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The UVS inductive resolution on polar aurora

Based on the UVS model, a polar aurora is manifested by an intensified nested spheroidal vortex in the thermosphere.
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The cognitive paradox that renders polar aurora as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism explicated.

See the UVS topic on "The structure of magnetosphere" that elaborates on the nested torus structure of a nested electromagnetic polar vortex pair.

Evidently, the below images show aurorae are associated with various types of vortex in different shapes and sizes, and are directly or indirectly impelled by the atmospheric nested polar vortex with the nested Earth's magnetic field. The polar aurora is induced and demarcated by its underlying nested atmospheric vortex in the cascaded vortex column.

 Magnetosphere
A nested
spheroidal vortex
The Earth's magnetic field, which is a magnetic dipole

UVS predicates that a polar aurora is induced to manifest by its intensified nested atmospheric polar vortex.

Satellite data image of the North Pole nested polar vortex in a nested atmosphere with a nested satellite vortex.
The "Northern Lights", illuminated in a nested satellite of its nested polar vortex that had formed on several atmospheric layers in the vortically sunken thermosphere.
Aurora with spreading spiral arms, manifested in a satellite vortex in Japan, which is a substructure of a polar vortex.



Aurora australis - An aurora manifested around the eye of a polar vortex at the South Pole..

Aurora manifested on spokes around the wall of a vortex column in the vortex eye of its vortex.

Aurora manifested in the vortex column on a thin pause layer.
Aaurora manifested horizontally on a pause layer, and vertically on the vortex wall of its vortex column.
Aurora manifested on a meandering vortex wall of its vortex column.
Aurora manifested in an atmospheric vortex with spoke lines pointed to its votex center.

The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of aurora as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observation that has been rendering it as a mysterious phenomenon. Thus, its cognitive paradox was simply dispersed, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to establish their qualitative predictions with abductive reasoning.

See the UVS topic on "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborates on the grounded theory methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, and judging by the size of the aurora australis, the phenomenon of polar aurora is caused by the manifested nested atmospheric polar vortex with a vortically sunken thermosphere that has had filled the cascaded vortex column of upper troposphere.

Heuristically, its magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) dynamo effect would result the rarefied atmospheric particles in the vortex column to be ionized, electrically charged and then vortically forms as glowing plasma on the wall of its nested vortex column.

Note: A MHD dynamo has three requirements - a conducting viscous matter, rotation, and convection.

From the UVS perspective, the phenomena of large electric currents and magnetic storm are caused by the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) dynamo effect of a spinning vortex wall that charges atomic particles in the atmosphere; these naturally generated electric currents energized atoms to become ionized.

UVS predicates that the electromagnetic storm in the presence of an aurora is caused by the intensified vortical effect of its underlying atmospheric vortex.


An atmosphere chart of the Earth

The polar aurora with its underlying structure and mechanism explicated, and as can be empirically observed to be manifested by its nested polar vortex with vortically sunken thermosphere, is the qualitative proof that a polar aurora is induced to manifest by a vortically intensified polar vortex in its cascaded vortex column.

From the UVS perspective, although solar flare would contribute to the intensity of the polar vortex pair on Earth by perturbing it with torque-induced precession, polar aurorae glow is not caused by the charged particle from the solar flare. The vortical interactions of an underlying nested polar vortex intensified with the oncoming solar flare, is the primary cause for the plasma glow.

Evidently, solar flares and solar winds eject streams of electron and proton as charged particles, while aurora on Earth is mainly the glow of ionized oxygen atoms.

The two luminous colors of excited atomic oxygen on most polar aurora, is a greenish glow at a wavelength of 557.7 nm, and the dark-red glow at a wavelength of 630.0 nm.


An illustration for solar wind directed at the Earth, is being repelled by its magnetosphere.

From the UVS perspective, the polar aurorae of Jupiter and Saturn were also caused by the dynamo effect of polar vortices, and these aurorae on the farther away planets were not caused by solar flare at all. The plasma glows were caused by excited atomic hydrogen as a result of the dynamo effect of the polar vortices that generates electric glow discharge.


Polar aurorae on Jupiter (false color images)

Polar aurorae on Saturn

In the UVS worldview, a plasmatic polar vortex on thermosphere can be triggered and affected by focused precession effect from aligned planets in a Solar System alignment effect.

From the UVS perspective, the planetary alignment of Jupiter and Saturn on an approximate 11 years period with Sun and Earth, would synchronize the activities for polar vortex on Earth with solar activities such as sunspot manifestations on the Sun.

Aligned Sun, Earth, Moon, Jupiter and Saturn

See the UVS topics on "Polar aurorae of gas giants" that elaborate on how polar aurorae are induced and demarcated by their underlying plasmatic polar vortex pair, "The structures of planetary nebulae" that illustrates the glowing atmospheres on stars that apparently were caused by the nested polar vortex pairs of their diffused star, "Comet", and "The formation of stars and galaxies" that elaborates on numerous mysterious glowing vortical phenomena.

 

 

 

 

 

~ With thanks to Dr. David P. Stern of Greenbelt, Maryland, USA for having ascertained that the glows of an aurora do not come from scattered sunlight, an established fact explained with Fraunhofer lines.

 

References and links:
Thermosphere - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Magnetohydrodynamics
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dynamo effect - Excerpt from the Encyclopedia Britannica

Ozone and Tri-Atomic Oxygen - ERAC - Clean Air, Inc.
Solar flare - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Torque-induced precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Electric glow discharge - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of Earth's magnetic field - Fort Lewis College; Astronomy chapter 7
Image of dipole field
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Geek3
Image of aurora on meandering vortex wall - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of an aurora on a nested polar vortex - NASA
Image of polar vortex on northern hemisphere - Science Daily
Image of aurora with scattered light - Per-Andre Hoffmann
Image of aurora on satellite vortex- WDC for Aurora National Institute of Polar Research Japan
Image of aurora on surface between two polar vortex - NASA
Image of aurora on thin atmosphere - Public Broadcasting Service (PBS)
Satellite image of aurora - Space Weather Support
Image of aurora on Saturn - NASA
Image of aurora of Jupiter - THEMIS, CSA

 

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