Paradoxical effect
Revolutionary discoveries
UVS worldview
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The UVS inductive resolution on the structure of galaxy

Based on the UVS model, a galaxy is formed in its manifested galactic unisonal vortex, and it is impelled by its torus transformed nested spheroidal unisonal vortex that encapsulates it.

In the UVS worldview, the structure of galaxy is a vortically transformed substructure of its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex. The vortically evolved star systems with their planetary systems of a galaxy, are impelled by the swirling motion of its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex to vortically consolidate as a glowing galaxy; the formation of stars and galaxies is vortically caused by the effects of a galactic vortex manifested by its encapsulating nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

The cognitive paradox that renders the structures for various types of galaxy as mysterious phenomena, could thus be meticulously resolved with their underlying structures and mechanisms explicated.

A fractal of
Unisonal vortex.

UVS predicates that a galaxy is vortically formed and impelled by the galactic vortex pair manifested in its galactic spheroidal unisonal vortex.

The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of galaxy as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render its misconceptions, mysteries, and anomalies. Thus, its cognitive paradox could be meticulously resolved, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual framework of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to predicate by abductive reasoning.

See the UVS topic on "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborates on the grounded theory methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

The vortical structure of a barred spiral galaxy

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the characteristics of a typical barred spiral galaxy, suggests that it is spiraling in vortical motion in a flattened galactic polar vortex pair; a galaxy is vortically held on its transformed bipolar galactic vortex that has almost vortically flattened on its galactic plane.

From the UVS perspective, the Sun is not orbiting its Galactic Center; Sun in Milky Way is spiraling in vortical motion around its Galactic Center in the flattened bipolar galactic vortex. It is a physical paradox that galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars and stellar remnants; the stars and stellar remnants are vortically manifested and bounded by its encapsulating spheroidal unisonal vortex with its vortical repulsion force.

See the UVS topics on "The structure of the observable universe" that illustrates a nested unisonal vortex structure, "A star is vortically formed in a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy" that illustrates a similar vortical structure demonstrated in a coalescing star, and "The mysterious planetary rings" that illustrates on flattened bipolar vortex with an animated image.

All celestial objects are externally impelled to rotate and revolve
in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.
- UVS inspired

To contemplate on the vortical structure of a barred spiral galaxy in the conceptual framework of UVS, do visual thinking to visualize a precessing nested spheroidal unisonal vortex of its galaxy is spinning on its two rotational axes.

The wobbling motion with precession effect in its two-axis spin, could transform the outer nested spheroidal unisonal vortex into a nested ring torus structure, and manifested a very flattened dual-core galactic polar vortex pair in the inner nested layers of the nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

A spheroid with
two rotational axes.

A solid torus

In the vortical spin fusion of the spheroidal unisonal vortex of the galaxy in its primary two-axis spin, matters are particulated to vortically coalesced as star systems and their planetary systems in the resonated galactic vortex, and are vortically collected in its accretion disk of its flattened dual-core polar vortex pair to form a barred spiral galaxy.

See the UVS topics on "Heliosphere" that illustrates the vortical mechanism that forms accretion disk, and how the Sun is encapsulated in its nested spheroidal vortex.

Based on the UVS model, a star is vortically coalesced with nebulous material by the vortical spin fusion of its spheroidal unisonal vortex, which was manifested at a cyclonic vertex with precession effects resonated in its meadering ring torus orbital that encircles the barycenter of its planetary system.

In analogy, stars appear like they are galactic scale molecules bonded in a cohesion manner like a cluster of soap bubbles.

From the UVS perspective, stars clusters are consolidated by vortical interactions and are pushed to held apart by the electrical charge repulsion of their positively charged invisible spheroids. They are vortically suspended on a galactic vortex that underlies them, and thus shaped them as a galaxy as observed.

UVS predicates that stars are held apart in their clusters by electrostatic repulsion of electric force between charges from their spheroidal unisonal vortices.

A cluster of soap bubbles.

Solar system formed from gigantic whirlpool within a universal fluid
- eddies in flow produced planets
- Rene Descartes (1644)

See the UVS subtopics on "A comparative analysis of the Solar System with the UVS atomic model" that illustrates how a star can be perceived as a macroscopic scale electron of its galactic scale atom, and "Supervoids" that elaborates on how stars in supercluster are vortically spawned and held.

As a matter of fact, in the galactic reference frame, the Sun spiraling around the Galactic Center of Milky Way, is also oscillating in a center of mass with precession cycles caused by the exchanging of angular momentum with each and every of its satellites plus all stuff encapsulated in the heliosphere, which vortically rotates and revolves around the spirally moving away Sun; the Sun is propagating in a composite spiral path as it moves around the Galactic Center.

It was empirically observed that the revolving Sun going around the Galactic Center also oscillates up and down the Galactic plane in the Orion-Cynus stellar arm in an approximately sixty million years cycle; this is an empirical evidence that supports the proposition of UVS that the Sun is spiraling in vortical motion in its revolving path.

See the UVS subtopic on "The vortical motion of the Sun" in the UVS topic on "The formation of stars and galaxies" that illustrates the vortical motion in all celestial objects, how they were coalesed from spheroidal vortices and how they rotate and revolve in vortical motion.

See externally linked topics on "Sun's location and neighborhood" that elaborates on the Sun is oscillating up and down relative to the galactic plane while it revolves around the Galactic Center, "S2 star" that shows proof of a galactic mass center of the Milky Way galaxy, "The Galactic Mosh Pit" (Inserted in Nov 2013) that reported observations of Milky Way galaxy is wobbling and how this rotating galaxy was found to be moving perpendicular to the Galactic plane. These construe as a strong evidence for the UVS predication that proposed a galaxy with vortically held star systems and their planetary systems, is vortically consolidated and impelled by its galactic vortex.

Stellar orbits in the Milky Way. 

Galaxies were empirically observed to have characteristics of unisonal vortex, such as a dual-core formation with vortical spokes and spiral arms. Some have a distinct satellite galaxy formed in a spiral arm, some are in pairs that spin in opposite direction like subtropical tornadoes driven in a jet stream, some appeared like are warped on the surface of a wavy sea, and some appeared in a cluster formation like a tropical cyclone cluster.

Some galaxies such as those in the Cartwheel Galaxy group have characteristics of a polar vortex pair, and it has demonstrated with strong evidence that an intergalactic spheroid is presence with a pair of intergalactic polar vortices.

Image on right is a satellite caption on a cluster of swirling clouds manifested in the Earth's atmosphere.

A swirling cloud cluster.


A cluster of galaxies.

A tropical cyclone.

The tornado of a tropical cyclone.


A cyclonic satellite galaxy (left) of the Whirlpool Galaxy (right).

A warped galaxy, as if it is floating on the surface of a wavy sea.

Galaxy pair spinning in opposite direction.

From the UVS perspective, the empirically observed stars that are revolving at a nearly similar angular velocity around the Galactic Center, is as a result of those stars were spawned in the vortically formed galactic spiral arms. These stars were therefore revolving at a nearly similar angular velocity around the Galactic Center.

Note: Accretion disk (astronomy) is one of the unsolved problems in physics.

The accretion disk of a galaxy has the typical characteristics of a free vortex, and has similar behaviours such as the movement of the vortically coalesced clouds in a tropical cyclone.

This explains the orbital speed of most stars in the galaxy, does not depend on its distance from the center; the typical stellar velocity of Milky Way is around 225km/s is in a way similar to moving traffic jam on a highway.

From the UVS perspective, stars have a typical stellar velocity, was as a result of they are withheld as clusters in the vortical arms formed in the ring torus orbital of its underlying nested galactic vortex. Such typical angular velocity, could also be observed in those Solar System objects that are vortically diffused to scatter in the ring torus orbitals of the asteroid belt and the Kuiper belt.

See an externally linked topic on "Astronomers Observe the Rotating Accretion Disk Around the Supermassive Black Holes in M77" that illustrates a massive rotating torus structure of dust and gas.

Hypothetically, the inner nested spheroidal vortex with its ring torus structures vortically falttened by its nested polar vortex pair, could form a nested flattened inner disk with the nested circumstellar disc that are thus flattened.

Whereas revolving planets were vortically captured objects of coalesced nebulous material, which were resonated to formed in a nested vortical ring torus force field of their planetary system. The planets therefore have different revolving characteristics with the composite motions of their coalesced nebulous material that were vortically revolving in their ring torus orbitals, and their angular momentum were collectively transferred to the vortically coalesced planets.

See the UVS subtopic on "The vortically manifested planetary orbitals" that evidently illustrates the vortical phenomenon of planets.

The vortical structure of an elliptical galaxy

Based on the UVS model, an elliptical galaxy is transformed by a dissipated galactic vortex, which is impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex that encapsulates the elliptical galaxy.

From the UVS perspective, the spheroidal shaped torus structure in some sections of a nested galactic spheroidal vortex, can be vortically transformed to become a nested ring torus structure, and then vortically flattened by its polar vortex pair to appear as a nested accredtion disk.

After vortically accreting nebulous material to form as stars, thus formed as a typical spiral galaxy with its vortical collections of stars, the nested ring torus structure can be transformed back to become a nested spheroidal torus structure, thus forms as an elliptical galaxy.

A transforming
torus structure.

Note: Animation of the torus shows that as the distance to the axis of revolution decreases, the ring torus becomes a horn torus, then a spindle torus, and when the distance approaches zero, the torus will resemble a sphere.

From the UVS perspective, when a galactic vortex that underlies a barred spiral galaxy is dissipated, it naturally transforms it as and elliptical galaxy.

After the galactic vortex has weakened and eventually dissipated, the vortically aggregated stars in the barred spiral galaxy would be released by its galactic polar vortex pair, but they would still be held within the nested encapsulation of an outer layer of its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

This process could transform a barred spiral galaxy to become an elliptical galaxy with the geometry of an ellipsoid.

Geometry of an ellipsoid.

Image on right is a giant elliptical galaxy ESO 325-G004, it is as massive as 100 billion times of Sun, and it has thousands of globular clusters revolving around it. Elliptical galaxy without the required dynamo effect after its galactic vortex had dissipated, it therefore is no longer active in evolving new stars.

Elliptical galaxy ESO 325-G004.

UVS predicates that elliptical galaxy is formed in the wake of a dissipated galactic vortex pair, which was flattening its inner nested galactic spheroid vortex.

At the initial stage, the satellite galactic vortices around the rim of the galaxy would begin to dissipate, thus loosing much of its stars to its host galaxy while they are being transformed. And after the underlying satellite galactic vortices are dissipated in the galaxy, they transform as globular clusters.

See the UVS topic on "Globular cluster" that elaborates on how globular cluster could be formed in a similar manner.

The vortical structure of a lenticular galaxy

Based on the UVS model, all galaxies with their star systems and planetary systems, are coalesced to form by their unisonal vortices that perpetually impel them in their closed systems.

From the UVS perspective, the Cartwheel Galaxy is a lenticular galaxy formed on a nested polar vortex system of its intergalactic spheroid.

The galaxies in the galaxy group of the Cartwheel Galaxy formed at the two polar regions of its intergalactic spheroid, are spinning with precession effects in the polar vortex systems of their manifested galactic vortices. And the vortically held galaxies in the cluster, are rotating and revolving around a common intergalactic axis.

Hubble Optical Image of Cartwheel Galaxy.

Chandra X-ray Image of Cartwheel Galaxy.

Note: The image on above right is an optical view of the Cartwheel Galaxy and two nearby interacting galaxies, the Cartwheel Galaxy is the largest galaxy among the group of three galaxies in the image. Image on above left is the X-ray view of a transgalactic phenomenon showing a column structure connecting the Cartwheel Galaxy and the two nearby interacting as a galaxy group.

The X-ray image of Cartwheel Galaxy with the interacting galaxies, is an empirical evident that these galaxies are in a common system of a intergalactic spheroid. It reveals that the Cartwheel Galaxy is actually facing away from the observer; the optical image that shows it in its opposite facing is as a result of its cognitive paradox with the lack of depth information.

Without the X-ray image to reveal a depth information, the Cartwheel Galaxy in a paradoxical effect appears to be facing toward an observer on Earth.

See the UVS topics on "Galaxy group" that further elaborates on the nested intergalactic spheroid of the Cartwheel Galaxy group, "Modeling of unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on how the structure of celestial spheroids are vortically weaved, "The CMB dipole" and "Galaxy cluster" that elaborate on higher orders of cosmic vortical motion in a vortical paradigm.


We wish to find the truth, no matter where it lies. But to find the truth we need imagination and skepticism both. We will not be afraid to speculate, but we will be careful to distinguish speculation from fact. - Carl Sagan




May 2007

References and links:
Galactic Center - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Accretion disk - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barred spiral galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Milky Way - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Physical paradox - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Visual thinking - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Center of mass - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heliosphere - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stellar Orbits in the Central Parsecs - From UCLA Galactic Center Group
S2 (star) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Galactic Mosh Pit - Leibniz-Institute of Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP)
Sun's location and neighborhood - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Electrical charge repulsion - Hyper Physics
Potential density - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supermassive black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Universe - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Centripetal force and its calculator - HyperPhysics
The unsolved problems of physic - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ellipsoid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Elliptical galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dynamo effect - Excerpt from the Encyclopedia Britannica
Asteroid belt - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kuiper belt
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Circumstellar disc - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Star system - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Planetary system
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cartwheel Galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lenticular galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Standing waves - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Longitudinal waves - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Animation of Stellar Orbits - Created by Prof. Andrea Ghez and her research team at UCLA and are from data sets obtained with the W. M. Keck Telescopes.
Animated transformation of torus - By Kieff; Wiki Common
Image of a two-axis spheroid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi
Milky Way and graphic image - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Creative Common
Image of air bubble cluster - By Ben Rauch
Image of a cluster of vortical clouds - By Ivar Nielsen
Image of typhoons clusters - Tropical cyclone From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of hurricane Katrina - Image provided by Satellite Imaging Corporation
Image of hurricane driving a tornado - Lumiglass Industries LLC
Image of the elliptical galaxy ESO 325-G004 - NASA / ESA / The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
Image of a nested spheroidal vortex that encapsulates a galaxy group - Drawn by Vincent Wee-Foo onto the Cartwheel Galaxy image from Anglo-Australian Observatory photographed by S. Lee, C. Tinney and D. Malin.
Images of Cartwheel Galaxy
Images of X-ray Cartwheel Galaxy - NASA/CXC/A.Wolter & G.Trinchieri et al.
Images of galaxy cluster - NASA, ESA, M.J. Jee and H. Ford (JHU)
Image of 3D torus shape - Diaspora Chapter 2: Truth Mining
Image of galaxy - NASA



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Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses grounded on a generally unheard-of UVS model, bound to have shortcomings, such as loose ends, errors, and omissions errors. Many details and assumptions in its propositions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or verified. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the UVS topics presented in the UVS worldview, so if any term or statement is offensive in any manner from whatsoever perspectives, is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Also, the content of the UVS topics, from time to time could be arbitrarily modified without any notice.

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