Paradoxical effect
Revolutionary discoveries
UVS worldview
UVS model
UVS inspirations

The UVS visual inductive resolution on the structure of galaxy

Based on the UVS model, a galaxy is formed in its manifested galactic unisonal vortex[uvs], and it is impelled by its torus[w] transformed nested vortical hypersphere[uvs] that encapsulates it.

In the UVS worldview, the structure of galaxy is a vortically transformed substructure of its nested vortical hypersphere[uvs].

The vortically evolved star systems with their planetary systems of a galaxy, are impelled by the swirling motion of its nested vortical hypersphere to vortically consolidate as a glowing galaxy; the formation of stars and galaxies[uvs] is vortically caused by the effects of a galactic unisonal vortex manifested by its encapsulating nested vortical hypersphere.

A fractal of
unisonal vortex.

A galaxy group of a
nested hypersphere

The UVS research predicates a galaxy is vortically formed and impelled by the galactic vortex pair manifested in its nested vortical hypersphere.

The cognitive paradox that renders the structures for various types of galaxies as mysterious phenomena, could thus be meticulously resolved with their underlying structures and mechanisms explicated.

The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying vortical structure and mechanism of galaxy as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render its misconceptions, mysteries, and anomalies. Thus, its cognitive paradox could be meticulously resolved, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual framework of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to predicate by abductive reasoning.

See the UVS topic on "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborates on its visual grounded theory for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

The vortical structure of a barred spiral galaxy

From the UVS perspective, the characteristics of a typical barred spiral galaxy[w], suggests it is spiraling in vortical motion in a quite flattened galactic polar vortex pair; a galaxy is vortically held on its transformed bipolar galactic vortex that has had almost vortically flattened on its galactic plane.

The Sun is not orbiting its Galactic Center[w]; Sun in Milky Way[w] is spiraling in vortical motion around its Galactic Center in the flattened bipolar galactic vortex. It is a physical paradox[w] that galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars and stellar remnants; the stars and stellar remnants are vortically manifested and bounded by its encapsulating torus-shaped vortical hypersphere with its reactive vortical repulsion force.

See the UVS topics on "The structure of the observable universe" that illustrates a nested unisonal vortex structure, and "A star is vortically formed in a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy" that illustrates a similar vortical structure demonstrated in a coalescing star.

All celestial objects are externally impelled to rotate and revolve
in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.
- UVS inspired

To contemplate on the vortical structure of a barred spiral galaxy in the conceptual framework of UVS, do visual thinking[w] to visualize a precessing nested torus-shaped vortical hypersphere of its galaxy is spinning on its two rotational axes.

The wobbling motion with precession effect in its two-axis spin, could transform the outer nested toroidal vortex into a nested ring torus structure, and also manifest a very flattened dual-core galactic polar vortex pair in the inner nested layers of the nested vortical hypersphere.

A spheroid with
two rotational axes.

A solid torus

In the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion[uvs] intrinsically manifested in the torus-shaped vortical hypersphere of the galaxy in its primary two-axis spin, causes matter to particulate and then were vortically coalesced as its star systems and their planetary systems. In the resonated galactic vortex that vortically formed as its accretion disk[w] with its quite flattened dual-core polar vortex pair, it thus coalesced the stars to vortically form as a barred spiral galaxy[w].

See the UVS topics on "Heliosphere" that illustrates the vortical mechanism that forms accretion disk, and how the Sun is encapsulated in its nested spheroidal vortex.

Based on the UVS model, a star vortically coalesced with nebulous material by the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of its nested toroidal vortex, is vortically manifested at a vertex[w] with its precession effects intrinsically resonated in its meandering ring torus orbital, which encircles the barycenter of its planetary system.

As an analogy, the stars in a galaxy appear like they are galactic scale molecules bonded in a cohesion manner like a cluster of soap bubbles.

From the UVS perspective, stars clusters are consolidated by vortical interactions and are pushed away and held apart by the electrical charge repulsion[m] of their positively charged invisible vortical hyperspheres[uvs].

They are vortically suspended on a nested galactic vortical hypersphere that underlies the star clusters, and thus are being shaped as a galaxy.

A cluster of soap bubbles.

The UVS research predicates the stars are held apart in their clusters by the electrostatic repulsion forces that have manifested vortically on their nested vortical hypersphere.

Solar system formed from gigantic whirlpool within a universal fluid
- eddies in flow produced planets
- Rene Descartes (1644)

See the UVS subtopics on "A comparative analysis of the Solar System with the UVS atomic model" that illustrates how a star can be perceived as a macroscopic scale electron of its galactic scale atom, "Supervoids" that elaborates on how stars in supercluster are vortically spawned and held, and "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on how hypersphere clusters could be vortically formed.

As a matter of fact, the Sun spiraling around the Galactic Center of Milky Way in its galactic reference frame, is oscillating to spiral around a center of mass[w] with the precession cycles caused by the exchanging of angular momentum with each and every of its satellites plus all stuff encapsulated in the heliosphere[w], which are vortically spiraling around the spirally moving away Sun; the Sun is propagating in a composite spiral path as it moves around the Galactic Center.

It was empirically observed that the revolving Sun going around the Galactic Center also oscillates up and down the Galactic plane in the Orion-Cynus stellar arm in an approximately sixty million years cycle.

See the UVS subtopic on "The vortical motion of the Sun" that illustrates the observed vortical motions for all celestial objects on how they appeared in their reference frames as rotating and revolving around their mass center.

See externally linked topics on "Sun's location and neighborhood" that elaborates on the Sun is oscillating up and down relative to the galactic plane while it revolves around the Galactic Center, and "S2 star" that shows proof of a galactic mass center of the Milky Way galaxy

The animation on the right shows the observed stellar orbits in the Milky Way.

These are strong evidence for the UVS predication that proposed a galaxy with vortically held star systems and their planetary systems, is vortically consolidated and impelled by its galactic vortex.

Stellar orbits in the Milky Way. [s]

Galaxies were empirically observed to have characteristics of unisonal vortex, such as a dual-core formation with vortical spokes and spiral arms. Some also have a distinct satellite galaxy formed in a spiral arm, some are in pairs that spin in opposite direction like subtropical tornadoes differentially driven in a jet stream, some appeared like they are warped on the surface of a wavy sea, and some even appeared in a cluster formation like a tropical cyclone cluster.


A cluster of galaxies.

A tropical cyclone.

The tornado of a tropical cyclone.


A cyclonic satellite galaxy (left) of the Whirlpool Galaxy (right).

A warped galaxy, as if it is floating on the surface of a wavy sea.

Galaxy pair spinning in opposite direction.

From the UVS perspective, the empirically observed stars that are revolving at a nearly similar angular velocity in the spiral arms, is as a result of those stars were vortically spawned and impelled in the nested accretion disk. These stars therefore were vortically revolving at a nearly similar angular velocity around the Galactic Center.

The accretion disk of a galaxy has the typical characteristics of a free vortex, and has similar behaviors such as the movement of the vortically coalesced clouds in a tropical cyclone, or the spiral waveforms of a whirlpool.

This explains the orbital speed of most stars in the galaxy, does not depend on its distance from the center; the typical stellar velocity of Milky Way is around 225km/s is in a way similar to moving traffic jam on a highway.

Note: Accretion disk[w] (astronomy) is one of the unsolved problems in physics[w].

From the UVS perspective, those stars in a galaxy having a typical stellar velocity is as a result of they are being vortically withheld as clusters in the spiral arms, which are vortically formed in the ring torus orbital of its underlying nested galactic vortex.

Such typical angular velocity, could also be observed in those Solar System objects that were vortically scattered in the ring torus orbitals of the asteroid belt[w] and the Kuiper belt[w].

See an externally linked topic on "Astronomers Observe the Rotating Accretion Disk Around the Supermassive Black Holes in M77" that illustrates a massive rotating torus structure of dust and gas.

Hypothetically, the inner nested toroidal vortex with its ring torus structures vortically flattened by its nested polar vortex pair, could form a nested flattened inner disk with the nested circumstellar disc[w] that are thus flattened.

Whereas revolving planets were vortically captured objects of coalesced nebulous material, which were resonated to formed in a nested vortical ring torus force field in the protoplanetary disc of their planetary system. The planets therefore have different revolving characteristics with the composite motions of their coalesced nebulous materials that were vortically revolving in their ring torus orbitals, and their angular momentum were collectively transferred to the vortically coalesced planets.

See the UVS subtopic on "The vortically manifested planetary orbitals" that evidently illustrates the vortical phenomenon of planets.

The vortical hypersphere structure of an elliptical galaxy

From the UVS perspective, an elliptical galaxy[w] is transformed by a dissipated galactic vortex, which is impelled by its torus-shaped nested vortical hypersphere that encapsulates the elliptical galaxy.

Based on the UVS model, the spheroidal shaped torus[w] structure in the inner sections of a nested galactic vortical hypersphere, can be vortically transformed to become a nested ring torus structure, and then vortically flattened by its polar vortex pair to appear as its nested accretion disk.

After vortically accreting nebulous material to form as stars, thus formed as a typical spiral galaxy with its vortical collections of stars, the vortically flattened nested torus structure can be reverted back as a nested spheroidal torus structure, and thus forms as an elliptical galaxy.

A transforming
torus structure.

Note: The animation on right illustrates how a torus[w] could transform. It shows as the distance to the axis of revolution decreases, the ring torus becomes a horn torus, then a spindle torus, and when the distance approaches zero, the torus will resemble a sphere.

From the UVS perspective, when a galactic vortex that underlies a barred spiral galaxy is dissipated, it would naturally transform as an elliptical galaxy.

After the galactic vortex has weakened and eventually dissipated, the vortically aggregated stars in the barred spiral galaxy would be released by its galactic polar vortex pair, but would then be held within the encapsulation of its outer nested spheroidal torus structure.

This vortical dissipating process could transform a barred spiral galaxy to become an elliptical galaxy with the geometry of an ellipsoid[w].

Geometry of an ellipsoid.

Image on right is a giant elliptical galaxy ESO 325-G004[m], it is as massive as 100 billion times of Sun, and has thousands of globular clusters revolving around it. Such an elliptical galaxy without the required dynamo effect[m] after its galactic vortex had dissipated, it therefore was no longer active in evolving new stars.

Elliptical galaxy ESO 325-G004. [s]

The UVS research predicates an elliptical galaxy is formed in the wake of a dissipated galactic vortex pair that was flattening its inner nested galactic spheroidal vortex.

At the initial stage, the satellite galactic vortices around the rim of the galaxy could begin to dissipate, thus loosing much of its stars to its host galaxy while they were being transformed. And after the underlying satellite galactic vortices are dissipated in the galaxy, they would be transformed as its globular clusters[w].

See the UVS topic on "Globular cluster" that elaborates on how globular cluster could be formed in a similar manner.

The vortical structure of a lenticular galaxy

In the UVS worldview, all galaxies[w] with their star systems[w] and planetary systems[w], are coalesced to form by their unisonal vortices that perpetually impel them in their closed systems.

From the UVS perspective, the Cartwheel Galaxy[w] is a lenticular galaxy[w] formed on a nested polar vortex system of its torus-shaped nested intergalactic vortical hypersphere[uvs]. The galaxies in the galaxy group are formed at the two polar regions of the intergalactic vortical hypersphere, and they are spinning with precession effects in the polar vortex systems of their intrinsically manifested galactic vortices.

Hubble Optical Image of Cartwheel Galaxy. [s]

Chandra X-ray Image of Cartwheel Galaxy. [s]

Note: The image on above right is an optical view of the Cartwheel Galaxy and two nearby interacting galaxies, the Cartwheel Galaxy is the largest galaxy among the group of three galaxies in the image. Image on above left is the X-ray view of a transgalactic phenomenon showing a column structure connecting the Cartwheel Galaxy and the two nearby interacting galaxies.

The X-ray image of Cartwheel Galaxy[w] with the interacting galaxies, is an empirical evident that these galaxies are in a common system of a torus-shaped intergalactic nested vortical hypersphere.

This galaxy group has the characteristics of a polar vortex pair of a torus-shaped vortical hypersphere, whic is strong evidence for an intergalactic nested vortical hypersphere is presence with its intrinsic pair of intergalactic nested polar vortices.

See an externally linked topic on "Astronomers Have Discovered a Gigantic Sphere-Shaped Cavity in Space" that reported on hundreds of stars are forming or exist already at the surface of a giant bubble.

In the UVS worldview, big and small clusters of sphere-shaped hyperspherical vortices are ubiquitous in the cosmos.

See the UVS topics on "Galaxy group" that further elaborates on the nested intergalactic spheroid of the Cartwheel Galaxy group, "Modeling the unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on how the structure of celestial spheroids are vortically weaved, "The CMB dipole" and "Galaxy cluster" that elaborate on higher orders of cosmic vortical motion in a vortical paradigm.


We wish to find the truth, no matter where it lies. But to find the truth we need imagination and skepticism both. We will not be afraid to speculate, but we will be careful to distinguish speculation from fact. - Carl Sagan




Image and animation credits:
Animation of Stellar Orbits - Created by Prof. Andrea Ghez and her research team at UCLA and are from data sets obtained with the W. M. Keck Telescopes.
Animated transformation of torus - By Lucas Vieira; Wiki Common
A sketch of unisonal vortex - Vincent Wee-Foo
Image of a nested toroidal vortex that encapsulates a galaxy group - Traced by Vincent Wee-Foo onto the Cartwheel Galaxy image from Anglo-Australian Observatory photographed by S. Lee, C. Tinney and D. Malin.
Image of a two-axis spheroid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi
Milky Way and graphic image - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Creative Common
Image of air bubble cluster - By Ben Rauch
Image of typhoons clusters - Tropical cyclone From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of hurricane Katrina - Image provided by Satellite Imaging Corporation
Image of hurricane driving a tornado - Lumiglass Industries LLC
Image of the elliptical galaxy ESO 325-G004 - NASA / ESA / The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
Images of Cartwheel Galaxy - NASA
Images of X-ray Cartwheel Galaxy - NASA/CXC/A.Wolter & G.Trinchieri et al.
Images of galaxy cluster - NASA, ESA, M.J. Jee and H. Ford (JHU)
Image of 3D torus shape - Diaspora Chapter 2: Truth Mining
Image of galaxy - NASA


The classified denotations with URL links for the individual words and specific phrases denoted in the UVS treatise:

A specific UVS topic or a source from the UVS treatise.
The definition for the word in the glossary list of the UVS treatise.
The general definitions for the word from an the Internet dictionary source.
A specific topic of the free encyclopedia by Wikipedia. 
A miscellaneous Internet source.

The Internet source for the inserted image or animation.

The inception of this UVS topic was in May 2007 with ongoing updates since.



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Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses grounded on a generally unheard-of UVS model, bound to have shortcomings, such as loose ends, errors, and omissions errors. Many details and assumptions in its propositions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or verified. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the UVS topics presented in the UVS worldview, so if any term or statement is offensive in any manner from whatsoever perspectives, is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Also, the content of the UVS topics, from time to time could be arbitrarily modified without any notice.

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