UVS predicates that a sunspot is the core of a unisonal vortex that has spawned in the photosphere of the Sun.
The cognitive paradox that renders sunspot as mysterious phenomenon, was thus resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism explicated.
Watch video clips on "An experiment of acoustic sound waves" and "Non-Newtonian Fluid on a Speaker Cone" that demonstrate how mechanical force of induced seismic waves could interact in a high viscosity medium. In the experiment with some interventions, mechanically resonated standing waves with excitations in the medium can be observed to manifest a dynamic cluster of wrapped surfaces that resembles pairs of splitting dual-core vortex. Heuristically, when a synergetic of torque-induced precession and torque-free precession occurs at a focal point in the photosphere of the Sun, its could naturally generate such standing waves.
All direct and indirect evidence illustrated herein pertaining to sunspot with the vortical manifestations of sunspot clusters, solar cycles, and solar jet streams, converged as strong evidence for suggesting that sunspot is a manifested unisonal vortex of photosphere as a result of precessio effects.
The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying structure and mechanism of a sunspot as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render their misconception, mysteries, and anomalies. Thus, its cognitive paradox was simply dispersed, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to establish their qualitative predictions with abductive reasoning.
See the UVS topics on "The UVS' philosophy of science" and "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborate on the methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena, and "The orbits of natural satellites" that elaborates on how all Solar System objects propagate in vortical motions for resolving a critical cognitive paradox.
It is believed that the Sun spirals to revolve around the dual-core Galactic Center of the Milky Way galaxy at the velocity of approximately 232 km/s, and it take around 230 million years to make one revolving cycle. In the Milky Way galaxy reference frame, the rotating Sun with minor oscillations carrying all its satellites is in fact moving in helical path around the dual-core Galactic Center. This infers the motion of the Sun encapsulated in the heliosphere is primarily impelled by the vortical motion of the Milky Way galaxy, and the motion of the Solar System is a resonated dual-core vortical motion transferred from the motion of the vortically coalesced stellar materials.
Based on the UVS model, the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS) strongly interacts vortically with the Sun, and weakly interacts with the barycenters of all other Solar System objects with their sub-satellites, and this nothingness is the central of the Solar System. In essence, BOTSS is the vortical gravitational singularity of the Solar System.
The Sun vortically revolves around the BOTSS, which is a virtual center of mass in the heliosphere dominated by the Sun, and the BOTSS in the heliosphere vortically counteracts with the Sun to exchange angular momentum with all the satellites of the Sun.
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, at vortically resonated locations on the photosphere of the Sun as a result of its manifested torque-free precession, it could resonate to spawn sunspots by vortical torsion of spinor fields with the negative pressure of its vortical void.
From the UVS perspective, all Solar System objects vortically revolve around the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System.
“All Solar System objects vortically revolve around the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System.” - UVS inspired
Sun vortically revolves around the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), is as result of the Sun is exchanging angular momentum primarily with the barycenter of Jupiter and all its moons, and subsequently with the barycenters of all other satellites, their sub-satellites, and all stuff in the heliosphere.
"The invariable plane represents the angular momentum of the solar system, and is approximately the orbital plane of Jupiter." - Excerpt from Wikipedia on "Precession of the ecliptic".
From the UVS perspective, the above asserts that the vortical motion of Jupiter significantly dominates with its angular momentum for its spiral path in the invariable plane of Solar System with a wobbling Sun that revolves the Galactic Center; the conventional celestial mechanics of Newtonian's law of universal gravitation that is based on a static Sun is untenable.
As a matter of fact, in the reference frame of the Milky Way galaxy, a planet with its moons moves around a spiraling Sun in a helical path through space; the motion of a planet with its moon is impelled by the vortical motion of the Solar System. The barycenter with angular momentum of a revolving planet carrying its moons to propagate in a composite helical path around the composite helical path of the spiraling Sun, would exchange angular momentum with the BOTSS. On top of the orbital velocity of the planet, the function for the torque-induced precession from the planet needs to factor in the revolving velocity of the Solar System (~232 km/s); a planet is impelled with an angular momentum of the Solar System to vortically revolve around the Galactic Center.
This would account for the additional torque-induced precession effect by the differential motion acting on the spiraling Sun for the exchanging of angular momentum with any of its planet. Any planet with its moons slinged on to vortically revolve around the revolving Sun, is intrinsically subjected to the strong vortical core force of their barycenters. And by factoring in this strong vortical core force that induces on planets, it is obvious that the two most massive planets, which are Jupiter and Saturn, in their helical motion exchanging angular momentum with the moving Sun, are the two most dominating planets for their transferred precession effects that could significantly exert on the photosphere of the Sun with superposition principle.
See the UVS topic on "The hexagonal-like cloud structure of Saturn" that illustrates the transferred precession effects on Saturn's polar vortex from Sun and Jupiter with aligned Sun, Jupiter and Saturn.
Conventional wisdom states that the effects of tidal force acting on a static Sun cause by the gravity of Jupiter are minuscule, and it apparently has no significant effect on Sun to be of any concern at all. The scientific theory for celestial mechanics with a static Sun that quantitatively predicts tidal force of a planet has miniscule effect on Sun, needs to be re-evaluated with the model of a spiraling Sun that wobbles around the BOTSS, which vortically revolves around the Galactic Center.
Amazingly, this barycenter apparently traces out a pattern of Möbius strip topology around the center of the Sun.
See an externally linked topic on "Superior and inferior conjunction" for its elaboration, "Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe" for a proposed mathematical models on revolving celestial objects, and also watch a video clip on "SkyMarvels™ SOLAR SYSTEM BARYCENTER" that illustrates a barycenter motion of the Solar System that involves Sun and its four gas giants.
Author's note: The concept for the barycenter of the Solar System was independently conceived with the UVS model of a vortical universe, it was later discovered on the 9th of Aug in 2013 that a video clip titled as "SkyMarvels™ SOLAR SYSTEM BARYCENTER" also depicted this concept. This was an excellent video presentation for the concept of a barycenter motion that involves Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, hence its link was then inserted in the UVS web site. If a video clip showing a wobbling Sun carrying all its spiraling satellites to spirally revolve around the Galactic Center is made available, as it was depicted and illustrated in a book of Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg on the "Helicola" in chapter 13 on page 3, it would be superb.
UVS predicates that the 22-year integral solar cycle is caused by all stuff in the heliosphere for the Sun to complete one integral cycle around the BOTSS.
Note: The solar cycle is one of the most important unsolved problems in mainstream solar physics.
From the UVS perspective, the precessing heliosphere encapsulated with high speed runaway charged particles that collectively exchange angular momentum with the Sun, will significantly cause an axial tilt of the Sun with their torque-induced precession effects.
Note: The Newtonian Solar System model does not factor in the mass effect of the ejected charged particles encapsulated in the wobbling heliosphere, which is approximately 18 trillion times the volume of the Sun. This suggests the actual barycenter of the Solar System is not the conventional barycentric coordinate, which was calculated without considering the mass effect of those ejected charged particles that propagate in spiral motion at an average velocity of 400-500 km per second away from the Sun in the Solar System to fill the entire heliosphere. Volume of the Sun is ~1.412×10^18 cubic km, mass of the Sun is ~1.9891×10^30 kg, heliosphere has an approximate radius of 122 astronomical units, density of the Solar Wind is 4.0 atoms per cubic centimeter, the mass of a proton is ~1.6726×10^-27 kg. And therefore a very sketchy calculation with omission errors for the total mass of supersonic protons in the heliosphere is only roughly 1.70x10^20 kg, but this could have a significant precessing effect on the Solar System in an overall angular momentum of ~7.67x10^28 kg m s^-1 with its 450 km average velocity, and this is apparently not a miniscule effect. If consider an upper limit for the density of solar wind at 7.0 atoms per cubic centimeter as suggested by the other solar wind research, the potential mass effect of protons in the heliosphere is approximately 6.75% of the Sun's mass. And considering the dragging effect by all other Solar System rocks and stuff beside Sun, Jupiter and Saturn, this is very potentially the catalyst that can drag to alter the ~20 year solar cycle of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn for manifesting the ~22 year solar cycle for BOTSS and Sun.
Needs professional capabilities with the technology to detect the motion of the BOTSS relative to Sun and Jupiter, and the instruments to make measurements for its full integral cycle for data logging, so as to construct an animated model to illustrate how the Sun exactly revolves around the BOTSS in one integral cycle. And based on such empirical data, it would require a rigorous Solar System model with a wobbling Sun that revolves around the BOTSS to verify the 22-year integral solar cycle.
The conversion to a Solar System model with all Solar System objects revolving around the BOTSS in vortical motion, is imperative for the correct understanding of its celestial mechanics. And as a matter of fact, the mainstream Solar System model with a static Sun postulated as the center of the Solar System is fundamentally flawed; it was fallaciously based on a cognitive paradox and therefore had critically suffered its foundational crisis.
See the UVS subtopic on "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Kepler's law of planetary motion" for further elaboration on this cognitive paradox.
Based on the UVS model, Sun is governed by its stellar vortex of the Solar System, which is vortically impelled by its torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex. In precession cylces, the Sun in barycenter motion exchanging angular momentum with all stuff encapsulate in the spheroidal unisonal vortex, vortically move in and out of the stellar vortex center while it revolves around it.
From the UVS perspective, when the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS) is located outside the Sun, the south magnetic pole of the sun points through its north pole as per normal. When the BOTSS starts to relatively move into the Sun, the magnetic pole of the sun starts to flip, and become fully flipped when the BOTSS has substantially moved into the Sun; this renders the phenomenon of the magnetic reversal of the Sun.
Note: With the cognitive delusion resolved by understanding that the center of Solar System is not the Sun, UVS has thus resolved numerous mysterious phenomena of the Sun.
And after BOTSS has remained inside or near the Sun for its half integral solar cycle (aka solar magnetic activity cycle) of ~11 years on average with it magnetic pole reversed, it would gradually move to outside or further from the center of the Sun, thus the magnetic pole of the Sun would then start to flip again, and would then gradually revert back to its normal polarity when the BOTSS has substantially moved outside of the Sun.
UVS predicates that the magnetic reversal of the Sun is caused by the BOTSS has moved inside of the Sun.
See a series of video on "Primer fields" that presents an ingenious plasma experiment, and in "The Primer Fields Part 2" (at 3:40) that shows a magnet experiment to demonstrate the manifestation of magnetic monopole moment emerged in ball bearings to repel each other in a manifested magnetic confinement dome. From the UVS perspective, the illustrated primer fields is a nested vortical column substructure of a nested unisonal vortex, and the supposedly manifested magnetic monopole is a substructure of the primer fields that has resonated to emerge on the accretion disk in the vortex column. This video @10:20 shows a Flip Ring structure with magnetic characteristic, which could be a similar mechanism for how the Sun can flip its magnetic field when it enters and exits the postulated magnetic Ring Center.
See an externally linked topic on "Ulysses and the Reversal of the Solar Magnetic Field" that illustrates the reversal of coronal magnetic field lines on Sun.
Note: The arrangement of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn in those specific years can be verified with the "Planet Finder" applet, to see the illustrations for the arrangements of Solar System objects in those specific years, click here.
Note: For using the Java script driven Planet finder, needs to use their recommended browser, such as the 64 bits Internet Explorer, and has to set it as the default browser for the Java installation. And after installing Java for the browser, has to add the URL of the applet to the "Java Exception Site list" by following the instructions in "How can I configure the Exception Site List?".
See an externally linked topic on "Scientists Stumped By Sun's Asymmetrically Reversing Magnetic Field" that reports on an anomaly of the magnetic reversal of the Sun.
From the UVS perspective, if Sun intercepts the BOTSS at higher latitude farther away from its invariable plane, it would render the phenomenon of asymmetrical magnetic reversal.
UVS predicates that the asymmetrical magnetic reversal of the Sun is as a result of Sun intercepts the BOTSS of the Solar System at higher latitude of the Sun.
Heuristically, once in a rare occasion when Earth enters a barycenter, it would cause the magnetic field of the Earth to be twisted, flipped, twisted again and then gradually revert back to normal when Earth has moved out of the barycenter.
See the UVS topic on "The phenomenon of geomagnetic reversal" for more illustrations on the magnetic reversal of the Earth.
Galactic elements and orbital elements such as eccentricity, semimajor axis, inclination, longitude of the ascending node, argument of periapsis and mean anomaly at epoch from orbiting Saturn and Jupiter could also significantly affect the intensity of sunspot activities. The orbital inclinations of Jupiter and Saturn from the invariable plane of the Sun would also cause varying intensity of precession effect on the photosphere of the Sun. And when Saturn, Jupiter and Sun are aligned on different phases around the Sun, it would cause different levels of solar cycle peak. The alignment of these two largest planets with the Sun when approximately occurs on the invariable plane, would also intensify the precession effect. Another factor that would affect the level of solar cycle peak, is the periapsides of Jupiter and Saturn, and these effects are most intensive when the planets are nearest to the Sun.
Based on the UVS model, the Solar System with all its objects governed by its stellar vortex, is primarily precessing in its two-axis spin. The precession effect intensity of the stellar vortex interacting with the Sun, would cyclically strengthen or weaken depending on the arrangement of the Solar System objects.
From the UVS perspective, this mechanism can rationally explain the double peak or double bottom of a ~11 year solar cycle. The main peak of the solar cycle can be rendered by Saturn was aligned to the alignment of Jupiter and the BOTSS with an almost aligned Sun, and the second peak of the solar cycle is then rendered by Saturn was aligned to the alignment of Jupiter and Sun with an almost aligned BOTSS. The main bottom of the solar cycle can be rendered by Saturn was perpendicular to the alignment of Jupiter and the Sun with almost an aligned BOTSS, and then the second bottom of the solar cycle is rendered by Saturn was perpendicular to the alignment of Jupiter and the BOTSS with an almost aligned Sun.
Further research in the Solar System alignment effect based on the UVS model with its qualitative predictions, could provide the foundation for its quantitative predictions of solar activities that are associated with a vortically moving Sun, which revolves around the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System.
Based on the UVS model, Sun is impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex that precesses in its two-axis spin. Its consoldiating vortical motion on the Sun will cause the Sun to almost isotropically radiate charged particles by the reactive centrifugal forces of its manifested vortrices on photosphere.
See the UVS topic on "Dust devil" that elaborates on how its vortrex mechanism vortically spin out charged particles with its manifested reactive centrifugal force.
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the reactive centrifugal force from vortical motion of photosphere as a result of precession effects could vortically spin and charge solar particles. And with push angular momentum, the charged particles of proton and electron are ejected with reactive centrifugal force as solar wind; this renders the phenomenon of solar wind.
See an externally linked topic on "Observations of Alfvén Vortices in the fast solar wind" that elaborates on the magnetic vortices in solar wind.
The empirically observed solar wind with charged particles of proton and electron, is a strong evidence for subatomic particles are vortically radiated as solar wind.
From the UVS perspective, the photosphere of the Sun undergoes a resonated vortical process that splits the hydrogen atoms as charged particles of electrons and protons, and then spew out the charged particles as solar wind. This particle radiation process is caused by the manifested vortical motion of torque-free precession in the photosphere for the charged particles that have overcome the Sun's escape velocity.
UVS predicates that solar winds with charged particles of protons and electrons are vortically spun out from the photosphere with reactive centrifugal force.
Based on the UVS model, the phenomenon of solar jet stream along the equator is rendered by a vortrex of its polar vortex manifested in a vortical system; an equatorial solar jet stream is a substructure of its solar polar vortex.
"We still don't understand exactly how jet streams trigger sunspot production," says Pesnell. "Nor do we fully understand how the jet streams themselves are generated." - Excerpt from "Mystery of the Missing Sunspots, Solved?"
UVS predicates that the solar jet stream pair are vortex substructures impelled by the pair of polar vortices of photosphere.
See the UVS topic on "Jet streams" that elaborates on the underlying structure and mechanism of jet streams.
The cognitive paradox that renders solar jet stream as mysterious phenomenon, was thus meticulously resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism explicated.
The fact that a solar jet stream is manifested by its polar vortex as can be empirically observed with its cognitive paradox resolved, is a qualitative proof that the solar jet stream is a sub-structure of its polar vortex.
From the UVS perspective, the closing in approach of Jupiter to align with the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), and the Sun in every 11-year approximately, would intensify the polar vortex of the Sun with tidal force to manifest a pair of solar jet streams.
UVS predicates that the solar jet stream pair are manifested by the vortical interactions of the BOTSS and the Sun.
The high speed spin of plasma jet streams in vortical motion within the corona, could explain the corona is much hotter than the surface of the Sun with tightly packed photosphere that has much limited degree of freedom for motion; kinetic energy of plasma jet streams with vortical motion in high speed spin within the corona are converted to excessive heat.
From the UVS perspective, a sunspot cluster is driven and perturbed by the solar jet stream in vortical motion by exchanging angular momentum in their interactions; the pair of solar jet streams are the causality that impels sunspot clusters on both hemispheres of the Sun. This explains the phenomenon of sunspot cluster, and this is also similar to how an atmospheric polar vortex on Earth impels a jet stream that in turn impels its tornado cluster.
UVS predicates that sunspot cluster is impelled by its solar jet stream and this is impelled by its polar vortex in a unisonal vortical motion.
From the UVS perspective, the Sun precessing with varying revolving velocity around the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), is the causality for the solar variation with changes in the intensity of radiation emitted by the Sun. Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the faster the Sun revolves in its spiral motion, the higher is its solar radiation, and the slower the Sun revolves in its spiral motion, the lower is its solar radiation; the precession of the Sun fundamentally renders the solar variation phenomenon.
UVS predicates that solar variation of the Sun's radiation is proportionally caused by the varying velocity of the Sun precessing around the BOTSS.
In the UVS worldview, vortex activities on Earth would also be peaked when Earth are aligned with Sun, Jupiter, Saturn and the BOTSS in all sort of aligned arrangements. This is the causality for the synchronized peaks for sunspot activities on Sun with vortex activities on Earth, such as the events of aurora, storm, and cyclone.
From the UVS perspective, a larger corona loop caused by a higher intensity unisonal vortex, could spin a steady stream of charged particles at the mid-section of vortex column to reach escape velocity, and thus jetting the charged particles into space at higher speed.
Vortical motion could explain the anomaly on how a stream of intensified charged particles attaining escape velocity by culmination of vortical momentum, could eject out from the sunspot. It is a paradox for thermodynamics of the universe that in the absence of extra heat source, that sunspot could eject out ionized gas stronger than the surrounding hotter region of photosphere; this is inexplicable with the thermodynamics concept that posits heat as the first principle for the motion of matter in the observable universe.
In the UVS worldview, kinetic energy in the torque-free precession of photosphere is converted to thermal energy in the vortical process for its plasma glow and radiation.
Vortical motion is the first principle for the mechanism of the Solar System, and heat is merely its effect.
In the orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn with a 5:2 near ratio, for every five revolving cycle of Jupiter having completed around the Sun in a sidereal period of approximately 59.3 years (11.86 yr x5), Saturn will complete a little bit more than two revolving cycle (29.4571 yrs x 2 cycle = ~58.9 yrs) around the Sun with a slight angular phase shift.
Heuristically, assuming Sun revolves around the Galactic Center at a constant velocity, in the 59.3 years orbital resonance cycle, when Sun, Jupiter and Saturn formed their superior conjunction with Jupiter moved nearest to its perihelion, with their barycenter positioned at a nearest point from the mass center of the Sun, it would render their minimum precession effect as a significant factor for decreasing solar activities. And when Sun, Jupiter and Saturn formed their inferior conjunction with Jupiter moved nearest to its aphelion, with their barycenter positioned at a farthermost point from the mass center of the Sun, it would render their maximum precession effect as a significant factor for increasing solar activities.
UVS predicates that the prominent solar cycle of approximately sixty-year sidereal period is primarily caused by the orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn.
Other significant precession cycles with longer orbital periods would involve the two other large planets, which are Uranus and Neptune.
“Local physical laws are determined by the large-scale structure of the universe.” - Mach's principle
From the UVS perspective, these various periods of low solar activities were caused by a long cycle precession effect of the Solar System. In those moments, the Sun vortically revolved at lower tangential speeds with their least angular momentum around those barycenters; lower kinetic energy of the Sun revolving a significant barycenter would render lower solar activities.
The main barycenter rendered by all these aligned Solar System objects, would be inside the Sun and was at a nearest point from the mass center of the Sun. The Sun at a nearest point from the BOTSS, was therefore spiraling at its lowest speeds through space with lower angular momentum. Hence, with reduced total solar irradiance, it therefore render the periodical phenomenon of Little Ice Age on Earth that synchronized with low solar activities.
UVS predicates that Little Ice Age occurrance on Earth is as a result of planetary arrangements had pushed Sun to a nearest distance from the BOTSS.
See external links on "U.S. Midwest, Northeast hit by bitter cold temperatures" that reported on how a widened polar vortex of North Pole were causing cold climate further South, "Evidence for Planetary Forcing of the Cosmic Ray Intensity and Solar Activity Throughout the Past 9400 Years" that elaborates on an empirically observed precession cycle of Uranus and Neptune, "Solar inertia motion" that illustrates the trefoil-like trajectory of Sun governed by the four gas giants with a ~50 year precession cycle within a ~178.7 year precession cycle, and "Piers Corbyn: Long Range Weather Forecast" that illustrates on a 220 year cycle matching climate pattern of the past that could be used for long range climate forecasting of the Earth (Inserted in May 2014).
The orbital inclination of the Earth's orbit has a ~100,000 year cycle relative to the invariable plane, the axial precession of Earth has a cycle of ~25,800 year, the axial tilt of Earth that causes seasons on Earth has a cycle of ~1 year, the orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn has an integral cycle of ~59.3 year, the Sun has a full solar cycle of ~22 year, and et al. Heuristically, climate variations on Earth are primarily governed by the mechanism that renders the compositions of long and short precession cycles in the Solar System.
See the UVS topic on "The axial precession of the Earth" that elaborates on an orbital forcing of the Earth, and an externally linked topic on "Orbital forcing" that elaborates on the effect on climate of slow changes in the tilt of the Earth's axis and shape of the orbit.
From the UVS perspective, the ~20 year solar cycle of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn, combined with the ~11 year half integral cycle of Jupiter, Sun and BOTSS, would generate a 220 year prominent precession cycle for the Sun (20x11); this is a composite precession cycle with its underlying mechanism that renders the long range solar cycle of 220 year as proposed by Dr. Timo Niroma.
UVS predicates that the Maunder Minimum is caused by the Jupiter-BOTSS-Saturn superior conjunction with all other planets to push-in the Sun nearest to the BOTSS.
UVS predicates that the Modern Maximum is caused by the BOTSS-Jupiter-Saturn inferior conjunction with all other planets to push-out the Sun farthermost from the BOTSS.
Note: The arrangement of Solar System objects in these specific years can be verified with the "Planet Finder" applet.
See the UVS topics on "Ice age" that elaborates on how the freezing up of the Earth could be caused by a vortical mechanism in a precession cycle, "The atmospheric effects of polar vortex" that elaborates on how polar climate could be vortically extended toward the equator, and "Cometary outburst" that illustrates how the spinor fields of barycenter effect could have had caused cometary outbursts.
From the UVS perspective, planetary alignments of inner Solar System planets with Sun and either Jupiter, or Saturn can render the phenomenon of less prominent solar cycles. These inner Solar System planets could independently or jointly align with the BOTSS, Sun and either Jupiter or Saturn, thus resulting in those less prominent solar cycles that were caused by a composition of precession effects.
UVS predicates that the less prominent solar cycles are caused by cyclical precession effect of other Solar System planets with Sun and either Jupiter, or Saturn.
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the dynamo effect of a sunspot is caused by a spinning photosphere vortex that generates huge electrical currents and strong magnetic storm around the sunspot through magnetohydrodynamics on photosphere that beams magnetic field outward into space; magnetic fields around the sunspot and corona loops are caused by the dynamo effect of vortex activities.
From the UVS perspective, a vortex eye on a surface of the Sun is a depressed void area, whereby the usual atmospheric presence of plasmatic viscous matter required for the thermal convection is vortically displaced.
This effect could render the phenomenon of an inert dark center of a sunspot with a vortical void that limits convection, and therefore the region is much cooler than the surrounding.
UVS predicates that the inert dark center of a sunspot is caused by the void of vortex column that limits convection.
From the UVS perspective, the extremely large and stable polar vortex pair of the Sun, is the causality for the phenomenon of polar caps as long-lived corona holes, where coronal temperature and atmospheric density are suddenly dropped in the low pressure systems of their vortical voids.
The photosphere on a Sun's hemisphere was subjected to its rotation to become a forced vortex; at equator the surface of photosphere is on a highest potential plane and at polar center the surface of photosphere is at a lowest potential point. The driving force for the Sun's polar vortex comes from the self-perpetuating force of the Sun revolving around the Galactic Center in a spiral arm of the galactic vortex, and this effect transforms the forced vortex into a very large, stable and long-lived free vortex in the photosphere at polar region that cyclonically spins around its polar axis.
UVS predicates that the long-lived corona holes in the form of polar caps of the Sun, are voids of the polar vortex pair of photosphere.
UVS predicates that the penumbra of a sunspot is a chain of satellite vortices in the form of jets manifested on a ring torus structure around its sunspot.
From the UVS perspective, the phenomenon of corona loops is also the manifestation of a chain of satellite plasma vortices that are spiraling around a vortically manifested sunspot.
UVS predicates that corona loops are charged particle jet streams formed in the satellite plasma vortices of a solar vortex.
UVS predicates that a sunspot pair is a dual-core unisonal vortex of the Sun's photosphere and its dual-core is separated on the surface of photosphere.
UVS predicates that corona mass ejection is caused by the conserved angular momentum in the vortex column of a ruptured corona loop.
See the UVS subtopics on "The vortical motion of the Sun" that elaborates on heliosphere based on the UVS model, "Nucleosynthesis in the universe" that on how elaborates on how galactic wind could be vortically generated, and "Aether vortical motion" for further elucidation.
~ With credit to Wilf James for highlighting that the anomaly of intensified ionized particle ejection that corresponds with solar cycle of sunspot is inexplicable with heat as the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe.
~ With thanks to oldbrew from TALLBLOKE'S TALKSHOP for his post that highlighted the link to "Interview: Is climate change caused by solar inertial motion?" that illustrates the trefoil-like trajectory of Sun governed by the Jupiter-Saturn with a 10 year sunspot cycle.
~ With thanks to Roger Tallbloke from TALLBLOKE'S TALKSHOP for his post that highlighted the link to "Evidence for Planetary Forcing of the Cosmic Ray Intensity and Solar Activity Throughout the Past 9400 Years".
Note: The mechanism for cyclical arrangements with precession effects in the Solar System were independently perceived with the UVS model, and these were conceived without any prior reference; the articles for the sixty-year sexaganary cycle, the ~179 year solar cycle discovered by Dr. Ivanka Charvatova, and the ~220 year longer period solar cycle discovered by Dr. Timo Niroma was later found to be available on the Internet.
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