. From this perspective looking from above the North of the Earth, there is no issue for a revolving planet in cyclonic motion if it is cyclonically rotating at an angular speed faster than its revolving angular speed, but there is a critical issue if the revolving angular speed is faster than the rotating angular speed.


Venus

If a planet is cyclonically rotating in counter-clockwise direction at an angular speed slower than the counter-clockwise angular speed of its cyclonic revolving path, from the Sun's perspective, the planet would be deemed as rotating in clockwise direction. It is paradoxically rotating in clockwise direction in the frame of reference from the Sun's perspective, this is as a result of its counter-clockwise angular speed is rotating slower than the counter-clockwise angular speed revolving around the Sun; this paradoxically renders the optical illusion that Venus is rotating in clockwise direction in its counter-clockwise revolving path.

If Venus is in retrograde rotation at all, it should take less than the approximately 224.7 days for its sidereal rotation period in its apparently perceived retrograde rotation; this is not the case. Critically, the apparently perceived retrograde rotation of Venus is a relative motion illusion rendered in its observational delusion.

In its transcendental perspective, Venus is cyclonically rotating in counter-clockwise direction in the Solar System reference frame with prograde motion. The cognitive paradox was thus meticulously resolved with its delusional observation elucidated.

UVS predicates that Venus is cyclonically rotating in counter-clockwise direction in its counter-clockwise revolving path around the Sun. Inspired in a forum discussion with Graham Burnett.

It is a fact that Venus takes approximately 243 days for its apparently perceived retrograde rotation (or approximately -243 days for its sidereal rotation period) , while it takes approximately 224.7 days to revolve around the Sun; Venus is rotating away in counter-clockwise direction with prograde motion. The fact that Venus rotates in counter-clockwise direction in its counter-clockwise revolving path around the Sun, as can be empirically observed from the external perspective of the Solar System, is a qualitative proof that Venus is cyclonically rotating with prograde motion.

Note: The negative sign for the sidereal rotation period of Venus, is merely a symbolic indication for its apparently perceived retrograde motion.


.
The primeval Earth and its moon

Based on the UVS model, the Earth with its moon in their primeval molten forms are coalesced from a local vortical group of interstellar clouds formed as a nested torus-shaped ring, and this ring was impelled by the stellar vortex of the Solar System to vortically revolve around the Sun. This nested torus-shaped vortical ring of interstellar clouds with precession effect vortically consolidate higher density materials toward its core, and vortically spreads lighter density materials toward its rim in their closed streamline. This hypothesis explains why the materials on Moon coalesced with the interstellar clouds in a satellite vortex carrying a spectrum of lighter density materials, is similar to the composition of Earth; the Moon could be evolved in the same nested vortical system in which the Earth was evolved from.

See the UVS topic on "Jet streams" that elaborates on how an atmospheric jet stream in closed streamline is manifested by its underlying free vortex.

After the torus-shaped ring of interstellar clouds is compressed to a compact region in the ring with the vortical spin fusion resonated from its precession effect, it renders the effects of clearing the neighborhood, and thus coalesced the interstellar materials in the torus-shaped ring to form as a spheroidal Earth in its most efficiently balanced form. A vortically manifested torus-shaped ring that formed around the Earth and had also compressed to a compact region in its ring, had thus coalesced with the accreted interstellar materials to form as the Moon.

In this hypothesis, the Moon is vortically consolidated from a torus-shaped vortical ring of stellar materials that revolves in the vortical system of the primordial Earth, and its vortical mechanism could also explain why the sidereal rotation of Moon is tidally locked to Earth. The primordial Earth consolidated from stellar materials in its vortical ring that spiral to revolve around the Sun results in the rotating direction and the angular speed for the sidereal rotation of Earth.

UVS predicates that the primeval Earth with its Moon is vortically coalesced from a nested torus-shaped vortical ring of stellar materials formed around the Sun.

Note: Although further illustrations would be necessary to clarify this vortical mechanism, contemplating on the UVS model could elucidate this concept.

From the UVS perspective, most craters on Earth and Moon are remnants of molten matter vortices that were formed before their surfaces are stratified to become their crust layers; unisonal vortex mechanism can explain the numerous crater formations on primeval Earth and primeval Moon. Earth has a magma ocean underneath its crust and therefore formation of molten matter vortex would still be an ongoing cyclical process that could occasionally intensify as a result of a strong Solar System alignment effect.

See the UVS topics on "Dual-core crater" and "Earthquakes" that elaborate on vortical interactions in molten matter.

The lunar surface is marred with numerous craters laced in basalt materials are evident that these are remnants of molten matter vortices. The surface of Earth is also marred with numerous craters in packs that are visible from space. Examine satellite image of Earth closely would reveal countless big and small craters by the hundreds all over the world, visible on main lands and sea beds as well.

See an externally linked topic on "Crater Map" powered by Geology.com that could show Earth is marred with numerous craters in packs.


Craters on Earth's moon

Large and small craters in Siberia

In comparative studies, the gaseous surfaces of Jupiter and Saturn are laced with packed vortices that are still active, many of their moons are also marred with numerous craters in packs. Beneath the stratified surface for some of these moons such as Io, molten matter vortices are still active and therefore could manifest as volcanic activities and periodical earthquakes.

See a paper on "Jupiter and Io Observe Each Other" that suggests moon Io undergoes tides and earthquakes on a 42-hour cycle as it orbits Jupiter.

In the above thermal image of Saturn, literally hundreds of storm clouds encircle the pole, appearing as dark spots in this infrared spectrometer thermal image; these are vortically induced swirling motion that were manifested on the surfaces of its gaseous atmospheric layers.

From the UVS perspective, the Earth and its moon in their primeval molten forms would have been laced with molten satellite vortices similar to the gas giants, and after becoming stratified these vortices then became the craters as their remnants.


.
Evolution of comet

The Bubble-shaped Nebula NGC 6781 as illustrated, has a horizontal glowing disc structure that resembles the Kuiper belt, the scattered disc and the hypothesized disc-shaped inner Oort cloud of Sun.

The spherical glowing and enveloping gas shell of this nebula also seems to have a similar geometrical pattern of digon like the hypothetical Oort cloud , and appears to be in an orthogonal wobble of two axes spin.


A digon in spheroid

From the UVS perspective, the Bubble-shaped Nebula NGC 6781, and the Oort cloud, are hypersphere structures of 3-sphere.

See the UVS subtopic on "The UVS atomic nucleus model" that elaborates on the how a 3-sphere hypersphere structure could be vortically formed in macrocosms and microcosm.

Oort cloud is believed to be a spherical cloud of comets that revolves roughly 50,000 AU away, or nearly a light-year, from the Sun, and comet is known to be enveloped in its relatively huge nested atmosphere.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, this enveloping gas shell with two crossing discs, is vortically formed in a precession effect of its spheroidal unisonal vortex.

From the UVS perspective, within the coma of a comet, which is a plasmasphere, the gas tail of comet has the dynamics of longitudinal waves that are vortical pushing-in toward a general direction of the Sun.

See the UVS topic on "Comet" for further elaboration and more illustrations.


NGC 6781, a bubble-shaped nebula


Kuiper Belt and Oort cloud of Sun

Based on the UVS model, Sun is coalesced by its stellar vortex, which is vortically impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex. In precession cylces, the Sun in barycenter motion exchanges angular momentum with all stuff encapsulate in the spheroidal unisonal vortex.

In the UVS worldview, the uniformly spread out comets revolving around the Sun in tilted elliptical orbits from the invariable plane, are formed by vortical consolidation of stellar materials in the harmonics of a spheroidal unisonal vortex with its two-axis spin.

UVS predicates that comets in Oort cloud revolving around Sun in uniformly spread out manner are vortically consolidated in harmonics of unisonal vortex.

 

I have often made the hypothesis that ultimately physics will not require a mathematical statement,
that in the end the machinery will be revealed and the laws will turn out to be simple.
- Richard Fenyman

 

 

 

~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum) for his post #135 on protoplanet HL Tau b, this is strong scientific evidence for the vortical formation of stars and planets, and this image has important implications in many aspects for Universal Vortical Singularity. It is the missing link in factual astronomy observation as evidence that completes the vortical universe worldview of Universal Vortical Singularity; this is a critical piece of evidence for the unisonal vortical interactions that forms a chain of celestial object formations from a galaxy system to its star systems and planetary systems in a unisonal motion of a universal vortical system.

~ With special thanks to Graham Burnett (aka G_burnett of TOEQuest Forum) for his post on hyper-velocity star that evidently suggest a star achieving escape velocity and therefore dislodge from its main galaxy would end up in a supernova explosion.

~ With special thanks to Graham Burnett for his intellectual interactions on magnetism, magnet pole reversal of Earth and magnetosphere of Uranus. The discussion has also led to reveal on the apparent retrograde rotation of Venus is actually rotating cyclonically in counter-clockwise direction similar to other planets in the Solar System.

~ With special thanks to Anna Lorrina Mitchell (aka labelwench of TOEQuest) for her post #727 linking to "Space tornado" that evidently illustrates the vortical dynamics of a stellar jet observed with NASA's Spitzer infrared telescope.

~ With special thanks to Professor Christopher W. Hodshire from Western Michigan University for his email on highlighting a link on "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe". In the UVS worldview, this is strong scientific evidence for the existence of an intergalactic spheroidal vortex system that vortically spawn stars, and then these stars vortically coalesced as a cluster of galaxies.

~ With special thanks to anonymous from Singapore for his email on highlighting a link on "Supermassive Black Hole’s Dizzying Spin Is Half The Speed Of Light", "ALMA reveals secrets of a dying star" that evidently illustrates the spiral structure of the red giant star R Sculptoris, the reports on "Never-Before-Seen Stage of Planet Birth Revealed", and "Hubble Telescope reveals true shape of Ring Nebula" that reveals an unprecedented view of the nebula's three-dimensional nested torus-shaped structure with spokes.

 

 

Some resonated remarks received that are relevant to Universal Vortical Singularity (aka UVS) for this UVS topic on "The formation of stars and galaxies":

Also loved reading your research again. It does make me rethink and in some cases, relearn my understanding of the cosmos.
- Professor Christopher W. Hodshire from Western Michigan University, 28th Aug 2012.

“The UNIVERSAL VORTICAL SINGULARITY is the best cosmological model available today to explain the Universe.”
- Pat Nolan, blog writer of “Holographic Superfluid Universe”, 23th March 2011.

An intriguing website full of enlightening concepts and analyses!
- Dr. Wayne Nowland, physicist, researcher, philosopher, and author, planned and launched Australia's first AUSSAT communications satellite system,
Dec 2009.

Objectively speaking, even in its present mostly qualitative form, UVS makes a significant contribution to the discovery of spiral nature of the universe. No person holds a complete truth about the nature of the universe, and UVS brings attention of scientists to an interesting path of solving this very challenging problem., With great respect, Vladimir.- Dr. Vladimir B. Ginzburg, mathematician, accomplished scientist, author of "Prime Elements of Ordinary Matter, Dark Matter & Dark Energy", "Spiral Grain of the Universe" and several other renowned books such as "Metallurgical Design of Flat Rolled Steels" for applied science, and holds over fifty U.S. and foreign patents, 28th Jun 2009.

UVS is the future of science. - Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum), 12th Dec 2008.

 

 

 

19th June 2007

References and links:
Galaxies - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Star systems
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Planetary systems
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hypothesis - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Epistemology - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Empiricism - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Empirical evidence - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Grounded theory - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stellar black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supermassive black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nebular hypothesis - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cosmology - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Absolute time and space
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Paradigm shift
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Charles Darwin - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dynamo effect - Excerpt from the Encyclopedia Britannica
Precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Magnetohydrodynamics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Milky Way - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Event horizon - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hydrogen - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supermassive black holes emit incredible amounts of hydrogen gas at astounding rates - TECH TIMES
Nucleosynthesis - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nuclear transmutation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reactive centrifugal force - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Potential energy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plasma - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Active galactic nucleus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
How black holes both consume and eject material - By Chandra chronicles
Whirlpool galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plasma - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cartwheel Galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Quasar - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Radio galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Blazar
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
What Is A Quasar - universetoday,com
Image of The Crab Nebula; M1 - NASA, ESA, J. Hester and A. Loll (Arizona State University)
Spiral Galaxy M81 - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Galaxy Evolution Explorer - NASA
The unsolved problems of physic - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stellar black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supermassive Black Hole Devouring a Star - The daily galaxy
Space tornado - ScienceDaily
Hyper-velocity star - Max-Planck-Institut-For Astrophysik
Star HL Tau - National Geographic News
Protostar - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Protoplanetary disk - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Accretion disk - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Star formation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Clearing the neighbourhood - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Angular momentum - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Superposition principle - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Invariable plane - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Center of mass - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Apsidal precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heliosphere - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nuclear fusion - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heliospheric current sheet - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Galactic Center - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar System - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rene Descartes - New Science Theory
Prolate spheroid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Magnetic reconnection - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barycenter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Torus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
SN 1572 supernova - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Star R Sculptoris - Image credit: ESO
The Hourglass Nebula - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supernova - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
ALMA reveals secrets of a dying star - Astronomy.com
White dwarfs - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Type Ia supernova - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stellar evolution - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Electric glow discharge - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Noble gas - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plasma lamp
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Corona - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Venus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Uranus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Brown dwarf - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thermal radiation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Enceladus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Newton's law of universal gravitation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Libration - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Frame of reference - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Satellite galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Universe
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dwarf galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Globular cluster - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Standing waves - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Longitudinal waves - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe - By Dr Yongfeng Yang of Bureau of Water Resources of Shandong Province.
Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe - By Dr Yongfeng Yang of Bureau of Water Resources of Shandong Province.
Galilean moons - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orbital resonance - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Universal Helicola - By Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg
Streamlines - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lunar basalt materials - By B.J. Pletka from Michigan Technological University
Jupiter and Io Observe Each Other - Space Science Institute; Preston Dyches
Kuiper belt - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Scattered disc - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Digon
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Oort cloud - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orthogonality - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Comet Coma - University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
Potential density - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Video clip on "Star being shredded by a massive black hole" - ASA, S. Gezari (The Johns Hopkins University), and J. Guillochon (University of California, Santa Cruz)
Video clip on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" - By Kurdistan Planetarium
Video clip "The solar system's motion thru space" - By The Resonance Project / Nassim Haramein.avi
Animation for the orbital motion of two bodies - By Zhatt
Animated transformation of torus - By Kieff; Wiki Common
Animation simulation of gravitational lensing by a black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of Bode's galaxy M81 - NASA
Image of a nested spheroidal vortex that encapsulates a galaxy group - Drawn by Vincent Wee-Foo onto the Cartwheel Galaxy image from Anglo-Australian Observatory photographed by S. Lee, C. Tinney and D. Malin.
Images of the Cartwheel Galaxy - NASA
Image of the quasar of the Cartwheel Galaxy - By Space Telescope Science Institute, J. Bahcall/Princton University, NASA.
Images of X-ray Cartwheel Galaxy - Chandra; NASA/CXC/A.Wolter & G.Trinchieri et al.

Image of Galaxy M81- NASA
Image of protoplanetary disk - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of heliosphere - NASA
Image of Whirlpool galaxy M51 with NGC 5195 - NASA

Image of sunspots - Swedish Institute for Solar Physics,
ISP, Göran Scharmer and Mats Löfdahl
Images of Jupiter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of Jupiter's moon- Io - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of OTS44 - Universe Today
Image of jets on Enceladus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of Large Magellanic Cloud - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Image of blue star cluster NGC 1978 - UA Astronomy
Image of globular cluster - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of Orion arm and image of Milky Way structure - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of electron's motion - Credit: Image courtesy of Johan Mauritsson, Lund University
Crater Map of Earth - powered by Geology.com
Image of craters on Earth's moon - Images from the Universe
Thermal image of Saturn - credit NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute/University of Arizona.
Io (moon) and image - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of bubble-shaped Nebula - Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes
Image of comet McNaught - Image credit: Nicole Emanuel
Images of Uranus and its magnetic field - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of dipole field
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Geek3


 

 


.
DRAFT

Project - Vortical motion of planetary moon

Objective:
To verify the prediction for the motions of moons with vortex theory.

Overviews:
Some of the most interesting observable celestial bodies that involve more than two-body motion are Galilean moons, Saturn’s moons and the Earth’s moon and all these individual moons are carried by their planets to vortically revolve around the Sun in their three-body motion.

Currently, the scientific predictions for the approximated planetary motion in astronomy are mainly based on the easier Kepler’s model or the celestial mechanics of Newtonian gravitation. Although these models could predict planetary motion quite precisely, they could not work for the sub-orbital motion of planetary moon that revolves around its planet that also revolves around the Sun. The current solution for this three-body problem in astronomy was solved by pure mathematics; this is merely an applied mathematical treatment to the problem and not a scientific solution. Moreover, the elliptic orbit of planet as postulated in these conventional model was based on inertial reference frame with a stationary Sun is a cognitive paradox fallacy; the Sun moves and in this external reference frame all planetary orbits are no longer ellipses.

See the UVS topic on "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Copernican heliocentrism" that elaborates on the actual mechanism of planetary motions.

Method:
Vortex theory could be developed in applied mathematics to be able to scientifically predict celestial motion involving more than two rigid bodies.

See externally linked topics on “The fifth coming of vortices” that describes with two levels of helicola for planetary motion, and "Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe" for a proposed mathematical models on revolving celestial objects.

Based on these concepts, it could quantitatively predict the approximated sub-orbital motion of any planetary moon with its planet revolving around the wobbling Sun in three-dimensional Euclidean space.

Please feel free to revert to me anyone who has any questions about my book.- Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg, mathematician, accomplished engineer and holds over fifty U.S. and foreign patents. Email: helicola@aol dot com (replace dot with "." symbol)

Inevitably, the claim of vortex theory would require it to make predictions that could be quantitatively measured independently and testable with empirical data.

To make the vortex theory testable with empirical observation for proving its quantitative predictions, it would require the development of software for showing the sub-orbital motion of planetary moon.

Proposal:
Openly invite people from all over the world who could be interested to participate in a competition by submitting planetary motion software for calculating the motion of satellite based on vortex theory; specifically the Galilean moons that could be easily observed with any backyard telescope. It should be developed to be able to present on Internet platform (such as by using Java applet) showing all orbital details for its scientific predictions of approximated sub-orbital motion of any planetary moon, in real-time as well as fast-forwarded or fast-reversed time in Fourier analysis to test the predictions according to any stipulated time. The person submitting the software must allow full disclosure for it to be freely published on the Internet for public evaluation purposes.

The submitted software should be able to present its calculated predictions similar to this sample that was based on conventional method. Its real time quantitatively predicted results for the celestial coordinates of any planetary moon that is based on vortex theory must at least approximately correlates with the celestial position of the planetary moon as indicated by the World Wide Telescope.

Note: For the moment, this simplified vortex model based on geometry need not factor in inversed-square law effect of gravity, center of mass motion, tidal force, electrostatic force, curvature of spacetime (aether) near large mass and etc. Nonetheless, the modified Galilean transformation that factors in the speed of light to account for the apparent location of any planet, the wobbling of Jupiter as a result of its moons, the apparent retrograde motion of Jupiter and azimuth of planetary motion have to be considered. The vector model for vortex theory when used in conjunction should improve its quantitative predictions, but these would be too difficult to be understood for the general public to start with, so better to keep the requirements simple for its first trial and hope that the submitted software could at least work.

The evaluation of the quantitative prediciton of vortex theory should be carried out with help from astrophysicists who are familiar with planetary science to validate the proposed scientific method of vortex model planetary motion as well as verifying the test results with empirical observation.

Suggestion on criteria for winning:
The first person achieving the minimum stipulated objectives with his software endorsed by Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg, having its quantified results that are predicted according to the vortex theory and are then independently confirmed at two geographical locations (supposedly Singapore and USA), the person would win the competition. If no satisfactory entry were received after a stipulated date, the best entry would be considered for winning the prize after the deadline.

.

 

 

Free Hit Counter counter was reset on 02/02/2010

 

Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses based on a generally unheard-of UVS model, bound to have shortcomings, loose ends, and errors. Many details and assumptions in its propositions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or verified. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the UVS topics presented in the UVS worldview, so if any term or statement is offensive in any manner or from whatsoever perspectives, is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. For whatsoever reasons, at times the viewing for some of its contents could helplessly experience text corruptions, disorganized content layouts, missing images, failed animations, and some external links simply had ceased to exist.

Viewing tips: Despite the presentations of the UVS web pages has went through much accommodation for their viewings on smart phones, they are not very friendly to smaller low resolution mobile devices. It is therefore recommended to access and view the UVS contents with a system device that at least has a larger high definition screen, such as a larger smart phones, an android tablet, or an iPad. For the best experiences, use a MS Windows based PC or computer system to browse with Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox that is Java enabled for its interactive applets. (Such as Java Applet of Moiré pattern, JPL Small-Body Database Browser, and Planet Finder.)

Copyright information: This UVS web site is for non-profit purposes and not for commercial use. Wherever possible, direct credits to the origins of the works or images were provided, be it on fair dealings, with explicit permission from their owners, or the materials were believed to be from the public domain.