In the UVS worldview, the Solar System itself is a planetary vortical system with all the Solar System objects vortically revolves around the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), and it spirals around the dual-core Galactic Center within a larger vortical system; sunspot is a vortically manifested phenomenon formed by external vortical interactions in its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.
Watch video clips on "An experiment of acoustic sound waves" and "Non-Newtonian Fluid on a Speaker Cone" that demonstrate how mechanical force of induced seismic waves could interact in a high viscosity medium. In the experiment with some interventions, mechanically resonated standing waves with excitations in the medium can be observed to manifest a dynamic cluster of wrapped surfaces that resembles pairs of splitting dual-core vortex. Heuristically, when a synergetic of torque-induced precession and torque-free precession occurs at a focal point in the photosphere of the Sun, its could naturally generate such standing waves.
The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of a sunspot as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render their misconception, mysteries, and anomalies. Thus, its cognitive paradox was simply dispersed, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to establish their qualitative predictions with abductive reasoning.
See the UVS topics on "The UVS' philosophy of science" and "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborate on the methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena, and "The orbits of natural satellites" that elaborates on how all Solar System objects propagate in vortical motions for resolving a critical cognitive paradox.
From the UVS perspective, the photosphere on both hemispheres of the Sun could be subjected to its rotation to become a forced vortex pair; at equator the surface of photosphere is on a highest potential plane, and at polar center the surface of photosphere it is at a lowest potential point.
The driving force for the solar polar vortex pair could come from the Sun revolving around the Galactic Center in a spiral arm of the galactic vortex, and this effect transforms the forced vortex pair into a stable and long-lived free vortex pair in the photosphere at the two polar regions that cyclonically spins around the polar axis.
See the UVS topics on "The atmospheric nested polar vortex of Earth", "The vortices of Jupiter", and "Vortices of Saturn" that elaborate on how nested polar vortex pairs on planets could be vortically spawned.
The cognitive paradox that renders solar jet stream as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus meticulously resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism explicated.
The fact that a solar jet stream is manifested by its polar vortex as can be empirically observed with its cognitive paradox resolved, is a qualitative proof that the solar jet stream is a sub-structure of its polar vortex.
From the UVS perspective, the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS) intensely interacts with the Sun vortically, would intensify the polar vortex pair on the photosphere of the Sun to manifest a pair of solar jet streams.
UVS predicates that the solar jet stream pair are manifested by the intense vortical interactions of the BOTSS and the Sun.
All direct and indirect evidence illustrated herein pertaining to sunspot with the vortical manifestations of Sun's polar vortex pair, solar jet streams, sunspot clusters, and solar cycles, converged as strong evidence from the UVS perspective for suggesting that sunspot is a manifested unisonal vortex of photosphere as a result of vortical precession effects.
From the UVS perspective, the BOTSS is the central of the Solar System, and the Sun in its composite apsidal precession exchanging angular momentum with all its satellites, reactively revolves around the BOTSS. In essence, the BOTSS is the vortical gravitational singularity of the Solar System.
All Solar System objects vortically revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System.
“All Solar System objects vortically revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System.” - UVS inspired
The Sun vortically revolves around the BOTSS, which is a virtual center of mass in the heliosphere dominated by the Sun, and the BOTSS vortically counteracts with the Sun to exchange angular momentum with all the satellites of the Sun.
The heliosphere with high speed runaway charged particles that collectively exchange angular momentum with the Sun, would induce a significantly mass effect to also contribute for manifesting the actual barycenter of the Solar System.
Note: The conventional Solar System model does not factor in the mass effect of the ejected charged particles encapsulated in the wobbling heliosphere, which is approximately 18 trillion times the volume of the Sun. This suggests the actual barycenter of the Solar System is not the conventional barycentric coordinate, which was calculated without considering the mass effect of those ejected charged particles that propagate in spiral motion at an average velocity of 400-500 km per second, vortically pushed away from the Sun in the Solar System to fill the entire heliosphere. Volume of the Sun is ~1.412×10^18 cubic km, mass of the Sun is ~1.9891×10^30 kg, heliosphere has an approximate radius of 122 astronomical units, assuming the average density of the Solar Wind is 4.0 atoms per cubic centimeter throughout the heliosphere, the mass of a proton is ~1.6726×10^-27 kg. And therefore a very sketchy calculation with omission errors for the total mass of supersonic protons in the heliosphere is only roughly 1.70x10^20 kg, but this could have a significant precessing effect on the Solar System in an overall angular momentum of ~7.67x10^28 kg m s^-1 with its 450 km average velocity, and this is apparently not a miniscule effect. If consider an upper limit for the density of solar wind at 7.0 atoms per cubic centimeter as suggested by the other solar wind research, the potential mass effect of protons in the heliosphere is approximately 6.75% of the Sun's mass.
A 3D Solar System model with all Solar System objects revolving around the BOTSS in vortical motion, is imperative for the correct understanding of its celestial mechanics.
Remarks: Needs professional capabilities with the technology to detect the motion of the BOTSS relative to Sun, and the instruments to make measurements for data logging, so as to construct an interactive 3D Solar System model with the physics and ephemeris to illustrate by tracking how the Sun exactly revolves around the BOTSS in one integral cycle to verify the solar cycle.
Further research in the oscillation cycles of the Solar System alignment effect with the gas giants and their barycenters with the drifts for the predicated BOTSS, could provide the foundation for its quantitative predictions of solar activities that are associated with a vortically moving Sun, which spirals with its reactive motion to revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS).
And as a matter of fact, the mainstream Solar System model with a static Sun postulated as the center of the Solar System is fundamentally flawed; it was fallaciously based on a cognitive paradox and therefore had critically suffered its foundational crisis.
See the UVS subtopic on "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Kepler's law of planetary motion" for further elaboration on this cognitive paradox.
In the UVS worldview, the intensity for the precession effect of the Sun that causes sunspots to spawn, is rendered by the barycenter effects of the Solar System. A sunspot is a vortex of photosphere that gyrates around its oscillating center of mass, which is a vortically manifested barycenter effect.
Sun vortically revolves around the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), is as result of the Sun is exchanging angular momentum with the barycenters of all other Solar System objects, their sub-satellites, and all other stuff that are vortically encapsulated in the nested spheroidal vortex of the Sun.
Any planet with all its moons slinged on to vortically revolve around the revolving Sun, is intrinsically subjected to the strong vortical core force of its barycenter. Factoring for the strongest vortical core force in the Solar System that could strongly induce on the Sun, it is obvious that the two most massive planets are Jupiter and Saturn. In their composite angular motions that exchange angular momentum with the reactively moving Sun, these are the two most dominating planets in the Solar System for their transferred precession effects with superposition principle that could significantly exert on the photosphere of the Sun to primarily render the empirically observed solar cycle.
See an externally linked topic on "Superior and inferior conjunction" for its elaboration, "Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe" for a proposed mathematical model on revolving celestial objects around barycenters, and also watch a video clip on "SkyMarvels™ SOLAR SYSTEM BARYCENTER" that illustrates a quasi barycenter motion of the Solar System.
Author's note: The concept for the barycenter of the Solar System was independently conceived with the UVS model of a vortical universe, it was later discovered on the 9th of August in 2013 that a video clip titled as "SkyMarvels™ SOLAR SYSTEM BARYCENTER" also depicted this concept. This was an excellent video presentation for the concept of a barycenter motion that involves Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, hence its link was then inserted in the UVS web site.
See the groundbreaking case studies for the planetary drivers of the solar minima and maxima for solar cycles from 1 to 24 that illustrate the oscillating BJS-SSB-Sun alignment were triggering the solar cycle. These case studies are the qualitative proof that solar cycles are primarily triggered by the oscillating BJS-SSB-Sun alignment. Note: SSB is the barycenter of the Sun and its nine major planets, it is a quasi BOTSS. See also a slightly more detailed analysis for the solar minimum of the solar cycle 1.
“You simply won't find activities that you don't visualize.” - Scott F. Gilbert
Remarks: The alignment of Jupiter-SSB-Sun was initially investigated against the observed solar cycles, and concluded it is not the direct driver for the solar cycle. The SSB was also investigated to be not causing the Sun's magnetic pole to be reversed when the Sun moved into it. After investigating the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn with the alignment of the Sun and SSB, it was then revealed that the periodical oscillation of this alignment is the primary driver of the solar cycle.
Heuristically, the subliminal driver of the solar minimum phenomenon in one half of the oscillating solar cycle, could render the alignment of the Sun and BOTSS with relatively slower angular speed is being aligned by the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn. The secondary driver is largely rendered by Uranus and/or Neptune with all sorts of alignments that effectively interacts with the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn to render the solar minimum barycenter.
UVS predicates that solar minimum could be rendered by the alignment of the Sun and the BOTSS with relatively lower angular speed is being aligned by the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn.
Heuristically, the subliminal driver of the solar maximum phenomenon in the other half the oscillating solar cycle, could render the alignment of the Sun and BOTSS with relatively higher angular speed is aligning with the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn. The secondary driver is largely rendered by Uranus and/or Neptune with all sorts of alignments that effectively interacts with the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn to render the solar maximum barycenter.
UVS predicates that solar maximum could be rendered by the alignment of the Sun and the BOTSS with relatively higher angular speed is aligning with the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn.
The 11-year solar cycle is one of the most important unsolved problems
in mainstream solar physics.
In the UVS worldview that perceives gravity is a spheroidal pushed-in effect, an aligned Jupiter-Sun-Saturn superior conjunction with center of the Sun being pushed-in nearest to the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), would reduce the intensity for the precession effects of a rotating Sun when it wobbles very near to the BOTSS at a lowest revolving speed with its least angular momentum, hence minimizing the intensity of the sunspot activity in all sorts of Solar System objects arrangement with the BOTSS during the solar minima.
UVS predicates that grand solar maxima are caused by the Sun-Jupiter-Saturn inferior conjunction with all other planets to push-out the Sun farthermost from the BOTSS.
In the UVS worldview that perceives gravity is a spheroidal pushed-in effect, an aligned BOTSS-Jupiter-Saturn inferior conjunction with the center of the Sun being pushed-out farthest away from the BOTSS, it would intensify the precession effects of a rotating Sun when it wobbles farther away from the BOTSS at a highest revolving speed with its strongest angular momentum, hence maximizing the intensity of sunspot activity in all sorts of Solar System objects arrangement with the BOTSS during the solar maxima.
In the UVS worldview, the Little Ice Age event where there were climate minima on Earth during some of the grand solar minima, were analytically perceived to have had occurred in the superior conjunctions of a much balanced Jupiter-Sun-Saturn arrangement with Uranus and/or Neptune were also aligned, thus rendering the center of the Sun to be positioned at nearest to the barycenter of the Solar System. And Earth and Moon during winters in these grand solar minima, were also found to be in alignment with these alignments of major Solar System objects during the climate minima.
From the UVS perspective, these various periods of low solar activities, were caused by a long cycle precession effect of the Solar System. In those moments, the Sun vortically revolved at lower tangential speeds with their least angular momentum around the BOTSS; lower kinetic energy of the Sun revolving the BOTSS render lower solar activities.
The BOTSS with the alignment of the major Solar System objects, would be inside the Sun and was at a nearest point from the mass center of the Sun. The Sun at a nearest point from the BOTSS, was therefore spiraling at its lowest speeds through space with lower angular momentum. Hence, with the factor of reduced total solar irradiance, and the occasional alignment of Solar System objects that extremely intensifies a nested polar vortex on Earth during winter in its axial tilt, it therefore could render the Little Ice Age phenomenon on Earth that synchronized with a grand solar minimum.
From the UVS perspective, the criteria for the Little Ice Age manifestations, are rendered by the grand solar minima with the superior conjunction of the gas giants has aligned with the Earth and Moon during the winters.
See the UVS topic on "The atmospheric effects of polar vortex" that elaborates on how polar climate could be vortically extended toward the equator with the alignment of Solar System objects in the winters on Earth.
UVS predicates that Little Ice Age events are as a result of the superior conjunctions of major Solar System objects with Earth and Moon also aligned during the winters.
Watch a documentary film on "Little Ice Age, Big Chill." that elaborate on a period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period, and a paper on "Dynamical characterization of the last prolonged solar minima", which predicts an imminent Grand Minimum with quantitative analysis.
See external links on "U.S. Midwest, Northeast hit by bitter cold temperatures" that reported on how a widened polar vortex of North Pole were causing cold climate further South, "Evidence for Planetary Forcing of the Cosmic Ray Intensity and Solar Activity Throughout the Past 9400 Years" that elaborates on an empirically observed orbital cycle of Uranus and Neptune, "Solar inertia motion" that illustrates the trefoil-like trajectory of Sun governed by the four gas giants with a ~178.7 year cycle, and "Piers Corbyn: Long Range Weather Forecast" that illustrates on a 220 year cycle matching climate pattern of the past that could be used for long range climate forecasting of the Earth (Inserted in May 2014).
The orbital inclination of the Earth's orbit has a ~100,000 year cycle relative to the invariable plane, the axial precession of Earth has a cycle of ~25,800 year, the axial tilt of Earth that causes seasons on Earth has a cycle of ~1 year, the approximate orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn has an approximate synodic cycle of ~59.3 year, the orbital resonance of Uranus and Neptune has a sidereal cycle of ~172 year, the orbital resonance of the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn and the barycenter of Uranus and Neptune has a sidereal cycle of ~179 year, the Sun has a full solar cycle of ~22 year, the orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn has a sidereal cycle of ~20 year, and et al. Heuristically, climate variations on Earth are primarily governed by the mechanism that renders the compositions of long and short precession cycles in the Solar System.
See the UVS topic on "The axial precession of the Earth" that elaborates on an orbital forcing of the Earth, and an externally linked topic on "Orbital forcing" that elaborates on the effect on climate of slow changes in the tilt of the Earth's axis and shape of the orbit.
See the animated "Effect of Planets on the Sun" with all the listed planets checked, this animation would show a 2-dimensional barycentric motion of the Sun for its movement around a significant quasi barycenter of the Solar System.
Heuristically, the ~20 year cycle of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn, interacting with the ~11 year solar cycle with the oscillating alignment barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn, Sun and BOTSS, would generate a ~220 year prominent precession cycle (20x11) for the Sun to move around the BOTSS; this could be the composite precession cycle that renders the long range solar cycle of 220 years as proposed by Dr. Timo Niroma. And 3 cycles of the ~59.3 year synodic cycles of Jupiter and Saturn interacting with the ~172 year sidereal cycle of Uranus and Neptune in their orbital resonance Jupiter, and Saturn, could render the solar inertial motion of a synodic cycle of ~179 years as proposed by Dr. Ivanka Charvátová.
The ~172 year sidereal cycle of Uranus and Neptune, is phase shifted by ~25.7 degree in the invariable plane, it thus takes ~14 sidereal cycles of Uranus and Neptune to complete a 360 degree turn in the invariable plane, which would render a ~2,408 year synodic cycle.
The ~179 year synodic cycle of in 14 synodic cycles of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, render a ~2,506 year synodic cycle. This synodic orbital resonance, apparently is the causality of the upper limit of the hypothesized Hallstatt cycle in its quasi cycles that center between 2,100-2,500 years when looking at grand solar minima and maximum over the Holocene.
The lower limit 2,100 year quasi cycle of the Hallstatt cycle, is apparently rendered by the synodic cycles of Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus; the ~60 year synodic cycle of Jupiter and Saturn in ~35 cycles (60 x 35 = 2,100), synchronizes with ~25 orbital cycles of Uranus with an orbital period of ~84 years (25 x 84 = 2,100).
In the14 synodic cycles of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, 14 orbital cycles of Neptune with an orbital period of 164.8 year would render a ~2,318 year cycle (14 x 164.8).
Over the Holocene when looking at grand solar minima and maximum, the various synodic orbital resonance with different combinations of the four gas giants orbital cycles, have the synodic cycles of ~2,100 year, ~2,318 year, ~2,408 year, and ~2,500 year. These various synodic resonance cycles of the four gas giants, could render the Hallstatt cycle and its quasi cycles.
See the UVS topics on "Ice age" that elaborates on how the freezing up of the Earth could be caused by a vortical mechanism of its planetary cycle, and "Cometary outburst" that illustrates how the spinor fields of barycenter effect could have had caused cometary outbursts.
physical laws are determined by the large-scale structure of the universe.”
Based on the UVS model, Sun is impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex that precesses in its two-axis spin. Its consolidating vortical motion on the Sun will cause the Sun to almost isotropically radiate charged particles by the reactive centrifugal forces of its manifested vortrices on photosphere.
See the UVS topic on "Dust devil" that elaborates on how its vortrex mechanism vortically spin out charged particles with its manifested reactive centrifugal force.
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the reactive centrifugal force from vortical motion of photosphere as a result of precession effects could vortically spin and charge solar particles. And with push angular momentum, the charged particles of proton and electron are ejected with reactive centrifugal force as solar wind; this renders the solar wind phenomenon.
UVS predicates that solar winds with charged particles of protons and electrons are vortically spun out from the photosphere with reactive centrifugal force.
From the UVS perspective, the photosphere of the Sun undergoes a resonated vortical process that splits the hydrogen atoms as charged particles of electrons and protons, and then spew out the charged particles as solar wind. This particle radiation process is caused by the manifested vortical motion of torque-free precession in the photosphere for the charged particles that have overcome the Sun's escape velocity.
See an externally linked topic on "Observations of Alfvén Vortices in the fast solar wind" that elaborates on the magnetic vortices in solar wind.
The empirically observed vortices in solar wind with charged particles of proton and electron, is a strong evidence for subatomic particles are vortically radiated as solar wind.
From the UVS perspective, the Sun precessing with varying revolving velocity around the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), is the causality for the solar variation with changes in the intensity of radiation emitted by the Sun. Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the faster the Sun revolves in its spiral motion, the higher is its solar radiation, and the slower the Sun revolves in its spiral motion, the lower is its solar radiation; the vortical motion of the Sun fundamentally renders the solar variation phenomenon.
UVS predicates that solar variation of the Sun's radiation is proportionally caused by the varying velocity of the Sun oscillating around the BOTSS.
See an externally linked topic on "Solar to river flow and lake level correlations" that illustrates sunspots has dominating effects to the ecosystems on Earth.
In the UVS worldview, the eco-systems on Earth are extended far out into the Solar System are significantly influenced by the precession effects of the BOTSS.
UVS predicates that the eco-systems on Earth are extended far out into the Solar System are significantly influenced by the oscillating BOTSS.
From the UVS perspective, vortex activities on Earth would also be peaked when Earth are also aligned with Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and the BOTSS in all sort of planetary aligned arrangements. This is the causality for the occasional synchronized peaks for sunspot activities on Sun with vortex activities on Earth, such as the events of aurora, storm, and cyclone.
This is how the eco-systems on Earth are vortically extended far out into the Solar System, and they are dominantly ruled by the BOTSS.
Vortical motion could explain the anomaly on how a stream of intensified charged particles attaining escape velocity by culmination of vortical momentum, could eject out from the sunspot. It is a paradox for thermodynamics of the universe that in the absence of extra heat source, that sunspot could eject ionized gas stronger than the surrounding hotter region of photosphere; this is inexplicable with the thermodynamics concept that posits heat as the first principle for the motion of matter in the observable universe.
From the UVS perspective, kinetic energy in the torque-free precession of photosphere is converted to thermal energy in the vortical process for its plasma glow and radiation.
Vortical motion is the first principle for the mechanism of the Solar System, and heat is merely its effect.
The high speed spin of plasma jet streams in vortical motion within the corona, could explain the corona is much hotter than the surface of the Sun with tightly packed photosphere that has much limited degree of freedom for motion; kinetic energy of plasma jet streams with vortical motion in high speed spin within the corona are converted to excessive heat.
A center of equilibrium is where the vortex column would resonate in its torque-free precession to open up by displacement of photosphere with its reactive centrifugal force to vortically form a sunspot.
UVS predicates that a sunspot pair is a dual-core unisonal vortex of the Sun's photosphere and its dual-core is separated on the surface of photosphere.
See the UVS subtopic on "A comparative analysis of the Solar System with the UVS atomic model" that elaborates on a comparative analysis for the structure of the Solar System perceived with the UVS atomic model.
found your (UVS) web page very interesting.”
(30th Nov 2017)
~ With credit to Wilf James for highlighting that the anomaly of intensified ionized particle ejection that corresponds with solar cycle of sunspot is inexplicable with heat as the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe.
~ With thanks to oldbrew from TALLBLOKE'S TALKSHOP for his post that highlighted the link to "Interview: Is climate change caused by solar inertial motion?" that illustrates the trefoil-like trajectory of Sun governed by the Jupiter-Saturn with a 10 year sunspot cycle.
~ With thanks to Roger Tallbloke from TALLBLOKE'S TALKSHOP for his post that highlighted the link to "Evidence for Planetary Forcing of the Cosmic Ray Intensity and Solar Activity Throughout the Past 9400 Years".
~ With special thanks to Dr. Rosa Compagnucci (PhD degree in Meteorological Sciences) for the contribution to the UVS treatise with her co-authored paper on "Dynamical characterization of the last prolonged solar minima", which predicts an imminent Grand Minimum with quantitative analysis.
Note: The mechanism for cyclical arrangements with precession effects in the Solar System were independently perceived with the UVS model, and these were conceived without any prior reference; the articles for the sixty-year sexaganary cycle, the ~179 year prominent solar cycle discovered by Dr. Ivanka Charvatova, and the ~220 year longer period prominent solar cycle discovered by Dr. Timo Niroma, were later found to be available on the Internet.
Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses based on a generally unheard-of UVS model, bound to have shortcomings, such as loose ends, errors, and omissions errors. Many details and assumptions in its propositions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or verified. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the UVS topics presented in the UVS worldview, so if any term or statement is offensive in any manner or from whatsoever perspectives, is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Remarks: Despite the shortcomings, it was intended to offer readers the drift of the UVS research methodology for its insights, and thereby the experts in their relevant fields could refine or improve on any of the UVS topics in the UVS worldview.
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