Paradoxical effect
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Universal Vortical Singularity enlightenment on the structure of a galaxy

Based on the UVS model, a galaxy is manifested in its galactic vortex, and it is impelled by its torus-shaped nested spheroidal unisonal vortex that encapsulates it.

In the UVS worldview, the galactic spiral arms with interstellar clouds, and the vortically evolved star systems with their planetary systems, are impelled by the swirling motion of its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex to vortically consolidate as a glowing galaxy with its harmonically resonated satellite galaxies; the evolve of stars and galaxies are vortically caused by the effects of a galactic vortex manifested by its encapsulating nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

The cognitive paradox that renders the structures of galaxies as mysterious phenomena, could thus be meticulously resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism explicated.

Unisonal vortex

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the characteristics of a galaxy suggests that it is spiraling in vortical motion on surface of a flattened galactic polar vortex pair; a galaxy is suspended on its flattened bipolar galactic vortex. From this point of view, the Sun is not orbiting its Galactic Center; Sun in Milky Way is spiraling in vortical motion around its Galactic Center in the flattened bipolar galactic vortex.

See UVS topics on "The structure of the observable universe", "Cosmic evolution of stars and galaxies" for further elaboration, "Other galactic vortical systems" that illustrates how elliptical galaxies and globular clusters could be intriguing manifested in a vortically inverse manner, and "Mysterious planetary rings" that illustrates on flattened bipolar vortex with an animated image.

From the UVS perspective, it is a cognitive paradox that galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars and stellar remnants; the stars and stellar remnants are vortically manifested, and are bounded by its encapsulating spheroidal unisonal vortex with vortical repulsion force.

All celestial objects rotate and revolve in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.- UVS inspired -

To contemplate on the structure of a galaxy base on the UVS model, do a thought experiment to visualize a precessing nested spheroidal unisonal vortex of its galaxy is spinning on its two rotational axes.

The wobbling motion with precession effect transforms the nested spheroidal unisonal vortex into an elongated torus-shaped structure, and manifested a very flattened dual-core galactic polar vortex pair of a specific bandwidth in the inner nested layers of the nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

A spheroid with
two rotational axes

A torus-shaped

In the vortical spin fusion of the spheroidal unisonal vortex of the galaxy, matters are particulated to vortically coalesced as star systems and their planetary systems in the resonated galactic vortex, and are vortically collected in its accretion disk of its flattened dual-core polar vortex pair. This renders the phenomenon of a dazzling barred spiral galaxy, such as the Milky Way galaxy.

UVS predicates that a galaxy with levitated star systems and their planetary systems is vortically consolidated and impelled by the galactic vortex pair formed in its galactic spheroidal unisonal vortex.

The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of a typical galaxy as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render its misconceptions, mysteries, and anomalies. Thus, its cognitive paradox could be meticulously resolved, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to establish their qualitative predictions with abductive reasoning.

See UVS topics on "The UVS' philosophy of science" and "Overviews of UVS" that elaborate on the methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

Solar system formed from gigantic whirlpool within a universal fluid
- eddies in flow produced planets
- Rene Descartes (1644)

Based on the UVS model, a star is vortically coalesced by its spheroidal unisonal vortex.

In analogy, stars appear like they are galactic scale molecules bonded in a cohesion manner like an air bubble cluster, or macroscopic scale electrons of their galactic scale atom.

From the UVS perspective, stars clusters are consolidated by vortical interactions and held apart by an effect similar to electrical charge repulsion of their supposedly positively charged invisible spheroids, and is suspended vortically on a galactic vortex that underlies them and thus shaped them as a galaxy as observed.

See a UVS subtopic "A comparative analysis of the Solar System with the UVS atomic model" that illustrates how a star can be perceived as a macroscopic scale electron of its galactic scale atom.

UVS predicates that stars are held apart in their clusters by electrostatic repulsion of electric force between charges from their spheroidal unisonal vortices.

The Solar System is a macroscopic scale atom of its galactic scale molecule. - UVS inspired -

As a matter of fact, the Sun spiraling around the Galactic Center of Milky Way in the localized reference frame of Galactic Center, is also oscillating in a center of mass with precession cycles caused by the exchanging of angular momentum with each and every of its satellites plus all stuff encapsulated in the heliosphere, which vortically rotates and revolves around the spirally moving Sun; the Sun is propagating in a composite spiral path as it moves around the Galactic Center with precession effects.

See a UVS subtopic on "Heliosphere" that illustrates how the Sun is encapsulated in its plasmatic bubble as a nested spheroid.

It was empirically observed that the revolving Sun going around the Galactic Center also oscillates up and down the Galactic plane in the Orion-Cynus stellar arm in an approximately sixty million years cycle; this is an empirical evidence that supports the proposition of UVS that the Sun is spiraling in vortical motion in its revolving path.

See a UVS subtopic on "The vortical motion of the Sun" in the UVS topic on "Cosmic evolution of stars and galaxies" that illustrates the vortical motion in all celestial objects, how they were coalesed from spheroidal vortices and how they rotate and revolve in vortical motion.

See externally linked topics on "Sun's location and neighborhood" that elaborates on the Sun is oscillating up and down relative to the galactic plane while it revolves around the Galactic Center, "S2 star" that shows proof of a galactic mass center of the Milky Way galaxy, "The Galactic Mosh Pit" (Inserted in Nov 2013) that reported observations of Milky Way galaxy is wobbling and how this rotating galaxy was found to be moving perpendicular to the Galactic plane, which is a strong evidence for the UVS qualitative prediction that proposed a galaxy with levitated star systems and with their planetary systems is vortically consolidated and impelled by its galactic vortex.

Stellar orbits in the Milky Way galaxy. 

Galaxies were empirically observed to have characteristics of unisonal vortex, such as a dual-core formation with vortical spokes and spiral arms. Some have a distinct satellite galaxy formed in a spiral arm, some are in pairs that spin in opposite direction like subtropical tornadoes driven in a jet stream, some appeared like warped on surface of a wavy ocean, and some appeared in cluster formation like a tropical cyclone cluster.

Some galaxies such as those in the Cartwheel Galaxy group have characteristics of a polar vortex pair, and it has demonstrated with strong evidence that an intergalactic spheroid is presence with a pair of intergalactic polar vortices.

Image on right is a satellite caption on a cluster of swirling clouds manifested in the Earth's atmosphere.

A swirling cloud cluster


A cluster of galaxies

A tropical cyclone

Satellite tornado of a tropical cyclone
(on top is part of the tropical cyclone)


A cyclonic satellite galaxy (left) of the Whirlpool Galaxy (right)

A warped galaxy, as if it is floating on the surface of a wavy ocean

Galaxy pair spinning in opposite direction

From the UVS perspective, the phenomenon of wind up spiral arms, is as a result of those stellar materials on the accretion disk are revolving at a nearly similar angular velocity around the Galactic Center. It is known that Sun is held on an accretion disk of the Milky Way galaxy, which is supposedly the surface of the galactic vortex.

Note: Accretion disk (astronomy) is one of the unsolved problems in physics.

The accretion disk of a galaxy has the typical characteristics of a free vortex, with similar behaviours such as the movement of congested clouds on a tropical cyclone. This explained the orbital speed of most stars in the galaxy does not depend strongly on its distance from the center; the typical stellar velocity of Milky Way is between 210 and 240 km/s is in a way similar to moving traffic jam on a highway.

In the UVS worldview, all orbiting planets and their satellites are moving in vortical motion through space.

From the UVS perspective, stars have a typical stellar velocity was as a result of they are withheld in a vortical ring that was manifested by its galactic vortex, and this characteristic of vortical ring system is similar to the asteroid belt, or the Kuiper belt of the Solar System. Whereas revolving planets were vortically coalesced in different bands of a nested vortical ring system, they therefore have different revolving characteristics with the composite motion of strongly resonated stellar materials that vortically revolve in their rings, which their angular momentum were collectively transferred into the vortically coalesced planets.

See a UVS subtopic on "The orbit of natural satellite" that evidently illustrates the vortical phenomenon of planets.

Hubble Optical Image of Cartwheel Galaxy group

Chandra X-ray Image of Cartwheel Galaxy group

Note: The image on above right is an optical view of the Cartwheel Galaxy group, the Cartwheel Galaxy is the largest galaxy among the group of three galaxies in the image. Image on above left is the X-ray view of a transgalactic phenomenon showing a column structure connecting the Cartwheel Galaxy group.

Based on the UVS model, all galaxies with their star systems and planetary systems, are coalesced by their unisonal vortices that perpetually impel them in their closed systems.

The X-ray image of Cartwheel Galaxy with the interacting galaxies, is an empirical evident that these galaxies are in a common system of a intergalactic spheroid. Without the X-ray image to reveal a depth information, the Cartwheel Galaxy in a paradoxical effect appears to be facing toward an observer on Earth. The X-ray image reveals that the Cartwheel Galaxy is actually facing away from the observer; the optical image that shows in its opposite facing is as a result of its cognitive paradox.

From the UVS perspective, the cluster of galactic vortices on the intergalactic spheroid of the Cartwheel galaxy group, infers its intergalactic spheroid is spinning, and with precession cycles the levitated galaxies in the cluster are rotating and revolving around a common intergalactic axis.

See UVS topics on "Galaxy group" that further elaborates on the nested intergalactic spheroid of the Cartwheel Galaxy group, "Modeling of unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on how the structure of celestial spheroids are vortically weaved, "The dipole anisotropy pattern of CMBR" and "Galaxy cluster" that elaborate on higher orders of cosmic vortical motion in a vortical paradigm.


We wish to find the truth, no matter where it lies. But to find the truth we need imagination and skepticism both. We will not be afraid to speculate, but we will be careful to distinguish speculation from fact. - Carl Sagan




May 2007

References and links:
Galactic Center - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Accretion disk - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barred spiral galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Milky Way - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Center of mass - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stellar Orbits in the Central Parsecs - From UCLA Galactic Center Group
S2 (star) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Galactic Mosh Pit - Leibniz-Institute of Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP)
Sun's location and neighborhood - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Electrical charge repulsion
- Hyper Physics
Potential density - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supermassive black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Universe - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Animated Demonstration of Bernoulli's Principle - Mark Mitchell
Centripetal force and its calculator - HyperPhysics

The unsolved problems of physic - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Asteroid belt - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kuiper belt
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cartwheel Galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Standing waves - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Longitudinal waves - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Animation of Stellar Orbits
- Created by Prof. Andrea Ghez and her research team at UCLA and are from data sets obtained with the W. M. Keck Telescopes.
Image of a two-axis spheroid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi
Milky Way and graphic image - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
; Creative Common
Image of air bubble cluster - By Ben Rauch

Image of a cluster of vortical clouds - By Ivar Nielsen
Image of typhoons clusters - Tropical cyclone From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of hurricane Katrina - Image provided by Satellite Imaging Corporation
Image of hurricane driving a tornado - Lumiglass Industries LLC
Images of Cartwheel Galaxy - NASA

Images of X-ray Cartwheel Galaxy - NASA/CXC/A.Wolter & G.Trinchieri et al.
Images of galaxy cluster - NASA, ESA, M.J. Jee and H. Ford (JHU)
Image of 3D torus shape - Diaspora Chapter 2: Truth Mining
Image of galaxy - NASA



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